sapere aude:

Reclaiming the common sense foundations of knowledge:
Special Relativity: the Einstein Debacle as an instance of the stultification of the intellect by uncritical use of mathematical concepts and methods.


First upload: 16 January 1999
Last revised: 18 December 2018
url: http://home.btconnect.com/sapere.aude/

Continue to: | page 2 | page 3: Critics' analyses of SR mathematics | Archive |



Contents: sapere aude

1. Introduction.
2. Links to groups and archives.
3.. Links to individual critics A-Z.


Contents, page two and three:

page two:
Introduction.
1. SR orthodoxy and Einstein's 1905 Transformation of Coordinates: Mathematics in transit from visualization to blind trust in equations.
2. Einstein's "Simple Derivation".
3. Tower of Babel: On the nature of relativistic effects.

page three:
A brief discussion of critics' arguments: The mathematics of Special Relativity (SR)

Archive:
1. Bibliography.
1.1. Special Relativity.
1.2. General: philosophical, mathematical background.
1.3. Surveys of "state of art".
2. Notes to current argument on my homepage (under construction).

3. Some earlier versions (excerpts) of my page2 - Section 1 (Lorentz Transformation) and Introduction.
4. Cantor's diagonal: an instance of the absurd falliousness of abstract procedure.


1. Introduction to sapere aude:

Reclaiming the common sense foundations of knowledge:
Special Relativity: the Einstein Debacle as an instance of the stultification of the intellect by uncritical use of mathematical concepts and methods.


The sapere aude title of my website echoes the call of the Enlightenment:

Enlightenment is Man's emergence from self-imposed tutelage, that is to say, from the inability to use the intellect without guidance by another. It is self-imposed if its cause does not lie in a deficiency of the intellect but of the courage and determination to use it autonomously. Sapere aude! Have the courage to think! is therefore the motto of the Enlightenment. (I. Kant, Was ist Aufklärung?)
In a recent paper, the physicist Peter Sujak list instances of Einstein's incompetence and laments "Einstein's Destruction of Physics and Scientific Principles".

For links to protest organisations and individual critics see sections 2 and 3. Numerous critics, having abandoned physics after graduation because of a perception of "inadequacies" in the discipline, have joined protest organizations after retirement. On first reading Einstein's texts, many are so alarmed as to write to universities or governments.
Academia would have us believe that "Einstein's philosophical reflections constitute an important chapter in twenthieth century thought."

There had been warning voices. For instance, Jacques Barzun:

"They revere Einstein or Niels Bohr by rote, but hardly with the informed emotion which comes of even partial understanding. Their faith in a thinker's scope is so vacuous that when Einstein's misguided friends publish his non-scientific essays, thereby exposing his intellectual inadequacy, naïve astonishment is soon succeeded by excessive contempt, and another idol is overthrown that was never properly - that is profitably - idolized." (op.cit. p.21).
The clue to the acceptance of Einstein as a great "thinker" and scientific genius, with its desastrous consequences for physics, lies in pernicious developments in mathematics and its teaching. As Morris Kline writes of the mathematicians creating the new symbolic methods ("mathematical logic"):
"They do not seem to have realized that a formula that is true with one interpretation of the symbols might not be true with another." (op.cit. 1972, p.775 of 1990 OUP paperback edition)
SR is a spectacular example of the type of confusion mentioned by Kline, one that has stalled experimental physics for over a century and resulted in the descent of the "philosophy of science" (our understanding of the world) and theoretical physics into appalling obscurantism and mystagoguery.
To put the matter in a nutshell: the relation between Einstein's pathlengths ct and ct' is a geometric one: algebra is not applicable. Mathematicians, philosophers, physicists appear suddenly to have regressed to an unprecedented state of stultification: ignorant of the meaning of "equations" one accepts as valid - and "predicting" immensely important physical implications - an utterly simple distance calculation gone hilariously wrong. (Minkowski commits the monumental blunder of misreading this distance-equation as "algebra" - the endorsement of his reading as orthodox involves the top of the mathematical profession.)
Physicists are not free of blame: their evident utter incapacitation is the result of the habit of learning by rote, combined with an overconfident dismissal of acquired knowledge as "outdated" and a focus almost exclusively on new theories of everything, of the universe.
The mere mention of Aristotle's name, for instance, is typically met with howls of derision: singly, neither a mathematician nor a physisist, he was able to "define" satisfactorily fundamental concepts like point, line, continuity, time - the latter most important in this context: Physics IV, Ch.X-XI.

Similarly Newton tends to evoke illiterate rants: the first to recognize the "meaning" of negative numbers AND to use them to turn Descartes's geometry into a tool, initially for the study of curves expressing potentially dynamic relationships, enabling us, after the Lagrangian adaptation of the symbolism (distance as product of velocity and time), to use Euclidean 3D-space like a drawing board/box for the depiction of moving bodies.

Kirchhoff's 1876 Mechanik is evidence that "classical" notions, concepts, methods where still perfectly understood. (Acquired knowledge of this kind becomes "natural" - I grew up with it from childhood - playing with younger siblings under the kitchen-table, and found it helpful in my work as a tutor, up to university-undergraduate level.) It seems to me incomprehensible how, almost within a generation, insights could have been to utterly lost - n.b. not only among a physics profession proud of the reduction of "intellect" to the "back of an envelope", but among the most erudite of philosophers.

Kline, himself victim of developments that resulted in a sense of incapacity and "the mathematics of uncertainty", does not identify the point of departure for mathematics as understood and used in "physics". Worthy of note, though, is his reminder that the bulk of mathematics was developed by physicists for the purpose of solving problems of physics. The point of departure, with SR as a particularly spectacular symptom, is inattention to the fundamental difference between the referents of symbols used in the increasing variety of branches of mathematics, most notably: As is clear in the "mathematical" interpretation and development of Einstein's original 1905 "transformation", neither physicists nor mathematicians paid any attention whatever to distinctions beween usages as in 1 to 4 above.
Unwittingly, Einstein's SR transformation has turned "time" in the "moving" system into a three-dimensional vector, obfuscated by a muddled notion that "time" has "direction" (rather than Aristotle's admirably cautious definition as measure of change from "before" and "after").
Subsequent developments in mathematics, relying on the supposed paradoxes of SR as a proud achievement (the power of mathematics to reveal truths that transcend the natural powers of the human intellect), unsurprisingly, have elicited laments even among professional mathematicians.

The "critical" debate about SR has been unable to advance matters. We may laugh at a gullible mankind hypnotized by Hieronymus Bosch's conjurer: is it less amusing to see even "critical" experts spit live Einsteinian frogs and concede that the (nonexistent) effects "predicted" by SR have been confirmed by experiment. There are mainly two reasons for this: first, the tendency to focus on "theory" - i.e. verbal passages - in disregard of or inattention to symbolic expressions explicitly denoting parts of a geometric figure, and second, the confusion as in 1 to 4 (incomprehension of the geometric meaning of Einstein's x, y, z, t where "algebra", as in the grotesque Minkowski misreading, is not applicable).

Critique has largely confined itself to objections on physical or "philosophical" grounds (as, for example, in the completely irrelevant "Fehlerkatalog" of the erudite GOM-project; for a typical argument of this type by an individual, see Dinglinger). What is here left out of account is that the distance (starting-point to reflection at a mirror) is independent of the "nature" of the moving object.

As to claims of experimental verification even by critics, to mention from among scores just two. Dr. Hatch, the leading GPS-expert, believes to have refuted SR by the finding that "clock-retardation" where it turns up in measurements is not reciprocal - he does not see that "clock-retardation" merely means that our speed-assumptions are mistaken (the lightspeed is not c). Dr. Kholmetskii believes that the actual dependence of atomic clocks on the gravitational potential confirms Einstein's GR. This is the same "mistake" as in Einstein's assertion that, at least for a local event, we may define "time" by "the position of the small hand of a my watch". To the contrary, over millennia, scientists have developed time pieces able to divide long periods (year, day) into normative units. Atomic clocks are evidence of physical relationships; as time pieces, without reference to a standard unit, they are simply useless.

A vociferous group has elevated ignorance of methods of quantification to the status of scientific virtue, as most crudely in Gaede. At the other extreme - to find a mathematical justification for the "retardation" problem (Lorentz Factor turning up in measurements) - we find increasing numbers of efforts to find SR solutions "without paradox" by more "sophisticated" new types of mathematics, see, e.g., Herrmann or Raju.

Herbert Dingle, author of a learned monograph on SR, erudite, experienced and at the "centre of things" at a crucial time, may be taken as an example of the incomprehension of what had been at stake. In his 1972 Science at the Crossroads, he describes how Einstein's 1905 "theory" came upon physics almost by stealth. Initially known only among a narrow clique of mathematical specialists, it soon came to be "generalised" in Minkowski's 1908 4D "space-time" theory. Until Eddington's 1919 "confirmation" - long exposed as a fraud - of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity (GR), for physticists SR was the theory of Lorentz; nobody therefore paid any attention to Einstein's supposed demonstration, in his 1905 transformation, of the unexpected dynamic nature -paradoxically "reciprocal" - of mathematical ("empty") space and time as such (lengths l and l' found to be l>l' as well as l'>l). By 1919, when SR became "Einstein's theory", visual procedures had already been lost.
In addition, vector algebra had exploited the fact that the geometric-kinematic x:y:z-ratios are independent of the scaling factor ("scalar") t. A universal time-unit is tacitly taken for granted for, without it, vector algebra cannot "work". In the transition from geometry and its usage in physics to vector algebra the t-symbol had therefore effectively been eliminated from the equations of physics.
Einstein's equations, a perfectly ordinary argument about distances using the classical terminology, appear to have been regarded as an alien "mathematical" intrusion into a physical theory. (I include below a brief comment on Dingle's objection in his crossroads book.) In page 2 I try to show what a transformation as in Einstein 1905 would be aiming at, so as to expose the astounding illogic as well as incompetence of his symbolic argument. Briefly, a "relativistic" transformation (foolhardedly) tries to solve the following "problem". It had been assumed that, on grounds of classical space-measurement in a hypothetical aether (Oxyz) where light propagates isotropically such that OP = ct, relatively to points at rest on the Earth (O'x'y'z') moving with a speed v in the aether, the O'P must depend upon direction, as in the (c-v)t and (c+v)t of the so-called Galilean transformation (for the orthodox classical form see, e.g., 1876 Kirchhoff). Experiments, notably Michelson-Morley, had been interpreted as showing that, relatively to points at rest on the Earth, light propagation is isotropic (with the speed c). To keep in mind the scenario present before the mind of an Einstein, I include here Fig.1

Q----------------O--O'------------P

(Fig.1)

where OP=ct, OQ=-ct, O'P=(c=v)t, O'Q=-(c+v).

Einstein follows earlier practice, as e.g. in Poincaré, of denoting O'P by ct' (similarly, O'Q=-ct'). Einstein deliberately exploits here the fact that the "Galilean" equations (c-v)t and (c+v)t may be written:

c·(1 - v/c)t and c·(1 + v/c)t or c·t(1 - v/c) and c·t(1 + v/c)

thus shifting the anisotropy from the velocity into the time measurement. That this would, impossibly, require one and the same clock to go slow for rays moving in the same direction, but fast for rays moving in the opposite direction, does not distract him from the pursuit of his mathematical goal. Consider also, that in reality, clocks in the "moving" system, all moving with the same speed, would have to record "time" in regard of signals passing through emitted earlier or later and at points not on the x-axis: every clock, thus, is "predicted" to be able to record time at an infinity of different rates, between the extremes (1-v/c) and 1(1+v/c).
The same "logic" is used in GR: in order to retain the notion of c as a "universal constant", instead of acceleration/deceleration (increase/decrease of the speed of light), we let "time" or "clocks" go fast/slow.
There is no need here to pursue Einstein's 1905 SR derivation much further. After the attempt to find the magnitude of the x'=+/-ct', he "derives" the equations for "rays" in two other directions: y'=ct' and z'=ct' (though different from the equation for x'=ct', the ct' for these two points - intersection of y'-z'=plane with spherical surface - are the same because here x=vt). The summary of his results, in the full "set of equations" (the "Lorentz Transformation"), lists only the solution found for y', z'=0. Worthy of mention are two items:
N.B.: All SR effects involve the b; the "principle of relativity", for systems to be equivalent, required the reciprocity of all these supposed effects. With the 1905 mathematics reducing the b to b=1, all SR effects, as well as the supposed equivalence of systems - vanish into thin air: all that is left is impossible clocks.
What is Dingle's objection to SR, in his Science at the Crossroads? Without the slightest attention to the defined meaning of the relativistic ct', Dingle agonizes over a verbal assertion of Einstein's in interpretation of a formula, the so-called proper time t'=t/b, (as usual invalidly) "derived" from the t'-equation in the full set: that a clock moved from point A in the rest system to point B in that system lags behind the clock at A.
Note Einstein's shoddy logic here. ct' was supposed to refer to light-propatation in inertial systems in relative motion. Without further ado it is now applied to a clock moving in the rest-system.
McCrea's response is of great interest here. Einstein's own t'-equation in the full set gives us
Note that this is the t'-equation derived for the case when x = +/- ct; it simplifies therefore to to t'=bt(1 +/- v/c), with b=1. A "general" inverse does not exist, but only for a particular O'P. Note also the false vt' responsible for the appearance of the b in the equations for t' and x'.
From the full set (derived for the x-axis only), by "physical interpretation", Einstein "derives", McCrea, (his reply reprinted as App.III to Dingle's book), ignoring the logical barrier imposed by "reciprocity" - t'=t/b as well as t = t'/b - subtly smuggles Einstein's b to the other side of his 1905 t'-equation: According to McCrea's interpretation, this gives us With hindsight, we may laugh at the sophistry of "relativist" argument to mask a helplessness in understanding the meaning of "time" and the supposed relativistic "time-dilation". The t' is simply the time required by a point representing the location of a light-signal to move from O' to P. Clocks in k move at the same rate and would be expected to go at the same rate, except for the self-imposed impossibility of the "relativistic" solution which expects each clock to be able to go at different rates (depending on the direction of the light-signal passing through at a given time: left/right/up/down).

Once we understand the difference between the equations for pathlengths (3D), and usage of symbols elsewhere in mathematics, the Minkowski-misreading of Einstein's equations as 4D algebra, except as a scandal involving the top of the mathematical profession, does not require much attention. Einsteins's equation for the position vectors ct and ct' may be written

c2t2 - x2 - y2 - z2 = c2t'2 - x'2 - y'2 - z'2 = 0. [1]

In his early career, Minkowski had excelled in the "theory of invariants", a fad that kept mathematicians busy for decades. Himself looking for a solution that satisfies Maxwell's equations, he would have seen that Einstein's [1], read algebraically (four "variables"), can be turned into a typical, if particularly simple "invariance" problem for which an algebric set with the symbolic form of Einstein's equations is a possible solution (required to be "linear in x, t"). In his excitement clearly forgetting - surely, it is impossible for him not to have known - that the t in kinematics is NOT, as it would be in algebra, a fourth "variable", he proposes "generalisation" of [1] to

c2t2 - x2 - y2 - z2 = c2t2 - x'2 - y'2 - z'2 = constant, [2]

subsequently normalised to constant=1.

The formalism for the linear solution, used in orthodox SR mathematics to date, is developed by his admirer Felix Klein:


x' = a11x1 + a12x2 + a13x3 + a14x4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [3].

While in kinematics Einstein's solution (if corrected so that his b=1) is valid only when y, z = 0, the success of his set in the 4D matrix of algebra has lead to the claim that the SR transformation is a mathematically valid solution for all values of x, y, z. So it is, but one that has no meaning whatever for the completely different supposed "problem" of physics.
In earlier versions I had included here a comment (now in the Archive.): Written in their parametric form, the equations for Einstein's position vectors are

(OP)2 = (ct)2 = t2(cx2 + cy2 + cz2) and (O'P)2 = (ct')2 = t'2(cx'2 + cy'2 + cz'2),

where cx' = cx - v. Learned derivations of the coefficients in Klein's orthodox form of Minkowski's transformation therefore never have anywhere an x to be linear in.

What is left of SR? The claims of mathematical validity and experimental confirmation had rested on misunderstandings that had arisen because of the failure to look closely at Einstein's mathematical argument. Minkowski's hyperboloid excursion into phantasy, from his blunder of forgetting the parametric nature of the equations of geometry and kinematics, had resulted in an algebraically valid argument that has no bearing whatsoever on the supposed "problem" of light propagation. That which has been experimentally confirmed is the Lorentz Factor which does not even exist in Einstein's 1905 theory because it there cancels as soon as a farcical "mistake" is corrected. His wholly other "relativistic time dilation" would require clocks to adapt themselves to the direction of light signals.

In sum, SR

Physics is exactly where it had been before; changes in the use of mathematical arguments have desastrously impeded progress. Early protesters had objected that the "principle of the constancy of light velocity" is a "Bevormundung der Experimentalphysiker". It is also easily overlooked that a "universal" unit of time measurement is fundamental for the metric that underlies even non-Euclidean spaces (without it, vector-algebra, does not "work"). Experimenters today assert that classical methods (Lagrange, Newton) are adequate, and SR as well as GR redundant. Meanwhile, unfortunately, the "constant" c has come to be tied into ever denser loops with other mutually incompatible "universal constants". To quote Prof. Kapuscik:
"One of the most fundamental properties of both Newton's mechanics and Maxwell electrodynamics is the absence of any physical constants in their basic equations. All necessary constants appear only at the stage of applications of these theories to specific phenomena. This is one of the reasons of universality and generality of these theories since physical constants always reflect our ignorance in formulation of physical laws. Therefore primary equations of physics should not contain physical constants at all, including the fundamental ones. Quantum mechanics and general relativity seem to be counterexamples of the above requirement since Schroedinger equation contains both the fundamental Planck constant and the mass of the particle and Einstein equation contains the gravitational constant. It is however possible to suspect that both these great theories may be in some sense secondary and their basic equations may be derived from more fundamental formulations in which all physical constants do not appear."
It is to be hoped that a recovery of elementary skills lost at the time of Einstein might, at least, help us to find a way out of the mess that has piled up in consequence of the servile acceptance of the products of a counter-intuitive mathematics.

In short:

Sapere aude!

Using our intellect without guidance by another - in mathematics as elsewhere - must be foremost in the exercise or our moral capacity.



2. Links to groups and archives (critique of the foundations of physics and of SR).

Natural Philosophers Database, John Chappell Natural Philosophy Society (CNPS).
Gigantic, but difficult to find anything; to facilitate access to critical material, in section 3 below I list selected links to authors' profiles, especially as the websites of older generations of critics are relentlessly diminishing.
CNPS Members

Walter Babins's The general science journal - singular among sites hosted by individual critics.

Kritische Stimmen zur Relativitätstheorie (Ekkehard Friebe and Jocelyne Lopez)

Note the link to the G.O.Mueller projekt hosted by the site.
Ekkehard Friebe: Wissenschaft und Moralische Verantwortung (Archive of publications)

Gegner der Relativitaetstheorie (Robert Markweger's Directory of opponents of the TR).

Dr. Arteha's website is so rich as to demand inclusion here, as also
his Antirelativistic library
and the resource Physical Congress, St. Petersburg (formerly www.physical-congress.spb.ru/), with English links in preparation.
(I am grateful for Dr. Artehas's graceous help with information.)
(Some of the papers presented at the St. Petersburg conferences are also available at http://novamir.org/?page_id=46)

Research Group "Geometry and Physics" (Director: Prof. Umberto Bartocci), Department of Mathematics, University of Perugia, Via Vanvitelli 1, 06100 Perugia, Italy; http://www.cartesio-episteme.net/
For Prof. Bartocci's erudite e-journal Episteme (2000-2004) go to http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/episteme/. (The Episteme-site is often unavailable for long periods, but has tended eventually to turn up again.)
Comment: Note that Prof. Bartocci, a mathematician, declares that in "a mathematical (and therefore theoretical) sense, SR is completely consistent and correct"; see http://www.cartesio-episteme.net/quest.htm.

Physics-Uspekhi (Advances in Physical Sciences), List of Authors.

EDITIONS D'ASSAILLY, Jean de Climont dissident list. Publisher: Christian Sutterlin.

Max Planck Insitute for the History of Science, Berlin

For an exhaustive documentation of books and papers critical of SR see the German GOM Project Relativity (pseudonymous G. O. Mueller) - 95 YEARS OF CRITICISM OF THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY (1908-2003) (now expanded to 2012), in particular

In the A-Z list of critics of foundations I refer to lists of typical titles (books, articles, conference papers); because of its size my references to the GOM Project are highly selective. The email correspondence published by Prof. Bartocci is also of interest. References in the A-Z below are as follows:



3. Critics A-Z

In view of their large number (the GOM bibliography - by no means complete - names ca. 1350 authors) I include here only those critics who have published (or participated in events such as conferences) since 1970, or where GOM-Kap.4 contains information about their arguments (summaries, quotations, reviews, comments). My criterium of selection is the defence of common sense (with comment in the case of exceptions).
Please send corrections, and any information you wish to be included, to sapere.aude@btinternet.com. No attachments.

Abramovic, Prof. Dr. Velimir, Serbia and Montenegro
(gsj)

Adey, A.I.A., Technical University, 5604 EE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
(gom4; GE 95f.)

Agathangelidis, Antonis, Thessaloniki 561 22, Greece
(1998f. gom4; GE; gsj)

Ahn, Byoung Ha, Hamden, CT 06518, USA

Alford, Jeff
(gsj)

Allais, Maurice, France
(CNPS)

Alliatta, Guilio
(1921f. gom4+5)

(PDF) Anger, Prof. Dr. Gottfried, Germany
(CNPS)

Antonopoulos, Constantin, Interdisciplinary Department, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 157 73, Greece
(Ap; GE)

Arp, Dr., Halton, Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, 85740 München (Garching), Germany
(CNPS)

Arteha, Dr. Sergey N., Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia
(CNPS; gom4; GE)

Aspden, Dr. Harold, formerly Prof. of Electrical Engineering, University of Southampton, Chilworth, Southampton, SO16 7HZ England
(CNPS; 1960f., 1987 gom4+5; gsj)

Asquith, P.R., Australia
(CNPS; gsj)

Assis, Dr. André K.T., Institute of Physics, State University of Campinas, Brazil
(gom4)

Babin, Walter, Rodney, Canada
(1999f. gom4; CNPS; gsj)

Baer, Günther, Germany
(CNPS; 1993f. gom4+5)

Bailey, Dr. Patrick G., President, Institute for New Energy, Los Altos, CA 94023-0201, USA

Barone, Prof. Michele, Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greece
(CNPS)

Barth, Gotthard, Austria
(1954f., 96 gom4+5)

Bartocci, Prof. Umberto, Director of the Research Group "Geometry and Physics", Department of Mathematics, University of Perugia, Italy
(gom4; Ap; CNPS)

Becker, Michael, Erlangen, Germany
(1988f. gom4+5)

Beckmann, Petr, Founder-Editor, Galilean Electrodynamics (90), Prof. Em. of Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
(1987f. gom4+5; GE)

Bernays, Paul, Germany
(1913f. gom4+5)

Bernstein, Vitaly M., Moscow, Russia
(gom4; GE 00f.)

Biedenkapp, Georg, Germany
(1920 gom4)

Bockris, Dr. John O'M., Prof. Em. of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA

Boersema, Jos, Netherlands

Boersma, Geert, Zwolle, Netherlands
(GE 04, 06)

Bon, T.B., USA

Borchardt, Glenn, Director, Progressive Science Institute, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, USA
(CNPS)

Bothezat, George de, USA
(1930f. gom4+5)

Bouasse, Henri Pierre Maxime, Paris, France
(1923f. gom4+5)

Bourbaki, Dr. George (Dr. Georg A. Bruenig), DEng, Patent Attorney, 80798 München, Germany
(1990f. gom4+5)

Brandenberger, Dr. H. G. (1927-1955 ETH Zürich), Switzerland
(1962 gom4)

Brinkmann, Karl
(1984 gom4+5)

Brock, Thomas, Germany
(2001 gom4+5)

Broda, Andrzej, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Brösske, Ludwig
(1931, 1959f. gom4+5)

Brown, Dr. G. Burniston, Padstow, Cornwall, PL28 8JS, U.K.
(1941f. gom4+5; gsj)

Browne, H. C.
(1928 gom4)

Brühlmann, Otto, Kreuzlingen, Switzerland
(1923f. gom4+5)

Bryant, Steven
(CNPS; GE)

Bucknam, Ralph E., Lebanon, Pennsylvania, USA
(1978 gom4+5)

Budde, E., Germany
(1914 gom4)

Burns, Keivin
(1924 gom4)

Cantrell, William H., Ph.D., ed. IE Magazine

Carpenter, Vincent W., USA

Carroll, Dr. Robert L., Director, R. L. Carroll Institute, Fairmont, VI, USA
(gom4; Ap; GE 90f.)

Chavarga, Dr. Nicholas, Department of the Physical Faculty of Uzhgorod National University, Uzhgorod, Ukraine

Cherepennikov, Vladislav B., (newton-society at mail.ru), Russia

Claybourne, J. P., Orlando, FL, USA
(gom4; GE 90f.)

Coe, Lee (staunch SR-opponent since 1932), USA

Coon, W. Vincent, Salt Lake City, UT 84106, USA
(gom4; GE 94f.)

Cornille, Dr. Patrick, C.E.A. Centre de BIII, 91680 Bruyeres le Chatel, France
(gom4; GE 98f., 00f.)

Couture, Christine, Ottawa, Canada

Crivelli, Franco, Switzerland

Crothers, Stephen J., Australia
(CNPS; gsj)

Cullwick, E.G. (defender of 3D physics), formerly Prof. of Engineering, St. Andrews, U.K.
(1957f., 1981 gom4+5)

Daskalow, Ljudmil, Germany
(CNPS)

de Bothezat, George, USA
(1930f. gom4+5)

de Carvalho, Luis Antonio V. & Luis Alberto V., Brazil
(GE 04, 05f.)

de Hilster, Robert, USA

De Mees, Thierry, Belgium
(gsj Editor)

Denisov, Prof. Anatoliy A., Dr.Sci.Tech., St. Petersburg Polytechnical Institute, Russia
(1989f. gom4+5; GE)

Derksen, Dipl.Ing., Norbert, D-78464 Konstanz, Germany
(1984 gom4; CNPS)

Deyssenroth, Dipl. Phys. Hans, Germany

Dingle, Herbert, Prof. of Natural Philosophy, Imperial College, London, U.K.
(1928f., 1981 gom4+5; gsj)

Dingler, Hugo
(1919f. gom4+5)

Dishington, Roland H., Pacific Palisades, CA 90272, USA
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 90)

Dissler, Walter, Dipl. Ing., Sonnewalde, Austria
(1971f. gom4)

Doran, Fred, Mississaugo, Ontario, Canada

Dring, Dr. Andrew R., Baltimore, MD 21234-5217, USA
(gom4; GE 96f.)

Duering, Gerd, Germany

Dulaney, Dr. Clarence L., USA
(gom4; GE 02)

Dunning, William, Clinton Corners, NY 12514, USA
(Ap; GE 93; 06)

Dürr, Dr. Karl, doctor of law, 6513 Monte Carasso, Switzerland
(1959f. gom4+5)

Edwards, Dr. J.C., medical doctor & polymath, editor of BASRA, Canada
(1987 gom4; gsj)

Ehlers, Hans-Joachim, Germany

Engelhardt, Dr.Wolfgang, retired from: Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, D-85741 Garching, Germany
(CNPS; gsj)

Essen, Dr. Louis, Bookham, Surrey, UK
(1937f., 1989 gom4+5; gsj)

Evans, Dr. Melbourne G., Prof Em., USA
(1962f. gom4)

Ferrigno, Antonio, European Patent Office, 2280HV Rijswijk, Netherlands
(2001 gom4)

Fox, Hal, Ed. J. New Energy, Trenergy Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84158, USA
(CNPS)

Fricke, Hermann, Germany
(1920-1941 gom4+5)

Friebe, Dipl. Ing. Ekkehard (*1927), Regierungsdirektor i.R. (Deutsches Patentamt, Muenchen), 81737 München, Germany
(1985f. gom4; CNPS; gsj)

Friedländer, Salomo, Germany
(1930f. gom4+5)

Fritzius, Robert S., Starkville, MS 39759, USA

Galeczki, Dr. George, 51061 Cologne, Germany
(gom4+5; CNPS; Ap; bartml; GE 97, 03f.)

Gehrcke, Prof. Dr. Ernst (1878-1960), Germany
(1911f. gom4+5; CNPS; gsj)

Gerteis, Martel, Germany
(1982f. gom4+5)

Gifford, John F., Corrales, NM 87048, USA
(Ap)

Glaser, Ludwig C., Germany
(1920-22 gom4+5)

Glozic, Berislav, Germany
(2001 gom4+5)

Gonuguntla, Srinivasa Rao
(gsj)

Graneau, Neal, U.K.
(gom4; GE 94f.)

Graneau, Prof. Peter, Centre for Electromagnetics Research, Northeastern University , USA
(gom4+5; Ap; gsj)

Grimer, Francis J., Harrow HA3 0DA, U.K.

Gut, Dr. Bernardo (*1942), CH 4058 Basel, Switzerland
(1978f. gom4+5; gsj)

Hannon, Robert J., Sarasota, FL 34238, USA
(gom4; CNPS; Ap; GE)

Hatch, Ronald R., Wilmington, CA 90744, USA
(CNPS Director; gom4+5)

Hayden, Dr. Howard C., Prof. Em. (Physics Research Group Affiliation Condensed Matter Physics) University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, U.S.A.; Ed., The Energy Advocate (96), former Ed., Galilean Electrodynamics
(1990f. gom4)

Hayes, Dr. Peter, University of Sunderland, UK

Hazelett, Richard, Colchester, VT 05446, USA
(gom4)

Hecht, Prof. Andreas, Germany

Hecht, Laurence, ed. 21st Century Science & Technology, Washington, D.C., USA

Hegedusic, Prof. Mladen
(1978f. gom4+5)

Henderson, Robert L., Sun City, AZ 8855351-1163, USA
(1972f. gom4+5; GE 99, 00)

Herrmann, Robert A., USA

Hill, Charles M.
(1990f. gom4; GE)

Hille, Helmut, Heilbronn, Germany
(CNPS)

Holmberg, Eric, London, U.K.
(1986 gom4+5)

Höpfner, Ludwig
(1921 gom4)

Hoppe, Helmut, Germany

Hoult, Robert Littleton
(1996 gom4+5)

Hüfner, Dr. Ing. Dipl. Phys. M., (Die Muggle-Bibliothek), Germany

Idestroem, Axel, Sweden
(1948 gom4+5)

Ivanchenko, Prof. G. E., Professor of Engineering (Deceased), Moscow, Russia
(1995f. gom4+5; 2001 GE)

Kalanov, Temur Z., Institute of Electronics, F.Hodjaev 33, 700143 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
(gsj)

Kammerer, E., Germany
(1957f. gom4+5)

Kanarev, Prof. Dr. Ph. M., Krasnodar, Russia;
(gom4; Ap; GE 92f.; gsj)

Kantor, Wallace, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
(1962f. gom4+5)

Kelly, Dr. Alphonsus G., Dublin 4, Ireland
(1993f. gom4+5; bartml)

Kempczynski, Jaroslav, Dept. Theoretical Physics, H. Niewodniczanski Inst. Nuclear Physics, 31 342 Krakow, Poland
(gom4; GE 93)

Kerr, Robert, Oro Valley, AZ 85737, USA

Keswani, Dr. G.H., New Delhi, India
(1965f. gom4)

Keys, C. Roy, ed., Apeiron, Montreal, Quebec H2W 2B2, Canada
(gom4; CNPS)

Kholmetskii, Alexander L., Dept. of Physics, Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
(gom4; Ap; GE 95f.)

Kim, Deuk-Soo, 48159 Münster, Germany
(1987 gom4)

Klyushin, Ya.G., Ph.D., Academy of Aviation, St. Petersburg, Russia (ed. Bd., Galilean Electronamics)
(CNPS; GE00f.)

Knapp, Wolfram, Germany
(1994 gom4)

Korneva, Maria V., Voronezh Scientific Research Institute of Communications, Voronezh, Russia
(gom4; Ap; GE 99f.)

Kosowski, Prof. Stanislaus, 00-849 Warsaw, Poland
(1978f. gom4; gsj)

Kraus, Gerhard, Bangkok, Thailand
(gom4+5)

Kraus, Oskar
(1919f. gom4)

Kressebuch, Hugo, Germany
(1963f. gom4)

Kulba, Leslee A., Farmington Hills, MI 48336, USA

Kuligin, Victor A., and Galina A., Dept. of Physics, State University of Voronezh, Russia
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 99f.)

Lamberty, Paul
(1925 gom4)

Lange, Erik J.
(CNPS; gsj)

Lange, Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang, Dresden, Germany
(CNPS; gsj)

Larson, Dr. Delbert J., USA
(gom4, GE 1995 correspondence)

(PDF) Lavrushkin, Vladimir P., Pskov, Russia
(CNPS; GE 05f.)

Ledesma, José Miguel, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Li, Zifeng (& Li Tianjiang Wang Changjin Tian Xinmin Wang Zhaoyun), Yanshan University, Hebei, Qinhuangdao,China

Li, Dr. Wen-Xiu, Dept. of Earth & Space Sciences, Univ. of Science & Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap; GE 99, 01)

Luttgens, Marcel, France
(gom4; CNPS; Ap)

MacDonald, Keith, Manley, Queensland 4179, Australia
(gom4; GE 91)

(PDF) Maco, Emil Andrej,
(1988 gom4)

Macrì, Rocco Vittorio, Assisi, Italy
(bartml)

MacRoberts, Donald T., Shreveport, LA, USA
(gom4; GE 92f.; gsj)

Majorana, Quirino (1871-1957), Prof., Dept. of Physics, Turin & Bologna; Italy
(1921f., 1956 gom4; CNPS; gsj)

Mallove, Dr. Eugene, ed. Infinite Energy, P.O. Box 2816, Concord, NH 033022-2816, USA
(CNPS)

{the website http://galeb.etf.bg.ac.yu/~malovic/ hass been identified as posing a security risk]
Malovic, Miodrag, Yugoslavia

Marinov, Dr. Stefan (1931-97) (1960-74 Ass.Prof. Physics, Sofia University, Bulgaria) Graz, Austria
(1974f. gom4+5)

Marinšek, Johann, 8530 Deutsch-Landsberg, Austria
(1989f. gom4+5)

Mark, Dr. Harry H., USA

Marklin, Dr. George J., Sugar Land, TX 77479, USA
(CNPS)

Markweger, Robert, Germany
(1999 gom4; CNPS)

Marlor, Dr. Guy A., San Carlos, CA 94070, USA

Marmet, Dr. Paul, Professor of Physics (deceased), Physics Department, University of Ottawa, Ontario KIN 6N5, Canada
(gom4+5; CNPS; Ap; bartml)

Marquardt, Dr. Peter, 50833 Cologne, Germany
(gom4; Ap)

Martens, Bernd-Rainer, Germany

Martin, Adolphe, Longueuil, Quebec J4J 3P9, Canada
(gom4; Ap)

Maurer, Harald, Elektrotechniker, Graz, Österreich
(CNPS)

Mayr, Luitpold, Germany
(CNPS)

McAlister, Joe F. and John W., Delray Beach, FL 33444, USA
(gom4; GE 92f.)

McCausland, Prof. Dr. Ian, Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G4
(1973f. gom4+5; Ap)

Mehta, Ardeshir, Ottawa, Canada
(CNPS; gsj)

Melcher, Prof. Dr. Dr. Horst, Potsdam, Germany

Milnes, Dr. Harold Willis, Editor, Toth-Maatian-Review, Lubbock, TX 79410, USA
(1979f. gom4; gsj)

Mitchell, William C., Institute for Advanced Cosmological Studies, Carson City, NV 89702, USA

Mitsopoulos, Dr. Theodore D., Athens 15669, Greece
(1988f. gom4; GE 98, 01; gsj)

Mocanu, Prof. C. I., formerly Head of Electrical Engineering Dept., Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest, Romania
(gom4; Ap; GE 91f.)

Monti, Dr. Roberto A., Istituto TESRE - CNR, 40129 Bologna, Italy
(1988f. gom4; CNPS; bartml)

(PDF) Moody, Richard Jr., USA
(CNPS; gsj)

Morales, Dr. Juan Alberto, Malaga, Spain
(1968f. gom4+5; gsj)

Morales-Riveira, Dr. Enrique, Colombia

Moroz, Viktor N., NY, USA

Müller, Aloys, Germany
(1911f. gom4+5)

Müller, Berthold, Germany

Müller, Francisco J., Miami, FL 33144, USA
(1986f. gom4; bartml)

Müller, Wilhelm C. G. (1880-1968), Prof. Theor. Physics, successor to Sommerfeld at Munich Univ.
(1941-63f.
gom4)

Munch, Neil E., Pres., Munch Engineering Corp., Montgomery Village, MD 20886, USA
founder member of NPA
(gom4; Ap; bartml; GE 96f.)

Munshi, Jamal, USA

Neiswander, Dr. Robert S., Cambria, CA 93428, USA
(gom4; GE 96f., 04)

Nerad, Dr. Ludek, Pecky, Czech Republic
(gom4; GE 97)

Neundorf, Wolfgang, D - 03054 Cottbus, Germany
(CNPS)

Newman, Alan, U.K.
(GE 06; gsj)

Noninski, Prof. Dr. Vesselin C., New York, NY 10011, USA

Nordenson, Harald, Prof. Phys, Chem., Sweden (+1980)
(1935-1969 gom4+5)

Noskov, Nikolai K., Russia

Novak, Gary E., USA

Nowak, Karl, Dipl. Ing., Vienna, Austria
(1942f. gom4+5)

Nutricati, Pompilio, Italy
(1998 gom4+5)

Oldershaw, Dr. Robert L., USA

Omeljanowskij, M. E.
(1973 gom4)

Oswald, Dietrich, Reutlingen, Germany
(1978 gom4+5)

Owen Sr., William H., Australia
(gom4; Ap)

Pagels, Kurt, Germany
(1979f. gom4+5; CNPS)

Palacios, Julio, Spain
(1953f, 1971 gom4+5)

Palmieri, Renato, Italy

Panarella, Dr. Emilio, Editor, Physics Essays, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6, Canada
(CNPS)

Parish, Leonard, U.K.
(1977f. gom4+5)

Parshin, Prof. Pavel Fyedorovich (Head of Dept. of Physics, Academy of Civil Aviation, St. Peterburg), Russia
(gom4; GE 91)

Pavlovic, Milan R., Belgrade, Yugoslavia
(2000 gom4; CNPS)

Pendleton, Alan, USA

Pernes, Dipl. Ing. Lothar, Germany
(CNPS)

Persson, John-Erik
(gom4; GE 99f.; gsj)

Peshchevitskiy, Prof. Boris Ivanovich, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
(1986f. gom4+5; GE 91f.)

Phipps Jr., Dr. Thomas E., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
(1973f. gom4+5; Ap; bartml; GE 91f.; gsj)

Physikus (Giordano B.), Germany

Podlaha, M. F.
(1977f. gom4)

Pohl, Manfred, Germany

Poor Charles Lane
(1921-30 gom4+5; gsj)

Preikschat, F. K., Germany
(1976f. gom4+5)

Preußker, Prof. Dr.-Ing. H., Halstenbek, Germany
(1994 gom4)

Quiring, Heinrich, Germany
(1952f. gom4+5)

Rado, Steven, Los Angeles, CA 90035, USA
(CNPS)

Raju, Chandra Kant, India
(CNPS)

Rasper, Johannes (Dipl. Math.), Germany

Ratcliffe, Hilton, U.K.

Rehmann, Dr. Günter, Düsseldorf, Germany
(1958f. gom4+5)

Reising, Martin, Offenbach/Main, Germany
(1987f. gom4+5)

Renshaw, Curtis E., Tele-Consultants, Inc., Alpharetta, GA 30005, USA
(gom4; Ap; GE 96f.)

Rey, Francis R. J., Toulon, France
(gom4)

Riem, Prof. Johannes
(1920f. gom4)

Ripota, Dipl. Ing. Peter, Redakteur P.M. Magazin, Germany
(1997f. gom4; CNPS)

Rohmer, Reinhard, Dipl. Ing. (FH), Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Germany
(1996f. gom4+5)

Romalo, Dan, Romania

Rösch, Peter, OStR, D-76709 Kronau, Germany

Rudakov, Dr. N., P.O. Box 723, Geelong, Victoria 3213, Australia
(1981 gom4+5)

Rydin, Roger A., Assoc. Prof. Em. Nucl. Eng. , USA
(CNPS)

Ryzhkov, L., Kiev Polytechnical Institute, Ukraine
(1991 gom4)

Sanborn, Herbert C.
(1956 gom4)

Sapper, Prof. Dr. Karl, Graz, Austria
(1939f., 1952f. gom4+5)

Schauer, Dipl. Phys., Lorenz, Germany

Schneider, Horst, 03096 Burg/Spreewald, Germany
(1981 gom4+5)

Schock, Rolf, Department of Mathematics, Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm 70, Sweden
(1981f. gom4)

Sekerin, Dr. Vladimir Illich, Novosibirsk, Russia
(1991 gom4+5)

Selleri, Prof. Franco, Physics Department, University of Bari, Italy
(gom4; Ap)
Prof. Selleri is listed as a learned participant in "critical" events; his own attempts to formulate alternative time-bending formalisms hardly qualify him as a defender of common sense.

Severi, Francesco, Italy
(1924f. gom4)

Sharma, Prof. Rati Ram, India
(gsj)

Shimmin, William "Lee", Houston, TX 77055-6933, USA
(gom4; GE 94)

Shpitalnaya, Dr. Alexandra A., St. Petersburg Oberservatory, Russia

Siepmann, Dr. James P., ed. Journal of Theoretics, Oshkosh, WI 54904, USA
(CNPS)

Sintini, Amleto, Italy
(1970 gom4+5)

Smid, Dr. Thomas, UK
(CNPS)

Smirnov, Prof. Anatoly P., St. Petersburg, Russia
(CNPS)

Smith, Prof. Joseph Wayne, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Adelaide, Australia
(1985 gom4)

Smulsky, Prof. Joseph J., Institute of Earth Cryosphere, Tyumen, Russia
(CNPS; 1988f. gom4+5; gsj)

Sprecic, Mustafa, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Stoinov, Dimiter G., Sofia, Bulgaria
(GE; gsj1 and gsj2)

Strehl, Prof. Dr. Karl
(1921f. gom4)

Strel'tsov, Dr. V. N., Laboratory of High Energies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow Region 141980, Russia
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 98f., 00f., 05)

Suhorukov, G.I., E.G., and R.G., Bratsk State Technical University, Russia
(gsj)

Tedenstig, Ove, S-19 551 Märsta, Sweden
(gom4; CNPS; GE 91f.; gsj)

Teppo, Karl, Mermaid Waters 4218, Queensland, Australia
(Ap)

Theimer, Dr. Walter, Germany
(1977f. gom4+5)

Thim, Dr. Hartwig W., Prof. Em. Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria

Thompson, Caroline, UK
(2002 gom4)

Thornhill, Dr. Charles Kenneth, Australia

Tolchel'nikova-Murri, Dr. Svetlana A., Central Astronomical Observatory, Pulkovo, Russia
(gom4; bartml; GE 92f.)

Tombe, Prof. F. David, Belfast BT15 5HU, Northern Ireland, U.K.
(GE 92f.; gsj)

Tonini, Valerio, Italy
(1948f. gom4+5)

Turzyniecki, Kazimierz, Warsaw, Poland

Twiss, Frank, Sammamish, WA 98075, USA
(GE 92f.)

Vogtherr, Karl, Germany
(1921f. gom4+5)

Vukelja, Aleksandar, Kac, Serbia & Montenegro
(CNPS)

Wallace, Dr. Bryan G., St. Petersburg, FL 33710, USA
(1969f. gom4+5)

Wanek, Dr. Erich, Germany
(1962 gom4)

Wankow, Borislaw, Sofia, Bulgaria

Weitzel, Donald F., Winnetka, CA 91306, USA
(gom4; GE 96f., 02)

Wesley, Dr. J. Paul (Publisher of Global Dissident Physics Survey), Germany
(1968f. gom4+5; Ap; bartml)

Whitney, Dr. Cynthia Kolb (*1941), Editor: Galilean Electrodynamics, Space Time Analyses Ltd., Arlington, MA 02176-7331, USA
(gom4; Ap)

Wittke, Ernest C., USA

Xu Shaozhi, Dr., Beijing Control Device Research Institute, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap; GE 92f.)

Xu Xiangqun, Dr., Beijing, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap)

Zapffe, Dr. Carl A.
(1977f. gom4+5; gsj)

Zeng, Prof. Qingping, China

Zhuck, Dr. Nikolay A., Ed.-in-Chief Spacetime & Substance, Kharkiv, Ukraine
(CNPS)

Zweig, Dr. Hans J.
(CNPS)


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