Reclaiming the common sense foundations of knowledge:
Special Relativity: a derailment of rational thinking implicating not only physicists but philosophy and mathematics.
First upload: 16 January 1999
Last revised: 28 January 2019
url: http://home.btconnect.com/sapere.aude/
Continue to: | page 2 | page 3: Critics' analyses of SR mathematics | Archive | unfinishedbusiness |
page two:
Introduction: The historical and theoretical background.
1. SR orthodoxy and Einstein's 1905 Transformation of Coordinates: Mathematics in transit from visualization to blind trust in equations.
2. Einstein's "Simple Derivation".
3. Tower of Babel: On the nature of relativistic effects.
page three:
A brief discussion of critics' arguments: The mathematics of Special Relativity (SR)
Archive:
1. Bibliography.
1.1. Special Relativity.
1.2. General: philosophical, mathematical background.
1.3. Surveys of "state of art".
2. Notes to current argument on my homepage (under construction).
Reclaiming the common sense foundations of knowledge:
Special Relativity: a derailment of rational thinking implicating not only physicists but philosophy and mathematics.
The sapere aude title of my website echoes the call of the Enlightenment:This is not an "anti-relativity" or "alternative" site. "Relativity", in the sense of the mathematically proven and experimentally confirmed invalidity of classical concepts of space and time, does not "exist". My site is about a scandalous derailment of rational thinking which, given the centrality in our lives of understanding how the world works, involves all of us. It can be only in a narrow sense - abdication of thinking to the "experts" - that the scandal is to be attributed to philosophers, mathematicians, professional physicists. "Relativity" matters only because, given the bombastic mathematical claims made for it, critique requires only the most elementary procedures of classical geometry and mechanics.
The complexity of the background - chronology, philosophy, mathematics, physics - makes it difficult to devise a concise itinerary for a critical approach to the "problem". Like its predecessors, this introduction is a draft requiring revision.
Enlightenment is Man's emergence from self-imposed tutelage, that is to say, from the inability to use the intellect without guidance by another. It is self-imposed if its cause does not lie in a deficiency of the intellect but of the courage and determination to use it autonomously. Sapere aude! Have the courage to think! is therefore the motto of the Enlightenment. (I. Kant, Was ist Aufklärung?)Among the public at large, the Theory of Relativity (Special Relativity - SR - and General Relativity - GR) is associated with Einstein: according to The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy,
"Einstein's philosophical reflections constitute an important chapter in twenthieth century thought."To quote Max Born:
"Relativity actually ought not to be connected with a single name or with a single date. It was in the air about 1900 and several great mathematicians and physicists - Larmor, Fitzgerald, Lorentz, Poincaré, to mention a few - were in possession of its contents. In 1905 Albert Einstein based the theory on very general principles of a philosophical character, and a few years later Hermann Minkowski gave it a final logical and mathematical expression. ... The Special Theory of Relativity of 1905 can be justifiably considered the end of the classical period and the beginning of a new era. For it uses the well-established classical ideas of matter spread continuously in space and time, and of causal or, more precisely, deterministic laws of nature. But it introduces revolutionary notions of space and time, resolutely criticizing the traditional concepts formulated by Newton. This seems today to be Einstein's most remarkable feat, the one which distinguishes his work from that of his predecessors, and modern science from classical science." (Introduction to the 1924 edition of the book)In his 1972 book Science at the Crossroads Herbert Dingle, a physicist at the centre of things at a crucial time, records that until 1919 Einstein's SR was known only to a small circle of mathematical specialists, while for physicists, SR, including some remarkable philosophical claims, had been the theory of Lorentz and Poincaré; for the background see page 2. For a chronology of qualified objections to the "theory" see the G.O. Mueller Project, Kap.7. See also the huge databases of critics' organisations listed below.
Philosophers have helped to enthrone Einstein as a "great thinker", not only the Vienna school, but influential admirers like Russell and Cassirer.
Russell's influence has been particularly baleful. Mathematicians today lament the loss of much of classical mathematics by the rise to dominance of "mathematical logic" (e.g. the Russell-Whitehead project of the Principia). Russell, from notions popular elsewhere in mathematics, was able to persuade the mathematics profession to discontinue the visual approach to geometry (supposedly subject to perceptual falsification) in favour of analysis by uninterpreted "equations" (thought safe from dubious perceptual input). This has had catastrophic effects for teaching, with the result that younger critics of Einstein's "equations" are today unable to recognise their simple geometric referents (pathlengths in a lightsphere).Elsewhere, there has been a sounder estimate of Einstein's cognitive "excellence"; to quote Jacques Barzun:
"They revere Einstein or Niels Bohr by rote, but hardly with the informed emotion which comes of even partial understanding. Their faith in a thinker's scope is so vacuous that when Einstein's misguided friends publish his non-scientific essays, thereby exposing his intellectual inadequacy, naïve astonishment is soon succeeded by excessive contempt, and another idol is overthrown that was never properly - that is profitably - idolized." (op.cit. p.21).Until ca. 1800, leading philosophers (e.g. Descartes and Leibniz) had contributed to the clarification of important concepts of science (e.g., space, time). For the regression to "system-building" starting with Kant, and to epistemological passivity in regard of "scientific" concepts, see the article "Vienna school". As to space, classical philosophy had distinguished between
as in Gauss' notorious conclusion that the bending of lightrays demonstrates the non-existence of Euclidean space - with GR, after ambiguities, for instance, in Riemann and Helmholtz, finally basing its relativistic four-dimensional metric on that misconception.
See http://static.arxiv.org/pdf/1109.4897.pdf for data that show the assumption of c as a constant to be generally untenable, as does the known dependence of light-speed on the gravitational potential.A close look at the SR time-equation reveals that the "derived" unit of measurement is not even realisable: t' = t(1 +/- v/c) - i.e. requiring a clock to adapt its rate to the direction of lightsignals passing through at a particular moment. As to the depth of Einstein's philosophical thought on time, his observation that (1905, par.1, Definition of Simultaneity) we may define "time" by "the position of the small hand of my watch", he and his admirers overlook that the unit of time measurement, in antiquity, had lucidly been defined on the basis of astronomic periods (year, day); a device is acceptable to serve as a "clock" only if it is capable of calibration on the basis of this pre-defined unit of measurement. Read superficially, the "theory" would absurdly alter the length of the day and year for all systems in relative motion: trains, GPS-stations.
Critics have drawn attention to the poverty of Einstein's logic. If there has been a "derailment" of rational thinking in mathematics, culpability must lie with more competent individuals, most particularly Poincaré (see my quote from Kline on his immense stature). Unbelievably, at the root of the mathematical derailment lies a simple oversight. As Morris Kline writes of the mathematicians creating the new symbolic methods ("mathematical logic"):
"They do not seem to have realized that a formula that is true with one interpretation of the symbols might not be true with another." (op.cit. 1972, p.775 of 1990 OUP paperback edition)What Poincaré and followers have overlooked is the fundamental difference of the x, y, z, t in the various branches of mathematics:
What is of grave concern, however, is the inadequacy of the critical response among physicists, especially as, from the contemporaneous literature (e.g. Mach's Die Mechanik in ihrer Entwicklung - 1883 to 1912; Kirchhoff's authoritative 1876 Mechanik with its comprehensive exposition of the entire classical symbolism) one should have expected an immediate recognition of the invalidity of the "new" mathematical approach (Lorentz-Poincaré) and particularly of Einstein's 1905 "transformation" procedure, the latter (see briefly below) farcically invalid from the very first step, the definition of the x'. Instead, there has been an almost fanatical rejection of mathematical aspects as irrelevant (with notable exceptions: Stephen Bryant, even though ignoring the relevance of the procedures of classical mechanics).
The comprehensive Fehlerkatalog (G.O. Mueller Project), typically, centres largely on
Briefly, what does SR "prove"? The central SR equations are
- Dr. Marquardt: "How not why. Why doesn‘t get us any scientific answers."
- or R.L. Oldershaw: Keeping Theoretical Physics on Track (APEIRON Nr. 20 October 1994):
"In recent decades observational work has consistently served up compelling reasons for humility. ... It is a rare individual who can accurately recognize and freely admit what he does not know. There is nothing insurmountable that prevents more scientists from entering this latter category."
OP^{2} = (ct)^{2} = x^{2} + y^{2} + z^{2} = 0, [1]
O'P^{2} = (ct')^{2} = x'^{2} + y'^{2} + z'^{2} = 0, [2]
Einstein: OP the radius of the lightsphere, O'P the position vector for points on the spherical surface taken from O', where OO' = x = vt, and
O'P^{2} = (ct')^{2} = x'^{2} + y'^{2} + z'^{2} = 1, [4]
Poincaré and Minkowski, with x, y, z, t as algebraic variables (group algebra, theory of invariants).
Einstein's attempt to elucidate the transformation procedure by reference to light-signals moving along co-ordinate axes (an operationalist version of geometric points, as in classical physcis, representing the location of moving material points) renders the argument (intuitively "difficult" in Lorentz and Poincaré), easy to follow.
Classical mathematical physics (e.g. Kirchhoff) had written the distance-equation as follows:From the definition of OO' = x = vt, for a signal (read point) moving in the direction of the x-axis
OP^{2} = t^{2}(u^{2} + v+^{2} + w^{2}). [5]
To obtain [2], SR turns the vector c into a scalar constant, and the t' into a vector (varying in magnitude and direction). We are spared further analysis of this "strangeness" (implicating the unit vector, of fundamental importance for the entirety of mathematical space) by recognition that clocks capable of recording such a time-unit do not exist (running slow for signals to the right, but fast for signals to the left).
Einstein obtains the "Lorentz Factor" (b) by using his x' = x - vt in the sense of an identity, namely
As is evident from Whittaker's account, the b is reciprocal also in Lorentz, with the same error, namely v'=v, as in Einstein. If this particular error is corrected, we find thatTwo further items in Einstein's 1905 SR need to be mentioned here.b = 1 (see page 2).
All relativistic effects depend on this factor; without it all effects vanish into thin air. The proof of the equivalence of systems in relative motion depends on the reciprocity of this (non-existent) factor.The appearance of the factor in experiments, as in GPS-measurements and elsewhere, merely indicates that two-way speed-assumptions have been false: c, rather than (c-v) and (c+v).
Given the "non-existence" of "relativity", I would seem to have given SR inordinate weight. Despite its "non-existence", SR matters for these reasons:
Physics exploits evidence of dynamic effects to clarify causal ("deterministic") relationships - not causal in the sense of why but of how - how does this work? Study requires visualisable models (space, time). SR matters as an easily accessible test-case that illustrates the division between the two worlds of mathematics:Starting with "relativity", theoretical physics had tried to jump to conclusions where the data required humility. The "critical" debate (pro and con) demonstrates a catastrophic loss of mathematical competence, a problem which scrutiny of SR concepts (space, time, attention to the difference between geometry and "algebra"-types of "equations") brings to the fore and therefore should help to start to address.
- mathematics in the sense of quantitative knowledge of our world of perception (concepts, procedures of geometry: co-ordinate geometry and mechanics), as against
- the increasing bulk of purely logical types of forms or structures, either never meant to be, or incapable of being, intuitively accessible.
In classical philosophy, the appearance of "paradox" was taken to point to an error somewhere in an argument. The supposed "reciprocal" contraction of co-incident lengths in SR is a paradox of this type - seen to result just from such an error (v'=v). We should read this as a reminder that "common sense" logic must be the rule also in mathematics. Therefore:
Sapere aude:
Have the courage to think independently,
and to insist that physics be based on a "common sense" approach to its mathematical foundations.
Gigantic, but difficult to find anything; to facilitate access to critical material, in section 3 below I list selected links to authors' profiles, especially as the websites of older generations of critics are relentlessly diminishing.CNPS Members
Walter Babins's The general science journal - singular among sites hosted by individual critics.
Kritische Stimmen zur Relativitätstheorie (Ekkehard Friebe and Jocelyne Lopez)
Note the link to the G.O.Mueller projekt hosted by the site.Ekkehard Friebe: Wissenschaft und Moralische Verantwortung (Archive of publications)
Gegner der Relativitaetstheorie (Robert Markweger's Directory of opponents of the TR).
Dr. Arteha's website is so rich as to demand inclusion here, as also
his Antirelativistic library
and the resource Physical Congress, St. Petersburg (formerly www.physical-congress.spb.ru/), with English links in preparation.
(I am grateful for Dr. Artehas's graceous help with information.)
(Some of the papers presented at the St. Petersburg conferences are also available at http://novamir.org/?page_id=46)
Research Group "Geometry and Physics" (Director: Prof. Umberto Bartocci), Department of Mathematics, University of Perugia, Via Vanvitelli 1, 06100 Perugia, Italy; http://www.cartesio-episteme.net/
For Prof. Bartocci's erudite e-journal Episteme (2000-2004) go to http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/episteme/. (The Episteme-site is often unavailable for long periods, but has tended eventually to turn up again.)
Comment: Note that Prof. Bartocci, a mathematician, declares that in "a mathematical (and therefore theoretical) sense, SR is completely consistent and correct"; see http://www.cartesio-episteme.net/quest.htm.
Physics-Uspekhi (Advances in Physical Sciences), List of Authors.
EDITIONS D'ASSAILLY, Jean de Climont dissident list. Publisher: Christian Sutterlin.
Max Planck Insitute for the History of Science, Berlin
In view of their large number (the GOM bibliography - by no means complete - names ca. 1350 authors) I include here only those critics who have published (or participated in events such as conferences) since 1970, or where GOM-Kap.4 contains information about their arguments (summaries, quotations, reviews, comments). My criterium of selection is the defence of common sense (with comment in the case of exceptions).
Abramovic, Prof. Dr. Velimir, Serbia and Montenegro
(gsj)
Adey, A.I.A., Technical University, 5604 EE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
(gom4; GE 95f.)
Agathangelidis, Antonis, Thessaloniki 561 22, Greece
(1998f. gom4; GE; gsj)
Ahn, Byoung Ha, Hamden, CT 06518, USA
Allais, Maurice, France
(CNPS)
Alliatta, Guilio
(1921f. gom4+5)
(PDF) Anger, Prof. Dr. Gottfried, Germany
(CNPS)
Antonopoulos, Constantin, Interdisciplinary Department, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 157 73, Greece
(Ap; GE)
Arp, Dr., Halton, Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, 85740 München (Garching), Germany
(CNPS)
Arteha, Dr. Sergey N., Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia
(CNPS; gom4; GE)
Aspden, Dr. Harold, formerly Prof. of Electrical Engineering, University of Southampton,
Chilworth, Southampton, SO16 7HZ England
(CNPS; 1960f., 1987 gom4+5; gsj)
Asquith, P.R., Australia
(CNPS; gsj)
Assis, Dr. André K.T., Institute of Physics, State University of Campinas, Brazil
(gom4)
Babin, Walter, Rodney, Canada
(1999f. gom4;
CNPS; gsj)
Baer, Günther, Germany
(CNPS; 1993f. gom4+5)
Bailey, Dr. Patrick G., President, Institute for New Energy, Los Altos, CA 94023-0201, USA
Barone, Prof. Michele, Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greece
(CNPS)
Barth, Gotthard, Austria
(1954f., 96 gom4+5)
Bartocci, Prof. Umberto, Director of the Research Group "Geometry and Physics", Department of Mathematics, University of Perugia, Italy
(gom4; Ap; CNPS)
Becker, Michael, Erlangen, Germany
(1988f. gom4+5)
Beckmann, Petr, Founder-Editor, Galilean Electrodynamics (90), Prof. Em. of Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
(1987f. gom4+5; GE)
Bernays, Paul, Germany
(1913f. gom4+5)
Bernstein, Vitaly M., Moscow, Russia
(gom4; GE 00f.)
Biedenkapp, Georg, Germany
(1920 gom4)
Bockris, Dr. John O'M., Prof. Em. of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Boersema, Jos, Netherlands
Boersma, Geert, Zwolle, Netherlands
(GE 04, 06)
Bon, T.B., USA
Borchardt, Glenn, Director, Progressive Science Institute, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, USA
(CNPS)
Bothezat, George de, USA
(1930f. gom4+5)
Bouasse, Henri Pierre Maxime, Paris, France
(1923f. gom4+5)
Bourbaki, Dr. George (Dr. Georg A. Bruenig), DEng, Patent Attorney, 80798 München, Germany
(1990f. gom4+5)
Brandenberger, Dr. H. G. (1927-1955 ETH Zürich), Switzerland
(1962 gom4)
Brock, Thomas, Germany
(2001 gom4+5)
Broda, Andrzej, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Brösske, Ludwig
(1931, 1959f. gom4+5)
Brown, Dr. G. Burniston, Padstow, Cornwall, PL28 8JS, U.K.
(1941f. gom4+5; gsj)
Browne, H. C.
(1928 gom4)
Brühlmann, Otto, Kreuzlingen, Switzerland
(1923f. gom4+5)
Bucknam, Ralph E., Lebanon, Pennsylvania, USA
(1978 gom4+5)
Budde, E., Germany
(1914 gom4)
Burns, Keivin
(1924 gom4)
Cantrell, William H., Ph.D., ed. IE Magazine
Carpenter, Vincent W., USA
Carroll, Dr. Robert L.,
Director, R. L. Carroll Institute, Fairmont, VI, USA
(gom4; Ap; GE 90f.)
Chavarga, Dr. Nicholas, Department of the Physical Faculty of Uzhgorod National University, Uzhgorod, Ukraine
Cherepennikov, Vladislav B., (newton-society at mail.ru), Russia
Claybourne, J. P., Orlando, FL, USA
(gom4; GE 90f.)
Coe, Lee (staunch SR-opponent since 1932), USA
Coon, W. Vincent, Salt Lake City, UT 84106, USA
(gom4; GE 94f.)
Cornille, Dr. Patrick, C.E.A. Centre de BIII, 91680 Bruyeres le Chatel, France
(gom4; GE 98f., 00f.)
Couture, Christine, Ottawa, Canada
Crivelli, Franco, Switzerland
Crothers, Stephen J., Australia
(CNPS; gsj)
Cullwick, E.G. (defender of 3D physics), formerly Prof. of Engineering, St. Andrews, U.K.
(1957f., 1981 gom4+5)
Daskalow, Ljudmil, Germany
(CNPS)
de Bothezat, George, USA
(1930f. gom4+5)
de Carvalho, Luis Antonio V. & Luis Alberto V., Brazil
(GE 04, 05f.)
de Hilster, Robert, USA
De Mees, Thierry, Belgium
(gsj Editor)
Denisov, Prof. Anatoliy A., Dr.Sci.Tech., St. Petersburg Polytechnical Institute, Russia
(1989f. gom4+5; GE)
Derksen, Dipl.Ing., Norbert, D-78464 Konstanz, Germany
(1984 gom4; CNPS)
Deyssenroth, Dipl. Phys. Hans, Germany
Dingle, Herbert, Prof. of Natural Philosophy, Imperial College, London, U.K.
(1928f., 1981 gom4+5; gsj)
Dishington, Roland H., Pacific Palisades, CA 90272, USA
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 90)
Dissler, Walter, Dipl. Ing., Sonnewalde, Austria
(1971f. gom4)
Doran, Fred, Mississaugo, Ontario, Canada
Dring, Dr. Andrew R., Baltimore, MD 21234-5217, USA
(gom4; GE 96f.)
Duering, Gerd, Germany
Dulaney, Dr. Clarence L., USA
(gom4; GE 02)
Dunning, William, Clinton Corners, NY 12514, USA
(Ap; GE 93; 06)
Dürr, Dr. Karl, doctor of law, 6513 Monte Carasso, Switzerland
(1959f. gom4+5)
Edwards, Dr. J.C., medical doctor & polymath, editor of BASRA, Canada
(1987 gom4; gsj)
Ehlers, Hans-Joachim, Germany
Engelhardt, Dr.Wolfgang, retired from: Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, D-85741 Garching, Germany
(CNPS; gsj)
Essen, Dr. Louis, Bookham, Surrey, UK
(1937f., 1989 gom4+5; gsj)
Evans, Dr. Melbourne G., Prof Em., USA
(1962f. gom4)
Ferrigno, Antonio, European Patent Office, 2280HV Rijswijk, Netherlands
(2001 gom4)
Fox, Hal, Ed. J. New Energy, Trenergy Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84158, USA
(CNPS)
Fricke, Hermann, Germany
(1920-1941 gom4+5)
Friebe, Dipl. Ing. Ekkehard (*1927), Regierungsdirektor i.R. (Deutsches Patentamt, Muenchen), 81737 München, Germany
(1985f. gom4; CNPS; gsj)
Friedländer, Salomo, Germany
(1930f. gom4+5)
Fritzius, Robert S., Starkville, MS 39759, USA
Galeczki, Dr. George, 51061 Cologne, Germany
(gom4+5; CNPS; Ap; bartml; GE 97, 03f.)
Gehrcke, Prof. Dr. Ernst (1878-1960), Germany
(1911f. gom4+5; CNPS; gsj)
Gerteis, Martel, Germany
(1982f. gom4+5)
Gifford, John F., Corrales, NM 87048, USA
(Ap)
Glaser, Ludwig C., Germany
(1920-22 gom4+5)
Glozic, Berislav, Germany
(2001 gom4+5)
Gonuguntla, Srinivasa Rao
(gsj)
Graneau, Neal, U.K.
(gom4; GE 94f.)
Graneau, Prof. Peter, Centre for Electromagnetics Research, Northeastern University , USA
(gom4+5; Ap; gsj)
Grimer, Francis J., Harrow HA3 0DA, U.K.
Gut, Dr. Bernardo (*1942), CH 4058 Basel, Switzerland
(1978f. gom4+5; gsj)
Hannon, Robert J., Sarasota, FL 34238, USA
(gom4; CNPS; Ap; GE)
Hatch, Ronald R., Wilmington, CA 90744, USA
(CNPS Director; gom4+5)
Hayden, Dr. Howard C., Prof. Em. (Physics Research Group Affiliation Condensed Matter Physics) University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, U.S.A.; Ed., The Energy Advocate (96), former Ed., Galilean Electrodynamics
(1990f. gom4)
Hayes, Dr. Peter, University of Sunderland, UK
Hazelett, Richard, Colchester, VT 05446, USA
(gom4)
Hecht, Prof. Andreas, Germany
Hecht, Laurence, ed. 21st Century Science & Technology, Washington, D.C., USA
Hegedusic, Prof. Mladen
(1978f. gom4+5)
Henderson, Robert L., Sun City, AZ 8855351-1163, USA
(1972f. gom4+5; GE 99, 00)
Herrmann, Robert A., USA
Hill, Charles M.
(1990f. gom4; GE)
Hille, Helmut, Heilbronn, Germany
(CNPS)
Holmberg, Eric, London, U.K.
(1986 gom4+5)
Höpfner, Ludwig
(1921 gom4)
Hoppe, Helmut, Germany
Hoult, Robert Littleton
(1996 gom4+5)
Hüfner, Dr. Ing. Dipl. Phys. M., (Die Muggle-Bibliothek), Germany
Idestroem, Axel, Sweden
(1948 gom4+5)
Ivanchenko, Prof. G. E., Professor of Engineering (Deceased), Moscow, Russia
(1995f. gom4+5; 2001 GE)
Kalanov, Temur Z., Institute of Electronics, F.Hodjaev 33, 700143 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
(gsj)
Kammerer, E., Germany
(1957f. gom4+5)
Kanarev, Prof. Dr. Ph. M.,
Krasnodar, Russia;
(gom4; Ap; GE 92f.; gsj)
Kantor, Wallace, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
(1962f. gom4+5)
Kelly, Dr. Alphonsus G., Dublin 4, Ireland
(1993f. gom4+5; bartml)
Kempczynski, Jaroslav, Dept. Theoretical Physics, H. Niewodniczanski Inst. Nuclear Physics, 31 342 Krakow, Poland
(gom4; GE 93)
Kerr, Robert, Oro Valley, AZ 85737, USA
Keswani, Dr. G.H., New Delhi, India
(1965f. gom4)
Keys, C. Roy, ed., Apeiron, Montreal, Quebec H2W 2B2, Canada
(gom4; CNPS)
Kholmetskii, Alexander L., Dept. of Physics, Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
(gom4; Ap; GE 95f.)
Kim, Deuk-Soo, 48159 Münster, Germany
(1987 gom4)
Klyushin, Ya.G., Ph.D., Academy of Aviation, St. Petersburg, Russia (ed. Bd., Galilean Electronamics)
(CNPS; GE00f.)
Knapp, Wolfram, Germany
(1994 gom4)
Korneva, Maria V., Voronezh Scientific Research Institute of Communications, Voronezh, Russia
(gom4; Ap; GE 99f.)
Kosowski, Prof. Stanislaus, 00-849 Warsaw, Poland
(1978f. gom4; gsj)
Kraus, Gerhard, Bangkok, Thailand
(gom4+5)
Kraus, Oskar
(1919f. gom4)
Kressebuch, Hugo, Germany
(1963f. gom4)
Kulba, Leslee A., Farmington Hills, MI 48336, USA
Kuligin, Victor A., and Galina A., Dept. of Physics, State University of Voronezh, Russia
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 99f.)
Lamberty, Paul
(1925 gom4)
Lange, Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang, Dresden, Germany
(CNPS; gsj)
Larson, Dr. Delbert J., USA
(gom4, GE 1995 correspondence)
(PDF) Lavrushkin, Vladimir P., Pskov, Russia
(CNPS; GE 05f.)
Ledesma, José Miguel, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Li, Zifeng (& Li Tianjiang Wang Changjin Tian Xinmin Wang Zhaoyun), Yanshan University, Hebei, Qinhuangdao,China
Li, Dr. Wen-Xiu, Dept. of Earth & Space Sciences, Univ. of Science & Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap; GE 99, 01)
Luttgens, Marcel, France
(gom4; CNPS; Ap)
MacDonald, Keith, Manley, Queensland 4179, Australia
(gom4; GE 91)
(PDF) Maco, Emil Andrej,
(1988 gom4)
Macrì, Rocco Vittorio, Assisi, Italy
(bartml)
MacRoberts, Donald T., Shreveport, LA, USA
(gom4; GE 92f.; gsj)
Majorana, Quirino (1871-1957), Prof., Dept. of Physics, Turin & Bologna; Italy
(1921f., 1956 gom4; CNPS; gsj)
Mallove, Dr. Eugene, ed. Infinite Energy, P.O. Box 2816, Concord, NH 033022-2816, USA
(CNPS)
{the website http://galeb.etf.bg.ac.yu/~malovic/ hass been identified as posing a security risk]
Malovic, Miodrag, Yugoslavia
Marinov, Dr. Stefan (1931-97) (1960-74 Ass.Prof. Physics, Sofia University, Bulgaria) Graz, Austria
(1974f. gom4+5)
Marinšek, Johann, 8530 Deutsch-Landsberg, Austria
(1989f. gom4+5)
Mark, Dr. Harry H., USA
Marklin, Dr. George J., Sugar Land, TX 77479, USA
(CNPS)
Markweger, Robert, Germany
(1999 gom4; CNPS)
Marlor, Dr. Guy A., San Carlos, CA 94070, USA
Marmet, Dr. Paul, Professor of Physics (deceased), Physics Department, University of Ottawa, Ontario KIN 6N5, Canada
(gom4+5; CNPS; Ap; bartml)
Marquardt, Dr. Peter, 50833 Cologne, Germany
(gom4; Ap)
Martens, Bernd-Rainer, Germany
Martin, Adolphe, Longueuil, Quebec J4J 3P9, Canada
(gom4; Ap)
Maurer, Harald, Elektrotechniker, Graz, Österreich
(CNPS)
Mayr, Luitpold, Germany
(CNPS)
McAlister, Joe F. and John W., Delray Beach, FL 33444, USA
(gom4; GE 92f.)
McCausland, Prof. Dr. Ian, Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G4
(1973f. gom4+5; Ap)
Mehta, Ardeshir, Ottawa, Canada
(CNPS; gsj)
Melcher, Prof. Dr. Dr. Horst, Potsdam, Germany
Milnes, Dr. Harold Willis, Editor, Toth-Maatian-Review, Lubbock, TX 79410, USA
(1979f. gom4; gsj)
Mitchell, William C., Institute for Advanced Cosmological Studies, Carson City, NV 89702, USA
Mitsopoulos, Dr. Theodore D., Athens 15669, Greece
(1988f. gom4; GE 98, 01; gsj)
Mocanu, Prof. C. I., formerly Head of Electrical Engineering Dept., Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest, Romania
(gom4; Ap; GE 91f.)
Monti, Dr. Roberto A., Istituto TESRE - CNR, 40129 Bologna, Italy
(1988f. gom4; CNPS; bartml)
(PDF) Moody, Richard Jr., USA
(CNPS; gsj)
Morales, Dr. Juan Alberto, Malaga, Spain
(1968f. gom4+5; gsj)
Morales-Riveira, Dr. Enrique, Colombia
Moroz, Viktor N., NY, USA
Müller, Aloys, Germany
(1911f. gom4+5)
Müller, Berthold, Germany
Müller, Francisco J., Miami, FL 33144, USA
(1986f. gom4; bartml)
Müller, Wilhelm, Germany/Austria
(1941-63f. gom4)
Munch, Neil E.,
Pres., Munch Engineering Corp., Montgomery Village, MD 20886, USA
founder member of NPA
(gom4; Ap; bartml; GE 96f.)
Munshi, Jamal, USA
Neiswander, Dr. Robert S., Cambria, CA 93428, USA
(gom4; GE 96f., 04)
Nerad, Dr. Ludek, Pecky, Czech Republic
(gom4; GE 97)
Neundorf, Wolfgang, D - 03054 Cottbus, Germany
(CNPS)
Newman, Alan, U.K.
(GE 06; gsj)
Noninski, Prof. Dr. Vesselin C., New York, NY 10011, USA
Nordenson, Harald, Prof. Phys, Chem., Sweden (+1980)
(1935-1969 gom4+5)
Noskov, Nikolai K., Russia
Novak, Gary E., USA
Nowak, Karl, Dipl. Ing., Vienna, Austria
(1942f. gom4+5)
Nutricati, Pompilio, Italy
(1998 gom4+5)
Oldershaw, Dr. Robert L., USA
Omeljanowskij, M. E.
(1973 gom4)
Oswald, Dietrich, Reutlingen, Germany
(1978 gom4+5)
Owen Sr., William H., Australia
(gom4; Ap)
Pagels, Kurt, Germany
(1979f. gom4+5; CNPS)
Palacios, Julio, Spain
(1953f, 1971 gom4+5)
Palmieri, Renato, Italy
Panarella, Dr. Emilio, Editor, Physics Essays, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6, Canada
(CNPS)
Parish, Leonard, U.K.
(1977f. gom4+5)
Parshin, Prof. Pavel Fyedorovich (Head of Dept. of Physics, Academy of Civil Aviation, St. Peterburg), Russia
(gom4; GE 91)
Pavlovic, Milan R., Belgrade, Yugoslavia
(2000 gom4; CNPS)
Pendleton, Alan, USA
Pernes, Dipl. Ing. Lothar, Germany
(CNPS)
Persson, John-Erik
(gom4; GE 99f.; gsj)
Peshchevitskiy, Prof. Boris Ivanovich, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
(1986f. gom4+5; GE 91f.)
Phipps Jr., Dr. Thomas E., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
(1973f. gom4+5; Ap; bartml; GE 91f.; gsj)
Physikus (Giordano B.), Germany
Pohl, Manfred, Germany
Poor Charles Lane
(1921-30 gom4+5; gsj)
Preikschat, F. K., Germany
(1976f. gom4+5)
Preußker, Prof. Dr.-Ing. H., Halstenbek, Germany
(1994 gom4)
Quiring, Heinrich, Germany
(1952f. gom4+5)
Rado, Steven, Los Angeles, CA 90035, USA
(CNPS)
Raju, Chandra Kant, India
(CNPS)
Rasper, Johannes (Dipl. Math.), Germany
Ratcliffe, Hilton, U.K.
Rehmann, Dr. Günter, Düsseldorf, Germany
(1958f. gom4+5)
Reising, Martin, Offenbach/Main, Germany
(1987f. gom4+5)
Rey, Francis R. J., Toulon, France
(gom4)
Riem, Prof. Johannes
(1920f. gom4)
Ripota, Dipl. Ing. Peter, Redakteur P.M. Magazin, Germany
(1997f. gom4; CNPS)
Rohmer, Reinhard, Dipl. Ing. (FH), Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Germany
(1996f. gom4+5)
Romalo, Dan, Romania
Rösch, Peter, OStR, D-76709 Kronau, Germany
Rudakov, Dr. N., P.O. Box 723, Geelong, Victoria 3213, Australia
(1981 gom4+5)
Rydin, Roger A., Assoc. Prof. Em. Nucl. Eng. , USA
(CNPS)
Ryzhkov, L., Kiev Polytechnical Institute, Ukraine
(1991 gom4)
Sanborn, Herbert C.
(1956 gom4)
Sapper, Prof. Dr. Karl, Graz, Austria
(1939f., 1952f. gom4+5)
Schauer, Dipl. Phys., Lorenz, Germany
Schneider, Horst, 03096 Burg/Spreewald, Germany
(1981 gom4+5)
Schock, Rolf, Department of Mathematics, Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm 70, Sweden
(1981f. gom4)
Sekerin, Dr. Vladimir Illich, Novosibirsk, Russia
(1991 gom4+5)
Selleri, Prof. Franco, Physics Department, University of Bari, Italy
(gom4; Ap)
Prof. Selleri is listed as a learned participant in "critical" events; his own attempts to formulate alternative time-bending formalisms hardly qualify him as a defender of common sense.
Severi, Francesco, Italy
(1924f. gom4)
Sharma, Prof. Rati Ram, India
(gsj)
Shimmin, William "Lee", Houston, TX 77055-6933, USA
(gom4; GE 94)
Shpitalnaya, Dr. Alexandra A., St. Petersburg Oberservatory, Russia
Siepmann, Dr. James P., ed. Journal of Theoretics, Oshkosh, WI 54904, USA
(CNPS)
Sintini, Amleto, Italy
(1970 gom4+5)
Smirnov, Prof. Anatoly P., St. Petersburg, Russia
(CNPS)
Smith, Prof. Joseph Wayne, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Adelaide, Australia
(1985 gom4)
Smulsky, Prof. Joseph J., Institute of Earth Cryosphere, Tyumen, Russia
(CNPS; 1988f. gom4+5; gsj)
Sprecic, Mustafa, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stoinov, Dimiter G., Sofia, Bulgaria
(GE; gsj1 and gsj2)
Strehl, Prof. Dr. Karl
(1921f. gom4)
Strel'tsov, Dr. V. N., Laboratory of High Energies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow Region 141980, Russia
(gom4+5; Ap; GE 98f., 00f., 05)
Suhorukov, G.I., E.G., and R.G., Bratsk State Technical University, Russia
(gsj)
Tedenstig, Ove, S-19 551 Märsta, Sweden
(gom4; CNPS; GE 91f.; gsj)
Teppo, Karl, Mermaid Waters 4218, Queensland, Australia
(Ap)
Theimer, Dr. Walter, Germany
(1977f. gom4+5)
Thim, Dr. Hartwig W., Prof. Em. Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria
Thompson, Caroline, UK
(2002 gom4)
Thornhill, Dr. Charles Kenneth, Australia
(CNPS)
Tolchel'nikova-Murri, Dr. Svetlana A., Central Astronomical Observatory, Pulkovo, Russia
(gom4; bartml; GE 92f.)
Tombe, Prof. F. David, Belfast BT15 5HU, Northern Ireland, U.K.
(GE 92f.; gsj)
Tonini, Valerio, Italy
(1948f. gom4+5)
Turzyniecki, Kazimierz, Warsaw, Poland
Twiss, Frank, Sammamish, WA 98075, USA
(GE 92f.)
Vogtherr, Karl, Germany
(1921f. gom4+5)
Vukelja, Aleksandar, Kac, Serbia & Montenegro
(CNPS)
Wallace, Dr. Bryan G., St. Petersburg, FL 33710, USA
(1969f. gom4+5)
Wanek, Dr. Erich, Germany
(1962 gom4)
Wankow, Borislaw, Sofia, Bulgaria
Weitzel, Donald F., Winnetka, CA 91306, USA
(gom4; GE 96f., 02)
Wesley, Dr. J. Paul (Publisher of Global Dissident Physics Survey), Germany
(1968f. gom4+5; Ap; bartml)
Whitney, Dr. Cynthia Kolb (*1941), Editor: Galilean Electrodynamics,
Space Time Analyses Ltd., Arlington, MA 02176-7331, USA
(gom4; Ap)
Wittke, Ernest C., USA
Xu Shaozhi, Dr., Beijing Control Device Research Institute, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap; GE 92f.)
Xu Xiangqun, Dr., Beijing, P.R. China
(gom4; Ap)
Zapffe, Dr. Carl A.
(1977f. gom4+5; gsj)
Zeng, Prof. Qingping, China
Zhuck, Dr. Nikolay A., Ed.-in-Chief Spacetime & Substance, Kharkiv, Ukraine
(CNPS)
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