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(Photos lower down)

Henry Bamford &Co. were a very old manufacture of agricultural machines. They entered the engine business very late, with water-cooled petrol-paraffin 5-6hp engine at the 1921 royal show. Soon they had increased their range from 2 hp to 10hp. All were horizontal The most innovative feature is the use of removable valve cages for both inlet and exhaust valves (except the 2hp). Very few makers used this arrangement. On earlier engines the Webster Tri-polar magneto was used for ignition, but by 1925 they were fitting the Wico EK high tension system. In 1929 vertical four-stroke engines were being built in 3,4 &5hp sizes, called the OV range. The EV (1936-45) and EC (1945-60) of 1 , 3 &5hp followed this. All vertical engines used a hinged crank-case, which made servicing the bigend very easy.

Diesels were introduced from 1936, sizes ranged from 3 hp to16hp. Production of engines ceased in 1980.

The engine shown is a gold medal of 1922, 5-6hp (petrol-paraffin) with a bore of 6in and a stroke of 10in. Barn machinery was driven by this engine till about 1950 when electricity took over. Ignition is Tri-polar. This engine was my first, I bought it as I had never seen low tension before.

The engine was found complete in 1966, the shed having been torn down. The paint was fairly damaged and the fuel tank was very rusty. The fuel jet slightly damaged.

A new tank, to the original pattern, was made, the fittings were soldered on and the fuel valve repaired. Careful drawings of the lining were made, the 'gold medal' transfer was covered, then the engine was rubbed down and repainted. The lining was replaced, a very difficult and tedious job.

Reading- David Edgington's "Stationary Engines for the Enthuthiast", Patrick Knight's "A to Z of Stationary Engines".


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