AUDION East-Euro Discography

a guide to progressive and experimental music from

"Behind The Iron Curtain"

by Steve & Alan Freeman © 1986-2016

The original introduction...

As promised back in Audion #18, here we present our exhaustive discography of progressive and experimental music from the former "Iron Curtain" European countries. This is something that we believe has not been catalogued before, and thus it should prove to be an indispensable guide to all fans of adventurous music. With the unique political and social climates in these countries, it seems unlikely that the unique music that emanated from there would ever have existed; revolutionary bands like SBB, Collegium Musicum, Osjan, Gunesh, Phoenix, Gorizont, or Kolinda, to name just a few!

As you can well imagine, with no documented catalogues to work from, this was not an easy listing to compile by any means, and also in no way do we claim it to be complete, as the proliferation of quality music in Eastern and Central Europe is so great and very much an ongoing thing. Also, much of it is so hard to find, what with most of the LP product listed here now being deleted, and a lot of it is extremely rare! Thus, without any proper international distribution for such music, it's so easy to miss out on things.

So, what we've attempted to do is: list all groups, musicians and composers of interest who have released something, in the fields of progressive, adventurous or experimental musics, the type of things you would expect to see in the pages of Audion. I have, however, omitted the more mainstream rock and new-wave acts. So if something isn't here, consider that it's probably not listed because it's too commercial. I was going to compile a list of items to avoid, but such a task would be too vast. And, after all, what would be the point?

This new edition...

This is a new unpublished version of the Audion East Euro Discography. Originally authored by Alan Freeman and edited by Steven Freeman, and published in 1993 as a magazine (now out of print). It was then revised and updated by Steve Freeman a decade later with the intention of doing a new printed edition. Back in 2003 however the shear volume of reissues and the lack of online resources meant it was impossible to keep updating and revising for a publication and thus it was put on hold. Steve continued to add some more info up to 2011, and since then a few missing albums, catalogue numbers and dates have been added, with the addition of interesting items from a "research binge" compiled by Alan Freeman in 2015 and a final revision adding everything else I could think of in July/August 2016 when editing this html version.

These discographies generally cover all rock, prog, jazz and fusion (plus some electronic and contemporary music) of the late 1960s through to the early 1980s in all related genres. From the 80s onwards often only those of the prog/fusion/underground genres that continued or were established later are covered. The discographies here generally cut-off at around 2000 (with some exceptions) with release updates and some reissues to circa 2003. The countries covered are those behind the former "Iron Curtain" and all the former Soviet States of the USSR (which when including states like Turkmenistan does go beyond geographical Europe).

A last addition here is the review and article snippets from Audion Magazine and The Crack In The Cosmic Egg, which are shown in italics. Many of these are from the early "Behind The Iron Curtain" articles, or from other reviews and features, much of it written 20-30 years ago (so take that into account please with descriptions and terminology) of which some are abridged to avoid too much duplication.

For simple html compatibility the discography does not use country specific special characters, but only those accessible from a standard English keyboard. Countries here are represented as they are now (to the best of our knowledge).

The East Euro context...

The main reason for making this discography available is that, against all the odds, and with very state controlled censorship, some amazing music slipped through that may never have existed in a standard capitalist music industry. It was an era of unlikely inventions with the jazz and arts fronts trying to make some sense of it and legitimise it all in some way. Thus you had the unlikely things happening like a Czech beat band working a jazz orchestra creating a music unlike anything anywhere else, Transylvanian, Bohemian and Balkan cultures mixing with rock, jazz and electronic musics, with many unique innovations. There is no other publication or resource that investigates the scene from the viewpoint of an experimental music fan, so it made sense to revise and expand it as much and as informatively as possible. Of course, this is all amongst the huge trudge of safe pop, and dreadful drivel. Hopefully this discography makes sorting out the gems that little bit easier. And, what's more, this edition is completely free!

cover of the 1994 printed edition

Top 30

A recommended beginner's guide to rock and fusion albums

Collegium Musicum - Konvergencie / Convergencies

East - Az Aldozat [Szodoma] / The Victim [Sodom]

Electra - Adaptionen

Energit - Energit

Fermata - Fermata

Firyuza - Firyuza

Flamengo - Kure V Hodinkach

Gunesh Ensemble - Looking At The Earth

Horizont - Letniy Gorod / Summer In Town

Igra Staklenih Perli - Igra Staklenih Perli

In Spe - In Spe

Jazz Q Praha - Pozorovatelna / The Watch-Tower

Kaseke - Poletus

Kornelyans - Not An Ordinary Life

Modry Efekt - Svitanie

Niemen / Aerolit - Katharsis

Phoenix - Formatia Phoenix / Cei Ne-Au Dat Nume

The Plastic People - Egon Bondy's Happy Hearts Club Banned

Progres 2 - Dialog S Vesmirem

Reportaz - Reportaz

Krzysztof Sadowski And His Group - Three Thousand Points

SBB - Nowy Horyzont

Sepsis - Liturgia Bezumia

Sezon Dozhdei - Vozvrashenie

Skaldowie - Krywan Krywan

Solaris - Marsbeli Kronikak / The Martian Chronicles

Soncna Pot - Soncna Pot

Stern Meissen - Reise Zum Mittelpunkt Der Menschen

Tako - Tako

Michal Urbaniak - Super Constellation

Countries

Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia: Czech Republic, Slovakia
East Germany / DDR
Hungary
Poland
Romania
USSR: Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Yugoslavia: Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia

no info known: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Herzegovina, Montenegro

info key

bold type = a useful beginner's guide of highly recommended and/or best albums by an artist.
LP: usually vinyl album, MC: Music Cassette, CD: Compact Disc, 7": single, etc.
> = featured on various artist release (elsewhere in this discography if no release info is given)
/ = either: A / B sides of a record/single, or foreign / English versions of title
# = the referenced line-up relates to the album indicated below
© = known copyright year of the release (dates in front will be recording dates)
"title in quotes" = own translation (except Cyrillic titles with are transliterated)
text like and many more usually indicates a discography cut-off at 1980 (or as deemed appropriate)

BELARUS

Former USSR state during the Eastern bloc years (aka Byelorussia), landlocked between Poland, Russia and other countries.

APPLE TEA

Igor Satsevich (bass guitar), Alexander Sapega (drums), Oleg Doroshin (guitar) and Sergei Lapkovski (keyboards).

Lightweight jazz-fusion in ECM vein with Scandinavian edges, and a little Chick Corea in the piano. They have other more recent releases.

APPLE TEA (CD: Boheme CDBMR 810026) © 1999

SYABRY

The band name means Friends, and they were led by one Valentin Badyarovu featuring members of the Gomel Philharmonic. An oddball mixture of Russian cultural elements, cabaret and brassy prog on the debut LP. That seems to be as interesting as they ever got, as later live videos found on YouTube are just Eurovision pop.

VSEM NA PLANETE "EVERYONE ON THE PLANET" (LP: Melodiya 33 60-10951-52) © 1978

plus 6 more albums, singles, etc.

BOSNIA

Former Yugoslavian state during the Eastern bloc years. May also refer to Herzegovina.

BIJELO DUGME

Zeljko Bebec (lead vocals), Goran Bregovic (guitars, harmonica), Vlado Pravdic (organ, Moog, pianos), Zoran Redzic (bass), Ipe Ivandic (drums)

Apparently the most popular pop-rock band in former Yugoslavia, Bijelo Dugme (White Button) was formed in Sarajevo (Bosnia) in 1974. Initially they were a reasonably good progressive band with strong keyboards and folk influences, hints of Procol Harum and Kornelyans, with the debut about half excellent. They became tainted by new-wave on later albums.

KAD BI' BIO (LP: Jugoton LSY 63016) © 1974, (CD: Hi-Fi Centar CDD 10147) © 1997

STA BI DAO DA SI NA MOM MJESTU (LP: Jugoton LSY 63046) © 1975, (CD: Hi-Fi Centar CDD 10148) © 1997

ETO! BAS HOCU! (LP: Jugoton LSVG 7) © 1976, (CD: Hi-Fi Centar CDD 10149) © 1997

KONCERT KOD HAJDUCKE CESME (LP: Jugoton LSVG 9) © 1977, (CD: Naraton CD 007) © 1999

BITANGA I PRINZESA (LP: Jugoton LSVG 10) © 1979. (CD: Jugoton CD 860041 5 02604 0) © 1990

DOZIVJATI STOTU (LP: Jugoton LSY 10003) © 1980, (CD: Hi-Fi Centar CDD 10151) © 1997

plus many more albums, loads of singles, samplers, etc.

DIVLJE JAGODE

Anto Jankovic (vocals), Mustafa Ismailovski (organ, piano, Moog), Sead Lipovaca (guitars), Nihad Jusuf Hodzic (bass), Adonis Dokuzovic (drums)

Melodic heavy rock in Bijelo Dugme, Yu Gruppa vein.

DIVLJE JAGODE (LP: Jugoton LSY 61408) © 1978

plus loads more releases unknown to us!

LEPTIR

Delkic Sead (guitar), Mutic Dragan (vocals, bass), Gradincic Edin (keyboards), Vidovic Predrag (drums)

Varied melodic and hard-rock with folk and Mediterranean traditional influences and Omega like songs. A rock band from Sanski Most (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in former Yugoslavia.

Naopacke / Dzemper Blues (7": Diskoton SZ 0402) © 1979

GRUPA LEPTIR (LP: RTB 2120178) © 1981 - aka SIPAK

TESKA INDUSTRIJA

Vedad Hadziabdic (guitars), Goran Kovacevic (vocals), Gabor Lendel (keyboards), Aleksandar Kostic (bass), Munib Zoranic (drums)

Obscure progressive/hard-rock band formed 1974 in Sarajevo by keyboard player Gabor Lendel.

Karavan / U.F.O. (7": Jugoton SY-22861) © 1975

HO-RUK (LP: Jugoton LSY 63052) © 1976

TESKA INDUSTRIJA (LP: Jugoton LSY 66009) © 1976

ZASVIRAJ I ZA POJAS ZADJENI (LP: Jugoton LSY 63071) © 1977

TESKA INDUSTRIJA (CD: Krin Music KM-0-002) © 1994 - sampler

plus loads more releases unknown to us!

VAJTA

Vocalist Seid Mamic Vajta and band. Progressive rock and pop.

VAJTA (LP: Diskoton LP-0416) © 1979

VAJTA 2: PONOCNI VALZER (LP: Diskoton LP-8001) © 1980

plus loads more releases unknown to us!

VATRENI POLJUBAC

Milic Vukasinovic (guitar, vocals), Sanin Karic (bass), Perica Stojanovic (drums), Laza Ristovski (keyboards) #

Hard-rock band, formed 1977 in Sarajevo by singer/songwriter/multi-instrumentalist Milic Vukasinovic. They made 9 albums, some of which featured Laza Ristovski (ex-Smak). We've only had this one...

ZIVI ROCK 'N' ROLL (LP: ZKP RTVL LD 0772) © 1981 #

ZMAJEVI BOSNE

Only one festival track known by these, with a Golden Earring "Radar Love" like feel.

> BOOM '77

BULGARIA

Bulgaria is a country steeped in culture, yet (unless it is very obscure) it seems to have had very little in the way of a progressive rock scene. The state there was very strict, with all albums (during the 1970s and 80s) being released on the state-owned Balkanton label. Excepting what was been revealed via the Erdenklang label, little was known about the current musical scene there.

Elka ATANASOVA

Female violinist, with a very varied album bridging folk, progressive rock, and new-age musics most uniquely.

WINDS OF THE RHODOPES (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 91350) © 1991

Lyubomir DENEV JAZZ TRIO

Lyubomir Denev (pianos, clavinet, Mellotron, Moog, percussion), Boris Dinev (drums, percussion), Danail Draganov (bass) #

Jazz fusion. With flute/sax player Petko Tomanov as special guest.

LYUBOMIR DENEV JAZZ TRIO & PETRO TOMANOV (LP: Balkanton BTA 10449) © 1979 #

JAZZ HOUR (LP: Balkanton BTA 12276) © 1988

DIANA EXPRESS

Pop-rock (sometimes prog) group, formed in 1974 by Mitko Shterev.

DIANA EXPRESS (LP: Balkanton BTA 1678) © 1974

2 (LP: Balkanton BTA 1943) © 1976

PRAYER FOR RAIN (LP: Balkanton BTA 10750) © 1981

GOLDEN APPLE (LP: Balkanton BTA 11200) © 1982

5 (LP: Balkanton BTA 11491) © 1984

Sergey DJOKANOV

Multi-instrumentalist and synthesist.

THE GREEN DESERT (LP: Balkanton BTA 11674) © 1985

BULGARIAN ICONS (LP: Balkanton BTA 12595) © 1990

> LOOKING EAST - BULGARIA

FOCUS JAZZ QUARTET

Simeon Shterev (flutes, piccolo), Antoni Donchev (piano, synthesizer), Theodossi Stoikov (bass), Hristo Yotsov (drums, percussion)

Spacey flute lead fusion, hints of Herbie Mann, Jazz Q and Return To Forever.

FOCUS JAZZ QUARTET (LP: Balkanton BTA 11676) 6/1985 © 1985

FSB

Roumen Boyadzhiev (synthesizers, sequencer, acoustic guitar, Mellotron, lead vocals, percussion), Konstantin Tsekov (pianos, organ, Mellotron, clavinet, harpsichord, lead vocals, percussion), Alexander Baharov (basses, bass pedals, vocals, percussion)

Bulgaria's most popular band, who attempted to model themselves on the early-70s British progressives. Initially fronted by two keyboardists, they had a symphonic Omega-like sound. Later albums are just mainstream rock.

NON STOP (LP: Balkanton BTA 2090) © 1977

FSB II (LP: Balkanton BTA 10182) © 1979 - subtitled "Rock-Cinfonico"

The Globe (MLP: Balkanton BTA 10485) © 1980

78 OBRATOW / 78 R.P.M. (LP: Balkanton BTA 10703) © 1981

PO DZIESIECU / WORLD HIT PARADE (LP: Balkanton BTA 10895) © 1982

TEN YEARS AFTER (LP: Balkanton BTA 10995) © 1983

FSB VI (LP: Balkanton BTA 11176) © 1984

IN CONCERT (2LP: Balkanton BTA 11672/3) © 1985

FSB (CD: Balkanton 070080) © 1990 - sampler with 4 new tracks

plus loads more releases unknown to us!

GENERAL VIOLET

New-wave and experimental band who come across as a weird industrial twist on Cluster on their debut cassette.

GENERAL VIOLET (MC: PostScriptum) 1992 © 1993

Simo LAZAROV

Unusual synthesist.

THE CITY (LP: Balkanton BTA 11473) © 1984

NATURE (LP: Balkanton BTA 12263) © 1988

THE THINGS OF LIFE (LP: Balkanton BTA 12427) © 1989

BETWEEN MAN AND THE STARS (LP: Balkanton BTA 12609) © 1990

> LOOKING EAST - BULGARIA

Les MYSTÈRE DES VOIX BULGARES

Name used for various Bulgarian singing groups and choirs, who have toured and had surprising success in the West.

LES MYSTÈRE DES VOIX BULGARES (LP/CD, UK: 4AD CAD 603) © 1986

2 (LP/CD, UK: 4AD CAD 801) © 1988

A CATHEDRAL CONCERT (LP, Germany: Jaro 4138) © 1988

plus loads more releases unknown to us!

Vesselin NIKOLOV

Vesselin Nikolov (saxes, marimba) + Vesselin Koichev (guitars), Radoul Nachkov (drums, percussion), Docho Panov (bass), Roumen Boyadjiev (synthesizer), Konstantin Tsekov (synthesizer), Suzanne Erova (vocals), Theodossi Spassov (kaval) #

Jazz saxophonist. His JAZZ & SOMETHING MORE... is a little-known gem of atmospheric jazz and cultural/ethnic blends, sounding a little like Nucleus or early Arsenal with added classical and ethnic influences. I've seen Vesselin acclaimed as the Bulgarian Miles Davis for his innovation as band leader.

VESSELIN NIKOLOV & HIS WHITE, GREEN AND RED (LP: Balkanton BTA 1453) © 1973 - with White, Green And Red

DON JUAN (LP: Balkanton BTA 10359) © 1980 - with White, Green And Red

JAZZ & SOMETHING MORE... (LP: Balkanton BTA 12158) © 1987 #

OM

Nikolai Ivanov (guitar, folk instruments), Zoltan Lantos (violin, etc.)

Multi-instrumental duo who describe themselves as "new age jazz minimal art folk", though their hybrid is far more wide ranging, compared to Boris Kovac in the Audion review of LETTERS, or on the more electronic spiced RITUAL PLACES IN BULGARIA the feel is like a hybrid beyond Oregon, Rain Garden or Argile, partly due to Ramesh Shotam guesting on percussion. They have at least 3 more releases under the name OM Art Formation.

LETTERS (MC: DS Music MC 217) © 1996

RITUAL PLACES IN BULGARIA (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 70972) © 1997

PLOVDIV

Odd jazz fusion with soloists and a brass section. Self described as "Folk Jazz Band" and all the more unusual due to the crazy accordion playing! This has Dimitar Trifonov as leader with is band Plovdiv, supplemented by the band White, Green And Red and two winds soloists.

PLOVDIV FOLK JAZZ BAND (LP: Balkanton 11859) © 1984

ROUSSE SEPTET

Peter Petrov & Boris Roussev (alto/tenor saxes), Ilko Petrov (drums), Ivan Kourtev (pianos, synthesizers), Plamen Harizanov (bass), Staiko Staikov (synthesizers, percussion), Plamen Nicolov (guitar)

Jazz fusion featuring winds and synths.

SEPTET ROUSSE (LP: Balkanton BTA 10490) © 1980

SHTOURTSITE

Peter Ghyouzelev (guitars, vocals), Kiril Marichkov (bass, keyboards, vocals), Vladimir Totev (keyboards, guitar, vocals), Georgi Totev (drums) #

[In English: THE CRICKETS] Originally Bulgaria's answer to The Beatles! Latterly however, Shtourtsite changed to heavy prog-rock with an unusual style.

SHTOURTSITE (LP: Balkanton BTA 1910) © 1976

SHTOURTSITE (LP: Balkanton BTA 10179) © 1978

20TH CENTURY (LP: Balkanton BTA 10542) © 1980 #

THE TASTE OF TIME (2LP: Balkanton BTA 10934/5) © 1982

and many more

START

Razvigor Popov (keyboards), Eugene Kushinchanov (guitar, vocals), Boyan Balev (bass guitar, vocals), Panaiot Amelev (drums, vocals)

Modern styled hard-rock progressive, hints of Omega, etc. For all their other releases they were the backing band of singer Mimi Ivanova.

WRONG LINE (LP: Balkanton BTA 11083) © 1983

Emil VELEV

Dark electronics on the border of industrial music.

INDUSTRY & DREAMS (MC: DS Music MC 221) © 1996

VOX

Project of classically trained ethnomusicologist Vladimir Ivanoff, who went to Germany to record for Erdenklang. The debut is a mixture of ancient gothic songs and ethnic music in a contemporary blend of synths and female vocals. Further releases blended other styles and featured guest performances from former Embryo members.

DIADEMA (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 90343) © 1991

FROM SPAIN TO SPAIN (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 20562) © 1992

X CHANTS (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 71002) © 1997

WHITE, GREEN AND RED

Peter Jourkov (keyboards), Vesselin Koitchev (guitar), Vladimir Hadjiivanov (sax), Pasho Konov (bass), Ivan Enev (drums)

Jazz group also known for their collaborations with Vesselin Nikolov and Plovdiv.

NEW FACES (LP: Balkanton BTA 12750) © 1991

Various Artists

LOOKING EAST - BULGARIA (CD, Germany: Erdenklang 29542) © 1992

Synthesizer introduction, with lots of obscure unknowns: Lubomir Denew (jazz pianist and film music composer), Dilema (high-tech synth), Vladimir Djambasov (experimentalist), Sergej Djokanov (see above), Danail Draganov (Ex-Kukery), Anguel Kotev, Simo Lazarov (see above), Krasimir Timov.

CROATIA

Former Yugoslavian state during the Eastern bloc years, also known as Republika Hrvatska.

ACEZANTEZ ENSEMBLE

Giovanni Cavallin (recorders, clarinets, sax), Dubravko Detoni (piano, harpsichord, celesta), Fred Dosek (organ, celesta, glockenspiel), Veronika Kokacic (voice), Daniel Thune (viola, bass, tuba)

Avant-Garde improvising ensemble, using instruments, electronics and tape collage, making an atmospheric music in a similar vein to Musica Elettronica Viva's LEAVE THE CITY bridging many genres.

Audion review extract: So, what is the fascination with Acezantez? Well, one could say they were the most seriously "classical" avant-garde ensembles to exist in that world of early Nurse With Wound, seamlessly bridging Dadaism, electronics, improvisational elements and electroacoustic reconstruction. And, that they came from Yugoslavia made it all the more fascinating, with a bizarre mixture of cultural elements. Musica Elettronica Viva and Nuova Consonanza are other good reference points to the bizarre sonic/cosmic creations of Acezantez, which utilised all manner of percussives, keyboards, voices and occasional solo instruments like trumpet, tuba and violin. The underlying humour in it adds that Dada edge, which is mostly in the vocal elements, though some cliched folk and popular styles are hinted as if they wash in from occasionally opening windows. The whole of the original album has this otherworldly magic that cannot be simply described in such a review, it's altogether too unique.

ACEZANTEZ (LP: Jugoton LSY 66020) 1973+1976 © 1977

DUBRAVKO DETONI WITH ACEZANTEZ (CD: Paradigm PD 11) © 2000 - reissue with 3 bonus tracks [1973-1975]

AERODROM

Jurica Padjen (guitar, vocals), Zlatan Zivkovic (guitar, piano), Mladen Krajnok (keyboards, vocals), Remo Cartagine (bass), Paolo Sfeci (drums)

Heavy symphonic from Zagreb, similar to Parni Valjak, at the start. They moved to standard pop rock later.

KAD MISLI MI VRLUDAJU (LP: Jugoton LSY 66072) © 1979

TANGO BANGO (LP: Jugoton LSY 66117) © 1981

and many more

Tihomir Pop ASANOVlC

Much travelled keyboard player. He started in 1968 with the beat band The Generals, featured on Time's first LP, played on and off with Yu Grupa and Smak, establishing his own jazz fusion project in 1974 before joining September. His debut album certainly has its moments, especially if you like that funky jazz fusion with synths typical of the mid 70s, whereas LOLA is more for the chintzy soundtrack lovers sounding somewhat Piero Umiliani like.

MAJKO ZEMLJO (LP: Jugoton LSY 63003) © 1974

with Jugoslavenska Pop Selekcija: LOLA (LP: CBS 80643) © 1975

TIHOMIR POP ASANOVlC (LP: Jugoton LSY 63055) © 1976

ATOMSKO SKLONISTE

Sergio Blazic (lead vocals), Dragan Guzvan (guitar, vocals), Paul Bilandzic (organ, vocals), Druno Langer (bass), Sasa Dadic (drums)

[aka ATOMIC SHELTER] Heavy rockers from Pula (former Yugoslavia) formed in 1977.

NE CZIVAY GENERACIJO (LP: RTV LD 0433) © 1978

INFARKT (LP: RTV LD 0510) © 1979

U VREMENU HOROSKOPA (LP: RTV LD 0588) © 1980

and many more

DEMONI

Miljenko Balic, Emil Vugrinec, Jura Havidic, Zeljko Tes, Zoran Grujic

Hard-rock from ex-Fire members.

NO. 1 (LP: Jugoton LSY 61396) © 1978

plus 5 singles & a compilation

Dubravko DETONI

Contemporary avant-garde, electronic and ensemble music. A leading innovator, and also member of Acezantez. His early albums are essential for adventurous listeners, whereas DETONI PLAYS DETONI was very classical chaotic Xenakis ensemble realms. We don't know his later ones.

JUGOSLAV AVANT-GARDE MUSIC - GRAPHIES / PHONOMORPHIA (LP: Philips 6521 028) © 1971

Dubravko Detoni / John Keliehor / John Lewis - AVANTGARDE (Studio G LPSG 2009) © 1974

DUBRAVKO DETONI - GRAFIKA VI / GIMNASTIKA ZA GRUPU / DE MUSICA (LP: Jugoton LSY-66005) © 1976

DETONI PLAYS DETONI (LP: Jugoton LSY-63095) © 1980

and many more

DRUGI NACIN

Halil Mekic (guitars, vocals), Zeljko Mikulcic (bass, vocals), Branko Pozgajec (vocals, keyboards, flute), Ismet Kurtovic (flute, guitars, vocals), Boris Turina (drums)

Rock band from Zagreb formed in 1974. On their debut LP they played a heavy rock with some prog complexities and quite a lot of Deep Purple and Uriah Heep influences. During a hiatus when Branko Pozgajec was doing military service, two members formed the short-lived Nepocin who folded when Drugi Nacin became active again. A huge disappointment, considering how good Nepocin were, the second LP was a rather mediocre collection of short rock songs.

DRUGI NACIN (LP: RTB 55-52-52) © 1975

PONOVNO NA PUTU (LP: Suzy LP 377) © 1982

FIRE

Jura Havidic (guitar, vocals), Miljenko Balic (bass), Emil Vugrenic (drums, vocals)

Heavy power progressive band from Cakovec, who went to Holland to record their LP.

COULD YOU UNDERSTAND ME? (LP: Killroy LPA 89.598) © 1973

Message / If You're Alone Tonight (7": Diskos NDK-2079) © 1975

GRUPA 220

Husein Hasanefendic (guitars, vocals), Jurica Paden (guitars, vocals), Nenad Zubak (bass, vocals), Ivan Stancic (drums)

Pop group formed in 1966, in Zagreb. They turned to melodic heavy rock on SLIKE. Pre - Parni Valjak.

NASI DANI (LP: Jugoton LPSYV 753) © 1968

SLIKE (LP: Suzy LP-319) © 1975

and many singles

GRUPA 777

These apparently started as a jazz-rock group, formed 1970 in Rijeka and later turned into a pop band. Their "Exodus" on the BOOM '72 set would seem to be during a time of transition being psychy blues-rock with a Vanilla Fudge feel, out of character with any of their later discography of 4 albums and 20 pop singles.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

> BOOM - FESTIVAL 1973

GRUPA M. SKRGATICA

Aka: Grupa Marina Skrgatica. Blues-rock band founded in Zagreb (Croatia), in 1973. They released three singles and then split up. Their BOOM recording documents a heavy band with lots of riffing guitars, and a lively Krautrock-like style.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

Bezi Janke / Vjeruj (7": Suzy SP-1002) © 1973

Tina / Budi Tu (7": Jugoton SY-22742) © 1974

Rokoko / Ceznja (7": Jugoton SY-22551) © 1974

HAD

Davor Brkic (bass), Veseljko Orsolic (guitar) and Rajko Svilar (drums)

Band from Osijek, Croatia formed in 1971. On the BOOM 1972 album they come across as blues-rock with a Mediterranean touch, sounding like a mixture of Banco and Budka Suflera. Five years later on BOOM '77 they were playing a much straight American styled heavy rock (despite the native language vocals).

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

Nebeski Dar / Put U Nista (7": Suzy SP 1001) © 1972

Suncani Dan / Zene Voli (Zivot Moli) (7": CBS/Suzy 1056) © 1973

> BOOM '77

INDEXI

Davorin Popovic (vocals), Slobodan A. Kovacevic (guitars), Fadil Redzic (bass), Nenad Jurin (keyboards), Djordje-Djoko Kisic (drums) #

Heavy beat/psych-fusion in the early Modry Efekt vein. A patchy band with some good tracks, but mostly pop singles.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

INDEKSI (MC: RTV Ljubljana 040) © 1972

INDEXI (LP: Jugoton LSY 61096) © 1974 - singles collection

INDEXI 2 (LP: Diskoton LP 0270) © 1976 - singles collection

MODRA RIJEKA (LP: Jugoton LSY 68042) © 1978 #

and many more

Martin Davorin JAGODIC

Although born in Zagreb, and raised there in Croatia, Martin has been largely based in France since going there to study electroacoustic composition for his one and only known album commission, TEMPO FURIOSO an LP produced by Walter Marchetti for Cramps Records in Milan (Italy), a landmark work of sonic art and electronics bridging INA-GRM styles and Stockhausen-like elements.

Audion extract: An album long work, with lots of diverse elements involving electronics, sound manipulation, collage, etc., like an advanced hybrid of Luc Ferrari and Stockhausen's HYMNEN, it is sometimes almost silent, but gets to dizzy heights, almost overflowing to chaos. It's one of those fascinating journeys that's like an audio movie (involving obscure texts about a court case and a scandal of some sort, which I've never quite worked out), full amazing studio trickery, electronics and tons of special effects! A classic, right down to the surprise guest appearance of British girl pop band Fanny!

TEMPO FURIOSO (TOLLES WETTER) (LP: Cramps Records CRSLP 6108) © 1975

Erno KIRALY

Inventive ethno-avant-garde musician, involved in the notoriously eclectic ensemble Acezantez (who also feature on his recordings).

ERNO KIRALY (LP: Jugoton ULS 510) © 1979

GRAPHIC MUSIC (LP: Diskos LPD-1002) © 1979

PHOENIX (CD: ReR EK1) © 1996 - compilation

and others

NEPOCIN

Ismet Kurtovic (guitar, flute, vocals), Halil Mekic (guitar, vocals), Damir Sebetic (keyboards), Bozo Ilic (bass), Branko Knezevic (drums)

A little-known progressive rock band from Zagreb formed by two Drugi Nacin members. Their sole album is a heavy and complex one with Italian influences often similar to Kornelyans.

SVIJET PO KOJEM GAZIM (LP: RTB LP 55-5312) © 1977

NIRVANA

Kresimir Sostar (guitar), Tomas Krkac (bass) and Zdravko Stimac (drums)

Powerful blues-rock in Thrice Mice/Blodwyn Pig vein.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

Duh / Kome Da Kazem (7": PGP RTB S 51 714) © 1975

PARNI VALJAK

Jurica Padjen (guitars, vocals), Husein Hasanependic (guitars, vocals), Zlatko Miksic (bass), Srecko Antonioli (drums)

[aka STEAM ROLLER] Hard-rock and prog, with some Omega and Pink Floyd influences. Later LP's are straight hard-rock.

DODJITE NA SHOW! (LP: RTB LP 55 5296) © 1976

GLAVOM KROZ ZID (LP: Jugoton LSY 63070) © 1977

GRADSKY PRICE (LP: CBS Suzy 83894) © 1979

as Steam Roller: CITY KIDS (LP: CBS Suzy 84214) © 1980

VRUCE IGRE (LP: CBS Suzy 84814) © 1980

plus 20 more albums and loads of singles!

Ivica PERCL

Aka: I. Percl. Acclaimed as the first protest singer-songwriter in ex-Yugoslavia. He was born in Zagreb, Croatia in 1945 and died in 2007. He started as a guitarist of Zagreb rock group Roboti and then went solo releasing an album and 4 singles.

> BOOM - FESTIVAL 1974

Bosko PETROVIC

Leading Croatian jazz vibraphone player. Composer, arranger and band leader: B. P. Convention, active on the local and international scene. These are some of his more obviously interesting fusion ones...

Bosko Petrovic's Nonconvertible All Stars: SWINGING EAST, RECORDED LIVE AT THE BERLIN JAZZ FESTIVAL (LP: MPS/BASF 21 21282-3) 4/11/1971 © 1973 (LP: RTB LP4345) © 1973

B. P. Convention: ZELENO RASPOLOZENJE (LP: Jugoton LSY-61165) © 1975

B. P. Convention: MISTERIJ BLUESA / MISTERY OF BLUES (2LP: Jugoton LSY-65015/6) © 1976

ETHNOLOGY (2CD: Jazzette BPCD 046) © 2002

and loads of other projects/collaborations

SEPTEMBER

Janez Boncina (lead vocals), Tihomir Asanovic (pianos, organs, synthesizer), Marjan Malikovic (guitars, vocals), Jadran Ogrin (bass, vocals), Braco Doblekar (Latin percussion, soprano sax, vocals), Nelfi Depanger (drums, percussion, vocals) #

Rock and jazz-fusion band, towards Chicago or Blood Sweat & Tears. They grew out of the super-group project Jugoslavenska Pop Selekcija in September 1975, hence the name, with international cast of musicians from Time, Mladi Levi, Srce, etc.

ZADNJA AVANTURA (LP: RTB LP 55-5275) © 1976

> RANDEVU S MUZIKOM

DOMOVINA MOJA (LP: RTV LD 0465) 4/1978 © 1979 #

SPEKTAR

Enco Lesic (vocals, keyboards), Davor Rocco (bass, acoustic guitar), Dragan Brcic (drums, percussion)

Organ driven melodic rock from Zagreb, led by keyboardist and composer Enco Lesic from Indexi.

SPEKTAR (LP: Suzy LP 306) © 1974

STAKLENO ZVONO

Santro Domino (vocals), Veno Tarbuk (guitar, vocals), Zoran Kras (keyboards, vocals), Hrvoje Galekovic (drums), Vladimir Georgev (bass, vocals) #

Pop rock band from the second half of the 70s. They were from Zagreb and their name translates as "The Bell Jar". Good heavy rock based on their BOOM '77 track. Their singles all seem to be rather mediocre however.

> BOOM '77

STA SI UVRTILA U GLAVU (LP: Jugoton LSY-63078) © 1978 #

plus loads of singles!

STIJENE

Zorica Kondza (vocals), Goran Taras (bass), Damir Malovan (guitars, backing vocals), Vojo Stojanovic (drums), Marin Miso Limic (Organ, Piano, strings, synthesizer, backing vocals) #

Heavy rock, ballads and a very odd female singer. They were formed in the 1970s by keyboard player and composer Marin Miso Limic in the town of Klis (near Split). All their other recordings (apart from the debut LP) are listed as pop.

CEMENTNA PRASINA (LP: RTB 2120550) © 1981 #

plus 3 more albums and loads of singles!

TIME

Dado Topic (lead vocals, bass), Vedran P. Bozic (guitars, vocals), Tihomir Pop Asanovic (organ), Brane L. Zivkovic (keyboards, flute), Mario Mavrin (bass), Ratko Divjak (drums), Dabi Lukac (Moog, Mellotron)

Progressive rock band similar to early Smak and with Italian rock influences, moving to jazz-rock realms later.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

TIME (LP: Jugoton LPY 60978) © 1972, (CD: Croatia Records 5 04371 3) © 1993 - 2 bonus tracks

Reci Ciganko, Sto Mi U Dlanu Pise / Makedonija (7": Jugoton MCY 119) © 1973

TIME II (LP: RTB LP 55-52-51 / Alta ATLP 106) © 1975

Kad Jednom Otkrijem Coveka U Sebi / Da Li Znas Da Te Volim (7": RTB S 52 694) © 1975

ZIVOT U CIZMAMA S VISOKOM PETOM (LP: RTB LP 55-52-92) © 1976

Kad Smo Ja I Moj Mis Bili Bokseri / Dok Ja I Moj Mis Sviramo Jazz (7": RTB S 51 748) © 1976

Tini - Tina / Dok Sjedim Ovako U Tvojoj Blizini (7": RTB S 51 756) © 1976

> RANDEVU S MUZIKOM

DADO TOPIC & TIME (CD: Krin Music 411526) © 1996 - 2nd & 3rd LP's.

THE BEST OF TIME (CD: GR 91053) © 199? - 1st album plus bonus tracks.

CZECH REPUBLIC

Despite an almost Draconian control of the arts, from the late 1960s through to the 80s, the Czechoslovakian government encouraged the facade of a Western style record industry, with three major labels: Opus and Supraphon, who released everything from classical through to pop (and occasional progressive releases), and Panton (the most specialised label) which had a jazz and folk bias.

The quiet revolution and dissolution of the Communist state, has since opened the floodgates of the blossoming underground scene, with a proliferation of labels, offering a vast wealth of revolutionary music by bands who previously had to play it safe, or were classed as subversive and were banned. Czechoslovakia is now two separate states. So, see also: Slovakia. Hopefully everything is in the right place!.

ABRAXAS

Slavek Janda (guitar, vocals), Michal Ditrich (bass, vocals), Lubos Nohavica (keyboards, choir), Jaroslav Trachta (sax), Vladislav Sosna (drums) #

Rock band with a jazzy edge.

BOX (LP: Panton 8113 0275) 2/1982 © 1982

MANEZ (LP: Panton 8113 0489) 4-5/1984 © 1984 #

MIDNIGHT CITY (LP: Panton 8113 0493) 5-10/1984 © 1985 - English vocal version of MANEZ

ST'ASTNEJ BLAZEN (LP: Panton 81 0664-1311) 3-5/1986 © 1986

plus 6 more albums and loads of singles!

AGON

Inventive vaguely systemic/atonal avant-ensemble. They have numerous other releases 1994 to 2012.

AGON CONTEMPORARY MUSIC ENSEMBLE PRAGUE (CD: Arta F10018) © 1991

AKU-AKU

Jaroslav Neuhoffer (vocals, violin), Vladimir Saska (drums, vocals), Ludek Zednik (bass), Jan Peclinovsky (guitar, vocals)

Curious blending of progressive and weird new-wave. A bit like MCH Band, but more aggressive and heavy going.

HUMANQUAKE (LP: Pro Art KS 0002-1311) 11/1990 © 1991

plus at least 4 more albums

Lubos ANDRST

Talented jazz guitarist, ex-Jazz Q and Energit.

CAPRICORNUS (LP: Panton 8115 0168) 6-9/1980 © 1980

PLUS MINUS BLUES (LP: Panton 81 0735-1511) © 1988

> CZECH MASTERS OF ROCK GUITAR

plus many collaborations

Dagmar ANDRTOVA-VONKOVA

Female folk singer producing unusual folk-fusion. She has also worked with Radim Hladik.

DAGMAR ANDRTOVA-VONKOVA (LP: Panton 81 0651-1311) © 1987

ZIVA VODA (LP: Panton 81 0870-1311) © 1989

BACILY

Vaclav Neckar (vocals), Milan Vitoch (drums), Ota Petrina (guitar), Jan Neckar (keyboards), Petr Formanek (piano), Jan Hauser (bass)

[Aka VACLAV NECKAR & BACILLI] Wide ranging rock and pop band who also tried prog and concept ideas.

DR. DAM DI DAM A JEHO BACILY (LP: Supraphon 113 1344) 25/5/1972 © 1972

TOMU, KDO NAS MA RAD (LP: Supraphon 113 1545) 2-4/1974 © 1974

PLANETARIUM (2LP: Supraphon 113 2301 / 2) 9-10/1976 © 1977, English vocal version: PLANETARIUM (2LP: Supraphon 1113 3621 / 2) 1-6/1981 © 1983

PODEJ MI RUKU... (LP: Supraphon 1113 2678) 6/1979 © 1980

SLUNECNI VEK (LP: Supraphon 1113 2889) 10-12/1980 © 1981

MYDLOVY PRINC (LP: Supraphon 1113 2904) © 1981 - sampler

plus many more, and loads of singles!

BARNODAJ

Zdenek Kluka (drums, Moog, guitars, harmonica, vocals), Pavel Vane (guitars, mandolin, vocals), Jan Sochor (piano, organ, Moog, string ensemble, cembalo, vocals), Pavel Pelc (bass, choir)

[In English: PROGRESS] Beat group who started life as the backing band Skupina Jana Sochora, but later reinvented themselves many times, turning progressive and eventually adopting the name Progres 2.

Pram Z Tramu / Maugli (7": Supraphon 1 43 2238) © 1978

MAUGLI (LP: Supraphon 113 1919) 10/1977 © 1978 (LP: Supraphon 1113 1919) © 1985 (CD: Monitor 010212 - 2 331) © 1993

Iva BITTOVA

Experimental vocalist and violinist combining folk, ethnic and classical elements into unique fusion.

with Ex Libris: Rano S Tebou (7": Panton 8143 0071) © 1980 - A-side only

Ukolebavka / Plavil Janko Kone / Bozi Darek (7" EP: Panton 8133 0219) © 1986

with Divadlo Na Provazku: Balada Pro Banditu (7" EP: Panton 81 0349-7311) © 1988

with Divadlo Na Provazku: Na Davnem Prosu (7" EP: Panton 81 0398-7311) © 1989

BITTOVA (LP/CD: Pavian PM 0001-1311/2311) 1990 © 1991

NE NEHLEDEJ (CD: Ariola 74321 24858 2) © 1994

CIKORI (CD: Indies MAM 150-2) © 2001

and many more!

Iva BITTOVA & Pavel FAJT

Iva Bittova (vocals, violin), Pavel Fajt (drums, metal) #

Strongly inspired by the RiO scene, blending folk melodies into a strange fusion.

Audion extract: Iva Bittova & Pavel Fajt - SVATBA - I became aware of the revolutionary duo Bittova & Fajt by the most peculiar track on RE RECORDS QUARTERLY Vol.2 No.1, and though I'm told the first album by these Czech. musical adventurers is better than this, I'm nonetheless impressed. Well, what can a female vocalist/violinist and a drummer do? Quite a lot actually. Though the musical fabric is loose, this is exceptionally inventive engaging and expressive music: quirky, fragmented and powerful, brilliant gibberish and sung vocals from Iva, spectacular rhythmic and solo violin, plus amply dynamic and wide ranging percussives from Pavel. The music is a kind of strange contortion of rock, jazz and Slovenian (possibly) folk music, pepped up with lots of energy and creative abandon. Anyone with a love for female vocal experimentation and inventive musical fusion should definitely check this out.

BITTOVA & FAJT (LP: Panton 81-0795-1311) 5/1987 © 1987 (CD: Panton 81 0795-2311) © 1991

SVATBA (LP, Switzerland: Review rere 117) 6/1987 © 1987 (CD, Switzerland: Review rere 117 MCD) © 1991 #

> ReR QUARTERLY, VOL.2 NO.1 (LP+mag, UK: ReR 0201) © 1987

BLUE EFFECT > MODRY EFEKT

BLUES BAND

Peter Lipa (vocals), Lubos Andrst (guitar), Ondrej Konrad (harmonica), Vladimir Kuhlanek (bass), Jaromir Helesic (drums)

Bohemian blues band.

BLUES Z LIPOVEHO DREVA (LP: Supraphon 1115 3109) 11/1983 © 1984

Tento Tyzden Neman Cas / Na Seba Sa Hram (7": Opus 9143 0640) © 1985

Omyl / Ponahl'aj Sa Pomaly (7: Opus 9143 0658) © 1986

SKRTNI CO SI NEHODI (LP: Supraphon 1115 4206) 10/1986 © 1987

BLUES OFFICE (LP: Supraphon 1116 4255) 10/1986-4/1987 © 1987 - English vocal version of SKRTNI CO SI NEHODI

BOHEMIA

Lesek Semelka (electric piano, lead vocals), Jan Kubik (tenor sax, clarinet, flute, vocals), Michal Pavlicek (guitars), Vladimir Kulhanek (bass), Jan Hala (synthesizer), Pavel Trnavsky (drums) #

A kind of super-group featuring ex-Flamengo and Modry Efekt members, playing a complex mix of prog and slightly bluesy jazz-rock.

Audion extract: Two ex-Flamengo members went on to form Bohemia, along with ex-M.Efekt Lesek Semelka. Putting Semelka's song style into a jazzier music on ZRNKO PISKU yielded interesting results, a music that M.Efekt hinted at with the NOVA SYNTEZA albums, but with four keyboard players (one of them just on ARP synth) the Bohemia sound was very techno and complex. Since this Semelka went on to form his own pop-prog band SLS, session musician Michael Kocab became known for creating a new-wave fusion with his band Vyber.

Kam Jdou / Bulgaria Expres (7": Panton 44 0604) 5/10/1976 © 1976

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 77

Pristav Ziznicich / Navsteva Ve Zverexu (7": Panton 44 0620) © 1977

Co Mi Brani / Vina Kridel (7": Panton 44 0625) © 1977

King Gong / U Studanky (7" EP: Panton 8135 0001) 3/1976 © 1977

ZRNKO PISKU (LP: Panton 11 0699) 6-10/1977 © 1978 #

Jan BRABEC

Underground rock and folk. Drummer with The Plastic People Of The Universe and Domaci Kapela, joined by Ladislav Lestina, Vit Brukner and Andrea Landovska.

Z JEDNE STRANY NA DRUHOU (CD: Black Point BP 0081-4) © 1999

BRABENEK-KOMAREK-TOPOL-OPLISTILOVA-KARAFIAT-BRABEC

Vratislav Brabenek (saxes, clarinet, vocals), Jan Komarek (guitar, bass, woods, cithern, vocals), Josef Karafiat (guitars, bass, guitar synthesizer, vocals), Jan Brabec (drums, clappers, synthesizer, vocals), Petra Oplistilova (cello, vocals), Filip Topol (synthesizer, vocals)

Vratislav Brabenek (ex-Plastic People) & co. playing a radical and creative blend of Czech underground, jazz, folk and archetypal multi-cultural RIO styles.

Audion extract: Obviously, now these musicians can openly and publicly promote themselves, they're proud to do so! It's a pity they couldn't think of a group name, though. So, the legacy of the Plastic People Of The Universe lives on, here with a really strange collection of folk, jazz and mangled rock mutations, typical of the radical Czech sound, and a hell of a lot more creative than anything since the very early Plastic People recordings. This is dark, unconventional rock, with liberal doses of Central European culture. There are strange bits of poetry juxtaposed against radical music, along with freaky jazz edges, Gothic and dark symphonics, and the most peculiar of songs. It's fascinating, if not immediate, stuff that's totally uncommercial whilst totally musical. In all - intriguing!

KONEC LETA / SUMMER'S END (CD: Black Point BP 0092-2/4) 8-9/1995 © 1995

BRONZ

Pavel Vane (vocals, guitars), Daniel Forro (keyboards), Richard Lasek (drums)

Parallel band to Progres 2.

Specha Se, Specha / Objednavej Smich (7": Panton 8143 0150) © 1982

Poprve V Praze / Cernobila (7": Panton 8143 0207) © 1983

ZIMNI KRALOVSTVI (LP: Panton 8113 0568) 7-8/1985 © 1986

C & K VOCAL & LABYRINT

Zdena Adamova (vocals), Helena Arnetova (vocals), Milena Cervena (vocals), Ladislav Kantor (vocals), Lubos Pospisil (vocals), Jiri Cerha (vocals), Pavel Fort (guitar), Otakar Petrina (guitars), Vladimir Kuhlanek (bass), Pavel Vetrovec (pianos, organ, percussion), Jan Kubik (tenor sax, flute, percussion), Anatoli Kohout (drums)

Vocal ensemble working with prog-rock band.

GENERATION (LP: Supraphon 113 1778) 12/1974-4/1975 © 1976 - English vocal version

GENERACE (LP: Supraphon 1 13 2023) 12/1974-9/1976 © 1977 - Czech vocal version

CAPELLA ANTIQUA E MODERNA

Vojtech Havel (viola da gamba, piano), Irena Havlova (viola da gamba, vocals), plus guests

Spooky medeival music.

HUDBA SFER (MC: Panton 81 0955-4) © 1989 - split with Relaxace

Mikolas CHADIMA

Leader of MCH Band.

> ReR RECORDS QUARTERLY, VOL. 1 NO. 1 (LP+mag, UK: Re 0101) 1983 © 1985

CHADIMA-BINDER-CHARVAT

Odd rock from ex-MCH Band members Miklos Chadima, Peter Binder and Ales Charvat.

PSEUDEMOKRITOS (CD: Black Point BP 0098-2/4) © 1996

CHADIMA & FAJT

Miklos Chadima (MCH Band) and Pavel Fajt (Dunaj). A more upbeat/accessible twist on the Czech underground sound, very MCH Band, but also with a nod to The Residents.

PRUHLEDNI LIDE / TRANSPARENT PEOPLE (CD: Black Point BP 0106-2) 12/1997-3/1998 © 1998

CH.A.S.A.

Ivo Albrecht (bass), Jiri Adam (guitar), Pavel Chmelar (flute, soprano/baritone saxes), Antonin Striz (drums), Ivan Havlicek (percussion), Mirka Krivankova (vocals)

Jazz-fusion band who existed 1973 to 1980+ but only ever documented by one track..

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA

COMBO FH

Daniel Fikejz (pianos, accordion, clavinet, harpsichord, organ, synthesizers, acoustic guitar, marimba, percussion, vocals), Borivoj Suchy (soprano/tenor saxes, cello, piano, percussion), Milan Sladek (bassoon, piano, percussion), Richard Mader (guitars, piano, percussion), Vaclav Patek (bass), Tomas Suchomel (drums, piano, percussion, vocals) #

[Aka Combo Franty Hromady] They started as off-beat fusion with a good dose of Henry Cow (and hints of instrumental Zapper too), blended with Satie and Czech folk stylings, especially good on the debut EP, and on the album VECI / THINGS. They moved to a kind of pop/jazz satire after that didn't export well to non-Czech ears.

Audion extract: Combo FH were no doubt introduced to most people the Mini Jazz Klub 11 7" EP distributed by Reconvened. Not an ordinary jazz group by any means, with influences as wide ranging as Czech folk, Zappa, Soft Machine, Henry Cow and a great deal of progressive rock and classical stylings. By the time of their debut LP VECI / THINGS they had developed a very personal eclectic, inventive, new music - for want of a better description - sounding like a cross between Gryphon, Henry Cow and Jazz Q, but in essence too eclectic to categorize at all!

Mini Jazz Klub 11 (7" EP: Panton 33 0415) 10/1976 © 1976

Horky Vzduch A Pisek / Tic-Tac Hugo (7": Panton 8143 0028) 11/1979 © 1980

Divci Kamen (7": Panton 8143 0117) 4/1981 © 1981 - A-side only

VECI / THINGS (LP: Panton 8113 0184) 5-10/1980 © 1981 #

> JAZZ A LA CARTE

Primky / Kdyz Nam Tece Do Bot (7": Panton 8143 0188) 6/1983 © 1983

Jsou Jen Pul (7": Panton 8143 0188) 3/1983 © 1983 - B-side only

SITUACE NA STRESE (LP: Panton 8113 0559) 4-6/1985 © 1985

> ROCKOVY MARATON 2 (LP: Panton 8113 0597) 1-2/1986 © 1986

Rudolf DASEK

Fusion guitarist.

POHADKA PRO BERITKU / JAZZ ON SIX STRINGS (LP: Supraphon 0 15 0843) © 1970

DIALOGY / DIALOGUES (LP: Supraphon 1115 2533) 10/1972,10/1977-6/1978 © 1979

Scott, Stivin, Dasek - ROZHOVORY / CONVERSATION (LP: Supraphon 1115 2890) © 1981

MEZIPRISTANI / INTERLANDING (LP: Supraphon 1115 3279) © 1984

and lots more

Rudolf DASEK & Toto BLANKE

Czech & German guitarists in collaboration, generally in the light jazz mode.

SILHOUTTES "Duets For Acoustic Guitars" (LP: Supraphon) © 1980 (LP, Germany: Aliso 1011) © 1981

TRAMONATA (LP, Germany: Entente 833070) © 1983 (CD, Germany: Aliso) © 1988

KIRCHENMUSIK (LP, Germany: Aliso AL 1016) 1984 © 1985

TALKING GUITARS (CD, Germany: Aliso 882622) © 1988 - plus David Qualey & Jorge Cardoso

TWO MUCH! GUITAR (CD, Germany Aliso 1022) 1991 © 1993

MEDITATION: KIRCHEN MUSIK! (CD, Germany: Aliso 1026) © 1994

MONA LISA (CD, Germany: Aliso 1037) © 2000

DG 307

Pavel Zajicek (vocals), Jiri Kabes (violin), Milan Hlavsa (bass), Ivan Pospisil (drums),Vratislav Brabenec (winds) #

One of the 70s underground bands that were banned by the Czech government. Their style was raw and aggressive, like a cross between The Velvet Underground and The Plastic People.

GIFT TO THE SHADOWS (LP: Safran SAF 7821) © 1982

1973-5 (LP: Globus International 210023-1311) 1973-1975 © 1990 #

UMELE OCHUCENO / ARTIFICIALLY FLAVOURED (LP/CD: Uzejd UJ 0002) 8/1992 © 1992

KNIHA PSANA CHAOSEM) (CD: Globus International 210 186-2) © 1996

and many more

DOMACI KAPELA

Jan Brabec (drums, vocals, piano, percussion), Vit Brukner (bass pedals, clavinet), Zuzana Bruknerova (vocals, synthesizer), Martin Dvorak (cello), Josef Karafiat (guitars), Jiri Zavadil (violin)

Experimental rock from Jan Brabec (ex-Plastic People) & co.

NEDELE (LP/CD: Ujezd UJ 0001-1331/2331) 1-2/1992 © 1992 #

JEDNE NOCI SNIL (CD: Rachot R-0010 © 1996

DUNAJ

Vladimir Vaclavek (bass, vocals, guitar), Jiri Kolsovsky (vocals, guitar, flute), Josef Ostransky (guitar, vocals), Zdenek Plachy (keyboards), Pavel Fajt (drums, percussion, vocals) #

Quirky new-wave and progressive.

with Iva Bittova: Zrcadlovy Sal / Plne Nebe (7": Panton 81 0361-7311) © 1988

with Iva Bittova: BITTOVA & DUNAJ (LP: Panton 81 0816-1311) 1-2/1988 © 1988

ROSOL (LP / CD: Pavian PM 0002) 6/1990-1/1991 © 1991 #

DUDLAY (LP: Bonton 71 0118-1331) 1993 © 1993

DUNAJ IV (LP: Rachot R 0004) 7/1994 © 1994

E

Vladimir Kokolia (vocals), Josef Ostransky (guitar, hi-hat), Vladimir Vaclavek (bass, acoustic guitar, drums)

Ex-Extempore band. Crazed experimental rock typical of the 90s Czech wave.

E / LIVE / (LP: Globus International 210008-1311) 15/2/1990 © 1990

I ADORE NOTHING (CD: Rachot) © 1994

E UCHO DEBIL ACCORD BAND

Jiri Zelenka (vocals, guitar), Pavel Skaryd (bass), Vaclav Sefrna (drums), Jan Vladar (guitar)

Underground rock band from Zatec, existing 1980-86, with members going on to Orchestr Bissext.

...STOJIME U ZDI... (MC: private) © 1985 (LP: Fecal Records FR 0001-1311) © 1991

ENERGIT

Lubos Andrst (guitar), Emil Viklicky (pianos, synthesizer), Rudolf Tichacek (soprano sax), Jan Vytrhlik (bass), Jiri Tomek (congas), Karel Jencik (drums), Anatoli Kohout (drums), Josef Vejvoda (drums) #

Vehicle of ex-Jazz Q guitarist Lubos Andrst, and most notable for their furiously powerful debut LP, which fused the early Jazz Q sound with the instrumental fusion of The Mothers or Miles Davis. The second album PIKNIK had a very different funky and brassy feel.

Audion extract: Probably feeling cornered by Kratochvil's music, ex-Jazz Q guitarist Lubos Andrst formed Energit together with keyboardist Emil Viklicky. Their debut was even better than anything Jazz Q produced. Still with that spacey edge, but with lots or energy too - Energit lived up to their name! With a great rhythmic base, ever changing but riffing structure, the 17 minute "Rano" recalls both classic Miles Davis and Terje Rypdal, but with electric sax as winds soloist. Their second PIKNIK was a very different affair, this featured lots of winds, shorter composed pieces as opposed to the free-riffing of the first, often more what one would expect from George Gruntz or Manfred Schoof. Latterly, Andrst pursued a solo career, Viklicky worked with the piano trio Klavesova Konclava and later in Okno with Bill Frisell.

ENERGIT (LP: Supraphon 1 13 1787) 12/1974 © 1975 #

Mini Jazz Klub 6 (7" EP: Panton 33 0392) 14/6/1976 © 1976

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA 2

PIKNIK (LP: Panton 11 0695) 1-2/1978 © 1978

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 77

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 78

ETC...

Vladimir Misik (vocals, guitars, kazoo), Pavel Fort (guitars), Petr Pokorny (guitar), Jan Hruby (violins, tambourine), Anatloi Kohout (drums, percussion)

Vladimir Misik, formerly with the pop / beat band George & Beatovens in 1968 and then Flamengo, formed Etc... as his all-purpose rock and fusion band with a constantly changing cast of musicians and collaborators.

VLADIMIR MISIK ETC... (LP: Supraphon 113 1918) 10-11/1975 © 1976

Ja Mam Schuzku O Pul Pate / Lady Vamp (7": Supraphon 143 2146) © 1977

as Vladimir Misik & Etc Band: THEY CUT OFF THE LITTLE BOYS HAIR (LP: Supraphon 1113 2403) 10/1975-10/1977 © 1978

ETC... 2 (LP: Supraphon 1113 2558) 7/1979 © 1980

Jiri Jelinek In Memorium (2x7" EP: Panton 81 0813-7312) 1976-1977 © 1987

ETC... 3 (LP: Supraphon 1113 4078) 2/1986 © 1987

ETC... 4 (LP: Supraphon 1113 4203) 1-2/1987 © 1987

Spejchar Blues / Kralovsky (7": Supraphon 11 0013-7311) © 1989

Co Ti Dam? / Tve Oci (7": Supraphon 11 0374-7311) 10-11/1989 © 1989

with Miroslav Kovarik: PAR TONU, KTERE PREBYVAJI (LP: Panton 81 0869-1311) 5/9/1980 © 1989

20 DEKA DUSE (LP: Supraphon 11 0854-1311) 10-11/1989 © 1990

> BAZAREM PROMEN

THE EXTEMPORE BAND

Mikolas Chadima (saxes, vocals, guitar, trumpet), Slavek Simon (bass, vocals), Martha Gotthard (percussion, voice), Mirko "Ali" Horacek (drums, choir, trumpet), Vlad'a Brom (guitar), Jiri "Nory" Radechovsky (guitar), Pavel Turnovsky (synthesizer) #

Aka The Naive Extempore Band or Rock & Jokes Extempore Band. Radical and inventive 70s group banned by the Czech government, fronted by Miklos Chadima (later of MCH Band) and like a more musically involved Plastic People.

> CZECH! TILL NOW

PLESNIVE EMBRYO (MC: J.J.N. Records) © 1984, (MC: Fist Records)1973  © 1996, (Black Point BP 0042)

AZBESTOVY GULAS (MC: Fist Records) © 1986, (CD: Black Point BP 0045-4) 1974 © 199?

STEHLIK (MC: Fist Records) 1975 © 1985, (Black Point BP 0007)

MILA CTYR VISELCU (MC: Fist Records) 1976 © 1986, (CD/MC Black Point BP 0091-2/4) © 1996

EBONITOVY SAMOTAR (MC: Fist Records) 1977 © 1986, (Black Point BP 0008)

DUM C.P. 112/34 (MC: Fist Records) 1978 © 1986, (Black Point BP 0011)

ZABIJACKA (MC: Fist Records) 1979 © 1986, (CD: Black Point BP 0020-2) © 1999

JARO, LETO, PUNK (MC: Fist Records) 1979-80 © 1986, (Black Point BP 0026) © 1992

VELKOMESTO / THE CITY (2LP: Globus International 210068/9-1312) 12/1979-4/1981 © 1990 #

with J.J. Neduha: SEL JSEM VCERA DOMU, PRISEL JSEM AZ DNESKA! (LP: Supraphon 11 1386-1311) © 1991

Pavel FAJT & PLUTO

Vaclav Bartos (vocals), Petr Zavadil (guitar), Tomas Frohlich (bass), Pavel Fajt (drums, percussion, sound wheel)

Wide-ranging left-field avant-rock project with funky, jazzy and new wave elements.

PAVEL FAJT & PLUTO (CD: Indies MAM040-2,4) © 1996

Daniel FIKEJZ

Combo FH leader.

Mama Ma Misu (7": Panton 8143 0147) 8/3/1982 © 1982 - B-side only

with Jan Burian: HODINA DUCHU (LP: Panton 81 0881-1311) 9-11/1988 © 1989

FLAMENGO

Jan Kubik (saxes, flute, clarinet, vocals), Pavel Fort (guitars, vocals), Ivan Khunt (keyboards, vocals), Vladimir Guma Kulhanek (bass, vocals), Jaroslav Erno Sedivy (drums, percussion), Vladimir Misik (vocals, congas, acoustic guitar) #

A seminal band, although their sole album was banned upon release! They started as a pop band, and developed from beat and jazz roots in the 1960s, onto a lively complex progressive fusion akin to early Colosseum, but with a fiery M. Efekt like energy and a uniquely Czech sound.

Audion extract: Vladimir Misik has been known for his work with numerous Czech bands, but mostly for his own band: Vladimir Misik Etc. Most of what I've heard by his band however has been less than impressive, a mixing of jazz-rock and blues with little merit or distinction. Far better were an earlier band he was involved with, namely Flamengo. Their 1972 album KURE V HODINKACH has just been reissued. A kind of jazzy parallel to M.Efekt I suppose. or even bands like Colosseum or Tasavallan Presidentti, Flamengo's style was an intricate and finely crafted progressive- fusion featuring lengthy instrumental breaks and solos from numerous instruments.

with Petr Novak: Ja Budu Chodit Po Spickach / Povidej (7": Supraphon 043 0296) 5/6/1967 © 1967

with Karel Kahovec: Vyber Si Palac / Svou Lasku Jsem Rozdal (7": Supraphon 043 0329) 6+7/1967 © 1967

Pani V Cernem / Nahrobni Kamen (7": Supraphon 043 0345) 7+9/1967 © 1967

Dzban / Poprava Blond Holky (7": Supraphon 043 0362) 6+10/1967 © 1967

with Karel Kahovec: Co Skrıvas V Ocich / Zavrazdil Jsem Lasku (7": Supraphon 043 0457) 6/1977+2/1968 © 1968

> NIGHT CLUB '68

> 2. CS. BEAT-FESTIVAL 68

with Karel Kahovec: The Way For Horses / No Reply (7": Supraphon 043 0632) 1968 © 1969

Summertime / Too Much Love Is A Bad Thing (7": Supraphon 043 830) 4/7/1969 © 1969

Vim, Ze Placem To Skonci (7": Panton 04 0295) 26/5/1970 © 1970 - A-side only

Kazdou Chvili / Tıyden V Elektrickem Meste (7": Supraphon 0 43 1214) 25/6/1971 © 1971

Kure V Hodinkach / Stale Dal (7": Supraphon 0 43 1453) © 1972

KURE V HODINKACH (LP: Supraphon 113 1287) 6/71-3/1972 © 1972 # (LP/CD: Supraphon 10 1287-1311/2311) © 1990, (CD: Bonton BON 491053-2) © 1998 - plus Kazdou Chvili / Tyden V Elektrickem Meste single

> BAZAREM PROMEN

FRAMUS FIVE

Michal Prokop (vocals), Lubos Andrst (guitar), Ladislav Elias (bass), Ivan Trnka (keyboards), Kasa Jahn (drums) #

Brassy rock band.

> BEAT - LINE SUPRAPHON 68 (LP: Supraphon 013 0525) © 1968

> NIGHT CLUB '68

> 2. CS. BEAT-FESTIVAL 68

FRAMUS FIVE + MICHAL PROKOP (LP: Supraphon 113 0578) 10-11/1968 © 1969, reissued as: BLUES IN SOUL (LP: Supraphon 013 0578) © 1971

MESTO ER (LP: Supraphon 113 1069) 12/1970-1/1971 © 1971 (CD: Supraphon 10 1069-2) #

plus numerous singles!

FRONTALNI PORUCHA

David Vanecek (keyboards), Lexa Snopek (keyboards), Karel Herman (vocals), Petr Alexander (drums)

Doomy gothic keyboard-fronted music that defies any easy description, they could be called an atmospheric gloomy Dead Can Dance, but with Czech folk roots.

VECNE SVETLO (LP: Globus International 210009-1311) 3-4/1990 © 1990

GARAZ

Tony Duchacek (vocals), Milan Hlavsa (bass, guitar), Ivo Pospisil (bass), Tonda Penicka (drums), Honza Machacek (guitar), Jiri Jelinek (trombone), Tadeas Vercak (guitar), Tomas Svoboda (trumpet), Tomas Belko (tenor sax), Jindrich Biskup (sax), Tomas Kurfurst (trumpet), Ivan Pavlu (percussion)

Interconnected with The Plastic People, etc.

THE BEST OF GARAZ (LP: Globus International 21 0012-1311) 1984-1988 © 1990

VZKOPAVKY (LP: Globus International 21 0025-1311) © 1990

PULNOC A GARAZ (MLP: Panton 81 1057-6311) © 1990 - B-side only

PRAHA (LP: Radost ME 1621/2) © 1991

GERA BAND

Michal Gera (trumpet, flugelhorn), Vaclav Bratrych (tenor sax), Vít Svec (bass), Jaromir Helesic (drums)

Lively fusion from Michal Gera (ex-Impuls) & co.

FATA MORGANA (LP: Panton 81 0684-1 511) © 1987

Jan HAMMER

Born 1948 in Prague, former Czechoslovakia. Originally in a trio with Alan and Miroslav Vitous in the 1960s. All his known recorded output is from since he moved to the USA, and mostly as a keyboardist, including many LP's with the Mahavishnu Orchestra. Nowadays he's best known for his synthesizer based film and TV soundtracks.

LIKE CHILDREN (LP, USA: Nemperor NE430) © 1974, (LP, UK: Atlantic K 50092) © 1974

John Abercrombie, Jan Hammer, Jack De Johnette - TIMELESS (LP, Germany: ECM 1047 ST) © 1975

THE FIRST SEVEN DAYS (LP, USA: Nemperor NE432) © 1975, (LP, UK: Atlantic K 50184) © 1975

and numerous others!

Irena HAVLOVA & Vojtech HAVEL

Multi-instrumental husband and wife duo who graduated from folk to experimental music. Their releases comprise eerie, gothic and fascinating music performed on medieval instruments, church organs, all sorts of ethnic instruments, percussions, etc. sometimes like a subdued songless Nico.

HATA H (LP/CD: Primus V1 0005) © 1990/92

MALE MODRE NIC / LITTLE BLUE NOTHING (CD: Arta F1 0021 2511) 1989-1990 © 1991

TAJEMNA GAMALENIE / MYSTERIOUS GAMELANLAND (CD: Tonk TK 006 2311) © 1992

HUDBA TICHA / MUSIC OF SILENCE (CD: Pragma PG 0001 2231) © 1992

NEZNE KE SVETLU / TENDERLY TO LIGHT (CD: Monitor 660 300-2 331) © 1994

and many more

HENRICH

Multi-instrumentalist Henrich Lesko aka Lesko H. Experimental theatre and gothic-folk-cosmic music.

NINNANANNA (LP: Clara 57 007-2) © 1992 (CD: Popron 570072) © 199?

Radim HLADIK

Modry Efekt leader.

> CZECH MASTERS OF ROCK GUITAR

with Dasa Andrtova: VOLIERA (CD: Indies MAM060-2,4) © 1997

IMPULS

Jaromir Helesic (drums), Michal Gera (trumpet), Zdenek Fiser (guitar), Pavel Kostiuk (keyboards) #

Jazz-rock with Chick Corea/Weather Report influences.

Mini Jazz Klub 7 (7" EP: Panton 33 0396) 2/6/1976 © 1976 #

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA

IMPULS (LP: Panton 11 0684) 1977 © 1977

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA 2

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 77

JABLKON

Michael Nemec (vocals, percussion, guitar), Ingo Bellman (guitar, vocals), Ivan Podobsky (drums, vocals, percussion) #

A unique and strange blend of Czech folk and unclassifiable musics. Mostly acoustic, yet quite surreal.

> CZECH! TILL NOW

Mini Jazz Klub 45 (7" EP: Panton 8135 0213) 6/1986 © 1986

DEVATA VLNA (LP: Panton 81 0815) 1988 © 1988 #

JABLKON & SVECENY (CD: B+N Agency 9101) 2-5/1991 © 1991

BABA AGA (CD: B+N Agency 9202) 3-10/1992 © 1992

SYMPHONIC (CD: Fisyo F1003-2031) 1994 © 1995

MACHALAJ (CD: Baba N.9504) © 1995

Oldrich JANOTA

Unusual folk and ethnic musics, Oldrich Janota is often aided by Vojtech Havel and Irena Havlova.

Cesty 15 (7" EP: Panton 81 1383-7311) © 1989 - with Vojtech A Irena Havlovi

NEVIDITELNE VECI (MC: Panton 81-1081-4311) © 1990 - with Vojtech A Irena Havlovi

OLDRICH JANOTA (LP: Panton 81 0691-1 311) 1990 © 1990

SESITE (CD: Indies MAM024-2,4) © 1997

and many more collaborations, plus earlier folk some cassettes

JAZZ CELULA

Laco Deczi (trumpet), Petr Korinek (bass), Svatopluk Kosvanec (trombone), Zdenek Dvorak (guitar), Josef Vejvoda (drums), Petr Kral (tenor saxophone), Karel Ruzicka (piano) #

Mellow jazz fusion. Often credited as Laco Deczi &...

The Celula Quintet: PIETOSO (LP: Supraphon 1 15 0596) © 1969

OHEN AZ POZAR (LP: Panton 11 0638) © 1976

JAZZ CELULA (LP: Opus 9115 0703) © 1978 #

Mini Jazz Klub 21 ( 7" EP: Panton 8135 0002) © 1979

JAZZISSIMO (LP: Panton 8115 0261) © 1982

JAZZ FRAGMENT PRAGUE

Ales Faix (piano, synthesizers), Milan Pekny (violin), Martin Brunner (flute), Petr Dvorak (bass), Petr Reiterman (drums, percussion)

Slick jazz-fusion.

Mini Jazz Klub 29 (7" EP: Panton 8135 0049) © 1980

ANACONDA (LP: Supraphon 1115 4246) 8/1986 © 1987

with Svetlana Musilova: THE OPENED LETTER (CD: Panton 81 1055 - 2511) © 1992

JAZZ Q (PRAHA)

Martin Kratochvil (electric piano), Lubos Andrst (guitar), Vladimir Padrunek (bass), Michal Vrbovec (drums) #

Formed in 1965 as the free-jazz group: Jazz Q Praha (Jazz Quartet/Quintet Prague), featuring Jiri Stivin and singer Helena Vondrackova (in the early-70s with Irish singer Joan Duggan). They eventually become the vehicle of Chic Corea inspired keyboardist Martin Kratochvil, making a synth fronted fusion in the ECM type style. Jazz Q were a revolutionary fusion band, pioneering the Czech jazz-rock sound.

Audion extract: Jazz Q (aka Jazz Q Praha) were one of the foremost and innovative of Czech jazz-rock groups. Arguably in similar realms to Nucleus at the start, they developed a sophisticated fusion with. a very spacey sound, especially on THE WATCHTOWER which had just five tracks of rather understated atmospheric jazz. Vocalist Joan Duggan, who was a guest here, had a greater role in the album SYMBIOSIS which moved dangerously close to soul at times. In time, keyboard player and leader Martin Kratochvil took over the band completely, putting his keyboards at the front of the sound and moving the Jazz Q style closer to the likes of Return To Forever with albums like ELEGY and TIDINGS. If these had been released on ECM, Jazz Q would have become a household name.

> ZURICH JAZZ FESTIVAL 1971 (2LP Germany: MPS Records 33 21277-7) © 1971

POZOROVATELNA / THE WATCH-TOWER (LP: Panton 01 0285/11) 29/1/1973 © 1973 #

SYMBIOSIS (LP: Supraphon 115 1356) 3-10/1973 © 1973 (CD: Bonton 71 0671-2) © 1998 - 1 bonus track

Mini Jazz Klub 5 (7" EP: Panton 33 0381) 9/1976 © 1976

ELEGIE / ELEGY (LP: Supraphon 115 1983) 2-3/1976 © 1976

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA 2

with Marta Elefteriadu: Horizont / Horky Vitr (7": Panton 44 0593) 27/10/1977 © 1978

with Oskar Petr: Obchodnik S Destem / Blues Podzimniho Dopeldene (7": Panton 8145 0004) 28/2/1979 © 1979

with Oskar Petr & Zuzana Michnova: Podzinmy Obnicky / Plavec Dlouhych Trati (7": Supraphon 1145 2295) © 1979

Pecet' / Kresadlo (7" EP: Panton 8135 0007) © 1979

ZVESTI / TIDINGS (LP: Supraphon 1115 2450) 11-12/1977 © 1979 (LP: Amiga 8 55 723) © 1980

HODOKVAS / FEAST (LP: Supraphon 1115 2604) 3/1979 © 1980

> JAZZ A LA CARTE

HVEZDON / ASTEROID (LP: Supraphon 1115 3525) © 1984

with Jana Koubkova: Zly Sen / Ovci Vlna (7" EP: Panton 8135 0217) 1/1984 © 1984

with Jana Koubkova: Jsem Sva (7": Panton 8143 0217) © 1984 - B-side only

> BAZAREM PROMEN

1974-75 LIVE (CD: Bonton 71 0030-2 911) © 1991- official issue of a bootleg

JAZZROCKOVA DILNA

Joan Duggan (vocals), Lubos Andrst (guitar), Martin Kratochvil (electric piano, Moog), Jan Martinec (soprano sax, violin), Petr Kolinek (bass), Josef Vejvoda (drums), Jiri Tomek (percussion)

Impromptu session band featuring Jazz Q members.

> JAZZROCKOVA DILNA

JESTE JSME SE NEDOHODLI

Petr Lisku (vocals), Stanislav Filip (guitars, synthesizer), Karel David (bass, vocals), Ivo Horak (guitar), Petr Hromadka (drums, synthesizer) #

Off-beat and highly inventive rock fusion, comparable to RIO bands like Debile Menthol, Etron Fou, etc.

> CZECH! TILL NOW

...JESTE JSME SE NEDOHODLI (LP: Globus International 210020-1311) 4/1990 © 1990 #

Robert JISA

Unique ambient, minimalist and new-age musics.

HOURGLASS (CD: Clara 57 005-2) © 1992

and at least 6 more!

Gabriel JONAS

Member of Klavesova Konklava.

IMPRESIE (LP: Opus 9115 0729) © 1978

KLAVESOVA KONKLAVA

Gabriel Jonas (piano), Karel Ruzicka (electric piano), Emil Viklicky (electric piano), Petr Korinek (bass), Josef Vejvoda (drums), Jiri Tomek (congas)

Piano fronted jazz-rock project commissioned by the Prague Arts Council.

KLAVESOVA KONKLAVA / KEYBOARD CONCLAVE (LP: Supraphon 1115 2228) © 1978

Michal KOCAB

Keyboardist/vocalist, ex-Flamengo.

Co Mam Rict (7": Panton 8143 0147) © 1982 - A-side only

S Cizi Zenou V Cizim Pokoji / Stari (7": Supraphon 11 0111-7311) © 1988

POVIDALI, ZE MU BRALI (LP: Panton 81 0709-1311) 1986-1988 © 1988

with Petr Hapka: Viteje V Absurdistanu (7": Supraphon 11 0431-1311) © 1990 - A-side only

ODYSSEUS (LP: Supraphon 11 1177-1911) 1987 © 1990

Michal KOCAB & Michael PAVLICEK

Guitar and synth duo who have recorded numerous film soundtracks of unusual synth based music (notably the soundtrack to "The Pied Piper" together with Jiri Stivin) that is vivid and dramatic. Check out connected projects: Prazsky Vyber, Stromboli, and Pavlicek's solo's.

Bila Velryba (7" EP: Panton 8133 0179) 2/1985 © 1985

with Prazsky Vyber: Hledam Dum Holubi (7" EP: Supraphon 1143 3101) © 1985

CERNE SVETLO / BLACK LIGHT (LP: Bonton 71 0006-1331) 8/1987+8/1989 © 1990, (CD: Bonton 71 0017-2331) © 1990 - CD is an extended version

Pavel KOPECKY

Contemporary, electroacoutic composer and synthesist.

> LOOKING EAST - CSFR

> CONTEMPORARY CZECH MUSIC - ATELIER II (CD: Cesky Rozhlas 0116-2 131) © 1999

Martin KRATOCHVIL & Tony ACKERMANN

Atmospheric fusion.

STARA ZNAMOST / OLD ACQUAINTANCESHIP (LP: Panton 81 0690-1511) 9/1986 © 1986

SPOLU / TOGETHER (LP: Bonton 71 0008-1531) 6/1988 © 1990

plus Vojtech HAVEL: MORAVSKE KONCERTY / MORAVIAN CONCERTS (CD: Bonton 71 0001 - 2531) © 199?

plus Vojtech HAVEL: CHIAROSCURO / SEROSVIT (CD: Bonton 71 0128-2 511) © 1993

Jaroslav KRCEK

Avant-Garde classical and electronics composer.

> KATZER / KRAUSE / KRCEK (LP, UK: Recommended RR 22) © 1986

RAAB (LP, UK: Recommended RR 23) © 1987, NEVESTKA RAAB (LP: Panton 81 0836-1611) © 1989

and lots of classical releases not relevant here

Vaclav KUCERA

Avant-Garde composer sometimes creating weird and dissonant choral and percussion music, a bit like Stockhausen.

> FROM CZECH ELECTRONIC MUSIC STUDIOS

> SPARTACUS / SINFONIETTA NO. 3 (LP: Supraphon 1110 3915) © 1986

> MUSICA NOVA BOHEMICA (Supraphon 1110 3915) © 1986

MAHAGON

Zdena Adamova (vocals), Jaroslav Solc (flute), Stepan Koutnik (bass clarinet), Jan Hruby (violin), Zdenek Sedivy (trumpet), Jindrich Parma (trumpet), Jiri Niederle (soprano sax), Bohuslav Volf (trombone), Jiri Jelinek (guitars), Michael Kocab (pianos, clavinet), Ladislav Malina (drums), Petr Klapka (bass) #

Lively jazz-rock by ex-Flamengo members, especially good on their debut LP.

Pulnocni Bal / Cervene Korale (7": Supraphon 143 2007) 15/5/1976 © 1976

Ve Svetle Petrolejky / Motyli Kridla (7": Supraphon 143 2041) © 1976

Kvuli Nam (7": Panton 44 0656) 5/1978 © 1978 - B-side only

MAHAGON (LP: Supraphon 115 2145) 5/1977 © 1978 #

Hektolir Lasky / Svet Je Citit Clovecinou (7": Supraphon 1143 2263) 22/12/1978 © 1979

with Jan Spaleny: SIGNAL CASU (LP: Supraphon 1113 2646) 3-6/1979 © 1979 (LP: Supraphon 1113 2654) © 1981

SLUNECNI PRO VICENTA VAN GOGHA / PORTRAIT OF VINCENT VAN GOGH (LP: Supraphon 1113 2684) 6-7/1979 © 1980

MARSYAS

Zuzana Michnova (vocals), Oskar Petr (vocals, guitar, cabasa), Petr Kalandra (vocals, guitar, harmonica), Pavel Fort (guitars), Michal Kocab (pianos, organ, string ensemble), Ondrej Soukup (bass), Ladislav Malina (drums) #

Light and folky rock.

Podzimni Sen / Zni (7": Panton 44 0534) 5/1974 © 1974

MARSYAS (LP: Supraphon 113 2390) 6/1977 © 1978 #

Zaliv Zar / Priste Se Ti Radsi Vyhnu (7": Panton 8143 0006) 16/2/1979 © 1979

KOUSEK PRIZNE (LP: Supraphon 1113 3084) 6/1981 © 1982, English vocal version: PIECES OF FAVOUR (LP: Supraphon 1113 3134) 12/1981 © 1982

> KONCERT PRO CHMELOJEDY (LP: Supraphon 1113 3089) 27/8/1981 © 1982

Ten Muz / Horsky Lazne (7": Supraphon 1143 2723) © 1983

JEN TAK (LP: Supraphon 1113 3485) 12/83-2/1984 © 1984

Velkomesto / Zitra Ti Reknu (7": Supraphon 1143 3221) 30/3/1986 © 1986

V PRITMI (LP: Supraphon 11 0173-1311) 12/1987 © 1989

MATADORS

Victor Sodoma (vocals, harmonica), Radim Hladik (guitar), Jan Farmer Obermajer (keyboards), Otto Bezloja (bass), Tony Black (drums) #

Beat group from Prague. A proto super group with future members of Modry Efekt and the German band Emergency. Worth a mention here also for the excellent Pink Floyd inspired track "Extraction" on their LP.

THE MATADORS (LP: Supraphon 013 0493) © 1968 #

THE MATADORS (CD: Bonton 71 0244-2) © 1995 - 24 track compilation of English and Czech versions

and a few singles

MCH BAND

Mikolas Chadima (guitar, saxes, vocals, loops), Vladimir Helebrant (synthesizer, choir, drums), Slava Simon (bass, congas), Antonin Korb (drums, choir), Martin Schneider (bass), Hynek Schneider (drums) #

Miklos Chadima (formerly of Extempore Band) presents some of the most fascinating and radical rock, sometimes like a mixture of Plastic People and early Pink Floyd! All the early stuff is great, yet they failed to come up with a worthy successor to ES REUT MICH F...

KROKODLAK / WERETRACER (MC: Fist Records) 5/1982 © 1982

JSME ZDRAVI A DARI SE NAM DOBRE / WE ARE WELL & WE FEEL FINE (MC: Fist Records) 10+11/1983 © 1983

> CZECH! TILL NOW

198FOUR WELL?!! (MC: Fist Records) 12/84-4/1985 © 1985

GORLEBEN (MC: Fist Records) 4/1986 © 1986

ES REUT MICH F... (2LP: Globus International 210001/2-1312) 2/88-1/1990 © 1990 #

ES REUT MICH F... (CD: Globus International 210001/2-2312) © 1991 - both 2LP & CD feature tracks not on the other

1982-1986 (2CD: TomK TK 0003-2312) © 1992 - retrospective set featuring their 4 cassettes.

GIB ACHT!!! (CD: Monitor 010127-2331) 3/1993 © 1993

KARNEVAL / CARNIVAL (CD: Black Point BP 0084-2/4) © 1999

plus many reissue cassettes under different titles

MEZINARODNI SDRUZENI PRO NOVOU AKUSTICKOU HUDBU

Martin Kratochvil (piano), Tony Ackerman (guitar), Ivan Zenaty (violin), Vojtech Havel (vocals), Musa Zangi (congas)

[Aka INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR NEW ACOUSTIC MUSIC] Acoustic fusion.

ORNAMENT (LP: Panton 81 0810-1311) © 1988

Vladimir MISIK > ETC...

MODRY EFEKT

Radim Hladik (guitars), Fedor Freso (bass, mandolin, vocals, percussion), Oldrich Vesely (organ, pianos, synthesizers, vocals), Vladimir Cech (drums, percussion) #

[Aka M. EFEKT, aka BLUE EFFECT] Originating as a blues and beat group, and fronted by the uniquely styled guitarist Radim Hladik. After successful excursions into jazz fusion, later albums developed a dynamic progressive and space-rock style akin to Eloy or Progres 2 at their best. Modry Efekt are justly classed as one of the finest of Czech 70s progressives.

Audion extract: As far as I know, the earliest exponents of Czech rock were a band called Modry Efekt, or in English - The Blue Effect. An early white blues band, M.Efekt, led by talented guitarist Radim Hladik, had a penchant for invention. Although this wasn't realised at first, co-operation with the Prague jazz-rock group Jazz a changed the bands direction entirely. CONIUCTIO crossed psychedelic rock and jazz most powerfully, long tracks with great energy and lots of Radim's superb guitar. Obviously invigorated by the new musical freedom open to him Radim's next project was a great big band jazz-rock spectacular: NOVA SYNTEZA, and its companion NOVA SYNTEZA 2 which followed 2 years later, combined the power of M.Efekt's music with a huge jazz orchestra. The effect was a powerful, superbly crafted and innovative music, a veritable playground for Radim's amazing guitar. As if to signify a new era, a move to progressive realms, the next album was simply entitled MODRY EFEKT & RADIM HLADIK (an export issue of this released with the title A BENEFIT OF RADIM HLADIK). Like the first NOVA SYNTEZA this was an instrumental album, predominantly featuring lengthy tracks full of invention, power and an abundance of solos. Subsequent albums, which featured Synkopy keyboard player and vocalist Oldrich Vesely, were firmly within the progressive/space-rock mould, none more powerful than the spectacular SVITANIE, and then onto the realm Eloy or East with SVET HLADACU and 33 - both of which contain heavily synthesized instrumentation, really great guitar and a unique song style

Slunecny Hrob / I've Got My Mojo Working (7": Panton 04 0201) 1/2/1969 © 1969

Snakes / Sen Neni Vecny / Sun Is So Bright / Blue Taxi (7" EP: Panton 03 0203) 1/2/1969 © 1969

Fenix / Stroj Na Nic (7": Supraphon 043 0857) 9/1969 © 1969

MEDITACE (LP: Supraphon 113 0689) 4-8/1969 © 1969, English vocal version: KINGDOM OF LIFE (LP: Supraphon 113 1023) 1969-1970 © 1971

NOVA SYNTEZA (LP: Panton 11 0288) 20/7/1971 © 1971, (CD: Bonton 71 0552-2) © 1997 - plus 3 tracks from KINGDOM OF LIFE

Eldorado / Divko Z Kamene (7": Supraphon 043 1459) 20/11/1972 © 1973

> HALLO, NR. 9

> HALLO, NR. 10

NOVA SYNTEZA 2 (LP: Panton 11 0489) 8/1973-4/1974 © 1974 (CD: Bonton 71 0608-2) © 1997 - plus Eldorado / Divko Z Kamene single

A BENEFIT OF RADIM HLADIK (LP: Supraphon 113 1586) 3-6/1973 © 1974, aka MODRY EFEKT & RADIM HLADIK (LP: Supraphon 113 1777) © 1975, (CD: Bonton 495274-2) © 2000 - plus their HALLO contributions

> STARE POVESTI CESKE

SVITANIE (LP: Opus 9116 0541) 1/1977 © 1977 #, (CD: Opus 91 2629-2 311) © 1998 - plus their STARE POVESTI CESKE contribution

SVET HLADACU (LP: Panton 8113 0068) 9-12/1978 © 1979, (CD: Bonton 494002-2) © 1999 - plus 3 singles

Zena V Okne / Zname Se Dal (7": Supraphon 1143 2432) © 1980

33 (LP: Supraphon 1113 2897) 10/1980 © 1981

Nezna / Zahada Jmeli (7": Supraphon 1143 2730) © 1980

Doktor / Cajovna (7": Supraphon 1143 3381) 4/1986 © 1987

Kampa / Uhel Pohledu (7": Supraphon 11 0265-7311) © 1989

MODRY EFEKT & JAZZ Q

Radim Hladik (guitar, effects), Jiri Kozel (bass, guitar, bells), Vlado Cech (drums), Jiri Stivin (flutes, alto sax, piccolo, wood blocks, effects), Martin Kratochvil (piano, organ, trumpet), Jiri Pellant (bass), Milan Vitoch (drums, bells)

Fiery psychedelic-sounding jazz-rock. A groundbreaking session combining the talents of these two top bands, strongly featuring Stivin's sax and Hladik's guitar.

CONIUCTIO (LP: Supraphon 113 0845) 3/1970 © 1970

NAIMA

Zdenek Zdenek (piano, synthesizer), Frantisek Kop (soprano/tenor saxes), Jaromir Honzak (bass), Martin Sulc (drums) #

No doubt they took their name from the John Coltrane composition, although their music is more Mahavishnu Orchestra and Jazz Q inspired fusion, but with sax as lead instrument.

> JAZZ MAGMA

NAIMA (LP: Panton 81 0799-1) © 1988 #

NAIMA 2 (LP: Panton 81 0916-1511) © 1990

SESSION 90 - LIVE (LP/CD: Arta F1 0009-2 511) © 1991

Vaclav NECKAR

Pop singer who went on to front Bacily.

Martin NEMEC & Bara BASIKOVA

Somewhere between gothic progressive, new-age and classical musics. A unique concoction!

RESPONSIO MORTIFERA (LP: Monitor 01 0059-1331) © 1992

Ladislav NOVAK

Author and poet, specialist in sound text and visual arts.

> TEXT-SOUND COMPOSITIONS 5: A STOCKHOLM FESTIVAL 1969 (LP, Sweden: Sveriges Radio RELP 1074) © 1969

> TEXT-SOUND COMPOSITIONS 6: A STOCKHOLM FESTIVAL 1970 (LP, Sweden: Sveriges Radio RELP 1102) © 1970

> SOUND TEXTS ? CONCRETE POETRY (LP, Netherlands: Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam RSC 246) © 1970

> PHONETISCHE POESIE (LP, Germany: Luchterhand Verlag F 60 379) © 1971

plus many more

Petr NOVAK

The original singer with Flamengo (in 1967) and front man of the beat band George & Beatovens.

OLYMPIC

Petr Janda (guitar, lead vocals), Miroslav Berka (keyboards), Petr Hejduk (drums, vocals), Milan Broum (bass) #

Originally a pop band (their first single was released in 1964), it took until the late-70s for them to do anything progressive. On the Sci-Fi trilogy, that started with PRAZDNINY NA ZEMI, they adopted a style with Omega and Hawkwind influences, with lots of synths and complex arrangements.

Audion extract: Olympic became synonymous as the Czech Omega, they similarly went through a progressive phase in the late Seventies. Their most successful album was part one of a sci-fi concept trilogy: PRAZDNINY NA ZEMI, also released as an export version with English lyrics: HOLIDAYS ON EARTH it featured lots of synth in a hard-edged rock, segued tracks filling each side as if one piece.

ZELVA (LP: Supraphon 113 0412) 1-10/1967 © 1968

PTAK ROSOMAK (LP: Supraphon 113 0589) 12/1968-1/1969 © 1969

JEDEME, JEDEME, JEDEME (LP: Supraphon 113 0994) 9/1970 © 1971

HANDFUL (LP: Supraphon 113 1207) © 1972 - sampler

OLYMPIC 4 (LP: Supraphon 113 1475) 1973 © 1974

> STARE POVESTI CESKE

12 NEJ... (LP: Supraphon 1113 2018) 1965-1973 © 1976 - Sampler

MARATHON (LP: Supraphon 1113 2119) 1977 © 1978

OVERHEAD (LP: Supraphon 1113 2380) 2/1977 © 1978 - reworks

PRAZDNINY NA ZEMI...? (LP: Supraphon 1113 2600) 4/1979 © 1979 (CD: Supraphon 10 2600-2311) © 1992 #

HOLIDAYS ON EARTH (LP: Supraphon 1113 2714) © 1981 - English vocal version of PRAZDNINY NA ZEMI...?

ROCK AND ROLL (with various interpretes) (LP: Supraphon 1113 2888) 5/1980 © 1981, aka: ROCKENROL (LP: Supraphon 1113 2888) © 1982

ULICE (LP: Supraphon 1113 2950) 5/1981 © 1981 (CD: Supraphon 10 2950-2 311) © 1992

THE STREET (LP: Supraphon 1113 3127) © 1982 - English vocal version of ULICE

OLYMPIC V LUCERNE (LP: Supraphon 1113 3254) 26/4/1982 © 1982

LABORATOR (LP: Supraphon 1113 3443) 1/1984 © 1984

LABORATORY (LP: Supraphon 1113 3526) © 1984 - English vocal version of LABORATOR

plus many more, numerous singles, EPs, samplers etc.

OSKLID

Petr Vasa (guitar, vocals), Vojtech Kupcik (violin), Pavel Zelma (bass, trumpet, vocals), Pavel Koudelka (drums, vocals), Michal Zavadil (vocals), Jana Klimesova (vocals), Ivana Lukasova (vocals), Tomas Frgala (vocals, percussion), Jiri Salajka (vocals, percussion)

Parallel band to Z Kopce.

Poctarka / Jsem Osklivy Clovek / Paraguayska Policie / Moje Mila Jako Motorek (7" EP: Panton 81 0328) © 1989

credited to Z Kopce / Osklid: JESTE PORAD TADY JE NADEJE II. (LP: Panton 81 1157-1311) 4-9/1991 © 1991, (CD: Panton 81 1158-2311) © 1992 - plus bonus tracks

PANTA RHEI

Jana Koubkova (vocals), Bohuslav Janda (guitar), Roman Holy (keyboards), Antonin Smrcka (bass), Musa Zangi (congas), Jaromir Helesic (percussion), Michael Hejna (drums)

Jazz-rock band, with guest appearance by Alan Vitous.

Horor / Vanany Vanyna / Panta Rhei (7" EP: Panton 81 0387-7311) 1988 © 1989

Michal PAVLICEK

Talented guitarist, with Expanze, Bohemia, Mahagon, Prazsky Vyber, leader of Stromboli and extensive in session work. He has also scored numerous films (some together with Michal Kocab and Jiri Stivin).

Michal Pavlicek / Jiri Hrubes: Tvari V Tvar / Variace Na PavBes (7" EP: Panton 8133 0094) 11/1981 © 1982 - Mini Jazz Klub 36

MINOTAURUS (LP: Panton 81 0969) 1-8/1989 © 1990 - featuring: Miroslav Vitous

ZVLASTNA RADOST ZIT / STRANGE PLEASURE OF LIVING (CD: Arta F 10008-2311) 5-9/1990 © 1991

Imagination (CD EP: Panton 811200-2311) 2/1992 © 1992

BIG HEADS (LP/CD: Bonton 71 0095-1/2 331) © 1992

> CZECH MASTERS OF ROCK GUITAR

and lots more.

Ota PETRINA SUPER-ROBOT

Otakar Petrina (vocals, guitar, flute, harmonica), Anatoli Kohout (drums), Vladimir Padrunek (bass) #

Rock singer Ota Petrina was kind of the Czech equivalent of French singers like Manset or Booz, aided by prog musicians: the rhythm section Super Robot and guest keyboards. The single is pretty straight pop rock, so it's surprising that he/they went on to do two concept albums, of which better of the two is PECET' which has a lot of Pink Floyd influences, although both are a mite over-lyrical.

Karin / Vnitrni Svet Tvych Jantarovych Oci (7": Supraphon 143 1957) 20/1/1976 © 1976

SUPER-ROBOT (LP: Supraphon 113 2330) 7/1977 © 1978 #

PECET' (LP: Supraphon 1113 3258) © 1983

Petr PINOS

New-age and cosmic trips, hinting at Klaus Schulze, etc.

ANDEL / ANGEL (CD: Prana) © 1992

ZRCADLENI (CD: Mandala) © 1996

and numerous others

The PLASTIC PEOPLE (of the Universe)

Vratislav Brabanec (sax, clarinet), Milan Hlavsa (bass), Josef Janicek (lead guitar, electric piano, vibes), Jiri Kabes (viola, guitar, theremin), Jaroslav Vozniak (drums)

Most famous of the banned 70s activists, blending Czech folk with angry sounding rock and jazz, an odd twist on Beefheart and RIO. Existing since the late 1960s, and often very radical, the early recordings sound quite psychedelic and amateurish, yet have an angry and appealing charm. Nowadays they play a far more tame music.

Audion extract: Kissing Spell reissues - The most notorious of Czech underground bands, and thus the most publicised internationally, most of the PPU back-catalogue was previously issued on CD by the now defunct Globus International label. But it was still a surprise to see a few PPU reissues coming out on the generally British psych oriented Kissing Spell label. These three seem to be the start of a series, all with a complete make-over, new presentation, and historical booklets in English for the first time! MAN WITH NO EARS documents the early history of the band, often as a really crappy beat combo with the attitude of punk bands a decade later. A few Zappa numbers (and other familiar covers) translated into Czech also feature. The big chunks of talking are of course a waste of space to non-Czech ears. And those songs sung in English are turgidly torturous. Maybe they were sometimes deliberately bad, and it seems the audience agreed shouting abuse at them. Only the latest tracks on this disc appealed to me. But such was the underground political/musical climate of Czechoslovakia circa 1969-1972. The notorious international debut EGON BONDY'S HAPPY HEARTS CLUB BANNED recorded in 1976 still remains one of their finest moments, yet after a number of CD issues previously this seems to be the first to be sourced from the master tapes, yet still doesn't quite sound the same as the original LP to me. But, whatever, this was the definitive refined mixture of polit-rock, RIO fusion with a great deal of unique innovation. Kind of Zappa meets Henry cow with a good deal of Balkan style culture thrown in. It's totally eclectic and often tongue-in-cheek, and it all works even if you don't understand any of it. I'm not so sure if the bonus tracks were such a wise choice though. BEEFSLAUGHTER (previously issued as HOVEZI PORAZKA) turns out to be an album I'd previously overlooked, possibly due to it being an originally unreleased album dating from 1982-1984, in between the disappointing LEADING HORSES and MIDNIGHT MOUSE. Remarkably this is quintessential PPU firmly in the mould of the classics EGON BONDY'S... and PASSION PLAY, but on a more intricate and technical level. Uniquely PPU, true, but it also reminds me of many earlier French acts like Komintern's LE BAL DU RAT MORT or Maajun's VIVRE LA MORT DU VIEUX MONDE, and I guess the subject matter here is similarly wry and anarchistic.

EGON BONDY'S HAPPY HEARTS CLUB BANNED (LP, France: Invisible S.C.O.P.A. 10001) 1976 © 1978 # (CD, France: Buda 82478-2) © 198?, (LP/CD: Globus International 210128-1318/2318) © 1992 (CD, UK: Kissing Spell KSCD 803) © 2004 - different mix, plus 7 bonus tracks

PASIJOVE HRY VELIKONOCNI / PASSION PLAY (LP, Canada: Bozy Mlyn BM 8001) 1978 © 1980 (LP/CD: Globus International 210129-1318/2318) © 1992 (CD: Globus International 210214-2318) © 1998

THE 100 POINTS (MC, USA: Eurock EDC01) 1977 © 1980, aka KOLEJNICE DUNI (CD: Globus International 210217-2) © 2000 - 5 bonus tracks [1978-1982]

LEADING HORSES (LP, Canada: Bozy Mlyn BM 8301) 1981 © 1983 (LP/CD: Globus International 210131-1318/2318) © 1992

MIDNIGHT MOUSE / PULNOCNI MYS (LP, UK: Freedonia 1436) 1984 © 1987 (LP/CD: Globus International 210133-1318/2318) © 1992

BEZ OHNU JE UNDERGROUND (LP/CD: Globus International 210122) 4/12/1992 © 1992

FRANCOVKA (LP/CD: Globus International 210126-1318/2318) 1974-1979 © 1992

ELIASUV OHEN (LP/CD: Globus International 210127-1318/2318) 6/1972+6/1974+2/1976 © 1992

SLAVNA NEMESIS (LP/CD: Globus International 210130-1318/2318) 1979 © 1992

HOVEZI PORAZKA (LP/CD: Globus International 210132-1318/2318) 1983-1984 © 1992 (CD: Globus International 210218-2318) © 1997, aka BEEFSLAUGHTER (CD: Kissing Spell KSCD 809) © 2004

ELIASUV OHEN (8LP/8CD: Globus International GE 0251-0266) © 1992 - limited edition box-set with book & T-Shirt

VOZRALEJ JAK SLIVA (CD: Globus International 210211-2) 1973-1975 © 1997

JAK BUDE PO SMRTI (CD: Globus International 210215-2) 1979 © 1998

1997 (CD: Globus International 210240-2) © 1997

and more since!

PRAZSKY VYBER

Michal Kocab (pianos, clavinet, synthesizer), Ondrej Soukub (bass), Vratislav Placheta (drums), Ladislav Malina (drums), Zdenek Fiser (guitar), Martin Koubek (guitar), Jiri Niederle (tenor/soprano saxes) #

Initially a jazz-rock band formed by Michal Kocab. In 1982 they became a satirist new-wave band and got banned by the authorities!

Mini Jazz Klub 17 (7" EP: Panton 33 0426) 25/11/1976 © 1977

ZIZEN / THIRST (LP: Panton 8115 0053) 7-9/1978 © 1979 #

Komu Se Neleni - Tomu Zeneci / Ja Se Mam, Ze Je Olda Pritel Muj (7": Panton 8143 0145) © 1982

PRAZSKY VYBER (LP: Panton 81 0826-1311) 1982 © 1988

as Vyber: VYBER (LP: Supraphon 1113 4068) 2/1987 © 1988

ADIEU C.A. LIVE (CD: Art Production K AP 0001-2311) © 1991

BER (CD: Bonton 71 0539-2) © 1997

TANGO ROPOTAMO (CD: Bonton 491483 5) © 1998

PROGRES > BARNODAJ > PROGRES 2

PROGRESS ORGANIZATION

Pavel Vane (guitars, piano, cembalo, organ, tambourine, vocals), Jan Sochor (organ, piano, vocals), Emanuel Sideridis (bass, vocals), Zdenek Kluka (drums, percussion) #

Confusingly pre-Barnodaj who then became Progres 2

Klic K Poznani / Snow In My Shoes / Fortune Teller (7" EP: Discant 033 0051) © 1970

BARNODAJ (LP: Supraphon 113 0985) 1/1971 © 1971 #

PROGRES 2

Zdenek Kluka (drums, percussion), Pavel Vane (vocals, guitars), Pavel Pelc (vocals, bass, synthesizer), Milos Moravek (guitars, choir), Karel Horky (synthesizers, clavinet) #

Previously Barnodaj (Progress in Czech), Progres 2 were a surprise of the late 70s, when they came out with the grand opus DIALOG S VESMIREM, a Sci-Fi concept of great invention, with M. Efekt and Pink Floyd influences. The whole work was too long for an LP, and also stretched onto an EP and a single.

Roentgen 19'30 / V Zaj Pocitacu (7": Panton 44 0654) 21/5/1978 © 1978

Pisen O Jablku / Muzeum Planety Zeme (7": Panton 8143 0058) 4/11/1979 © 1980

Rozhovor S Centralnim Mozkem / Honicka / Vykrik V Proxima Centauri (7" EP: Panton 8133 0060) 12/1979 © 1980

DIALOG S VESMIREM (LP: Panton 8113 0130) 11-12/1979 © 1980 #

DIALOG S VESMIREM (CD: Bonton BON 492931 2) © 1999 - CD is the complete suite inc. 7 bonus tracks (from above 7")

Clovek Stroj / Ze Tvych Vlasu V Ni Se Dotykam (7": Panton 8143 0093) 11/1980 © 1981

TRETI KNIHA DZUNGLI (2LP: Panton 8113 0259/60) 1981 © 1981, (CD: Bob J Production BB 0002/3-1312) © 1992

THE THIRD JUNGLE BOOK (2LP: Panton 8113 0335/6) 4/1983 © 1985 - English vocal version of TRETI KNIHA DZUNGLI

Nech Je Byt / Normalni Zavist (7": Panton 8143 0205) © 1983

MOZEK (LP: Panton 8113 0437) 1984 © 1984

Kdo Je Tam? / Neznamy Genius (7": Panton 8143 0221) © 1984

Mas Svuj Den / Co Se Deje U Mateje (7": Panton 8143 0154) © 1985

Uz Nemluvi / Vrat' Se Spatky, Leto Me (7": Panton 8143 0271) 7/1986 © 1986

ZMENA (LP: Supraphon 1113 4377) 1/1987 © 1988

with Pokrok: Moja Najzlatejsia Lyra (7": Supraphon 11 0282-7311) © 1989 - A-side only

with Pokrok: OTRAVA KRVE (LP: Panton 81 0971-1311) 12/1989-2/1990 © 1990

DIALOG S VESMIREM "LIVE" (CD: Monitor 010213-2331) 1978 © 1993

plus some other singles and collaborations and reformation recordings

Michal PROKOP > FRAMUS FIVE

PRO POCIT JISTOTY

Martin Dohnal (piano), Ivo Horak (guitar, vocals), Petr Keller (bass), Michal Odehnal (drums)

Wildly aggressive underground, with RIO and strange touches.

PROGRAM NO. III (LP: Globus International 210022-1311) © 1990

PRUDY > Pavol HAMMEL & PRUDY

PSI VOJACI

Filip Topol (vocals, piano), Jan Hazuka (bass, guitar), David Skala (drums), Zdenek Hmyzak Novak (trumpet), Petr Venkrbec (alto sax) #

[Aka PVO or Psi Vojaci Osobne] Curious energetic alternative rock group.

as PVO: Psycho Killer / Ziletky / Marylin Monroe / Stohem A Retez (7" EP: Panton 81 0394-7311) © 1979

NALEJ CISTYHO VINA, POKRYTCE... (LP: Globus International 210026-1311) 6/1990 © 1990 #

LEITMOTIV (LP: Globus International 210100-1311) 5/1991 © 1991

LIVE I (LP: Gang MTE 0543/4) 6/1993 © 1993

LIVE II (LP: Gang MTE 0545/6) 6/1993 © 1993

and loads more through to 2003

PULNOC

Milan Hlavsa (vocals, bass), Josef Janicek (keyboards, vocals), Jiri Kabes (guitar), Jiri Krivka (lead guitar), Petr Kumandzas (drums), Michaela Nemcova (vocals), Tomas Schilla (cello) #

Quirky but lightweight rock by ex-Plastic People members.

PULNOC A GARAZ (MLP: Panton 81 1057-6311) © 1990 - A-side only

> Sanitka Pro Rumunsko (7": Globus International 210001-7311) 22/12/1989 © 1990

PULNOC (LP: Globus International 210011-1311) 1-2/1990 © 1990 #

CITY OF HYSTERIA (LP: Arista 21 2523) © 1991

RELAXACE

Karel Babuljak (zithers, harmonium, percussion, vocals), Ales Brezina (violin, ektar, percussion, vocals), Vlastislav Matousek (tabla, gongs, metalophon, percussion, vocals), Jiri Mazanek (vocals, guitar, sitars, tanpura, harmonium, percussion) #

Innovative folk and ethnic fusion blending Indian and European musics, and full of surprises.

Tempus Perfectum / Gamelani Jdou / Vecerni Narez (7" EP: Panton 81 0353-7) © 1988

HUDBA SFER (MC: Panton 81 0955-4) © 1989 - split with Capella Antiqua E Moderna

DHJANA (CD: Arta F1 0005-2511) © 1991 #

KADAEL (CD: Arta F1 0042-2) 1/1993 © 1993

MORNING PRAYER (CD: Anne Records ANNE 010-2) 12+20/4/1990 © 2002

RICHTER BAND

Pavel Richter (guitars, bass, percussion, clarinets), Stepan Pecirka (fidlerphone, pots, bass), Tonda Hlavka (percussion, drums, guitars, radio, marimba)

Surreal echo guitars, cosmic and ethnic musics, the RICHTER BAND was like a blast from the past back to the early Kosmiche Krautrock and cross-culture music from Germany, but with a different central European feel. A more recently released album containing 1988-90 exists called SMETANA. Pavel Richter has also released a number of other collaborative projects working with the likes of: Mikolas Chadima and Oldrich Janota.

RICHTER BAND (CD: Rachot RT 0002-2 311) 10/1991 © 1992

ROZMAZANE DETI

Milan Baca (vocals), Roman Hlavacek (guitar), Zdenek Klon (bass), Jaroslav Svoboda (keyboards), Milan Brezina (saxophone), Milan Hruska (drums)

Kinda crazed punky MCH Band vein.

MEXICO FAMILY (LP: Monitor 01 0010-1311) © 1991

Lesek SEMELKA & SLS

Lesek Semelka (vocals, synthesizers), Stanislav Kubes (guitars), Michal Pavlik (keyboards), Jan Kavale (bass), Vlado Cech (drums, percussion)

Lightweight progressive by former M. Efekt member and band.

LESEK SEMELKA & SLS (LP: Supraphon 1113 3696) 4/1984 © 1985, English vocal version: COLOURED DREAMS (LP: Supraphon 1113 3705) © 1985

> PLANETA LIDI. XII. ROCNIK FESTIVALU POLITICKE PISNE SOKOLOV (LP: Supraphon 1114 3880) 1984 © 1985

plus numerous singles!

SER UN PEYJALERO

Jiri Pejchal (accordion, guitar, vocals), Mirka Hornova (bass, keyboards, vocals), Mario Valerian (clarinet, guitar, vocals), Bob Smejkal (bass, guitar), Petr Zikmund (drums)

Strange rock-fusion with notable RIO influence.

JOINT IS BETTER THAN PANZERFAUST (LP: MXM M1 0005-1311) 5-6/1990 © 1990 (CD: Black Point BP 0093-2/4) © 1996 - 3 bonus tracks

U (CD: Panton 811123-2311) 5-6/1992 © 1993

THE BIRTHDAY'S IGNORANCE (CD: Indies MAM015-2,4) © 1995

Jiri STIVIN

A much travelled and adventurous, jazz saxophonist and flautist, formerly of Jazz Q, he's recorded many inventive fusion albums covering a wide range of styles, from solo improvisation through to high-tech fusion.

Audion extract: Ex-Jazz Q flautist/saxophonist Jiri Stivin has become much travelled working with numerous international musicians like Pierre Favre and other associates of the ECM crowd, he also worked with Vladimir Misik's Etc before following a solo career and forming his own band: Jiri Stivin & Co Jazz System. STATUS QUO VADIS was more of a progressive album than his other releases, hinting at his involvement with M.Efekt in the early Seventies.

Stivin & Co. Jazz System, split with Vladimir Tomek S Prateli: JAZZ SYSTEM (LP: Panton 11 0265) © 1971

PET RAN DO CEPICE / FIVE HITS IN A ROW (LP: Supraphon 1115 1229) © 1972

with Rudolf Dasek: TANDEM (LP: Supraphon 1 15 1799) 14/6/1974 © 1974

with Rudolf Dasek: SYSTEM TANDEM (LP: JAPO 60008 ST) 5/1974 © 1975

ZVEROKRUH / ZODIAC (LP: Supraphon 1 15 2015) 10/1976 © 1977

with Tony Scott & Rudolf Dasek: ROZHOVORY / CONVERSATION (LP: Supraphon 1115 2890) 5/1978 © 1981

with Mirka Krivankova: ZRCADLENI / REFLECTIONS (LP: Supraphon 1115 3116) 1982+1984 © 1984

with Pierre Favre: VYLETY / EXCURSIONS (2LP: Supraphon 1115 3381-82) 11/1979 © 1981

STATUS QUO VADIS (LP: Supraphon 1115 3967) 1-3/1986 © 1987

with Jiri Stivin Jr: TWO GENERATIONS IN JAZZ (CD: P&J 005-1) © 1994

STROMBOLI

Michal Pavlicek (guitars, guitar synthesizer, bass, vocals), Vladimir Kulhanek (bass), Klaudius Kryspin (drums), Bara Basikova (vocals)

Bombastic progressive fronted by guitarist Michal Pavlicek, with a Kate Bush-like vocalist and Magma fusion elements.

STROMBOLI (2LP: Panton 81 0698-1) 1985-1986 © 1990

Sandonoriko / Okolo Ohnu (7": Panton 81 0384-7311) © 1989

SHUT DOWN (LP/CD: Panton 81 0811-1311/2311) 6/1988-4/1989 © 1990

SYNKOPY 61

Michal Polak (vocals, guitar), Petr Smeja (guitar, vocals), Pavel Pokorny (organ, guitar, violin), Jan Carvas (bass), Jiri Rybar (drums, percussion) #

A 1960s pop band who released numerous singles and a couple of 10" LP's, they were very Uriah Heep inspired rock on XANTIPA. They split in 1975 and later reformed as: Synkopy & Oldrich Vesely.

Vitezstvi Svetla (7" EP: Panton 03 0122) © 1968

Buh Lenosti / Casanova (7": Discant 0 43 0006) © 1969

Jennifer Eccles / Step Inside (7": Panton 04 0225) © 1969

Hul, Nuz A Cop / Prichazi Den (7": Panton 04 0333) © 1971

A Bylo Nam Hej (7" EP: Panton 03 0248) © 1971

Ja Slysim Muzy / Byl Jednou Jeden Kral (7": Panton 04 0313) © 1971

FESTIVAL (7" LP: Panton 08 0248) © 1972

V Patek Uragan Val / Maly Lord (7": Panton 04 0261) © 1972

XANTIPA (10" LP: Panton 22 0414) © 1973 #

Robinson / Park (7": Panton 04 0447

FORMULE 1 (10" LP: Panton 22 0503) © 1975

FESTIVAL - XANTIPA - FORMULE 1 (2CD: FT Records FT0104-2) © 2008

SYNKOPY & Oldrich VESELY

Oldrich Vesely (synthesizers, clavinet, pianos, organ, vocals), Vratislav Lukas (guitar, synthesizer, clavinet, cello, vocals), Pavel Pokornıy (synthesizers, organ, electric piano, vocals), Emil Kopriva (guitar, vocals), Petr Smeja (guitar), Jiri Rybar (drums, percussion, synthesizer, vocals) #

Featuring Oldrich Vesely (also of Modry Efekt), and originally known as Synkopy 61. These pretty much sounded like a Genesis inspired twist on late-1970s M. Efekt, and (according to the cover notes of FLYING TIME) contain strong influence of Moravian folk melodies.

SLUNECNI HODINY (LP: Panton 8113 0078) 7-8/1981 © 1981 (CD: Bonton BON 493163-2) © 1999 #

Mladsi Sestry Vzpominek / Valka Je Vul (7": Panton 8143 0154) © 1982

KRIDLENI (LP: Panton 8113 0407) 1983 © 1983, (CD: Bonton BON 501686-2) © 2001 - plus English versions of songs

FLYING TIME (LP: Panton 8113 0543) 2/1985 © 1985 - English vocal version of KRIDLENI

ZRCADLA (LP: Panton 8113 0582) 9-10/1985 © 1985

Loutka Na Setrvacnik / V Pristim Stoleti (7": Panton 81 0328-7311) © 1987

TANGO

Miroslav Imrich (vocals), Zdenek Juracka (guitars, vocals), Frantisek Kotva (guitars, vocals), Ota Balaz (keyboards, sax, vocals), Jiri Novotny (bass, vocals), Jaroslav Vondrak (drums, percussion)

Synthesizer based pop-rock with prog edges.

ELEKTRICKY BAL (LP: Supraphon 1113 4067) 6-7/1985 © 1985, English vocal version: ELECTRIC BALL (LP: Supraphon 10 3999-1311) © 1986

TANGO '87 (LP: Supraphon 1113 4216) 8/1986 © 1987

MURA, HOP! (LP: Supraphon 11 0165-1311) 11/1987 © 1988

plus numerous singles.

TOYEN

Petr Chromovsky (vocals, guitars), Petr Vana (guitars, keyboards, tambourine, vocals), Petr Vaclavek (bass), Jiri Simecek (drums, percussion)

Modern progressive with heavy gothic style.

IA ORANA (CD: Indies Records MAM 041-2) "plus CD-ROM" © 1997

TRIJO

Vojtech Havel (cello), Petr Chlouba (percussion), Miroslav Pudlak (piano), Vaclav Bratrych (saxophone)

Inventive jazz-fusion.

TRIJO (LP: Panton 81 0686-1511) © 1989

URFAUST

Mirka Krivankova (vocals), Patrick Fulgoni (vocals), Richard Mader (guitar, keyboards, effects, bass), Petr Venkrbec (sax), Pavel Ryba (bass), Frantisek Svacina (keyboards), Chris Sykes (drums) #

Bizarre underground psych/prog and Kava Kava hybrid.

FAUST A MARKETA / FAUST & MARGARET (CD: Faust FR 05-2331) 4/1995 © 1995 #

with Gary Lucas: THE GHOSTS OF PRAGUE (CD: Faust FR 06-2331) © 1996

UZ JSME DOMA

Miroslav Wanek (vocals, guitar, vibes, celesta, piano), Jindrich Dolansky (tenor sax, vocals), Alice Kalouskova (alto sax, vocals), Romek Janzlik (guitar, vocals), Pavel Kerka (bass, vocals), Milan Novy (drums, vocals)

A peculiar twist on new-wave, folk musics, and radical weird pop. Comparable to Pere Ubu.

Rock Debut 7 (7": Panton 81 0395-7311) © 1989

UPROSTRED SLOV (LP: Globus International 210015-1311) 5/1990 © 1990 (CD: Indies MAM 029-2) © 1996

NEMILOVANY SVET (LP/CD: Panton 81 0862-1311/2311) 6-7/1990 © 1991

> ROLL OVER TEPLICE (LP: Ann AN 0001-1311) 5/1991 © 1991

HOLLYWOOD (LP: Rachot 743 211 344 12) 11-12/1992 © 1993

POHADKY ZE ZAPOTREBI (CD: Indies MAM016-2,4) © 1995

Karel VELEBNY & SHQ

Influential big-band free-jazz and jazz-fusion outfit, acclaimed as the very first Czech jazz-rock group (formed in 1967).

KARL VELEBNY & SHQ (LP, USA: ESP Disk 1080) © 1969

MOTUS (LP: Supraphon 1 15 1138) © 1972

JAZZOVE NEBAJKY / THE JAZZ NEBYEKI (JAZZ NON-FABLES) (LP: Panton 11 0338) © 1973

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 78

PARNAS / ANNIVERSARY (LP: Supraphon 1115 2878) © 1981

> JAZZ A LA CARTE

Oldrich VESELY & Pavel VRBA

Melodic rock featuring Synkopy members.

DLOUHA NOC (LP: Panton 81 0957-1311) 9-10/1989 © 1990

Emil VIKLICKY

Jazz pianist and fusion group leader, much in demand as a jazz and pop session musician.

V HOLOMOCI MESTE... / FOLK INSPIRED JAZZ PIANO (LP: Supraphon 1 15 2233) © 1978

OKNO (LP: Supraphon 1115 2754) © 1981 - with: Bill Frisell, Kermit Driscoll, Vinton Johnson

SPOLU / TOGETHER (LP: Supraphon 1115 3013) © 1981

> JAZZ A LA CARTE

DVERE / DOOR (LP: Supraphon 1115 3768) 1979-1984 © 1984 - with: Bill Frisell, Kermit Driscoll, Vinton Johnson

plus many more

Alan VITOUS

The brothers Alan and Miroslav Vitous were originally in a jazz trio with Jan Hammer in the 1960s, who split when Miroslav gained a scholarship in Boston, USA in 1967 followed by Jan also absconding to the US. Alan however remained in Czechoslovakia, inactive (discography wise) until the 1980s.

> JAZZ PRAHA LIVE (LP: Panton 81-0660) 2/4/1985 © 1986 - Jana Koubkova (vocals, percussion), Vojtech Havel (cello), Alan Vitous (percussion)

VITOUS (Featuring Miroslav Vitous ) (LP: Panton 81 0886) © 1989, RETURN (CD, France: FNAC 662048) © 1992

plus lots of collaborations and session work

Miroslav VITOUS

An innovative jazz bassist, much of Miroslav's 1970s output is with Weather Report, and he is also much travelled as a soloist and in collaboration with other artists (mostly on ECM Records with the likes of Terje Rypdal). In the late-80s Miroslav was able to return to Czechoslovakia and again work together with his brother. Here are some of his most celebrated albums of the 70s.

PURPLE (LP, Japan: CBS SOPM-157) © 1970

INFINITE SEARCH (LP, USA: Embryo SD 524) © 1970

MAJESTY MUSIC (LP, USA: Arista AL 4099) © 1976

MAGICAL SHEPHERD (LP, UK: Warner Bros. K 56219) © 1976

MIROSLAV (LP, USA: Arista Freedom AF 1040) © 1977

plus lots more

Zbynek VOSTRAK

Contemporary classical, avant-garde and electronic music composer.

META-MUSIC / TELEPATHY / THREE SONNETS FROM SHAKESPEARE (LP: Supraphon 1 10 0966) © 1972

> FROM CZECH ELECTRONIC MUSIC STUDIOS

ZENTOUR

Janek Ledecky (guitar, vocals), Jan Cerny (bass), Petr Ackermann (keyboards), David Koller (drums)

Late-1980s prog.

001 (LP: Supraphon 1113 4200) 12/1985-2/1986 © 1986

YOU DRIVE ME CRAZY (LP: Supraphon 1113 4257) © 1987 - English vocal version of above

003 (LP: Tommu 61 0001-1311) © 1990

005 (LP: Monitor 01 0025-1331) 4-7/1991 © 1991

plus numerous singles.

ZIKKURAT

Jiri Krivka (vocals, guitar, synthesizer, bass, drums), Vilem Cok (vocals, bass, guitar, percussion), Tomas Havrda (drums)

Underground in MCH Band / Extempore Band vein, with Can and new-wave touches too.

ZIKKURAT 1979-82 (2LP: AG Kult K1 0002/3-1312) 10/1979-3/1982 © 1991

ZIKKURAT (CD: Black Point BP 0102-2/4) © 1997

Z KOPCE

Petr Vasa (vocals, guitars), Pavel Zelma (bass, piano, choir, viola), Pavel Koudelka (drums, percussion, choir), Vojtech Kupcik (violin) #

Parallel band to Osklid. Eccentric rock, a bit like Pere Ubu.

Nuda / Poletovani / Kde Je Marie (7" EP: Panton 81 0360-7311) © 1988

BIG BEAT (LP: Panton 81 0876-1311) 5-7/1988 © 1989 #

Nepritel / Mel Jsi Bradu V Dlanich (7": Panton 81 0362-7311) © 1990

PLNE ZALUDKY X VELKE CILE (LP: Panton 81 1054-1311) 1990 © 1990

credited to Z Kopce / Osklid: JESTE PORAD TADY JE NADEJE II (LP: Panton 81 1157-1311) 4-9/1991 © 1991, (CD: Panton 81 1158-2311) © 1992 - plus bonus tracks

Various Artists

BAZAREM PROMEN (LP: Panton 81 0812-1311) 1967-1976 © 1990

collection tracing the careers of two guitarists: Frantisek Francl and Vladimir Padrunka's with Flamengo, Etc. and Jazz Q, with many rare tracks.

CZECH MASTERS OF ROCK GUITAR (LP: Best 1.A J1 0018-1311) 6-11/1991 © 1992

featuring: Lubos Andrst, Radim Hladik, Michal Pavlicek, etc.

CZECH! TILL NOW (LP: Cafe Europe CE 84001A-1) 1981-1984 © 1984

live recordings by: Extempore Band, Jablkon, Jeste Jsme Se Nedohodli, MCH Band, etc.

FROM CZECH ELECTRONIC MUSIC STUDIOS (LP: Supraphon 1 11 1423) 1967-1968 © 1974

avant-garde electronics by Zbynek Vostrak, Miroslav Istvan, Vaclav Kucera.

JAZZ A LA CARTE (LP: Panton 8115 0170) 1975-1978 © 1981

Combo FH, Jazz Q, SHQ, Emil Viklicky, etc.

JAZZ MAGMA (LP: Panton 8115 0580) 11/1985-2/1986 © 1986

new 80s jazz-rock by Transjazz, Naima, Jan Buchar Quartet, Jakub Venzel.

JAZZROCKOVA DILNA (LP: Panton 11 0572) 3/1975 © 1975

jazz-rock festival, with: CH.A.S.A., Impuls, Jazz Q, Jazzrockova Dilna.

JAZZROCKOVA DILNA 2 (LP: Panton 11 0598) 1976 © 1976

jazz-rock festival, with: Energit, Jazz Q and Impuls.

LOOKING EAST - CSFR (CD: Erdenklang 19512) © 1992

introduction to Czech synth music. Including: Daniel Forro (ex-Progres 2 keyboardist), Jiri Hradec (ex-Extempore Band), Jan Jirasek (computer specialist), Pavel Kopecky, Martin Kratochvil (former leader of Jazz Q), Jiri Stohner, etc.

NIGHT CLUB '68 (LP: Supraphon 113 0560) © 1969

with Flamengo, Framus Five, etc.

2. CS. BEAT-FESTIVAL (LP: Supraphon 113 0607) 12/1968 © 1969

festival recordings by Blues Five, Flamengo, Framus Five, etc.

STARE POVESTI CESKE (LP: Supraphon 113 1719) 10-11/1975 © 1975

theatrical concept with rare original tracks by Modry Efekt and Olympic.

EAST GERMANY / DDR

Extremely strict, the DDR government via the sole state-owned pop, rock and jazz label: Amiga, allowed very little in the way of progressive music to appear until the late 1970s. Even then, if lyrics were included, they had to be written by state vetted lyricists! It's surprising that a progressive music scene grew at all in the DDR, but what did grow was like a miniature reflection of the West German scene, but with a unique feel that's most distinctive.

Since the re-unification of Germany there seems to be no active scene, (excepting a few synthesists) most bands having been killed-off by the strong political stranglehold of the 80s. The Amiga label seems to have disappeared too.

BAYON

Christoph Theusner (acoustic guitar, flute), Sonny Thet (vocals, acoustic guitar, percussion), Reiner Patzold (bass) #

Blending oriental musics with psychedelic rock and jazz, Bayon were unique and often surprising. Their early works on the "Hallo" series were very Krautrock styled, but with the influence of oriental members on their LPs they moved towards the ethnic realms of Continuum or Between. There are also a number of compilations from the HALLO recordings and albums issued on CD plus a reformation.

Audion extract: These are a most curious band. Seemingly half Oriental, half European their music is a fusion of both cultures: traditional oriental instruments and folk melodies meet with guitars etc and European fusion to make something new - a kind of East-West music (but that doesn't-really make any sense here, I suppose it's really Far East-Near East music!). Their debut BAYON displayed an awareness in how to mix musics different to anyone else, there's even a little bit of classical music in two tracks. The closest comparison I could call to this is early albums by Tri Atma but with a "Chinese" feel rather than Indian. Above all else however, Bayon prove to be exceptionally talented musicians on a variety-of familiar and obscure instruments and genuinely forage a new niche in music with this album. I haven't heard their second album, however their third EL SONIDO is quite different. Nigh on all the jazzy elements have gone, replaced entirely by light rock and classical motifs. The mixture is undoubtedly more original, Jet from my point of view far less successful, as the very sedate atmosphere makes it a mite lacklustre and inconsequential. However, Bayon are a band to check out if you're interested in world-music at all.

> HALLO, NR. 1

> HALLO, NR. 2

> HALLO, NR. 8

> HALLO, NR. 9

Lautensuite / Haus Der Kindheit (7": Amiga 4 56 240) © 1976

BAYON (LP: Amiga 8 55 570) © 1978

SUITE (LP: Amiga 8 55 772) © 1980 #

EL SONIDO (LP: Amiga 8 56 139) 12/82-8/1985 © 1986

DIE SUITEN (CD: BuschFunk 0076-2) © 1997 - compilation of the various "Bayon Suite" works including unreleased tracks

FIRST RECORDINGS 1971-1973 (CD: Wydawnictwo 21 21.003) © 1999 - compilation of "Hallo" LP tracks

BERLUC

Dietmar Ranker (drums), Alexander Stehr (keyboards), Manfred Kahler (vocals), Gerd Poppel (guitar), Gunter Briesenick (bass)

Initially a space-rock group of great promise, with an ambitious concept debut seemingly inspired by Pink Floyd's DARK SIDE OF THE MOON. Later LP's pursued a more ordinary hard-rock style.

Audion extract: Berluc were a one album wonder, with later albums after their debut being rather ordinary. REISE ZU DEN STERNEN tells the story of a journey into space via a selection of songs and instrumentals segued by abstract electronic effects, computer voices etc. It's probably the closest thing in East Germany to DARK SIDE OF THE MOON, though the range of styles is even wider.

REISE ZU DEN STERNEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 692) 1979 © 1979 (LP: Pool 6.24959) © 1979

HUNDERTAUSEND URGEWALTEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 934) 1981 © 1982 (CD: DSB 3236-2) © 1993

ROCKER VON DER KUSTE (LP: Amiga 8 56 090) © 1984

Hansi BIEBL BAND

Hansi Biebl (vocals, guitar), Peter Krause (drums), Michael Kaszubowski (bass), Stefan Schirrmacher (guitar), Willi Becker (bass), Carlos Shuffat (percussion), Bernd Kleinow (harmonica)

Blues band.

HANSI BIEBL BAND (LP: Amiga 8 55 716) © 1979

BURKHOLZ FORMATION

Blues/brass-rock group, with hints of Panta Rhei.

> HALLO, NR. 10

CENTRIC

Punchy psych-spiced rock with a Die Puhdys edge.

> HALLO, NR. 8

CITY

Georgi Gogow (bass, violin), Toni Krahl (vocals, 12-string guitar), Klaus Selmke (drums), Fritz Puppel (guitars) #

Originally with a Bulgarian guitarist, City offered a unique blending of folk ethnic styles and rock. Their debut LP spawned the hit single "Am Fenster", an inventive song, it lead to the more experimental DER TATOWIERTE. Latterly without George Gogow however their music has become more like a Teutonic version of The Eagles!

Audion extract: These started as a folk-rock group who had an unexpected hit single with AM FENSTER in both East and West Germany. This seemingly sealed their success as all their albums (plus a retrospective with English lyrics) have been released in West Germany. Their debut showed an erratic band torn between commerciality and invention, and contained a side-long expanded version of their hit. The second album DER TATOWIERTE (or CITY 2 in West Germany) proved to be their best, containing many good tracks, particularly the excellent Bulgarien Rock with its elaborate variations on folk melodies, rattling along with a myriad of guitar solos, it ducks and dives melodically in most frenetic fashion. The interplay of guitar against drums is almost like that of Ax Genrich and Mani Neumeier in Guru Guru. Further releases sadly tended to follow from the poorer tracks on these albums, and hence they haven't really come up with another good album since, unless I've missed it that is!

AM FENSTER (LP: Amiga 8 55 586) © 1978, aka CITY (LP: Pool 6.23513) © 1978 (CD: Pool 244114-2) © 1978

DER TATOWIERTE (LP: Amiga 8 55 647) © 1979, aka CITY 2 (LP: Pool 6.23874) © 1979 #

DREAMLAND (LP: Amiga 8 55 816) © 1980 (LP: Pool 6.24391) © 1980 - English vocal reworks.

UNTER DER HAUT (LP: Amiga 8 56 009) © 1983 (LP: Pool 6.25652) © 1983

FEUER IM EIS (LP: Amiga 8 56 081) © 1985 (LP: Pool 6.26074) © 1984

CASSABLANCA (LP: Amiga 6.26444) © 1987 (CD: Pool 826444-2) © 1987

and at least 6 more!

DATZU

Rainer Oleak (keyboards), Annett Kolpin (vocals), Peter Lorenz (alto sax, percussion), Ingo Politz (drums, keyboards), Stefan Schirmacher (guitar), Peter "Bimbo" Rasym (bass)

Pop rock.

BIST DU NOCH WACH (LP: Amiga 8 56 397) 1988 © 1989

Jurgen ECKE

Tangerine Dream inspired synthesist.

SOUND-SYNTHESE: ELECTRONICS (LP: Amiga 8 56 171) © 1986

ELECTRA

Bernd Aust (flute, sax, keyboards), Hans Peter Dohanetz (keyboards), Peter Ludewig (drums, percussion, vocals), Wolfgang Riedel (bass), Peter Sandkaulen (guitars), Stephan Trepte (vocals)

One of the longest running DDR bands. During the 70s they only got to make one proper album, ADAPTIONEN an instrumental classical rock outing. The other two are anthologies that cover a decade between them, with ELECTRA 3 as their definitive prog album. After the symphonic rock opus DIE SIXTINISCHE MADONNA however, Electra became trapped by the system, only allowed to make music that was 'safe', thus they adopted a lightweight Novalis-like style.

Audion extract: ...their second ADAPTIONEN presented them as a most talented classical-rock group. All the works are rock adaptations of famous classical pieces, and for what it is it's very successful - one of the finest such LP's I've heard - really good arrangements, lots of keyboards and flute, but a bit lacking in the guitar department (i.e. the guitarist is good but nothing special). I'd thoroughly recommend it to those who like instrumental The Nice, Ekseption, Trace and such-like. ELECTRA 3 didn't surface until 1980, in fact this features recordings from over several years, even before the second LP, and catalogues the progress of a schizophrenic innovative band, from quaintly dated psychedelia, through symphonic rock, hard-rock, to a most bizarre song that resembles Floh De Cologne. There's many great instrumentals, and there's also a style of prog-rock presented here that became-indigenous to East Germany - a type of symphonic style with unusual timed rhythms, subtle musical interplay and poetic German lyric - not unlike the West German band Novalis. Their next album: DIE SIXTINISCHE MADONNA was a most ambitious project. Mainly a long suite with a large operatic chorale, it was a bold statement that had some great moments, though the operatic content can be a bit hard to come to grips with. Latterly, further Electra albums paled and became inconsequential.

Unsere Sommerliebe / Die Briefwaage (7": Amiga 455 858) © 1971

> HALLO, NR. 3

> HALLO, NR. 5

> HALLO, NR. 6

> HALLO, NR. 12

ELECTRA COMBO (LP: Amiga 8 55 311) © 1974 (CD: Grauzone GRZ 301-26) © 1994

Doch Das Feuer Dieser Erde / Weiter, Weiter... (7": Amiga 456 041) © 1974

> HALLO, NR. 1/75

Bemuhe Dich / Wenn Du Mich Fragst (7": Amiga 456 092) © 1975

ADAPTIONEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 501) 1974 © 1976

ELECTRA 3 (LP: Amiga 8 55 762) 1979 © 1980

DIE SIXTINISCHE MADONNA (LP: Amiga 8 55 802) © 1980 (LP: Pool 6.24960) © 1981, (CD: Amiga 2119 599-2) © 1993 - 1 bonus track [1972]

EIN TAG WIE EINE BRUCKE (LP: Amiga 8 55 809) © 1981

Jeden Morgen / Funf Uhr (7": Amiga 456 478) © 1981

Vier Milliarden In Einem Boot / Nie Zuvor (7": Amiga 456 552) © 1984

AUGEN IN DER SEHNSUCHT (LP: Amiga 8 56 155) © 1985

TAUSEND UND EIN GEFUHL (LP: Amiga 8 56 275) © 1987

DER AUFRECHTE GANG (CD: Amiga 82876 64514 2-8) © 1989/2004 - in "Die Original Amiga Alben" box set

> SACHSENDREIER

LIVE (2CD: Buschfunk 01692) © 2001

plus a few split singles on the DT Studio series, etc.

EXPANDER DES FORTSCHRITTS

Uwe Baumgratner (vocals), Jorg Beilfuss (drums, keyboards), Susanne Binas (sax, keyboards, vocals), Eckehard Binas (keyboards, guitar, sax), Mario Persch (guitar, vocals)

Experimental new-wave, much like a collision of Einsturzende Neubauten and Henry Cow.

URKNALL - HORDE - MENSCH (MC: Irrmenschkassette 01) © 1988

EXPANDER DES FORTSCHRITTS (MC: Zoneton ZT 001) © 1988, (LP: Points East PE-04) © 1989

> ReR QUARTERLY, VOL.2 NO.4 (LP+mag: ReR 0204) © 1989

AD ACTA (MC/LP/CD: Zong 2470/2770/2170 001) © 1990

FIEDLER / EITNER / SCHLOTT

Wolfgang Fiedler (keyboards, sequencer, computer, percussion), Gerhard Eitner (guitars, bass), Volker Schlott (soprano/alto/sopranino saxes, flutes, percussion, zither)

High-tech fusion with Pat Metheny and systemic styles.

Audion extract: Released on the Amiga Jazz series UNIT is totally unlike any other jazz based music I've heard from Eastern Germany, in fact to just call such music as this jazz is completely wrong. Unit are a trio of versatile multi-instrumentalists, very adept and inventive, and heavily influenced by Western fusion and new-age music. Thus they sound totally unlike an East Euro band, more like an amalgam of Egberto Gismonti , Pat Metheney, Jan Garbarek and others, whilst also taking in elements of systems music of the Lost Jockey / Mikel Rouse type, and exploring that new field of music "electronic-fusion" too. A very inventive and enticing blend that, while in parts being a bit too boppy for my personal taste, should be of interest to anyone into hi-tech innovative fusion.

UNIT (LP: Amiga 8 56 330)

Lutz GLANDIEN

Electroacoustic music composer.

> ReR QUARTERLY, VOL.2 NO.4 (LP+mag: ReR 0204) © 1989

> ReR QUARTERLY, VOL.3 NO.2 (LP+mag: ReR 0302) © 1990

with Chris Cutler: DOMESTIC STORIES (CD: ReR LSMCD) © 1993

SCENES FROM NO MARRIAGE (CD: ReRC LG1) 1989-1993 © 1994

Nina HAGEN (BAND)

Nina Hagen (vocals), Herwig Mitteregger (drums), Manfred Praeker (bass), Bernhard Potschka (guitar), Reinhold Heil (keyboards)

Outrageous female vocalist, who made quite an impression when she defected to the West, joining up with musicians from satirical rock band Lokomotive Kreuzberg, spurred on by the new-wave.

> HALLO 1/75 - as Nina Hagen & Automobil

NINA HAGEN BAND (LP: CBS 83136) © 1978 (CD: CBS 83136-2) © 1985

UNBEHAGEN (LP: CBS 84104) © 1979 (CD: Columbia 32351) © 1991

HANS DIE GEIGE

Violinist Hans Wintoch aided by Stern Meissen members.

HANS DIE GEIGE (LP: Amiga 8 56 373) © 1988

Peter HOLTEN-SEPTET

Early-70s beat/brass-rock band, with a kind of Krautrocky/psych-pop edge.

> HALLO, NR. 8

> HALLO, NR. 10

and on various other compilations!

JOCO-DEV-SEXTETT

Formed in 1967, these were unfortunate in that their only output during their 14 year history was a single and a few contributions on compilations. Based on their Hallo tracks they were a psychedelic rock band with hints of Jade Warrior and Jethro Tull.

Cosmic Egg extract: Based on their HALLO series contributions, these were obviously far too progressive for the strictly controlled DDR scene. They would seem to have been inspired by British acts like Jade Warrior, Raw Material, et al., but they added a psychedelic feel kind of like Die Puhdys, with a little Krautrock feeling too. A unique combination. A great shame they never made an album, as it could have been quite phenomenal.

Stapellauf / Wenn Die Schwalben Wiederkehren (7": Amiga 4 55 841) © 1971 - on DT-64 radio series

> HALLO, NR. 1

> HALLO, NR. 3

> HALLO, NR. 8

KARAT

Herbert Dreilich (vocals, guitar), Hans-Joachim Neumann (vocals), Henning Protzmann (bass, vocals), Bernd Romer (guitar), Michael Schwandt (drums), Ulrich Swillms (keyboards)

Amongst the most popular of DDR progressives, with Pink Floyd and Novalis stylings in the typical DDR light progressive style, with angular German lyrics and a symphonic feel.

Audion extract: Also very patchy are the long-running Karat. The have gained many releases in West Germany and seem be exceptionally popular. Most of their albums a song saturated, fusing folk melodies with pop-roc techno and space styles, they can sound like anything from The Police to Grobschnitt to Pink Floyd and course Novalis (again!). The best I've heard is the 1979 album ALBATROS.

KARAT (LP: Amiga 8 55 573) 1975 © 1978

UBER SIEBEN BRUCKEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 695) 1979 © 1979, aka ALBATROS (LP: Pool 6.24087) © 1979 (CD: Teldec 244 107-2) © 1988 - on ALBATROS track "Konig Der Welt", which was a minor hit single in W.Germany (culled from the DDR debut LP) substituted "He Mama"

SCHWANENKONIG (LP: Amiga 8 55 770) 1980 © 1980 (LP: Pool 6.24363) © 1980 (CD: Teldec 244103-2) © 198?

DER BLAUE PLANET (LP: Amiga 8 55 929) 1982 © 1982 (LP: Pool 6.25377) © 1982 (CD: Teldec 244097-2) © 198?, aka MODRA PLANETA (LP: Supraphon 1113 3269) © 1983

DIE SIEBEN WUNDER DER WELT (LP: Amiga 8 56 011) © 1983 (LP: Pool 6.25651) © 1983 (CD: DSB 3231-2) © 1993

LIVE - 10 JAHRE - AUF DEM WEG ZU EUCH (2LP: Amiga 8 56 094-095) 1984 © 1985

FUNFTE JAHRESZEIT (LP: Amiga 8 56 218) © 1986 (CD: Teldec 243919-2) © 1986

IM NACHSTEN FRIEDEN (LP: Amiga 8 56 461) © 1990, (CD: Extra / Austrophon 17002) © 1990

and at least 10 more and loads of singles!

KARUSSELL

Reinhard Huth (vocals, 12-string guitar), Jochen Hohl (drums), Wolf Rudiger Raschke (keyboards), Bernd Dunnebeil (guitars), Peter Glaser (vocals, guitars), Claus Winter (bass)

Mainstream progressive rock, like more commercial Karat.

ENTWEDER ODER (LP: Amiga 8 55 687) © 1979,

DAS EINZIGE LEBEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 786) © 1980 (CD: DSB 3230-2) © 1993

KARUSSELL (LP: Pool 6.28559) 1980-1981 © 1981 - compilation from above two LPs

SCHLARAFFENBERG (LP: Amiga 8 55 897) © 1982

WAS KANN ICH TUN (LP: Amiga 8 56 058) © 1984

CAFE ANONYM (LP: Amiga 8 56 290) © 1987

SOLCHE WIE DU (LP/CD: 013 10012/3) © 1990

SONNENFEUER (CD: Monopol M 5122) © 1994

plus loads of singles!

Jurgen KERTH

Jurgen Kerth (guitar, vocals, bass), Lothar Wilke (keyboards), Eberland Meyerdirks (drums, percussion), Bernd Kleinow (harmonica) #

[aka KERTH or Jurgen Kerth Band] Very varied rock.

> HALLO, NR. 5

ERFURT (LP: Amiga 8 55 599) © 1979

KOMM HEREIN (LP: Amiga 8 55 780) © 1980

GLORIOSA (LP: Amiga 8 55 860) © 1981 #

plus singles

KEY

Frank Fehse & Andreas Fregin (synthesizers)

Upbeat and tuneful synth music.

KEY (LP: Amiga 8 56 423) © 1988

Horst KRUGER-BAND

Horst Kruger (vocals, keyboards), Harry Meder (piano, organ), Heinz-Jürgen Gottschalk (vocals, guitar), Bernd Romer (guitar), Bernd Schulze (saxophone, flute), Stefan Geuther (drums)

Jazzy edged rock, with Nucleus and psychedelic DDR styles. HALLO 1/74 features a version of "Tagesreise" which was later recorded by Lift.

> HALLO 1/74

Ich Bin Da / Ich Kann Barfuss Durch Dornen Gehen (7": Amiga 4 56 070) © 1974

> HALLO 1/75

HORST KRUGER-BAND (LP: Amiga 8 55 418) © 1975

Ach Nee, Nanu, Wer Bist Denn Du... / Heinrich Der Lowe (7": Amiga 4 56 202) © 1976

Reinhard LAKOMY

In the 70s he was keyboardist with many groups and also made a series of children's albums! Then, inspired by Tangerine Dream's momentous East Berlin concert, he went on to create a derivative, but unusual, synth music with a balance of melody and dissonance, also drawing in elements of Jean Michel Jarre and Klaus Schulze.

Audion extract: This guy is their greatest exponent of synth music so far. With his first album DAS GEHEIME LEBEN released in 1981, he took the Tangerine Dream TANGRAM type sound, added a touch of avant-garde abstraction and an equal helping of more commercial melodies and up-beat rhythm to create an album that should have as wide appeal as say Jarre's OXYGENE (except there's nothing on it that could make a hit single). With lengthy tracks that contain nice slow build-ups and sequencer progressions, complex orchestrations and unusual changes, Reinhard showed that an East German could rival the talent of most of the new breed of German or British synthesist, and in fact better many of them. DER TRAUM VON ASGARD came along two years later and followed a similar formula, but with more emphasis on rhythm and melody, and melodic drifts as opposed to abstract ones. ZEITEN recorded along with Rainer Oleak in 1985 saw a further moving away from the TD sound and was a mixed success with some really innovative new rhythmic styles and some less appealing romantic/reflective pieces. Still a better than average synth album that has its own identity, and for that reason is well worth seeking out if you're fed up with lots of synth albums that sound the same.

DAS GEHEIME LEBEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 893) 1981 © 1982

DER TRAUM VON ASGARD (LP: Amiga 8 56 021) © 1983

with Rainer Oleak: ZEITEN (LP: Amiga 8 56 111) © 1984

> LOOKING EAST - EAST GERMANY

AER (CD: Erdenklang 91352) © 1991

plus lots not relevant here!

LIFT

Werther Lohse (drums, vocals), Michael Heubach (synthesizer, organ, electric piano), Till Patzer (alto sax, flute, vocals), Wolfgang Scheffler (electric piano, Mellotron, synthesizer), Henry Pacholski (vocals), Gerhard Zachar (bass, vocals)

Generally a pop-rock band akin to Karat, they moved onto more progressive realms on MEERESFAHRT, with lengthy keyboard fronted tracks akin to Stern Combo Meissen and SBB. Keyboardist Michael Heubach later fronted the pop band Elefant.

Audion extract: Lift have recorded many LP's and are still around today. The greatest triumph I've heard by them yet their 1978 album MEERSFAHRT which contained Stern Meissen type songs alongside power{ or spacious rock fusion. The lengthy title track evoked a dynamism rivalling SBB (or Mahavishnu Orchestra, though not in a jazzy setting). Other albums have had their moments, but are generally very patchy.

> HALLO, NR. 10

> HALLO, 1/74

LIFT (LP: Amiga 8 55 550) © 1977, (CD: Buschfunk 8025-2) © 2000

MEERESFAHRT (LP: Amiga 8 55 638) © 1978, (CD: Buschfunk 8026-2) © 2000

SPIEGELBILD (LP: Amiga 8 55 814) © 1981

NACH HAUS (LP: Amiga 8 56 342) © 1987

> SACHSENDREIER

plus loads of singles!

MAGDEBURG

Dietrich Kessler (keyboards, flute, sax), Gisbert Piatkowski (guitar, vocals), Rudiger Barton (keyboards, vocals), Andreas Kuhnt (bass, vocals), Bernd Schilanski (drums), Hans-Joachim Kneis (lead vocals)

Good melodic progressive, with a strong lyrical and well-balanced style, with Pink Floyd touches, but mostly derivative of Novalis, Karat, etc.

Ebbe Und Flut / Feuer In Der Nacht (7": Amiga 4 56 363) © 1978

In Meinem Land / Kalt Und Heiss (7": Amiga 4 56 188) © 1978

Verkehrte Welt / Was Wird Morgen Sein (7": Amiga 4 56 421) © 1979

MAGDEBURG (LP: Amiga 8 55 703) © 1980 (CD: DSB 3215-2) © 1993 - 1 bonus track

Hundsgemein / Vorsicht, Glas! (7": Amiga 4 56 469) © 1981

VERKEHRTE WELT (LP: Pool 6.24854) © 1981 - reissue of Amiga LP omits 3 tracks, adding singles tracks

DIE NAUTIKS

Rather dated, early-70s bluesy rock band documented on 3 split singles and on...

> HALLO, NR. 1

> HALLO, NR. 8

NEUE GENERATION

Petko Datschew (tenor sax, flute, percussion), Heinz-Jürgen Gottschalk (guitar, vocals, percussion), Rainer Oleak (keyboards, percussion), Daniel Michna (drums, percussion), Hans-Joachim Schweda (bass, vocals), Wolfgang Kobischke (guitar)

Surprisingly poor/mainstream super-group, typically DDR styled excepting some disco/soul touches, at their best a bit like Karat.

Glashaus... / Wenn Die Sterne Tanzen (7": Amiga 4 56 330) © 1978

NEUE GENERATION (LP: Amiga 8 55 644) © 1979

NO 55

Frank Gahler (vocals, harmonica), Gisbert Piatkowski (guitar), Bernd Hauke (drums, percussion), Georgi Gogow (bass, keyboards, vocals), + Carsten Mohren (keyboards), Rene Decker (alto sax), Andreas Wiszoreck (alto sax), Katrin Lindner (vocals)

Pop rock with Georgi Gogow from City.

KOPF ODER ZAHL (LP: Amiga 8 55 989) © 1983

TRAUME VON GESTERN (LP: Amiga 8 56 312) © 1987

plus singles

PANTA RHEI

Veronika Fischer (vocals), Herbert Dreilich (guitar, vocals), Henning Protzmann (bass, vocals), Ulrich Swillms (piano, organ), Frank Hille (drums), Bernd Richter (trumpet), Ralph Stolle (trombone), Joachim Schmauch (alto sax, flute), Rudolf Ulbricht (tenor sax, flute)

Historic prog-fusion super group (pre-Karat), with Blood Sweat & Tears, Colosseum and Modry Efekt influence.

> HALLO, NR. 1

Hier Wie Nebenan / Nachts (7": Amiga 4 55 880) © 1972

> HALLO, NR. 5

Blues / Der Losverkaufer (7": Amiga 4 56 020) © 1973

PANTA RHEI (LP: Amiga 8 55 318) © 1973, (CD: DSB 2310-2) © 1993 - plus bonus tracks

Herbert Dreilich Und Die Gruppe Panta Rhei: Stunden / Nacht Und Tag (7": Amiga 4 56 038) © 1974

> HALLO, 1/75

Wolfgang PAULKE

Formula Tangerine Dream inspired synthesist.

> ELECTRONIC POP

> ZEITKLANGE ELECTRONICS

> LOOKING EAST - EAST GERMANY

POND

Wolfgang Fuchs, Harald Wittkowski (electronic instruments, percussion) #

Originally a rock band inspired by SBB, they'd become a synth duo by the time of their debut LP, with a melodic rhythmic music strongly influenced by Tangerine Dream.

PLANETENWIND (LP: Amiga 8 56 049) 10/1982-4/1984 © 1984 #, (CD: Musicando 2160 014) © 1990 - plus bonus tracks [1990]

AUF DER SEIDENSTRASSE (LP: Amiga 8 56 179) © 1985

MASCHINENMENSCH (CD: Zong 2170 020) 1990 © 1990

> LOOKING EAST - EAST GERMANY

SPACE WALKS (CD: Ponderosa INR 226.251) © 1993

PRINZIP

Rainer Kirchmann (keyboards), Jurgen Matkiowitz (guitar), Frank Czerny (bass), Klaus Scharfschwerdt (drums)

Progressive rock, akin to Karat, Berluc, Omega, etc.

> HALLO 1/75

FEUER-ROCK (LP: Amiga 8 55 634) © 1978

DIE PUHDYS

Dieter Hertrampf (guitar, vocals), Dieter Birr (guitar, vocals), Harry Jeske (bass), Peter Meyer (keyboards), Gunther Wosylus (drums) #

Originally one of the most progressive pop bands around, their early recordings are often extraordinary and surprising. But, unfortunately their success lead to their downfall as bland copyists of Western trends. Hugely successful later on, but of little interest to prog fans.

DDR Releases...

> HALLO NR. 1

> HALLO NR. 3

> HALLO NR. 4

> HALLO NR. 6

DIE PUHDYS (LP: Amiga 8 55 348) © 1973 #

> HALLO NR. 9

> HALLO NR. 10

> HALLO NR. 12

PUHDYS 2 (LP: Amiga 8 55 404) © 1974

> HALLO 1/75

STURMVOGEL (LP: Amiga 8 55 454) © 1975

DER GROSSEN ERFOLGE (LP: Amiga 8 55 545) © 1977

PERLENFISCHER (LP: Amiga 8 55 576) © 1977

plus, at least 10 more albums and 60+ singles!

West German Releases...

PUHDYS 1 (LP: Hansa 28481) © 1977 #

PUHDYS 2: ROCK N ROLL MUSIC (LP: Hansa 28718) © 1977

PUHDYS 3 (LP: Hansa 28993) © 1978

PUHDYS 4: DIE WILDEN JAHRE (LP: Hansa 25877) © 1978

plus, at least 8 others!

REFORM

Stephan Trepte (vocals, keyboards), Jorg Blankenburg (guitar), Werner Kunze (keyboards, guitar), Jorg Dobbersch (bass), Peter Piele (drums)

With elements of Deep Purple and Pink Floyd blended with a hard-edge Karat type sound Reform's debut was patchy but interesting. Sadly, later albums were not so interesting.

Audion extract: Reform were another band to note. Their debut REFORM was a mixture of refined hard-rock and space rock styles, plus occasionally a bit of folkiness. The album's greatest claim to fame was the 10 minute Feuerball which evoked itself as development from Floyd's Shine On You Crazy Diamond and taking it to more dynamic heights. A later alb UHREN OHNE ZEIGER however, had few redeeming merits.

Ich Suche Dich / Mein Freund (7": Amiga 4 56 355) © 1978

REFORM (LP: Amiga 8 55 690) 1979 © 1979 (CD: DSB 3217-2) © 1993

Der Lowenzahn / Schoner Traum (7": Amiga 4 56 473) © 1981

DER LOWENZAHN (LP: Amiga 8 55 899) © 1981

UHREN OHNE ZEIGER (LP: Amiga 8 56 176) © 1985

BEST OF REFORM (CD: Buschfunk 8047-2) © 2002 - compilation

Klaus RENFT-COMBO

Klaus Renft (bass), Peter Glaser (guitar, vocals), Peter Kschentz (winds), Jochen Hohl (drums), Christian Kunert (keyboards, trombone, guitar, vocals), Thomas Schoppe (guitar, vocals)

[aka RENFT] Melodic rock band from Berlin who started pop, then went a little bit prog and then went back to pop again.

> HALLO, NR. 3

> HALLO, NR. 4

> HALLO, NR. 6

KLAUS RENFT COMBO (LP: Amiga 8 55 326) © 1973

> HALLO, 1/74

Mama / Ermutigung (7": Amiga 4 56 040) © 1974

RENFT (LP: Amiga 8 55 396) © 1974

and many more

Uve SCHIKORA UND SEINE GRUPPE

Uve Schikora (vocals, soprano sax, piano, organ), Michael Schubert (vocals, 12-string guitar), Bernd Muller (organ), Jurgen Matkiowitz (guitar), Jurgen Diessner (bass), Reiner Miehatsch (drums) #

Psychedelic rock blending in psychedelia and Krautrock. Amazingly the instrumental breaks hint at Nosferatu and Xhol!

Cosmic Egg extract: An obscure DDR band, formed by students at the Dresdner Musikhochschule "Carl-Maria von Weber" in 1970, who by the time of their debut LP only Uve and organist Bernd Muller remained from the original line-up. Some earlier (unknown to us) singles exist, and the band were also involved in an Omega tribute album, and as backing for other singers. DAS GEWITTER ("The Thunderstorm") took a step on from pop music (opening with two lighter beat numbers), before blending in psychedelia and Krautrock, to make something quite unique. Beyond Die Puhdys, quaintly dated, yet with the raw edge of invention, and hints of Nosferatu and Xhol in the instrumentals. It shows that, had history been different, bands like this may have blossomed like their Western counterparts.

DAS GEWITTER (LP: Amiga 8 55 290) © 1972 (CD: Grauzone GRZ 302-26) © 1994 #

Heute Wie Gestern / Der Wind Ist Mude (7": Amiga 4 56 127) © 1975

plus collaboration singles, etc.

Theo SCHUMANN COMBO

Theo Schumann (saxophones, piano), Achim Gutsche (Moog, piano), Günther Püschner (guitar), Klaus Berger (bass), Gerd Schönfelder (drums)

Very quaint and dated psych, with some great instrumentals.

THEO SCHUMANN COMBO (LP: Amiga 8 50 200) © 1969

FUR JUNGE LEUTE (LP: Amiga 8 55 222) © 1970

GUTEN ABEND CAROLINA (LP: Amiga 8 55 268) © 1971

and loads of singles

SCIRROCO

Haymo Doerk, Lutz Forstbauer, Manfred Pokrandt, Uwe Geisler

Obscure early-70s psychedelia, aka Scirocco-Combo known for their HALLO contributions. They also issued a couple of singles later.

> HALLO, NR. 1

> HALLO, NR. 3

> HALLO, NR. 8

Weisse Taube / Irgendwo In Dieser Stadt (7": AMIGA 4 56 298) © 1977

Mexican Girl / Oh Carol (7": AMIGA 4 56 380) © 1978

SERVI

Jan Bilk, Tomas Nawka

Synth duo in the Tangerine Dream, Tyndall, Rolf Trostel vein.

RUCKKEHR AUS ITHAKA (LP: Amiga 8 56 229)

PAS DE DEUX IN H (LP: Amiga 8 56 334)

Hans-Hasso STAMER

Varied synth.

DIGITAL LIFE (LP: Amiga 8 56 485) © 1990

> ELECTRONIC POP

> LOOKING EAST - EAST GERMANY

STERN (COMBO) MEISSEN

Lothar Kramer (keyboards), Norbert Jager (vocals, percussion, keyboards), Reinhard Fissler (vocals), Martin Schreier (drums), Bernd Fiedler (bass), Thomas Kurzhals (keyboards)

The finest DDR progressive during the 70s, with a great symphonic rock sound, comparable to many of the finest West German bands of the era, often going for lengthy conceptual works of great invention. STUNDENSCHLAG saw a down-turn in quality and the start of a complete change in personnel. NACHTE was thus by a totally different band of younger pop-minded musicians!

Audion extract: Their debut STERN-COMBO MEISSEN appeared in 1977 and presented them as a talent symphonic rock band: good songs with those Novalis type phrasings and lots of instrumental passages, with two keyboardists they made a big sound and managed get by without a guitarist. The lengthy version of Night On Bare Mountain showed their affinity with classical music, and is a very synthesized variation nicely arranged in a very dynamic classical rock. WEISSES GOLD consists of a lengthy symphonic rock suite, with full orchestra, and a speaker who poetically narrates the story of the album. Here the music is a grandiose and dynamic affair, with even more keyboards and synths, slight Moody Blues like songs, and instrumental riffing on par with SBB: it must have been quite a landmark of East German rock, and because of its highly synthesized arrangements stands up well against the western contemporaries even today. Obviously a successful band as they got another album out in 1979 entitled DER WEITE WEG. This was a more conventional collection of songs (a couple of tracks were released as singles) and an instrumental: an arrangement of Vivaldi's The Four Seasons (in 12 minutes!), heavily synthesized sounds like a cross between Tomita and the aforementioned Electra LP. Other tracks resemble Novalis or occasionally the likes of Yes and Genesis. Dropping the "Combo" from their group name. they released in REISE ZUM MITTELPUNKT DES MENSCHEN a very fine space-rock album. A step on from WEISSES GOLD and again a continuous suite, but more dynamic and synthesized, it has been hailed as techno-rock classic - it certainly fuses many of the best elements of ELP, the space music of Grobschnitt, Pink Floyd, dynamic synth arrangements and the Stern Meissen sound all into one glorious whole. It's probably the best East German album I've heard.

> HALLO, NR. 5

Sohnchen / Hoch War Der Berg (7": Amiga 4 56 138) © 1975

Der Alte / Jenny (7": Amiga 4 56 265) © 1977

STERN COMBO MEISSEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 567) 5/1977 © 1977

WEISSES GOLD (LP: Amiga 8 55 636) © 1978

Der Weite Weg / Du, Komm Her (7": Amiga 4 56 331) © 1978

Muck / Stern-Combo Meissen - Lucille / Das Alte Schloss (7": Amiga 4 56 315) © 1978

Die Sage / Gib Mir, Was Du Geben Kannst (7": Amiga 4 56 401) © 1979

DER WEITE WEG (LP: Amiga 8 55 652) 1979 © 1979 (CD: DSB 3207-2) © 1993

REISE ZUM MITTELPUNKT DER MENSCHEN (LP: Amiga 8 55 811) © 1980 (CD: DSB 3224-2) © 1993

Also, Was Soll Aus Mir Werden / Die Erde Schweigt (7": Amiga 4 56 445) © 1980

Stundenschlag / Leben Mocht' Ich (7": Amiga 4 56 496) © 1981

STUNDENSCHLAG (LP: Amiga 8 55 959) © 1982

Wir Sind Die Sonne / Deine Augen (7": Amiga 4 56 559) © 1984

TAUFRISCH (LP: Amiga 8 56 107) © 1985

NACHTE (LP: Amiga 8 56 263) © 1987

LIVE (CD Barbarossa EdBa 01308-2) 1976 © 1996

> SACHSENDREIER

plus numerous compilations

TRANSIT

Egon Linde (guitar, vocals), Siegfried Scholz (keyboards, vocals), Ulrich Schauf (bass), Lutz Kruger (drums)

Typical DDR melodic rock and progressive with some Pink Floyd and Genesis inspiration, folky touches, etc. Their originally unreleased second album contains more in the way of City and Electra influences. They reformed in the late 1990s and have released more albums.

Audion extract: Transit's BERNSTENHEXE seems to be all re-recorded versions of hit singles (1976-81), in fact I'd heard most of this album when I used listen to an East German radio station circa 1979-80. All the best tracks are 1980 or earlier, and particular the Floydian Sturmflut.

Ein Musiker / Sommertage (7": Amiga 4 56 349) © 1978

Hildebrandslied / Bernsteinhexe (7": Amiga 4 56 454) © 1980

BERNSTEINHEXE (LP: Amiga 8 55 958) 1981 © 1982

KLAUS STORTEBEKER ROCK-SUITE (CD: Edition Barbarossa EdBa 01337-2) © 1997 - previously unreleased 1982 album

plus a few compilations

Reinhard WALTER

ECM style piano fronted jazz fusion. He also arranged and played keyboards on Pascal von Wroblewsky's SWINGING POOL album.

LIGHTS (LP: Amiga 8 56 221) © 1987

WIR

Hans-Joachim Kluge (drums, percussion), Rainer Bloss (bass, vocals), Ingolf Zwick (guitar), Wolfgang Ziegler (vocals, piano, Mellotron), Doris Martin (vocals, percussion)

Pop, rock & soul band with influences as diverse as The Moody Blues and Santana. They split in 1980 and the reformed as Wolfgang Ziegler + WIR disbanding again in 1986.

> HALLO, NR. 5

> HALLO, NR. 6

> HALLO, NR. 9

> HALLO, NR. 11

Marie-Louise / Trinklied (7": Amiga 4 56 062) © 1974

Nach Dem Konzert / Ein Alltaglicher Morgen (7": Amiga 4 56 122) © 1975

Blinde Kuh / Glaube Mir (7": Amiga 4 56 264) © 1977

WIR (LP: Amiga 8 55 551) © 1977

Da Schlug Die Flamme / Nicht Mit Mir (7": Amiga 4 56 326) © 1978

ZEIT (LP: Amiga 8 55 596) © 1978

Fussball / Mensch, Wie Die Zeit Vergeht (7": Amiga 4 56 438) © 1980

EBBE+FLUT (LP: Amiga 8 56 080) © 1984

plus a few more singles, split releases, compilations, etc.

Various Artists

DT-64 (7": Amiga - various catalogue numbers)

a series of radio show singles, many of them split releases, not generally for sale to the public

ELECTRONIC POP (LP: Amiga 8 56 125) © 1985

new synth acts: Julian Krebs, Key, Wolfgang Paulke, Hans-Hasso Stamer.

HALLO, NR. 1 (LP: Amiga 8 55 331) © 1972

feat. Czerwone Gitary, Die Nautiks, Die Puhdys, Panta Rhei, Joco-Dev-Sextett, Scirroco, Bayon.

HALLO, NR. 2 (LP: Amiga 8 55 332) © 1972

feat. ABC, Bayon.

HALLO, NR. 3 (LP: Amiga 8 55 333) © 1972

feat. Die Puhdys, Scirroco, Klaus Renft-Combo, Joco-Dev-Sextett, Electra, etc.

HALLO, NR. 4 (LP: Amiga 8 55 334) © 1972

feat. Klaus Renft-Combo, Anawa, Die Puhdys, etc.

HALLO, NR. 5 (LP: Amiga 8 55 335) © 1972

feat. Kerth, WIR, Electra, Anawa, Panta Rhei, Stern-Combo Meissen, etc.

HALLO, NR. 6 (LP: Amiga 8 55 336) © 1972

feat. Pavol Hammel, Klaus Renft-Combo, WIR, Die Puhdys, Frantisek Griglak (Collegium Musicum guitarist), Electra, Omega.

HALLO, NR. 7 (LP: Amiga 8 55 337) © 1972

feat. Omega, Pavol Hammel, Locomotiv GT, Vaclav Neckar (member of Bacily), etc.

HALLO, NR. 8 (LP: Amiga 8 55 338) © 1973

feat. Bayon, Joco-Dev-Sextett, Scirroco, Die Nautiks, etc.

HALLO, NR. 9 (LP: Amiga 8 55 339) 12/72-9/1973 © 1973

feat. Skaldowie, Modry Efekt, Omega, Die Puhdys, Breakout, WIR, Bayon, etc.

HALLO, NR. 10 (LP: Amiga 8 55 340) © 1973

feat. Die Puhdys, Modry Efekt, Skaldowie, Breakout, Lift, etc.

HALLO, NR. 11 (LP: Amiga 8 55 341) © 1973

live! Feat. Breakout, Locomotiv GT, Collegium Musicum, WIR, etc.

HALLO, NR. 12 (LP: Amiga 8 55 342) © 1973

feat. Electra, Die Puhdys, Omega, Skaldowie, etc.

HALLO 1/74 (LP: Amiga 8 55 343) © 1974

feat. Klaus Renft-Combo, Lift, Skaldowie, etc.

HALLO 1/75 (LP: Amiga 8 55 346) © 1975

feat. Electra, Nina Hagen & Automobil, Panta Rhei, Prinzip, Die Puhdys, etc.

LOOKING EAST - EAST GERMANY (CD: Erdenklang 91345) © 1991

synth sampler: Rainer Oleak, Reinhard Lakomy, Pond, Wolfgang Paulke, Jorn Kanitz, Hans-Hasso Stamer, Julius Krebs.

SACHSENDREIER (CD: Buschfunk 05522) © 1999

live recordings: Stern-Combo Meissen, Lift, Electra

ZEITKLANGE ELECTRONICS (LP: Amiga 8 56 302) © 1987

synth sampler: Jurgen Ecke, Wolfgang Paulke, Servi, Lakomy/Oleak, Stern Meissen, Pond, Key, etc.

ESTONIA

FRAGILE

Robert Jurjendal (guitars, sampler, e-bow, tape), Arvo Urb (drums, percussion, sampler), Maido Maadik (tape, treatments)

Varied fusions and folky stuff, hints of Osjan, etc.

MANIFEST (CD: Eesti Raadio 98120649) 11/1997-4/1998 © 1998

OUNAPUU OSAKAS (CD: Klesment Audio Productions KLAP 3) © 2000

Igor GARSNEK & Nevil BLUMBERG

Igor Garsnek (piano, synthesizers, vocoder, rhythm composer), Nevil Blumberg (guitar, percussion, synthesizer, vocoder)

Varied instrumental progressive rock and fusion, with touches of Camel, SFF, Gryphon and others, but also distinctive with that elusive Russian feel.

SYNOPSIS (LP: Melodiya C60 23663 005) © 1986 (CD: Boheme CDBMR 009172) © 2000

Igor GARSNEK & DATA

Urmas Alender (vocals), Igor Garsnek (keyboards), + Mihkel Raud (guitar), Tiit Aunaste (rhythms), Olevine Choir conducted by Vello Rand

Bombastic rock opera based on George Orwell's fable.

LOOMADE FARM / ANIMAL FARM (LP: Melodiya C60 30247 000) © 1986 (CD: Boheme CDBMR 010173) © 2000

Gunnar GRAPS MAGNETIC BAND

Gunnar Graps (drums, vocals), plus session musicians

Psychedelic styled rock, blues and jazz. Gunnar Graps had been active on the scene since the 1960s.

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

ROOSID PAPALE (LP: Melodiya C60 17019-20) © 1980

Sven GRUNBERG

Electronic music pioneer who began his career with Eduard Artemiev and Vladimir Martynov. He established the rock group Messe in 1974, and has since pioneered a unique synth music with ethnic overtones.

Audion extract (Boheme feature): Sven Grunberg I'd reported on many a time in the early days of Audion (he later signed to Erdenklang) and he was perceived by many as the "Russian" pioneer of synthesizer/new-age music. But, really, Sven's place in music is more than that. He's Estonian actually, and he started his electronics career in Moscow with the real Russian pioneers Eduard Artemiev and Vladimir Martynov. Their unique angle on electronic exploration really influenced him, and he blended all he learned into a music that mixed Western and Eastern styles with his own culture. As such Sven could be classed as the Estonian Vangelis, as an all-rounded musical explorer, starting with his rock group Messe (in 1974), and moving on to many different fields of exploration. His HINGUS, dating 1978-80, is a rich cosmic opus that parallels the innovation of Klaus Schulze at the same time, whereas OM collecting works from 1981-87 is much more laid-back and breezy.

Messe (7" EP: Melodiya C62-13695-6) 1980 © 1980

HINGUS (LP: Melodiya C90-16301-2) 1978-1980 © 1981 (CD: Boheme CDBMR 009168) © 2000

OM (LP: Melodiya C60 27019 002) 1981-1987 © 1988, (CD: Boheme CDBMR 009167) © 2000

> LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA AND RUSSIA

MILAREPA (CD: Erdenklang 30642) © 1993

PRANA SYMPHONY (CD: Erdenklang 50862) © 1995

HORTUS MUSICUS

Baroque medieval folk fusion.

TRACTUS STELLAE (LP: Melodiya C10 28697 007) © 1989

HIMMEL-ERDE - HEAVEN-ERDE (CD: Erdenklang 40712) © 1994

plus at least 20 more!

IN SPE

Peeter Brambat (flute, tenor recorder), Toivo Kopli (bass), Priit Kuulberg (digital normalizer, vocoder), Mart Metsala (synthesizers, organ), Riho Sibul (guitars), Anne Tuur (pianos), Erkki-Sven Tuur (synthesizers, flute, recorder, vocals), Arvo Urb (drums) #

Basically the same band as Kaseke, In Spe offer a spacey fusion with great dynamics and a vaguely Scandinavian feel akin to the likes of Finnforest, Pekka Pohjola, et al. On their second, elements of the Canterbury type sound can be picked up, and of course there's always the unique "typewriter percussionist".

Audion extract: IN SPE (Eesti Radio) CD - Some of you may know of the Estonian band In Spe via a CD issued on Musea. But, much more invigorating and involved is this, their 1982 debut album. At this time In Spe's history also entwined with the similarly excellent (more jazzy) Kaseke. Those that love richly symphonic (not mushy, but robust) instrumental progressive should go a bundle on this, There's only one song, the very bold and anthem like Antidolorosum, which is in a world of its own. Elsewhere the music is of that slightly Scandinavian (i.e. Pekka Pohjola, Finnforest) feel, with distinct East Euro characteristics of bands like Modry Efekt, or more so the likes of Tako or Solaris. Yes, along with the keyboards there's lot of flutes in there, all mixed in with all sorts of cultural influences. Maybe I should mention Jade Warrior (incredibly so at one point) and the dramatic instrumentals of Camel. Its all - amazing!

IN SPE (LP: Melodiya C60 19367 001) 1982 © 1983 (CD: Eesti Raadio ERCD-028) © 1999 #

IN SPE "2" (LP: Melodiya C60 23199 000) © 1985

TYPEWRITER CONCERTO IN D (CD: Musea FGBG 4118.AR) © 1994 - is IN SPE "2" with 1 track replaced by another

KASEKE

Priit Kuulberg (bass), Ain Varts (guitar), Peeter Malkov (flute), Riho Sibul (guitar), Andrus Vaht (drums), Mart Metsala (synthesizers) #

Spacey instrumental fusion with ethnic and folky touches. Almost the same band as In Spe. POLETUS however is their finest, on par with Fermata, Leb I Sol, M. Efekt, et al. There's also some Scandinavian feel like some Pekka Pohjola.

Audion extract (Boheme feature): Kaseke were a historic Estonian band (inter-linked with the also excellent, more prog-based, In Spe) and were pioneers of a rock fusion sometimes close to Pekka Pohjola and other Central / East European acts like Leb I Sol, Tako or Solaris. The CD POLETUS / SONUM collects their debut EP and LP on one CD and is a must for those that like this instrumental prog genre, especially if you love intricately woven solos of flute, keyboards and guitars. Kaseke were a little-known gem from Eastern Europe that is destined to become a classic.

Sonum (7" EP: Melodiya C62-16185-6) 1981 © 1981

POLETUS (LP: Melodiya C60 19829 008) 1983 © 1983 #, POLETUS / SONUM (CD: Boheme CDBMR 008154) © 2000

LINNU TEE

Indrek Patte (vocals, keyboards), Margus Kliimask (bass, keyboards), Raul Jaanson (guitars), Tarvi Jaago (drums, percussion, flute), Harmo Kallaste (keyboards), Ivo "Cliff" Vanem (keyboards)

Modern style heavy AOR prog.

LINNU TEE (CD: Linnu Tee LT.01) 1989 © 1997

Kyrile LOO

Estonian folk/ethnic and fusions.

SAATUS FATE (CD: Erdenklang 40772) © 1994

LULLABIES FOR HUSBANDS (CD: Erdenklang 91062) © 2000

MAGNETIK BAND > Gunnar GRAPS

Alo MATTIISEN

Classical and electronics by In Spe keyboardist.

MAGEDELE ULES MINGEM (LP: Melodiya C60 30245 005) © 1990

READ (CD: Maat 513781-95-3) © 1995

AJAGA SILMITSI / FACING THE TIME (CD: Eesti Raadio ERCD-014) 1985-1991 © 1997

ROHELINE MUNA / NAARMED (CD: Klesment Audio Productions KLAP 2) © 2000

MESS

Sven Grunberg (keyboards, vocals), Elmu Vark (guitar), Matti Timmermann (bass), Andrus Vaht, Ivar Sipra (drums, percussion), etc.

One of the first Estonian prog bands. They never released anything during their lifetime.

SVEN GRUNBERG'S PROGE ROCK GROUP MESS (CD: Bella Musica BM-CD 31.4199) 1975-1976 © 1995

KUSI ENESELT (CD: Strangiato Records 2001.2) 1975-1976 © 2004

NE ZHDALI

Leonid Soibelman (guitars, lead vocals), Ilya Komarov (basses), Vitaly Redchits (drums, percussion), Oleg Davidovitch (trombone, guitar, bells, back vocals), Victor Bitlovsky (voice, objects), Vadim Veeremaa (trumpet, alto sax, back vocals), Avi Nedzvetsky (piano) #

Inspired by folk musics and a radical political attitude, Ne Zhdali surprisingly resemble the likes of Etron Fou, Debile Menthol, etc.

RHINOCEROSES & OTHER FORMS OF LIFE (LP: ADM 10975) © 1990, (CD: AYAA cdt 1092) © 1992 #

SHE-YE-YE (LP: Erio C60 00007) © 1990, (CD: Solnze SCD 022) © 199?

HEY, DRIVER, COOL DOWN THE HORSES! (CD: RecRec Music RecDec 65) © 1994

WHATEVER HAPPENS, TWIST! (CD: RecRec Music RecDec 67) © 1995

LIVE RARITIES VOL. 1 (CD: No Man's Land nml 9722) © 1997

PANTOKRATOR

Aivar Otsing (bass), Andres Moro (guitar), Anne Turnpu (vocals), Erik Sakkov (keyboards), Jaan Soot (guitar, keyboards), Kaido Soobik (bass), Kalle Vilpuu (guitar), Lauri Saatpalu (vocals), Mait Karm (guitar), Peeter Jogioja (drums), Priit Karm (drums), Roland Puusepp (drums), Tonu Raadik (violin), Viktor Vassiljev (guitar) #

Bizarre folky prog with techno edges.

PANTOKRATOR 1 (LP: RiTonis C60 31341 006) © 1991

JAI SERVI SEISMA... / STANDING ON THE EDGE (CD: Pantokrator PKCD 002) 1988-1992 © 2000 #

PROPELLER

U. Alender (vocals), Peeter Volkonski (vocals), P. Maarits (vocals), Ain Varts (guitar), I. Varts (drums), Priit Kuulberg (bass), Riho Sibul (guitar), Peeter Malkov (vocals, flute)

Pre-Kaseke.

PROPELLER (CD: Fugata FUGCD 2003) 1980 © 1995

RADAR

Nevil Blumberg, Aare Poder, Raul Vaigla, etc.

Scandinavian styled jazz-rock, with lively funky moves, for those into later Janne Schaffer or Jukka Tolonen. They also recorded as the backing band to pop singer Jaak Joala.

Kui Mind Kutsud Sa / Valge Aurik / Besame Mucho / Ohtlik Naine (7" EP: Melodiya C62-13843-4) © 1980

TROFEE / TROPHY (LP: Melodiya C60 21713 006) © 1984

BALTIC COAST (LP: Melodiya C60 25125 006) © 1987

RUJA

Igor Garsnek, Indrek Patte, Toomas Rull, Arvo Urb, Andrus Vaht, etc

Cross-genre rock and folk progressive band established since 1971.

RUJA (LP: Melodiya C60-16885-6) © 1982

Riho SIBUL

Folky and progressive mix, hints of Czech folk, etc.

POEET KULMETAB KLAASMAEL (CD: Vagabund SIBUL001) © 2000

ULTIMA THULE

Riho Sibul (vocals, acoustic guitar), Raul Vaigla (basses), Kalle Vilpuu (acoustic guitar), Toomas Rull (drums, percussion), Tonis Magi (vocals), Aare Poder (keyboards) #

Heavy rock, folk and new-wave, quite unusual.

ULTIMA THULE (LP: Melodiya C60 27763 009) © 1988 #

ULTIMA THULE + KEELPILLOKVARTET SEADED ERKKI-SVEN TUUR (CD: Elwood 0156 0011) © 1998

Peeter VAHI

A most original and inventive synthesist, with a fascination for ethnic culture and unusual fusions, venturing into more esoteric realms.

MUSIC FOR SYNTHESIZERS (LP: Melodiya C60 28297 004) 1984-1986 © 1989

> THE PATH TO THE HEART OF ASIA (CD: Erdenklang 20602) 4-6/1992 © 1992

LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA AND RUSSIA

> MAGIC AGE II (CD: Erdenklang 20552) © 1994

VITAMIIN

Mait Maltis (vocals), Marju Lanik (vocals), Rein Laaneorg (guitars), Peeter Vahi (keyboards), Kulno Luht (bass), Mikk Targo (drums)

Oddball bombastic rock.

VITAMIIN (LP: C60 20631 008) 1983 © 1984

Peeter VOLKONSKI

Eccentric stuff from ex-Propeller / pre-Kaseke singer.

THE BOOK OF SECRETS (CD: Rand RRCD 501) © 1994

ROSTA AKNAD (CD: Volkonski VOLK 2) 10/1987 © 1997

VSP PROJEKT

Riho Sibul (guitar), Aare Poder (keyboards), Raul Vaigla (bass), Andrus Vaht (drums, percussion)

Varied fusion in Jan Schaffer / Jeff Beck / Pekka Pohjola vein.

VSP PROJEKT (CD: VSP-CD-001) 1988+1996 © 1998

GEORGIA

LABYRINTH

Rock group from Batumi, Georgian SSR, USSR.

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

HUNGARY

The politico-musical status of Hungary was probably the most liberal, with strong folk culture, and a very active pop and rock scene. Although numerous record labels existed, it seems that they were all controlled by the state-owned Hungaroton. The promotion of the arts internationally has resulted in many Hungarian bands becoming widely known. There were many borderline pop bands that did the odd more interesting track during their years like Hungaria (a Troggs like beat band) or Illes (acclaimed as the Hungarian Beatles), but we have to draw the line somewhere.

The very gradual move towards a democracy in Hungary during the 80s has seemingly kept the structure of Hungaroton intact, whilst there has also been a growing number of private independents.

A.E. BIZOTTSAG

Bizarre rock with theatrical and fusion elements, akin to Frank Zappa, Plastic People, etc. on JEGKREMBALETT.

KALANDRA FEL!! (LP: Start SLPM 17750) © 1983, (CD: Gong HCD 17750) © 1995

JEGKREMBALETT (LP: Start SLPM 17825) © 1984, (CD: Gong HCD 17825) © 1995

AFTER CRYING

Gabor Egervari (flute, voice), Tamas Gorgenyi (lead vocals), Peter Pejtsik (cello, bass, synthesizer, lead vocals), Ferenc Torma (guitars, bass), Balazs Winkler (trumpet, keyboards, percussion) #

Complex progressive blending in classical elements.

OVERGROUND MUSIC (LP: Hungaropop LP 027) © 1990, (CD, Brazil: Rock Symphony RSLN 006) © 1990

MEGLAZOTTAK ES MEGSZOMORITOTTAK (CD: Quint QUI 906014) © 1992

FOLD ES EG (CD: Periferic Records BG CD 002) © 1994

DE PROFUNDIS (CD: Periferic BGCD 005) © 1996

AFTER CRYING 6 (CD: Periferic BGCD 009) © 1997 #

and several more

AMADINDA

Zoltan Racz, Karoly Bojtos, Zoltan Vaczi & Zsolt Sarkany (percussion)

Impressive avant-garde percussion ensemble, with a penchant for John Cage and systemic works.

CAGE-MARTA-SARY (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 12800) © 1987, aka CAGE-MARTA-SARY-REICH (CD: Hungaroton HCD 12855)

4'33" (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 12991) © 1989, (CD: Hungaroton HCD 12991) © 1989

STEVE REICH (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 31358) © 1990, (CD: Hungaroton HCD 31358) © 1990

and over a dozen more

aPOLOK

Zsuzsa Pasztor (vocals), Istvan FenyFeher (vocals, synthesizer, trumpet, pipe, flute, accordion), S. Samuel Gecse (vocals, guitar, whistle, harmonica), Tibor Kozak (bass), Peter Olah (vocals), Gyorgy ZsirGosztonyi (vocals, percussion), Attila Gonczi (sax), Attila Barath (trombone), Agoston Kis (violin, flute)

Strange eccentric blend of RIO, new-wave and world musics.

THE ONE & ONLY IN THE WORLD (CD, UK: No Wave NWCD 4) © 1993

SZARVASGYAR (MC: Bahia Music MKB 037) © 1995

KONDASDISZKO (MC: Bahia Music MKB 074) © 1998

ART REAKTOR

Miklos Mako (trumpet, vocals, percussion), Gabor Nemeth (drums, percussion), Duncan Shiels (vocals), Jozsef Szurcsik (harmonica, vocals, percussion), Janos Varga (guitar, guitar synthesizer)

Bizarre prog / pop / new-wave.

OUR PAST IS OUR PRESENT (CD: Periferic BGCD 068) 1987-1991 © 2000

BARBARO

Zsoldos Tamas (bass), Herpai Sandor (drums), Cziranku Sandor (guitar), Parov Nikola (gadulkam, gajda, kanun, kaval, clarinet, saxophone, oud), Tzortzoglou Georgio (vocals, percussion) #

Highly inventive folk-rock.

Heart So Pure / Asymmetry (7": Pepita PR 961) © 1983

BARBARO (LP: Krem SLPX 37361) © 1990 #

II (CD: private B - 001) © 1994

Laszlo BENKO

Ex-Omega. Rhythmic synth.

LEXIKON (LP: Start SLPX 17713) © 1982

LEXIKON II (LP: Start SLPX 17830) © 1983

IKAROSZ (LP: Favorit SLPM 37279) © 1986 (CD: Hungaroton HCD 37279)

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

BERGENDY

Istvan Bergendy (saxophones, clarinet), Peter Bergendy (saxophones, flute), Csaba Debreczeni (drums), Ferenc Demjen (vocals, bass), Sandor Hajdu (trumpet, trombone), Norbert Latzin (organ), Gyorgy Oroszlan (guitars) #

Pop / beat band formed by the Bergendy brothers, they dabbled a little with prog ideas in the early 70s before trying jazz fusion and then going back to pop. Here are their 70s albums only.

BEAT ABLAK (LP: Pepita LPX 17 432) © 1971

BERGENDY (LP: Pepita SLPX 17434) © 1972 #

HETFO (2LP: Pepita SLPX 17453/54) © 1973

BERGENDY (LP: AMIGA 8 55 321) © 1973 - German vocal re-recordings

OTODIK SEBESSEG (LP: Pepita SLPX 17477) © 1975

FAGYPONT FOLOTT MIENK A VILAG (LP: Pepita SLPX 17502) © 1976

JAZZ (LP: Pepita SLPX 17514) © 1976

plus at least 5 more, loads of singles and compilations

BINDER

Karoly Binder (piano, harp, marimba), Laszlo Des (soprano saxophone, drum computer, gong), Ferenc Kormedi (viola), Tamas Toth (contrabass), Bela Zsoldos (drums, cymbals, tubular bells, marimba) #

Keyboard player Karoly Binder and band. Spacey jazz-fusion.

> DEBRECENI DZSESSZNAPOK '81

IN ILLO TEMPORE (LP: Krem SLPX 17828) © 1985 #

plus at least 12 more solos, collaborations, etc.

COLLAGE

Neo-prog band with 5 CDs 1990-95.

BASNIE (CD: Inter Sonus IS-CD-002) © 1990

COLOR

Gyula Bokor (keyboards, vocals), Tibor Bokor (bass, vocals), Attila Bokor (drums, vocals), Emil Lamer (guitars), Laszlo Polya (cello, vocals) #

Soft symphonic rock with prog touches.

COLOR (LP: Pepita SLPX 17567) © 1978 #

UJ SZINEK (LP: Pepita SLPX 17674) © 1982

plus 3 split singles

CORVINA

Peter Fonyodil (drums, conga), Zsolt Makay (organ, synthesizer, vocals), Gabor Soltesz (guitar, flute, harmonica, vocals), Rezso Soltesz (bass, vocals), Ferenc Szigeti (guitar, vocals) #

Pop-rock in the early Omega / Locomotiv GT vein.

CORVINA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17458) © 1974

UTAK ELOTT (LP: Pepita SLPX 17485) © 1976 #

CORVINA (LP, Czechoslovakia: Opus 9116 0445) © 1976

C.C.C. (LP: Pepita SLPX 17530) © 1977

Miklos CSEMICZKY

Contemporary classical composer, also known in electronic music

> ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS

DEBSKI-VASVARI GROUP

Fusion somewhat akin to Egberto Gismonti / Jan Garbarek vein, except for the regional cultural elements.

BACK IN NANG (LP: Krem SLPM 37285) © 1989

DINAMIT

Antal Gabor Szucs (guitar), Gyula Vikidial (vocals), Gyula Papp (keyboards), Alajos Nemeth (bass), Gabor Nemeth (drums)

Omega inspired heavies.

Tinedzser Dal / Neked Adnam A Vilagot (7": Pepita SPS 70388) © 1979

Mi Ez Az Erzes / Igazsag (7": Pepita SPS 70389) © 1979

DINAMIT (LP: Pepita SLPX 17628) © 1980

A HID (LP: Pepita SLPX 17685) © 1981

MINDOROKKE (CD: Gong HCD 37793) © 1995 - contains both LPs

Laszlo DUBROVAY

Contemporary composer working in the fields of experimental electronics, computer music and avant-garde classical.

LIVE ELECTRONIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12030) 1975-1977 © 1979

MATUZIADA NOS. 1-5 (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12228) © 1980

> COMPUTER MUSIC

DUBROVAY - ARDITTI / BLUM / UITTI (LP: DAAD 1005) © 1988

plus many classical releases

EAST

Istvan Kiraly (drums, percussion), Peter Moczan (bass), Geza Palvolgyi (keyboards), Janos Varga (guitar), Miklos Zareczky (vocals) #

Taking the mantle from Omega, with a complex progressive rock that also blended in Eloy, SBB, and Pink Floyd, East created two of the finest Hungarian prog albums rivalling many of the best of the Czechoslakian scene, with the only Hungarian competition being Solaris' debut. Excepting the excellent instrumental rock ballet score THE VICTIM the later releases pale as more conventional melodic rock.

Audion extract: Their debut JATEKOK, released in 1981, is a well crafted concept work, with good songs and excellent instrumental sections; like a mixture of SBB, Eloy, Omega (circa TIMEROBBER) and Anyone's Daughter. In fact, on this album they even surpass the standard held by the likes of Eloy at the time. HUSEG [FAITH] is similar in many ways, however, here the music is more symphonic and also slightly jazzy, with some similarities to Genesis and the Czech band Modry Efekt. The vocalist on both of these albums has a poetic style, somewhat like that of Omega's vocalist Janos Kobor. With a new vocalist they recorded RESEK A FALON [CRACKS IN THE WALL] in 1983, a more conventional rock style was adopted. Unfortunately, this vocalist isn't too hot (the best track being the instrumental Private Train), and it seems the band thought so too. The next album AZ ALDOZAT [THE VICTIM] is totally instrumental. Now, this is were East really come into their own, as this is a remarkable album, scored for a ballet - it's thematic and powerful, composed and performed with acute precision, occasionally resembling the Italian bands Goblin and Sensations Fix, and some of the best bits of Modry Efekt and Omega. Quality synthesized rock with solos galore. It seems that shortly after this the band virtually disbanded, as on their next album, 1986, only two old members remain, joined by a new vocalist and three session musicians. The style is more modern, with drum-computer and digital synths.

Rock Hullam (7": Pepita 70450) © 1980

JATEKOK (LP: Start SLPX 17679) © 1981 (CD: Gong HCD 17679) © 1994 #

BLUE PARADISE (LP: Pepita SLPR 713) © 1983 (CD: Nexus KICP 2823) © 1996 - English vocal version of JATEKOK

HUSEG (LP: Start SLPX 17733) © 1982, (LP: Seven Seas K22P 358) © 1983, (CD: Seven Seas KICP 2004) © 1990

RESEK A FALON (LP: Start SLPM 17815) © 1983

AZ ALDOZAT [SZODOMA] / THE VICTIM [SODOM] (LP: Krem SLPX 17880) © 1984

1986 (LP: Start SLPM 17972) © 1986

A SZERELEM SIVATAGA (LP: Ring RL 2003) © 1988

'56 / Wind Of Change (7": East Produkcio TT 001) © 1989

plus five 1992-2015 releases we haven't heard

EDDA MUVEK

Attila Pataky (vocals), Endre Csillag (guitar), Gabor Mirkovics (bass), Zsolt Gomori (drums) #

Omega inspired hard-rock band, only of marginal interest.

EDDA MUVEK (LP: Pepita SLPX 17631) © 1980

2 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17664) © 1981

III (LP: Pepita SLPM 17773) © 1982

> 1,2,3... START

VISZLATI (LP: Pepita / Bravo SLPM 17849) © 1984

5 (LP: Start SLPM 17961) © 1985

6 (LP: Favorit SLPM 37031) © 1986 #

plus 12 more, loads of singles and compilations

Peter EOTVOS

Electronics and avant-garde composer who has also worked with Karlheinz Stockhausen.

> HUNGARIAN ELECTRONIC MUSIC

CRICKET MUSIC; SEQUENCES OF THE WIND (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12602) 1970+1975 © 1985

plus lots of classical releases and a few recent electronic ones we haven't heard

FARKASOK

High energy complex progressive concept album akin to Stromboli.

ROCK-FANTAZIA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17758) © 1983

FORCE MAJEURE

Synth and prog in 80s Tangerine Dream / Eloy / Solaris vein.

TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE (CD: Periferic BGCD 038) © 1999

GROUP 180

[Aka 180-AS CSOPORT] Contemporary ensemble specialising in minimalist and avant-garde works by the likes of Steve Reich, Frederic Rzewski, etc.

GROUP 180 (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12545) © 1985 (CD: Hungaroton SLPX 12545) © 1983, (CD: Hungaroton HCD 12545) © 1983

II (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12799) © 1987 (CD: Hungaroton SLPX 12799) © 1985

THE SONGS OF MALDOROR (LP: Hungaropop LP-014-25978/8) © 1989

Laszlo HORTOBAGYI

He started as an ethnomusicologist, and worked with musicians from the middle-east. Following those experiences he went on to develop a unique and inventive synth/sampler based music that blends in lots of ethnic and mysterious elements. Hints of early Vangelis and Sven Grunberg can also be heard.

OP. TRANSREPLICA MECCANO (LP: Hungaropop HP 180) 1988-1989 © 1989 (CD: Staalplaat S.T. CD 054) © 1993

TRADITIONAL MUSIC OF AMYGDALA (CD: Erdenklang 91349) 12/1989-2/1990 © 1990

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

THE ARCADIAN COLLECTION (CD: Erdenklang 40682) 1977-1993 © 1994

RITUAL MUSIC OF THE FOMAL-HOOT AL-GANOUBI (CD: Erdenklang 40782) © 1994

6TH ALL-INDIA MUSIC CONFERENCE (CD: Erdenklang 50872) © 1995

TERRA DEI (CD: Erdenklang 60942) © 1996

MEMESIS (CD: Erdenklang 81502) © 1999

plus at least 15 more

Zoltan JENEY

Contemporary composer, best known to us for his releases of minimal electronics and sound experimentation...

TO APOLLO / GLASS & METAL (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12366) © 1982

OM (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12708) © 1986

ARUPA / FANTASIA SU NOTA (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12807) © 1987

KAMPEC DOLORES

Szinni (vocals, bass), Zoltan Szegvari (saxophone, vocals), Sandor Matrai (percussion, drums), Gabi Kenderesi (vocals, violins), Csaba Hajnoczy (guitar, vocals) #

Oddball new-wave, RIO, avant-folk, noise, etc.

> ReR RECORDS QUARTERLY, VOL. 2 NO. 3 (LP+mag, UK: Re 0203) © 1988 #

KAMPEC DOLORES (LP: Ring RL 2012) © 1988

LEVITATION (LP: Points East PE 07) © 1991

TU FOKAN / EYE OF THE NEEDLE (LP: Bahia MKB 012) © 1993

ZUGO / RAPID (CD: ReR KD1) © 1996

A BIVALY HATAN / SITTING ON THE BUFFALO (CD: ReR KD2) © 2001

KARTHAGO

Tamas Takats (vocals), Attila Gidofalvy (keyboards), Ferenc Szigeti (guitars), Miklos Kocsandi (drums), Zoltan Kiss (bass) #

Heavy prog band inspired by Omega.

KARTHAGO (LP: Pepita SLPX 17657) © 1981

EZREDFORDULO (LP: Start SLPX 17712) © 1982

> 1,2,3... START

REQUIEM (LP: Musika OK AS 76.23568) © 1983 (LP: Teldec 6.25716) © 1983 #

SENKI FOLDJEN (LP: Start SLPX 17813) © 1984

ORIENTAL DREAM (LP: Musika OK KR 1103) © 1984 (LP: O.K. 7623579) © 1985

ARANYALBUM (LP: Proton PR 0067) © 1990 - sampler

KASZAKO

Laszlo Attila (guitar), Csanyi Zoltan (keyboards), Horvath Kornel (flute, percussion), Lattmann Bela (bass), Lakatos Geza (drums)

Jazz-rock with a Jazz Q or Impuls feel.

EDENKERT "THE GARDEN OF EDEN" (LP: Krem SLPX 17763) © 1983 (CD: Hungaroton HCD 17763) © 1999

KFT

Andras Laar (guitar, violin, vocals), Tibor Bornai (synthesizer, piano, cello, vocals), Miklos II. Lengyelfi (basses, choir), Andras Marton (drums, choir), + Barna Orosz (choir), Gyorgy Szegedi (choir), Carmen Kollar (choir), Andrea Kocsis (choir)

[Aka Korlatolt Felelossegu Tarsasag] Rock band.

MACSKA AZ UTON / CAT ON THE ROAD (LP: Pepita SLPX 17697) ©1982

Laszlo KIRALY

> ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS

KOLINDA

Peter Dabasi (vocals, guitars, tamboura, cithar), Ferenc Kis (vocals, violin, oboe), Ivan Lantos (vocals, bass, oboe, bagpipes, percussion), Agnes Zsigmondi (vocals, flute) #

Pioneering folk-fusion, blending lots of different cultures into a unique music that is most distinctive. They had to leave Hungary in the austere Eastern bloc 70s and found a temporary home in France where they recorded and released their finest two albums. Mixing Transylvanian folk with Celtic and other influences, adding rock and jazz elements and lots of prog invention, Kolinda were quite phenomenal for a while. They mellowed somewhat later, with only Peter Dabasi continuing on with a changing roster of new musicians. By the way, KOLINDA 6 takes into account albums 4 & 5 in collaboration with Makam.

Audion extract: Shunned by the Hungarian labels it seems, Kolinda had to go to France to record and release their first album. Drawing on other Eastern and ethnic musics as well as Transylvanian folk and a moderate touch of rock, their debut showed a most unique and talented band at work. By the time of their third album, strangely entitled 1514 Kolinda had come along in leaps and bounds, no longer really folk - but an innovative cross-culture concoction that doesn't really fit into any named category! When I first discovered Kolinda via this album I didn't know what to make of them, their innovation was so startling and fresh. Also, the first copy I found was on the German Antagon label, the second on Guinbarda - a Spanish label, so finding their origins took quite a bit of research. Apparently Kolinda are still around nowadays, but other albums are not easy to locate. However, they did manage to get at least one LP out in Hungary, together with the ethnic fusion band Makam: SZELSEND UTAN offered an even more progressive sound, with both more rock styling and much more Asian and Far Eastern elements. Makam have also made at least one LP alone: APPROACHES which has been likened to the Penguin Cafe Orchestra, though I fail to see the comparison. Makam offer a richly textured 'instrumental music combining Eastern and Western elements, and on the second side onto the realms of systems music.

KOLINDA (LP: Hexagone 883.006) 1976 © 1978 (LP: Hexagone 193.672) © 1978 (CD: Hexagone 193.672) © 1990

KOLINDA 2 (LP: Hexagone 883.010) 1977 © 1978 (CD: Hexagone 199.722) © 199?

1514 (LP: Hexagone 883.017) © 1979 (LP: Antagon ALP 3227) © 1979 (LP: Guinbarda GS-11103) © 1979 #

KOLINDA 6 (LP / CD: Pan 128) 11/1987 © 1988

TRANSIT (CD: Pan 138CD) 1990-1991 © 1991

OSZ (CD: Celluloid 66983- 2) © 1996

INCANTATION (CD: Pan 164CD) © 1997

RAOLVASAS (CD: Fono FA-027-2) © 1997

FORGOTTEN GODS (CD: Pan 178) © 2000

KONTROLL CSOPORT

Arpad Hajnoczy (saxophone), Csaba Hajnoczy (guitar), Ivan Artner (bass), Janos Ujvari (tenor saxophone) #

Oddball mix of folk, ska, jazz and left field rock, a bit like Kampec Dolores.

1983 (MC: Bahia BAMU MKB 008) © 1983 (2CD: Bahia PX 2228 1991) © 1993

> ReR RECORDS QUARTERLY, VOL. 1 NO. 3 (LP+mag, UK: Re 0103) 1983 © 1986

1991 (LP: Bahia LBP001) © 1991 #

ELO FELVETELEK (CD: Bahia CDB034) © 1997

KORAI OROM

Ethno-tribal psych in Ozric Tentacles / Dr. Didj vein.

KORAI OROM (CD: Kapcsolat PB 078) © 1995

96 (CD: Szerzoi Kiadas KORA 0002) © 1996

1997 (CD: Szerzoi Kiadas KORA 0003) © 1997

KORAL

Ferenc Balazs (keyboards, vocals), Laszlo Fischer (guitars), Zsolt Scholler (bass), Peter Dorozsmai (drums)

Organ fronted progressive with Omega styling.

KORAL (LP: Pepita SLPX 17633) © 1980

A TULSO PART / THE OTHER SIDE (LP: Pepita SLPX 17683) © 1982

III: AZ OCEAN (LP: Pepita SLPM 17809) © 1984

IV: 1975-1985 (LP: Pepita SLPM 17926) © 1986 - singles collection

KORMORAN

Folk rock with lots of Balkan and unusual touches. These are the 2 we've had. They've done 29 more!

FOLK & ROLL (LP: Pepita SLPM 17852) © 1984

CROSS TALKS (LP: Opus 9313 1930) © 1987

Gyorgy LIGETI

Contemporary classical and avant-garde composer, specialising in polyphony and radical use of sound textures.

2. STEICHQUARTETT / LUX ÆTERNA / VOLUMNIA / ETUDE No.1 (LP: Deutsche Grammaphon 2530 392) 1961-1968 © 1973

AVENTURES-NOUVELLE AVENTURES / ATMOSPHÈRES / VOLUMNIA (LP: Wergo WER 60022) © 196?

HORN TRIO / HUNGARIAN ROCK / MONUMENT / SELF PORTRAIT (LP: Wergo WER 60100) © 1982 (CD: Wergo WER 60100-50) © 198?

DOUBLE CONCERTO / STRING QUARTET NO. 1 / CONTINUUM (LP: Bis LP-53) © 1976

> COLOGNE - WDR "ACOUSMATRIX 6" (CD: Bvhaast CD 9106) © 1992

and numerous others.

LOCOMOTIV GT

Gabor Presser (pianos, clavinet, organ, vocals), Janos Karacsony (guitars), Tamas Somlo (bass, saxes, mouth organ, vocals), Jozsef Laux (percussion), Anna Adamis (poems) #

Formed by two original Omega members in 1971. Their finest and most progressive is their second album RINGASD EL MAGAD followed by BUMMM! (which is half decent), but after that it's a steady move to mainstream pop-rock styles. Even by the time of MINDIG MAGSABBRA (bizarrely issued on Brain in Germany, and one of the poorest Brain 1000 releases) they'd become totally mainstream Anglo-American styled pop-funk. The 1980s albums, later compilations and huge singles discography are not covered here.

Hungarian Releases...

Boldog Vagyok / Ha Volna Szived (7": Pepita SP 887) © 1971

LOCOMOTIV GT (LP: Pepita SLPX 17435) © 1971, (CD: Mega HCD 37528) © 1992

RINGASD EL MAGAD (LP: Pepita SLPX 17449) © 1973, (CD: Mega HCD 37529) © 1992

BUMMM! (LP: Pepita SLPX 17467) 7/1973 © 1973, (CD: Mega HCD 37530) © 1992

MINDIG MAGSABBRA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17490) © 1974, (CD: Mega HCD 37531) © 1992 #

V (2LP: Pepita SLPX 17515/16) © 1975, (CD: Mega HCD 37532) © 1992

ZENE (LP: Pepita SLPX 17539) © 1977, (CD: Mega HCD 37534) © 1992

ARANYALBUM 1971-76 (2LP: Pepita SLPX 17551-52) © 1978 - sampler

MINDENKI (LP: Pepita SLPX 17564) © 1978, (CD: Mega HCD 37535) © 1992

> KISTADION '80

LOKSI (2LP: Pepita SLPX 17652-53) © 1980, (CD: Mega HCD 37444) © 1992

plus 10 more albums, and loads more singles!

Collaborations...

plus various singers: KEPZELT RIPORT EGY AMERIKAI (LP: Qualiton SLPX 16579) © 1973

Zalatnav Sarolta: ALMODJ VELEM... (LP: Pepita SLPX 17450) © 1972 - backing band

with Kati Kovaks: KOZEL A NAPHOZ (LP: Pepita SLPX 17496) © 1976

Other Releases...

> HALLO, NR. 7

> HALLO, NR. 11

LOCOMOTIV GT (LP, UK: Epic EPC 80229) © 1974 (LP, USA: ABC ABCX-811) © 1974 aka LONDON 1973 (CD: JLX Kiado JLX 22140206) © 2001

ALL ABOARD (LP, USA: ABC ABCX-860) © 1975, aka LOCOMOTIV GT '74 USA (LP: Favorit SLPM 37138) © 1988

IN WARSAW (LP, Poland: Muza SX 1384) © 1975

MINDIG MAGSABBRA (LP, Germany: Brain 1085) © 1976

LOCOMOTIV GT (LP, Czechoslovakia: Supraphon 113 1920) © 1976 - recorded in Prague - aka MOTOR CITY ROCK

MAKAM

Laszlo Bencze (bass, percussion), Endre Juhasz (oboe), Zoltan Krulik (guitar, percussion), Peter Szalai (tabla, marimba), Szabolcs Szoke (gadulka, sarangi), Balazs Thurnay (kaval, marimba) #

Ethnic fusion and minimalist music band. They debuted in collaboration with the reformed Kolinda. Their proper debut album APPROACHES offered a new and original concoction full of inventive combinations. They became more traditional on later releases adding vocals.

KOZELITESEK / APPROACHES (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18146) © 1988 #

DIVERT TIME INTO (CD: Fragile 001) © 1994

A PART (CD: Fono FA-052-2) © 1998

SKANZEN (CD: Fono FA-073-2) © 1999 - with: Lovasz Iren, Bognar Szilvia

9 COLINDA (CD: Fono FA-095-2) © 2001 - with: Lovasz Iren

SZINDBAD (CD: Fono FA-209-2) © 2002 - with: Lovasz Iren

MAKAM & KOLINDA

Peter Dabasi (mandolin, kaval, vocals), Endre Juhasz (oboe), Peter Koszegi (bass), Zoltan Krulik (guitar, rhythm instruments, vocals), Eszter Matolcsy (violin, kalimba, rhythm instruments, vocals), Szabolcs Szoke (gadulka, gusla)

Collaborative project by two folk / cross-culture bands.

MAKAM ES KOLINDA (LP: Stoof MU 7596) 2/1982 © 1982 (LP: Guimbarda GS-11159) © 1982, aka SZELCSEND UTAN (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18098) © 1984

UTON (LP: Stoof MU 7496) 9-10/1983 © 1984

MAKVIRAG

[The Poppy Flowers] Progressive Transylvanian folk ensemble.

MAKVIRAG EGYUTTES / MAKVIRAG FOLK ENSEMBLE (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18048) © 1979

MAKVIRAG FOLK ENSEMBLE 2. (LP: Espe EM 8110) © 1981, MAGYAR NOTAK - LIEDER UND TANZE AUS UNGARN (LP: Calig CAL 30 589) © 1982

MAKVIRAGEK (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18137) © 1988

BEKESSEG / PEACEFULNESS (LP: Greentrax TRAX 5001) © 1990

as featured performers: PALOC LAKODALMAS (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18043) © 1979

Robert MANDEL

Hurdy Gurdy player. He went on to develop his own Electrotary instrument.

THE ROBERT MANDEL COLLECTION (LIVE ALBUM) (MC: Goat Bag Records GB 005) © 1986

EASTERN EUROPEAN HURDY-GURDY MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18083) © 1988

ELECTROTARY (LP: Krem SLPX 37502) © 1991, (CD: Krem HCD 37502) © 1991

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

MANDEL QUARTET

Robert Mandel (hurdy gurdy, viol), Istvan Marta (percussion), Laszlo Jakobi (rebec, cello), Gabor Kallay (rebec, recorder)

Medieval folk meets contemporary music.

ALTE UND NEUE MUSIK (LP: Thorofon STW 831024) © 1983

MANDEL QUARTET (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 12996) © 1988

UNGARESCA: 500 YEARS' HUNGARIAN MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 31429) © 1992

Istvan MARTA

[Aka Istvan MARTHA] Systems music and contemporary electronic composer/musician, whose album TAMAD A SZEL is a most unique blending of ethnic, art-rock and synth musics, slightly comparable to Art Zoyd. He has also composed for and worked with Group 180 and Amadinda. He is more recently known as a film soundtrack composer.

Audion extract: Pride of place of all his releases must go to TAMAD A SZEL - this very strange suite combines elements of so many disparate musics, it's a fascinating and mystical ride, from strange mystical voices and electronics onto fiery fusion, via electronic opera, systems music, and even further into boundless classical and cerebral realms. If you could imagine modern-day Art Zoyd collaborating with Steve Reich and a traditional Transylvanian folk band you'd probably come close to this!

HEARTS (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12563) © 1985

TAMAD A SZEL (LP: Krem SLPX 17963) © 1987, aka THE WIND RISES (ReR SD1) © 1998

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

WORKS (CD: Hungaroton HCD 31580) © 1994 - compilation including new recordings

MASFEL

Levente Lukacs (sax), Janos Hegedus (bass), Attila Bacsi (guitar), Tamas Kalocsai (drums)

Eccentric fusion, kinda instrumental funky Plastic People.

KINAI NATHA / CHINESE FLU (CD: Trottel TR 021CD / Bahia CDB 019) 24/4/1994 © 1994

Tamas MIHALY

Lively classical synth by Omega guitarist.

SZINTETIZATOR-VARAZS (LP: Start SLPM 17774) © 1983

MINI

Adam Torok (flute, vocals), Karoly Nemeth (keyboards), Alajos Nemeth (bass), Jeno Balogh (drums)

First documented on Hungarian TV in 1973, Mini had been taking in British rock and blues, especially the very early Jethro Tull as an influence. By the time of their debut LP they had developed a unique personal style blending in cultural elements and jazz-funk. All their albums mixed styles somewhat ranging from pop through inventive jazz-rock.

VISSZA A VAROSBA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17543) © 1978

UTON A FOLD FELE (LP: Pepita SLPX 17616) © 1979

KONCERT (LP: Pepita SLPX 17647) © 1980

DZSUNGEL (LP: Pepita SLPX 17755) © 1983

VISSZA A VAROSBA (CD: Gong HCD 37678) © 1993 - sampler

Gyorgy MOLNAR

Heavy and pretty bombastic solo from Omega guitarist.

MEGSZAKADT KAPCSOLAT (LP: Proton PLP 15002) © 1989

MUZSIKAS

Transylvanian folk. On 90s albums Marta Sebestyen was generally given main billing with Muzsikas merely her backing band.

LIVING HUNGARIAN FOLK MUSIC 1 (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18037) © 1978, (CD: Gong HCD 18037) © 1993

KETTO (LP: Music Box M.B.I. 40470) © 1980, (LP: Stoof MU 7460) © 1980

NEM UGY VAN MOST, MINT VOLT REGEN... (LP: Pepita SLPX 17676) © 1982, (CD: Gong HCD 17676) © 1993

NEM ARROL HAJNALLIK (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18121) © 1986, aka THE PRISONER'S SONG (LP/CD: Hanibal HNBL/HNCD 1341) © 1988

OSZ AZ IDO (LP: Egeszsegforras EFK 9891-L) © 1989, aka BLUES FOR TRANSYLVANIA (LP: Hanibal HNBL/HNCD 1350) © 1990

OMEGA

Janos Kobor (lead vocals, percussion), Laszlo Benko (organ, synthesizer, vocals), Tamas Mihaly (bass, vocals), Gyorgy Molnar (guitars), Ferenc Debreceni (drums, percussion) #

Originally a 1960s beat group, developing a progressive feel on TIZEZER LEPES. After that, the group split in two in 1971 (the others formed Locomotiv GT) and the later Omega style gelled with a pretty constant quartet blending rock with Moravian folk and classical influences, in a lyrical progressive, drawing in Pink Floyd and Genesis styles during the mid-70s. They are arguably the most famous prog band from Hungary.

Audion extract: ...stints through the Iron Curtain culminated in their record deal with Bacillus in Germany, starting with three anthology albums of re-recorded old compositions and English lyrics. Following this, they expanded their style to become (terrible cliche coming up!) a "symphonic prog- rock" band. Their most successful albums (most people will surely agree?) gained UK releases... THE HALL OF FLOATERS IN THE SKY was released in 1975, apart from being over-produced, with orchestrations by Christian Kolonovits (oh dear!), the compositions were of the type loved by devotees of Yes, Genesis, Nektar et al. Derivative, yes, though the inevitable influence of Hungarian culture gave them an edge on most bands of the genre. TIME ROBBER came out in 1977, and was far superior, with synths replacing the orchestrations, giving a more personal and clean-cut sound.

Hungarian Releases...

TROMBITAS FREDI ES A RETTENETES EMBEREK (LP: Qualiton LPX 17390) © 1968, (CD: Mega HCD 37584) © 1992

TIZEZER LEPES (LP: Qualiton LPX 17400) © 1969, (CD: Mega HCD 37585) © 1992

EJSZAKAI ORSZAGUTON (LP: Qualiton SLPX 17426) © 1970, (CD: Mega HCD 37586) © 1992

ELO OMEGA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17447) 1972 © 1973, (CD: Mega HCD 37627) © 1992

OMEGA 5 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17457) © 1973, (CD: Mega HCD 37628) © 1992

6: NEM TUDOM A NEVED (LP: Pepita SLPX 17483) © 1976, (CD: Mega HCD 17483) © 1993

7: IDORABLO (LP: Pepita SLPX 17523) © 1977, (CD: Mega HCD 17523) © 1993

8: CSILLAGOK UTJAN (LP: Pepita SLPX 17570) © 1978, (CD: Mega HCD 17570) © 1993

9: GAMMAPOLIS (LP: Pepita SLPX 17579) © 1979, (CD: Mega HCD 17579) © 1993

ELO KISTADION '79 (2LP: Pepita SLPX 17457) © 1980

X: AZ ARC (LP: Pepita SLPX 17690) © 1981, (CD: Mega HCD 17690) © 1993

XI (LP: Pepita SLPX 17747) © 1982, (CD: Mega HCD 17747) © 1994

JUBLIUM CONCERT (2LP: Favorit SLPM 17777/78) © 1983

BABYLON (LP: Favorit SLPM 37097) © 1987, (CD: Mega HCD 37097) © 1994

A FOLD ARREYHOS OLDAHON (LP: Favorit SLPM 17865) © 1986, (CD: Mega HCD 17865) © 1994

ARRANYALBUM 1969-71 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17582) © 1979 - sampler

> KISTADION '80

1968-1973 (5LP: Favorit SLPM 37063-67) © 1987 - box set of LP's 1-5

plus many singles, more samplers and lots of more recent releases!

Other Releases...

OMEGA RED STAR FROM HUNGARY (LP: Decca SKL 4974) © 1969

> HALLO, NR. 6

> HALLO, NR. 7

Pearls In Her Hair / The Lying Girl (7", Germany: Bacillus BF 18172) © 1973

> HALLO, NR. 9

> HALLO, NR. 12

OMEGA (LP: Bacillus BLPS 19147) 4/1973 © 1973 (LP: Bacillus BAC 2017) © 1977, (LP: Bacillus 260.09.026) © 198?, (CD: Bacillus 288.09.026) © 1990

OMEGA OMEGA OMEGA (LP: Supraphon 1 13 1336) © 1973 - Czech release of ELO OMEGA

200 HUNDRED YEARS AFTER THE LAST WAR (LP: Bacillus BLPS 19175) 1973 © 1974 (LP: Bacillus BAC 2022) © 1977 (LP: Bacillus 260.09.029) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.029) © 1990

OMEGA III (LP: Bacillus BLPS 19191) © 1974 (LP: Bacillus BAC 2030) © 1978 (LP: Bacillus 260.09.025) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.025) © 1990

THE HALL OF FLOATERS IN THE SKY (LP: Bacillus BLPS 19220) © 1975 (LP: Decca SKL-R 5219) © 1975 (LP: Bacillus BAC 2035) © 1978 (LP: Bacillus 260.09.007) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.002) © 1989

TIME ROBBER (LP: Bacillus BLPS 19233) © 1976 (LP: Decca SKL-R 5243) © 1976 (LP: Bacillus BAC 2037) © 1978 (LP: Bacillus 260.09.003) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 289.09.004) © 1989 #

SKYROVER (LP: Bacillus BAC 2052) © 1978 (LP: Bacillus 250.09.004) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.011) © 1990

GAMMAPOLIS (LP: Bacillus BAC 2061) © 1979 (LP: Bacillus 260.09.052) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.007) © 1989

LIVE AT THE KISTADION (2LP: Bacillus BAC 2066) © 1980 (2LP: Bacillus 320.09.003) © 198? (CD: Bacillus 288.09.003) © 1989

WORKING (LP: WEA 58328) © 1981

plus more Bacillus singles, 4 samplers, and other releases!

PANDORA'S BOX

Sandor Bencsik (guitars), Istvan Cserhati (keyboards), Miklos Varga (vocals), Jozsef Safar (bass), Istvan Szabo (drums)

Heavy rock with Omega stylisms. They made 3 albums before splitting and then reformed ca 2002.

Halalkatlan / A Bolond (7": Pepita SPS 70483) © 1981

> 1,2,3... START

A Zold, A Bibor Es A Fekete / Valami Rock And Roll (7": Start SPS 70553) © 1982

P. BOX (LP: Start SLPX 17688) © 1982, aka RAISING HELL (LP: Start SLPX 17688) © 1982

KO KOVON (LP: Start SLPM 17762) © 1983

OMEN (LP: Start SLPM 17960) © 1985

PANTA RHEI

Andras Szalay (guitars), Sandor Szalay (guitars), Kalman Matolcsy (keyboards), Andras Schmidt (drums)

Classical rock band. Pre: P.R. Computer.

PANTA RHEI (LP: Pepita SLPX 17662) © 1981

EPILOG (CD: Mega MCDA 87601) 1977-1987 © 1998

IVAN PATACHICH

Inventive experimental electronics.

MUSICAL ELECTRO-ALCHEMY (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12369) © 1982

> HUNGARIAN ELECTRONIC MUSIC

> WORKS OF ELECTRONIC MUSIC (LP, Greece: ENM CP 91014) © 1986

PIRAMIS

Sandor Revesz (vocals), Janos Zavodi (guitars), Peter Gallai (keyboards, vocals, synthesizer), Lajos Som (bass), Miklos Koves (drums) #

Mainstream rock band, variably quoted as pop-rock, hard-rock and prog. They had some success outside Hungary.

A Becsulet / Szallj Fel Magasra (7": Pepita SPS 70226) © 1976

PIRAMIS (LP: Pepita SLPX 17528) © 1977, (CD: Mega HCD 17528) © 1992 #

Kivanj Igazi Unnepet / Elment A Kedved (7": Pepita SPS 70292) © 1977

2 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17555) © 1978, (CD: Mega HCD 17555) © 1992

3 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17589) © 1979, (CD: Mega HCD 17589) © 1992

4, A NAGY BULI (LP: Pepita SLPX 17621) © 1979, (CD: Mega HCD 17621) © 1992

PIRAMIS (LP: Pepita International SLPR 703) © 1980 (LP, Germany: Sky 302) © 1981 - English vocal album

6, EROTIKA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17663) © 1981, (CD: Mega HCD 17663) © 1992

PLUSZ (LP: Pepita SLPX 17704) © 1982

Zoltan PONGRACZ

Contemporary avant-garde electronics.

> INSTITUUT VOOR SONOLOGIE VAN DE RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT TE UTRECHT STUDIO VOOR ELEKTRONISCHE MUZIEK (LP: Deutsche Grammophon 643 545) © 1970 - Zoltan Pongracz "Phonothese" plus works by Gottfried Michael Koenig and Rainer Riehn

> HUNGARIAN ELECTRONIC MUSIC

144 SOUNDS: ELECTRONIC MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12433) © 1982

P.R. COMPUTER

Lively rhythmic and melodic synth produced by Omega's Janos Kobor.

P.R. COMPUTER (LP: Start SLPM 17797) © 1983

Gabor PRESSER

Classical synth rock in the Patrick Moraz or Rick Wakeman vein by Locomotiv GT keyboardist.

ELECTROMANTIC (LP: Pepita SLPX 17716) © 1982 (LP: EMI EMC 3428) © 1982 (CD: Hungaroton HCD 37292) © 1989

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

CSAK DALOK (CD: BMG / Ariola 74321236402) © 1995

PROFAN

Unusual high-tech folk-rock.

PRO PATRIA (LP: Hungaropop BP 005) © 1987

Akos ROZMANN

Electronic music composer who left Hungary to work at the Stockholm electronic music studios.

IMAGES OF THE DREAM AND DEATH (2LP: Phono Suecia PS 27) © 1986

> 5 COMPOSERS, SECOND COMING (CD, Sweden: Fylkingen FYCD 1003) 1988-1989 © 1994

SATURNUS

Bela Szakcsi Lakatos (piano), Gyula Babos (guitar), Peter Dando (bass), Peter Gritz (drums) #

Keyboard lead jazz-rock with a touch of funk.

SATURNUS (LP: Pepita SLPX 17602) © 1980 #

CSIGAHAZAK (LP: Krem SLPX 17693) © 1982

> DEBRECENI DZSESSZNAPOK '81

SENATOR

1980s hard rock.

SENATOR (LP: Start SLPM 17959) © 1985

SKORPIO

Karoly Frenreisz (bass, sax, vocals), Gabor Fekete (drums), Antal Gabor Szucs (guitars, vocals), Gyula Papp (organ) #

These started almost like clones of Omega three years earlier. Although, that said, the debut LP only really contains a couple of decent prog tracks, the best being the classical rock "Fantazia A "Rhapsody In Blue" Temaira". Generally though they were melodic hard-rockers bordering on bubblegum pop.

A ROHANAS (LP: Pepita SLPX 17470) © 1974 (CD: Hungaroton HCD 17470) © 2000

UNNEPNAP (LP: Pepita SLPX 17498) © 1976 (CD: Hungaroton HCD 17498) © 2000 #

KELJ FEL! (LP: Pepita SLPX 17512) © 1977

GYERE VELEM! (LP: Pepita SLPX 17575) © 1978

THE RUN (LP: Habima HSLP 7819) © 1978 - English language new recordings

UJ SKORPIO (LP: Pepita SLPX 17629) © 1980

ZENE TIZ HURRA ES EGY DOBOSRA (LP: Pepita SLPX 17666) © 1981

ARANYALBUM 1973-83 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17765) © 1983 - sampler

SKORPIO (LP: Mercury 822689-1) © 1984

BEST OF SKORPIO (CD: Gong HCD 37689) © 1993 - sampler

plus reformations, split / collaborations and loads of singles

SOLARIS

Istvan Cziglan (guitars, synthesizer, effects), Robert Erdesz (piano, organ, synthesizers), Laszlo Gomor (drums, percussion), Attila Kollar (flutes, synthesizer, vocals), Tamas Pocs (bass) #

Also known under the pop-rock guise Napoleon Boulevard (from which they make a living), the progressive alter-ego Solaris are amongst the most highly regarded 80s European progressives. Entirely instrumental featuring much use of flute, synths and guitars, they dazzle with complexity and dynamics, recalling Camel, Fermata and King Crimson simultaneously!

Audion extract: Now, anyone with a fetish for synthesized space-rock (i.e. Eloy, Pulsar, Hawkwind, Sensations Fix) should check these out. Their sole LP to date - THE MARTIAN CHRONICLES, recorded in 1984, is instrumental rock of a type not normally found in the Eastern Bloc. One particularly unique feature is the flautists style, reminiscent of Roland Richard (of Pulsar) and numerous Italian flautists from various seventies rock bands; very expressive and (to use an ancient cliche) cosmic. Side A features The Martian Chronicles I-VI, a very inventive suite, encompassing dynamic rock and atmospheric Jean-Michel Jarre like synth sections, with plenty of room for numerous guitar, flute and synth solos, plus some good choral work. Their use of recurring themes and strong flute presence resembles somewhat, that of Camel on THE SNOW GOOSE, although Solaris' brand of rock is far more forceful and dynamic. If the A side wasn't good enough, the B side is even better. These 6 concise compositions just go to show how exiting instrumental rock music can (and should) be - who needs vocals anyway? Try to imagine a cocktail of Camel, Eloy, S.F.F. and Novalis, and numerous other East Euro bands - you should then have an idea what this album is like!

Ellenpont / Eden (7": Pepita SPS 70473) © 1981

MARSBELI KRONIKAK / THE MARTIAN CHRONICLES (LP: Start SLPM 17819) © 1984 (CD: Crime K32Y 2187) © 1989 (CD: Gong HCD 17819) © 1995 #

1990 (2LP: Pepita SLPM 37310-11) © 1990, (CD: Pepita HCD 37310) © 1990, (2CD: Gong HCD 37310/11) © 1996 - 1CD has 1 side of 2LP omitted, 2CD is complete 2LP plus bonus live recordings

LIVE IN LOS ANGELES (2CD: Solaris Music Productions SMP 004) © 1996

NOSTRADAMUS PROFECIAK KONYVE (CD: Periferic Records BGCD 025) © 1999

and some more recent releases

SYRIUS

Miklos Orszaczky (bass, violin, vocals), Mihaly Raduly (sax, flute), Laszlo Pataki (keyboards), Zsolt Baronits (sax, vocals), Andras Veszelinov (drums) #

Formed in the early 1960s and established as a pop band for many years, they got involved in a cultural exchange and ended up in Australia where they recorded their debut LP, a progressive rock / fusion album inspired by 60s Chicago sound. It's not a bad one and quite unique for Hungary, whereas later releases reverted back to more what one expects from Hungarian 70s rock.

Kettonk Kozul Egynek Mennie Kell / Arnyak Az Ejben (7": Qualiton SP 384) © 1967

Dead End Street / Nobody Knows / Black Is Black / Help Me Girl (7": Qualiton EP 27365) © 1968

SYRIUS (LP, Australia: Spin SEL 934377) © 1971, aka AZ ORDOG ALARCOSBALJA / DEVIL'S MASQUERADE (LP: Pepita SLPX 17439) © 1972 (CD: Gong HCD 17439) © 1993 #

I've Been This Down Before / Concerto Part 11 (7", Australia: Spin EK-4463) © 197?

SZETTORT HALMOK / BROKEN DREAMS (LP: Pepita SLPX 17491) © 1976

Igen Szep Volt / Csendes Kialtas (7": Pepita SP 70159) © 1976

MOST, MULT, LESZ (CD: Gong HCD 37733) © 1994

ROCK KONCERTEK A MAGYAR RADIO ARCHIVUMABOL I: SYRIUS, 1975 (CD: Premier Art PAR97105) © 1997

plus other collaboration singles

Ivan SZEKELY

Electronic music composer.

> ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS

Tamas SZEKERES

Instrumental prog / fusion and classical guitar from former East and Senator member.

GUITARMANIA (LP: Mahir) © 1989 (CD, Netherlands: Dureco 1157772) © 1993

and at least 10 more

Tibor SZEMZO

Inventive flautist and synthesist working in abstract and cosmic avant-garde realms on SNAPSHOT FROM THE ISLAND. He was a member of Group 180 and has released at least a dozen more albums since his debut as a conductor and musician, covering all sorts of styles from folk through to free jazz.

SNAPSHOT FROM THE ISLAND (LP, UK: Leo LR 151) 12/1985-11/1986 © 1988, (LP: Hungaropop LP 006-63643-88) © 1988

> LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY

Istvan SZIGETI

Atmospheric electronics and avant-garde.

Audion extract: Szigeti is credited on his LP as being an electronic music composer, although such a description is not really accurate. Using voices, synths and computer it's often towards the more atonal realms of Schulzian synth. Again, an unclassifiable and fascinating music.

> ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS

ELEKTROAKUSZTIKUS MUVEK / ELECTROACOUSTIC COMPOSITIONS (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 31124) 1981-1988 © 1989

Adam TOROK ES BARATAI

Unusual high-tech jazz and folk fusion.

ALLIGATOR (LP: RTV 88003) © 1988

TOWERING INFERNO

Unusual cross-cultural project, featuring Chris Cutler and Hungarian folkies!

KADDISH (CD: ReR TICD1) © 1993

Tamas UNGVARY

Computer music and contemporary avant-garde composer.

> FESTIVAL OF ELECTRONIC MUSIC - CIRCUS, STOCKHOLM 1979 (LP, Sweden: Caprice CAP 3019) © 1980

ITE, MISSA EST (LP: Fylkingen FYLP 1028) 1974-1982 © 1982

> COMPUTER MUSIC

> 5 COMPOSERS, SECOND COMING (CD, Sweden: Fylkingen FYCD 1003) 1990 © 1994

> COMPUTER MUSIC CURRENTS 12 (CD: Wergo WER 2032-2) © 1995

UZGIN UVER

Ethnic / cross-culture prog. We've only had their 1995 CD. They've released at least 6 more since.

SZEGENY ARATAS (MC: private) © 1992

UZGIN UVER (CD: Bahia CDB 017) © 1995

Miklos VARGA BAND

Former member of the Hungarian hard rock band Pandora's Box. The EUROPA album is Omega influenced.

EUROPA (LP: Start SLPM 17917) © 1985

JATEK, SZENVEDELY... (LP: Favorit SLPM 37032) © 1986

Mate VICTOR

Contemporary eklectronics and academic composer. He has also worked in other fields.

> HUNGARIAN ELECTRONIC MUSIC

> ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS

VIZONTO

Karoly Cserepes (synthesizers, recorders, vocals, percussion), Janos Hasur (violins, viola, jaw harp, vocals), Mihaly Huszar (voice, fujura, basses), Ferenc Kiss (voice, tamboura, recorder, violin, horn)

[In English: AQUARIUS] Folk-rock band, almost like Jethro Tull meets Kolinda and The Wurzles on ELECTRIC SHEPHERD.

MAGYAR NEPZENE (LP: FM 33008) © 1977

LIVING HUNGARIAN FOLK MUSIC 3 (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18039) © 1978

MELYVIZ (LP: Stoof MU 7487) © 1985

VILLANYPASZTOR / ELECTRIC SHEPHERD (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18133) © 1987, (CD: Gong HCD 18133) © 199?

GITANIA EXPRESS (LP: Hungaroton SLPD 18200) © 1990, (CD: Gong HCD 18200) © 1994

V' MOTO-ROCK

Ferenc Demjen (vocals, bass), Sandor Herpai (drums, percussion), Istvan Lerch (vocals, keyboards), Janos Menyhart (guitar, vocals) #

Hard-rock and progressive mix.

V' MOTO-ROCK (LP: Pepita SLPX 17562) © 1978, (CD: Mega HCD 17562) © 1995

II (LP: Pepita SLPX 17627) © 1980, (CD: Mega HCD 17627) © 1995

GYERTYAK (LP: Pepita SLPX 17696) © 1982, (CD: Mega HCD 17696) © 1996 #

MOTOROCK (LP: X Records 6.25918) © 1984, aka BEST OF (LP: Favorit SLPR 711) © 1984 - English versions

5 (LP: Favorit SLPM 17982) © 1986

A FENY FELE (LP: Favorit SLPM 37128) © 1987

VUJICSICS

Folk music with a touch of invention.

DELSZLAV NEPZENE / SOUTHERN SLAV FOLK MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18057) © 1981

SERB AND CROAT FOLK MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 18104) © 1988

VUJICSICS (LP: Hanibal HNBL 1310) © 1989, aka SERBIAN MUSIC FROM SOUTHERN HUNGARY (CD: Hanibal HNCD 1310) © 198?

SAMO SVIRAJ (CD: Association 003) © 1997

PODRAVINA (CD: Association 004) © 2001

Andras WAHORN

Slightly RIO folk mix from a saxophonist who's worked in Urban Sax.

TENGERHAJOZAS / SEAFARING (LP: Bad Quality Records BQR L 1991/1) © 1991

KOMOLY ZENE / SERIOUS MUSIC (MC: Bahia MKB 016) 1991-1993 © 1993

WHOLE (CD: Tone Casualties TCCD 95006) © 1995

Various Artists

COMPUTER MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12809) © 1986

avant-garde electronics by Tamas Ungvary, Laszlo Dubrovay, etc.

DEBRECENI DZSESSZNAPOK '81 (LP: Krem SLPX 17706) © 1982

live recordings by Binder, Saturnus, a.o.

FIATAL MAGYAR ZENESZERZOK ELEKTRONIKUS KOMPOZICIOI / ELECTRONIC MUSIC BY YOUNG HUNGARIAN COMPOSERS (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 12371) © 1983

experimental electronics by: Mate Victor, Istvan Szigeti, Ivan Szekely, Laszlo Kiraly (piano and electronics), Miklos Csemiczky.

ELECTRONICKA HUDBA (LP: Supraphon DV 6221) © 1966

rare electronic music album. Ilja Zeljenka (pioneering Hungarian electronics), Jozef Malovec (Hungarian electronics), Krzysztof Penderecki, etc.

MAGYAR ELEKTRONIKUS ZENE / HUNGARIAN ELECTRONIC MUSIC (LP: Hungaroton SLPX 11851) © 1979

avant-garde electronics by: Zoltan Pongracz, Peter Eotvos, Ivan Patachich, Mate Victor & Peter Winkler.

KISTADION '80 (LP: Pepita SLPX 17655) © 1980

concert extracts by Omega, Locomotiv GT, and Beatrice.

LOOKING EAST - HUNGARY (CD: Erdenklang 91348) © 1992

good introduction to Hugarian synth and experimental electronics, featuring: Robert Erdesz / Istvan Cziglan (of Solaris), Laszlo Benko, Matyas Varkonyi (former keyboardist with the pop group General), Tibor Kocsak, Gabor Presser, Laszlo Hortobagyi, Tibor Szemzo, Robert Mandel, Steve Osso, Istvan Marta.

1,2,3...START (LP: Start SLPX 17711) © 1982

live recordings by: Edda Muvek, Karthago & Pandora's Box.

KAZAKHSTAN

East, off the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan and neighbouring Kyrgyzstan have a history that blends European and Oriental cultures (Turks and Mongols) and it is obvious in the music that comes from there. Actually Asia, not Europe, but included as part of the former USSR.

BOOMERANG

Yury Parfionov (trumpet), Victor Nikolayev (soprano/tenor saxes), Tahir Ibragimov (percussion), Farhad Ibragimov (bass, tabla), Konstantin Lee (guitar) #

Formed in Alma-Ata circa 1973 and led by drummer Tahir Ibragimov. Boomerang played spacey instrumental jazz-rock with strong ethnic influences, with long tracks, at the esoteric end of the Arsenal sound. High quality stuff, only marginally let-down on the second by some free jazz elements, and in contrast extremely original on MIRAGE due to the unique use of electronics.

BOOMERANG (LP: Melodiya C60-18719-20) © 1983 #

ORNAMENT (LP: Melodiya C60 21321 007) © 1984

MIRAGE (LP: Melodiya C60 22759 001) © 1986

DOS MUKASAN

Kyrgyz / Kazakhstan 'Vocal and Instrumental Ensemble', formed in Alma-Ata in 1967 by students of the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute. They sound like a much more traditional early Gunesh.

Karangi Tunde Tau Kalgip / The Darkness Of Night Mountain (7" EP: Melodiya C-0004363/4) © 1973

Toi Jini / Feast (7" EP: Melodiya C-0004473/4) © 1973

DOS MUKASAN (LP: Melodiya C60-07677/8) © 1976

DOS MUKASAN ENSEMBLE (LP: Melodiya C60-19101-02) © 1983

LATVIA

Baltic state with Scandinavian cultural connections, part of the USSR during the 20th Century. Capital: Riga.

ASPHALT

Igor Grigoriev (guitar), Andrei Soloviev (trumpet, bamboo flute), Dmitry Shumilov (bass), Mikhail Zhukov (drums)

Experimental jazz-fusion with a nod in the direction of the New York scene and also with a good bit of Miles Davis.

ASPHALT (LP: Melodiya C60 29793 007) © 1990

LIVI

Guntars Mucenieks (keyboards, vocals), Janis Grodums (bass, vocals), Aivars Brize (vocals), Ainars Virga (guitar, vocals), Dainis Virga (drums, vocals) #

Bombastic symphonic-metal and progressive.

IEDOMU PILSETA (LP: Melodiya C60 23627 009) © 1986

LIVI (LP: Melodiya C60 27681 001) © 1988 #

plus 5 more, a single and archive compilations

ROOF

Igor Grigoriev (guitar), Andrei Soloviev (winds), Mikhail Zhukov (drums)

Same band as Asphalt, minus the bassist! Like a high powered Last Exit or Lounge Lizards.

> BAD ALCHEMY NR 13 (MC: Bad Alchemy 13) © 1989

NEW MUSIC (LP: Melodiya C60 29551 006) © 1990

> DOCUMENT: NEW MUSIC FROM RUSSIA - THE 80'S

> GOLDEN YEARS OF THE SOVIET NEW JAZZ VOLUME III (4CD: GY 409/412) © 2002

Skirmanto SASNAUSKO

Excellent Osjan-like opener moving on to free-jazz.

GIESMES VAIKAMS "DZIAZO KOMPZICIJOS" (LP: Melodiya C60 29123 001) © 1989

ZGA

Nick Sudnik (clarinet, sax, ring modulator, keyboards, iron objects, percussion, voice), Alexander Zhilin (bass, percussion, iron objects, voice), Vadim Petrenko (guitar, fiddlesticks, electroshaver, voice), Michail Judenich (drums, percussion, voice) #

Avant-Garde rock and sound collage. Often like a free-form Einsturzende Neubauten, Mnemonists or early AMM.

> ReR QUARTERLY, VOL.3 NO.1 (LP+mag: ReR 0301) © 1989

ZGA: (RIGA) (LP: Points East PE 02) © 1989

END OF AN EPOCH (CD: ReR ZGACD2) © 1993

ZGAMONIUMS (CD: ReR ZGACD) 4/1990-3/1991 © 1995 #

SUB LUNAR MORRIOR (CD: ReR ZGACD3) © 1996

plus at least 10 more!

ZODIAC

Janis Lusens (piano, synthesizer), Aivars Gudrais (guitar), Dzintars Sagens (guitar), Ivars Pilka (bass), Andris Reinis (drums) #

[Aka ZODIAKS] Synthi rock with Jean Michel Jarre and Vangelis influence.

DISCO ALLIANCE (LP: Melodiya C60 13774) © 1980

MUSIC IN THE UNIVERSE (LP: Melodiya C60-18365-6) 1982 © 1983 #

MUSIC FROM THE FILMS (LP: Melodiya C60 22225 008) © 1984

IN MEMORIAM (LP: Melodiya C60 28301 009) © 1988

MAKONI / CLOUDS (LP: RiTonis 3-014-C-1) © 1991

DEDICATION (CD: Microfona Ieraksti MRCD 063) 1989 © 1996

LITHUANIA

Baltic state with Scandinavian cultural connections, prt of the USSR during the 20th Century. Capital: Vilnius.

ARGO

Giedrius Kuprevicius & Julius Vilnonis (keyboards), Linas Peciura (guitar), Arunas Mikuckis (drums), Arturas Kuznecovas (bass), Gintaras Kizevicius (vocals), Orunas Urbonas (sound projection) #

Electronic / synth fronted fusion band, formed by composer Giedrius Kuprevicius at the Kaunas Musical Theatre in 1979. As with many Soviet represses SVIESA came in a variety of generic covers, some billed as "Variety Music" with the title in Cyrillic: CBeT.

DISCOPHONIA (LP: Melodiya C60 15173-4) © 1980

SVIESA / LIGHT (LP: Melodiya C60 19027) © 1983 #

ZEME L. (LP: Melodiya C60 23909 007) © 1986

SEZON DOZHDEI

Maxim Pshenichny (guitar, bass, voice, synthesizers), Alexey Petrov (drums, wood block, glockenspiel, triangle)

[In English: RAINY SEASON] Atmospheric synth and guitar based progressive rock, often like a more subdued Gorizont, with hints of cosmic Tangerine Dream and a vague nod to The Enid on VOZVRASHENIE, with a touch more Scandinavian style fusion on the also excellent ALBOM TRAV.

Audion extract (Boheme feature): Lithuania's Sezon Dozhdei ("Rainy Season" in English) produced one the finest cosmic rock albums of the 1990s. Their VOZVRASHENIE is quite a masterpiece, especially considering that the band were only a duo (with guests) obviously recorded at a remote out-of-date old State studio! But the limits to what they could do were obviously part of the reason why Sezon Dozhdei were so original ... the folk and classical references are quite unlike anything else I've heard, and such cosmic/atmospheric use of a Yamaha DX100 is rare. Yes, with just three long tracks, it all adds up to a magical gem.

VOZVRASHENIE / "RETURN" (LP: Lituanus RCM 7006) © 1992, aka RETURN (CD: Boheme CDBMR 00010179) © 2000

ALBOM TRAV "THE GRASSES ALBUM" (CD: F Records / RDM CDRDM 3 06 019) © 1993

NOSTALGIA (CD: SoLyd Records SLR 0083) © 1997

ZENKLO GRUPE

Aigris Bulavas (violin, reeds), Gytis Gasperaitis (percussion), Gintautas Kazemekas (flute, percussion), Audrius Mickevicius (zither, acoustic guitar), Sarunas Miskinis (bass), Valdas Neimantas (acoustic guitar, reeds) #

Ethnic fusion, with hints of Stephan Micus, Kolinda, Osjan, Third Ear Band, etc. All instrumental, featuring zithers and percussion, and a very spacey and distinctly Eastern sounding feel. The band resurfaced again 15 years later as Zenklas X.

ZENKLAS (LP: RiTonis C60 31193 001) © 1991 #

TAKE (CD: Dangus DGCD020) © 2006

MACEDONIA

Former Yugoslavian state during the Eastern bloc years.

LEB I SOL

Vladimir Stefanoski (guitars, vocals), Nikola Dimusevski (keyboards), Bodan Arsovski (bass), Garabet Tavitijan (drums) #

Leb I Sol (meaning Bread And Salt) was a jazz-rock / fusion / prog / rock group founded in the mid 1970s in Skopje, Macedonia (ex-Yugoslavia). Initially a very inventive group with lots of progressive flashes, hints of Fermata and Scandinavian styles close to Pekka Pohjola and Jukka Tolonen. The 80s albums however gradually moved towards conventional rock styles.

> BOOM '77

LEB I SOL (LP: RTB LP 5319) © 1978 #

Talasna Duzina / Dikijeva Igra (7": PGP RTB S 51834) © 1978

Nie Cetvoricata / Devetka (7": PGP RTB S 52 787) © 1978

LEB I SOL 2 (LP: RTB LP 55-5335) © 1978

RUCNI RAD (LP: RTB LP 55-5372) © 1979

"infinity" (LP: RTB 2320118) © 1981

plus 10 more albums and loads of compilations!

MOLDOVA

Former USSR state during the Eastern bloc years (aka Moldavia), landlocked between Romania and Ukraine.

Misha ALPERIN

Aka Mikhail Alperin. Jazz pianist, multi-instrumentalist. Featured with Arsenal, Trigon, and more recently with numerous ECM releases.

AVTOPORTRET (LP: Melodiya C60 26915 008) © 1988

TRIGON

Anatolie Stefanet (viola, vocals), Alexandru Murzac (bass), Oleg Baltaga (drums), Mikhail Alperin (keyboards (1998))

Odd cross-culture mix of jazz, folk and classical. This is what happens when a jazz drummer gets together with a folk violinist and a classical guitarist - yes, the results are odd akin to DDR's Bayon or British 70s band Continuum.

THE MOLDOVAN WEDDING IN JAZZ (CD: Silex) © 1994

OGLINDA (CD: JARO 4215-2) © 1998

FREE GONE (CD: Boheme CDBMR 912115) © 2000

and at least 6 more

POLAND

Surprisingly, Poland had quite an open record industry with a number of labels, some with their own specialised areas, like the eclectic jazz-specialist Poljazz, or the progressive label Savitor, and in contrast (catering for anything) the state-owned Muza label. With a healthy jazz scene and many notable progressive ground-breakers during the 70s, Poland eschewed a lot of astonishing music.

Since the Solidarity uprising in the 80s it's been difficult to find out much about what has been happening there, due to escalating inflation, and the change to a market economy, thus there's little to report on from recent years except releases from the oddly named Metal mind label.

ABC

Andrzej Nebeski (drums), Andrzej Mikolajczak (organ), Marek Mataczynski (bass), Zbigniew Karwacki (flute, alto/tenor saxes), Aleksander Michalski (tenor/baritone sax), Halina Frackowiak, Jerzy Koslowski & Wojciech Gassowski (vocals)

Bluesy rock with Halina Frackowiak.

GRUPA ABC ANDRZEJA NEBESKIEGO (LP: Pronit SXL 0627) © 1970

> HALLO, NR. 2

plus many singles and compilations, etc.

ANAWA (& Marek GRECHUTA)

Marek Grechuta (vocals), Tadeusz Kozuch (violin), Jacek Ostaszewski (bass), Anna Wojotowicz (cello), Marek Jackowski (guitar), Zbigniew Paleta (violin), Eugeniusz Makowka (drums) #

Early progressive who sound like Skaldowie with classical and folk touches, pre-Ossian. Note: ANAWA from 1974 is without Marek Grechuta. At that time he recorded two solos: DROGA ZA WIDNOKRES and MAGIA OBLOKOW.

Serce (7" EP: Pronit N 0557) © 1969

MAREK GRECHUTA ANAWA (LP: Muza SXL 0601) © 1970, (CD: Pomaton EMI 7243 5 27740 2 9) © 2000

KOROWOD (LP: Muza SXL 0752) © 1971, (CD: Pomaton EMI 7243 5 27742 2 7) © 2000, aka MAREK GRECHUTA ANAWA (LP: Supraphon 1 13 1379) © 1974 #

> HALLO, NR. 4

> HALLO, NR. 5

ANAWA (LP: Muza SXL 1066) © 1973 (CD: Muza PNCD 1608) © 199?

SZALONA LOKOMOTYWA (LP: Pronit SXL 1496) © 1977

WIOSNA - ACH TO TY (LP: Muza SX 2496) © 1987, (CD: Pomaton EMI 7243 5 35633 2 5) © 2001

OCALIC OD ZAPOMNIENIA, MAREK GRECHUTA & ANAWA GREATEST HITS (CD: Muza PNCD 125) © 1990 - sampler

ANNALIST

Robert Srzednicki (vocal, guitar, keyboards), Krzysztof Wawrzak (bass, vocal), Artur Szolc (drums, percussion) #

Neo-prog with English vocals on their debut.

MEMOIRES (MC: Digiton DIG C 168) © 1993, (CD: Digiton DIG 168) © 1995 #

ARTEMIS (CD: Ars Mundi AMS 002R) © 1995

EON (CD: Ars Mundi S001CD) © 1997

TRIAL (CD: Koch International 52276-2) © 2000

AYA R.L.

Igor Czerniawski (keyboards, drums, voice), Pawel Kukiz (voice, percussion), Jarek Lach (guitars, voice)

Electro-rock, new-wave/indie style, with Russian synthesist Igor Chernyavski.

Audion extract: The only remotely interesting "new-wave" band I've heard from Poland, they are indeed far more sensible and inventive than most, their music on their LP falls somewhere between Joy Division, Din A Testbild, D-A-F and traditional Polish songs. Their sound is clean, accessible, and they make good use of synth.

AYA R.L. (LP: Tonpress SX-T67) © 1986, (CD: Pomaton POM CD 007) © 1991

plus 4 more albums and 9 singles are known.

BANK

Krzysztof Krzyskow (percussion), Marek Bilinski (synthesizers, piano), Roman Iskrowicz (bass guitar), Miroslaw Gral (guitar), Piotr Iskrowicz (guitar), Miroslaw Bielawski (vocals) #

Hard-rock and blues progressive, featuring Marek Bilinski. It seems they soon split in the 80s, reforming circa 2000.

JESTEM PANEM SWIATA (LP: Muza SX 2388) © 1981 #

CIAGLE KTOS MOWI COS (MC: Szczecin) © 1983

Marek BILINSKI

Former Bank keyboardist. His solo work is mostly dynamic rock structured synth music, comparable to Patrick Moraz or Michael Garrison.

Audion extract: Probably Poland's most famous synthesist, he's recorded a few albums, of which OGROD KROLA SWITU seems to be the easiest to come by. His style is Teutonic in the sense of: Rolf Trostel, Rudiger Lorenz, Bernd Scholl etc., rhythmic and tuneful, but for my liking a bit too indistinctive.

> INPUT OUTPUT

> SOFT MOODS FOR ROMANTIC SEQUENCES

OGROD KROLA SWITU / THE GARDEN OF THE KING OF DAWN (LP: Wifon LP 053) 5/1982 © 1983, (CD: Digiton DIG 109) © 1995

Dom W Dolinie Mgiel / Ucieczka Z Tropiku (7": Tonpress S-488) © 1984

Porachunki Z Blizniakami (12": Polton MSP 001) © 1984

E =/= mc2 (LP: Polton LPP 010) © 1984, (CD: Digiton DIG 122) © 1992

WOLNE LOTY (LP: Polton LPP 026) © 1986, (CD: Digiton DIG 157) © 1994

> LOOKING EAST - POLAND

and many more

Augustyn BLOCH

Avant-garde, classical and contemporary composer. He was also an organist and dabbled with electronics, best-known to us for these experimental German library LP releases...

UNUSUAL SOUNDS VOL 1: REFLECTIONS (LP, Germany: Sonoton SON 102) © 1980

UNUSUAL SOUNDS VOL 2: THE BRAIN (LP, Germany: Sonoton SON 133) © 1980

BREAKOUT

Tadeusz Nalepa (guitars, vocals), Mira Kubasinska (vocals), Michal Muzolf (bass), Jozef Hajdasz (drums), Wlodimierz Nahorny (sax, flute)

Legendary blues and psychedelic band. They started as the beat band Blackout in the mid 1960s (album BLACKOUT, LP: Pronit XL 0437 © 1967), changing to Breakout (sometimes credited as Breakout Blues Band) mixing blues, prog and psychedelic elements at the start, becoming more boogie rock later on.

NA DRUGIM BRZEGU TECZY (LP: Pronit XL 0531) © 1969 (CD: Digiton DIG 102) © 1991

70A (LP: Muza SXL 0603) © 1970 (CD: Digiton DIG 118) © 1991

BLUES (LP: Muza SXL 0721) © 1971, (CD: Muza PNCD 940) © 200?

MIRA (LP: Muza SXL 0778) © 1971 (CD: Digiton DIG 119) © 1991

KARATE (LP: Muza SXL 0858) © 1972, (CD: Muza PNCD 082) © 1992

> HALLO, NR. 9

> HALLO, NR. 10

> HALLO, NR. 11

with Mira Kubasinska: OGIEN (LP: Muza SXL 1004) © 1973 (CD: Digiton DIG 120) © 1991

KAMIENIE (LP: Muza SXL 1140) © 1974 (CD: Muza PNCD 181) © 1991

N.O.L. "NIEZIDENTYFIKOWANY OBIEKT LATAJACY" (LP: Muza SX 1300) © 1975 (CD: Intersonus IS 067) © 1994

Z.O.L. "ZIDENTYFIKOWANY OBIEKT LATAJACY" (LP: Muza SX 1766) © 1977 (CD: Intersonus IS 068) © 1994

ZAGIEL ZIEMI (LP: Pronit SX 1821) © 1971, (CD: Muza PNCD 992) © 200?

TADEUSZ NALEPA BLUES BREAKOUT 1971-1972 (CD: Muza PNCD 094) © 1991 - their BLUES & KARATE albums

BREAKOUT 69/70 (CD: Digiton DIG 219) © 1996 - first 2 albums

plus assorted singles and samplers

Joanna BRUZDOWICZ

Contemporary classical composer who made the one experimental electronics album.

BRUZDOWICZ-BOGAERT (LP: Pavane ADW 7064) © 1981

BUDKA SUFLERA

Krzysztof Cugowski (vocals), Romuald Lipko (bass, organ), Andrzej Ziolkowski (guitar), Tomasz Zeliszewski (percussion) #

Progressive blues-rock similar to Niemen in their early days, and adopting a straighter hard-rock style on later albums.

Audion extract: Their early albums were the best, especially CIEN WEILKIEJ GORY which featured Niemen as a guest synthesist, the music being slightly bluesy with some Jane similarity and a liberal dose of psychedelia. Their lead vocalist, Krzysztof Cugowski, sounded like a cross between Niemen and Roger Chapman (of Family). PRZECHODNIEM BYLEM MIEDZY WAMI... featured a more standard light-weight bluesy rock format, though vocally saturated by Cugowski does contain some nice instrumental sections. Some time after this Cugowski left the band, later releasing a rather drab rock album PODWOJNA TWARZ (Pronit SX 2118) with his new band Cross.

CIEN WEILKIEJ GORY (LP: Muza SX 1264) © 1975, (CD: Muza PNCD 154) © 1991 #

> ZAPRASZAMY DO TROJKI

PRZECHODNIEM BYLEM MIEDZY WAMI... (LP: Muza SX 1398) © 1976 (CD: New Abra NA 003) © 1996 - 1 bonus track

NA BRZEGU SWATLA (LP: Pronit SX 1820) © 1979

ONA PRZYSLA PROSTO Z CHMUR (LP: Muza SX 1892) © 1980, (CD: Muza PNCD 082) © 1992

ZA OSTATNI GROSZ (LP: Tonpress SX-T6) © 1983, (CD: Tomi CD 003) © 2000

CZAS CZEKANIA, CZAS OLSNIENIA (LP: Polton LPP-011) © 1984, (CD: TA Music AATZ 010) © 1993

1974 - 1983 (LP: Muza SX 2180) © 1984 - sampler

and dozens more!

CZERWONE GITARY

Jerzy Skrzypczyk, Seweryn Krajewski, Bernard Dornowski #

[Aka RED GUITARS] Influential beat group.

SPOKOJE SERZA (LP: Muza SXL 0734) © 1971 #

> HALLO, NR. 1

> ZAPRASZAMY DO TROJKI

PORT PIRATOW (LP: Muza SX 1383) © 1975

and loads more!

Ted & Maria DLUZEWSKI

Intriguing fusion, atmospheric music and instrumental rock by two Polish musicians living in Sweden.

KINO IKON (LP: Piglet PR 2008) © 1988

Andrzej DOBROWOLSKI

Ukrainian born Polish contemporary avant-garde composer who also worked in electronic and tape composition.

Music For Magnetic Tape No. 1 (7": Muza ZL. 428) © 1964

Muzyka Na Tasme Magnetofonowa I Oboj Solo (7": Muza ZL.502) © 1968

> ELECTRONIC PANORAMA (4LP, France: Philips 6526 003-006) © 1970

Muzyka Na Tasme Magnetofonowa I Fortepian Solo (7": Muza Z-SN-568) © 1973

Urszula DUDZIAK

Experimental jazz vocalist. Wife of Michal Urbaniak, she also features on most of his releases.

NEWBORN LIGHT (LP: Cameo Records 101) © 1972, (LP: Columbia KC 32902) © 1974 - with Adam Makowicz

URSZULA (LP: Arista AL 4065) © 1974

MIDNIGHT RAIN (LP: Arista AL 4132) © 1977

FUTURE TALK (LP: Inner City Records IC 1066) © 1979

and many more

Andrzej DUTKEWICZ

Avant-garde composer.

DUTKEWICZ PLAYS DUTKEWICZ (LP: ProViva ASPV 124) © 1979

DZAMBLE

Jerzy Horwath (piano, organ), Marian Pawlik (bass, guitar), Jerzy Bezucha (drums), Andrzej Zaucha (vocals)

Psychedelic rock fusion with strong folk influence. Similar to Skaldowie of the same era.

WOLANIE O SLONCE NAD SWIATEM (LP: Muza SXL 0704) 1969 © 1971 (CD: Universal Polska 064 341-2) © 2002

Jak Zmienic Swiat / Just The Way You Are (7": Tonpress S268) © 1978

Szczescie Nosi Twoje Imie / Lady Love (7": Tonpress S-294) © 1979

Bezsennosc We Dwoje / Jeszcze W Sercu Radosc (7": Tonpress S-299) © 1979

DZEM

Pawel Berger (pianos, organ), Aleksander Korecki (sax), Adam Otreba (guitar), Beno Otreba (bass), Krzysztof Przybylowicz (drums, percussion), Ryszard Riedel (vocals), Jerzy Styczynski (guitar)

Bluesy hard-rock with jazzy and late-70s Pink Floyd influence. We've only had this one.

ZEMSTA NIETOPERZY (LP: Pronit PLP 0043) © 1987, (CD: Box Music ABM 027) © 1995

plus 25 more and singles, etc.

ELECTRONIC DIVISION

Robert Usewicz, Krzysztof Janik

[Aka EL. DIVISION] Kraftwerkian synth-sequencer duo.

ELECTRONIC DIVISION (LP: Muza SX 2443) © 1987

THE WIND OF SORROW (LP: Veriton SXV-1011) © 1989

EXODUS

Andrzej Puczynski (guitars, bass, synthesizer, vocals), Wojciech Puczynski (bass, guitar), Pawel Birula (vocals, 12-string guitar), Zbigniew Fyk (drums, percussion, choir), Wladyslaw Komendarek (organ, synthesizers, clavinet, string ensemble, choir) #

Powerful classical-spiced progressive and hard-rock with Eloy and Yes influences.

Audion extract: On SUPERNOVA they often resemble West European bands like Eela Craig, P.F.M., Eloy etc., although with the Polish vocals they still retain their Eastern identity. They are sure to appeal to avid techno-rock buffs, and possibly to collectors of SBB related material.

Dotyk Szczescia / Niedokonczony Sen (7": Tonpress S-241) © 1979

THE MOST BEAUTIFUL DAY (LP: Muza SX 1934) © 1979, (CD: Universal 016 060-2) © 2001 #

Ostatni Teatrzyk Objazdowy, Parts 1 & 2 (7": Tonpress S-248) © 1980

SUPERNOVA (LP: Muza SX 2108) © 1981, (CD: Muza PNCD 762) © 2003

plus other album tracks on singles & many samplers

EXTRA BALL

Jaroslaw Smietana (guitar), Wladyslaw Sendecki (pianos, synthesizer), Andrzej Olejniczak (tenor/soprano saxes), Jan Cichy (bass), Benedykt Radecki (percussion) #

A Polish fusion group, who mixed many influences.

BIRTHDAY (LP: Muza SX 1414) © 1976 #

AQUARIUM LIVE NO. 3 (LP: Poljazz Z-SX 0671) © 1977

GO AHEAD (LP: Muza SX 1795) © 1979

EXTRA BALL (LP: Poljazz Z-SX 0687) © 1979 - also issued as MARLBORO COUNTRY (but seemingly withdrawn)

MOSQUITO (LP: Poljazz PSJ-104) © 1981

AKUMULA-TORRES (LP: Poljazz PSJ 127) © 1983

Wlodek GULGOWSKI

Keyboard player better-known for his session work in Scandinavia with the likes of: Made In Sweden, Pop Workshop, Ralph Lundsten, etc.

SOUNDCHECK (LP: Polydor 2379 110) © 1976

HOME (LP: Poljazz PSJ 170) © 1987

Jan A.P. KACZMAREK > ORKIESTRA OSMEGIA DNIA

KAPITAN NEMO

Synthi new-wave and synth-rock, towards Kraftwerk, etc.

KAPITAN NEMO (LP: Tonpress SX-T 50) © 1986

KLAN

Marek Alaszewski (guitar, vocals), Maciej Gluszkiewicz (piano, organ), Roman Pawelski (guitar, bass), Andrzej Poniatowski (percussion, vocals)

Distinctly Polish jazzy edged and classical rock blend with a dated psychedelic feel akin to Skaldowie. MROWISKO is amongst the finest Polish prog albums. It seems they reformed in 1992 and again more recently.

Gdzie Jest Czlowiek / Z Brzywta Na Poziomki / Nie Sadzcie Rajskich Jabloni / Automaty (7" EP: Pronit N 0586) © 1970

MROWISKO (LP: Muza SXL 0756) 3/1970 © 1970, (LP: Muza SX 2529) © 1987, (CD: Digiton DIG 103) © 1991 - 4 bonus tracks from above EP

KOMBI

Slawomir Losowski (synthesizers, vocoder, string ensemble, clavinet, electric piano), Grzegorz Slawinski (vocals, guitar, guitar synthesizer), Waldemar Tkaczyk (basses), Jan Pluta (drums, percussion) #

Lively heavy rock with progressive aspirations. They've issued at least 2 more, plus singles.

KOMBI (LP: Pronit SX 1857) © 1979, (CD: Muza PNCD 910) © 2005

KROLOWIE ZYCIA (LP: Wifon LP 029) 11/1980-1/1981 © 1981, (CD: Universal 016 063-2) © 2001 #

NOWY ROZDIAL (LP: Muza SX 2164) © 1984

KOMBI 4 (LP: Muza SX 2263) © 1985

Krzysztof KOMEDA

Polish jazz pianist, best-known for his scores to Roman Polanski films. His band was the springboard for many Polish jazz talents in the 1960s like: Zbigniew Namyslowski, Tomasz Stanko, Michal Urbaniak, Czeslaw Bartkowski, Janusz Muniak and others.

ASTIGMATIC (LP: Muza XL 0298) © 1966

FILM MUSIC - MATNIA (CD: Polonia CD 159) © 1998 - early soundtracks compilation

and many more

Wladyslaw KOMENDAREK

Synthesist with a fascination for rhythm machines. These are his first 3 known ones out of 20+.

WLADYSLAW KOMENDAREK (MC: Muza CK-523) © 1985

DOTYCH CHMUR (LP: Pronit PLP 0060) © 1987

PROMENADA (LP: SX 2626) © 1989

> LOOKING EAST - POLAND

Wlodzimierz KOTONSKI

Contemporary avant-garde and electronic music composer.

> ELECTRONIC PANORAMA (4LP, France: Philips 6526 003-006) © 1970

Etiuda Na Jedno Uderzenie W Talerz (Muzyka Konkretna) (7": Muza Z-N-569) © 1972

Aela - Muzyka Elektroniczna (7": Muza Z-SN 0578) © 197?

ELECTRONIC AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC (LP: Muza SX 1149) © 1974

KRAM

Andrzej Wilklisz (organ, piano, Moog, vocals), Wojciech Nowak (drums), Roman Konigsmann (bass, guitar, vocals), Ryszard Pokorski (guitar, vocals)

Obscure Polish mid-70s quirky pop/progressive. They also released a split single and a playable postcard!

BIALA SOWA, BIALA DAMA, BIALY KRUK (LP: Pronit SX 1078) © 1976

KRZAK

Leszek Winder (guitars, vocals), Jerzy Kawalec (bass, guitar, synthesizers), Andrzej Ryszka (drums), Jan Bledowski (keyboards)

Blues and jazz-rock. Seems they've reformed at least twice and have 8 more albums plus singles.

BLUES ROCK BAND (LP: Pronit SX 1912) © 1979

PACZKA (LP: Pronit SX 2148) © 1983

KRZAK'L (LP: Tonpress SX-T 24) © 1983

Slawomir KULPOWICZ

Jazz pianist. He also made this unusual ethnic fusion album with the aid of Niemen.

SAMARPAN (LP: Muza SX 2508) © 1987, (CD: Muza PNCD 232) © 1993

KWARTET JORGI

Grzegorz Kawka (viola), Waldemar Rychly (guitars), Andrzej Trzeciak (cello), Maciej Rychly (pipes) #

Meditative ethnic and chamber music, a bit like Osjan.

LIFE (LP: Pronit M-0021) © 1985

KWARTET JORGI (LP: Pronit PLP 0051) © 1986 #

KWARTET JORGI, VOL 1 (LP: Muza SX 2725) © 1990

TO I TAO (CD: JAM 0791) © 1991

and 4 more

LABORATORIUM

Janusz Grzywacz (pianos, synthesizers), Marek Stryszowski (vocals, sax, clarinet), Miercyslaw Gorka (drums, percussion), Maciej Gorski (bass), Waclaw Lozinski (flute, percussion)

Prolific jazz-rock band. A little Urbaniak like on the early ones, with more Weather Report influence later on.

KLUB PLATOWY (side B of split LP: PSJ Z-SXL 0546) © 1972

MODERN PENTATHOLON (LP: Muza SX 1418) © 1976, (CD: Muza PNCD 949) © 2004

AQUARIUM LIVE NO. 1 (LP: Poljazz Z-SX 0669) © 1977

DIVER (LP: Helicon HR 1003) © 1978

QUASIMODO (LP: Muza SX 1784) © 1979

NOGERO (LP: View VS 0014) 1980 © 1981

THE BLUE LIGHT PILOT - LIVE (LP: Helicon HR 1007) © 1982

NO. 8 (LP: Pronit M 0013) © 1985

ANATOMY LESSON (LP: Face Music 50001) © 1987

MECH

Janusz Lakomiec (guitars), Robert Milewski (vocals, pianos), Magiej Januszko (vocals, bass), Andrej Dylewski (drums), Tomasz Szukalski (sax)

Heavy prog with 80s Eloy-like touches (based on their 80s albums). Circa 2000+ they reformed.

Audion extract: Similar to the above (Exodus), but heavier, On BLUFFMANIA they bear more than a passing resemblance to later Eloy, albeit more gutsy and less polished, there are some great tracks, but unfortunately some poorer ones too.

Ogrod Snow / Romantic Blues (7": Tonpress S-382) © 1980

Krolewski Poker / TV Super Star (7": Tonpress S- 425) © 1981

Kaskader / Tir (7": PolJazz S-PSJ-02) © 1982

BLUFFMANIA (LP: Pronit M-0003) © 1983

TASMANIA (LP: Polton LPP-005) © 1983

Janusz MUNIAK QUINTET

Janusz Muniak (tenor/soprano saxes), Jerzy Bezucha (drums, percussion), Marek Blizinski (guitar), Andrzej Dechnik (bass), Pawel Perlinski (pianos)

Inventive 70s fusion. Cool jazz in the Dave Brubeck "Take Five" vein on the album's opener. Janusz Muniak also played with: No To Co, Tomasz Stanko, Dzamble, Krzysztof Komeda, Extra Ball, etc.

QUESTION MARK (LP: Muza SX 1616) © 1978

Helmut NADOLSKI

Experimental jazz bassist (who worked with Niemen in 1972 on the classic VOL.1 LP). His MEDITATION is an unusual esoteric work, featuring Niemen (Moog) and Andrej Nowam (organ) with some spoken poetry in Polish.

MEDITATION / MEDYTACJE (LP: Veriton SXV-786) 27/8/1974 © 1974

JUBILEUSZOWA ORKIESTRA (LP: Alma Art 001) © 1983

N.AE. > NIEMEN / AEROLIT

Zbigniew NAMYSLOWSKI

Top Polish jazz musician (saxophone player and multi-instrumentalist). He also featured in the Swedish international jazz fusion project Pop Workshop.

Zbigniew Namyslowski Quartet: POLISH JAZZ (6) (LP: Muza XL 0305) © 1966

WINOBRANIE (LP: Muza SXL 0952) © 1973, (CD: Power Bros 00121) © 1994

Zbigniew Namyslowski Quintet: KUJVIAK GOES FUNKY (LP: Muza SX 1230) © 1975

ZBIGNIEW NAMYSLOWSKI (LP: Muza SX 1493) © 1977

Zbigniew Namyslowski Quartet: LIVE IN DER BALVER HOHLE (LP: JG-Records JG 043) © 1977

> BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 77

Zbigniew Namyslowski Quartet: 1, 2, 3, 4... (LP: Dire FO 351) © 1978

NAMYSLOVSKI (LP: Inner City IC 1048) © 1978

Zbigniew Namyslowski Quartet: JASMIN LADY (LP: Vinyl Records VS 003) © 1979

AIR CONDITION (LP: Poljazz PSJ 85) © 1980, (LP: Inner City IC 1130) © 1981

Air Condition: FOLLOW YOUR KITE (LP: Muza SX 2303) © 1980

Air Condition: PLAKA NIGHTS (LP: CBS 26007) © 1984

and many others.

NIEMEN / AKWARELE

Late 1960s pop/beat/psych project of singer Czeslaw Niemen and band.

DZIWNY JEST TEN SWIAT (LP Mono: Muza XL 0411) © 1967 (LP: Muza SX 2547) © 1988, (CD: Muza PNCD 353) © 1996

Dziwny Jest Ten Swiat +3 (7" EP: Muza N 0497) © 1967

SUKCES (LP Mono: Muza XL 0390) © 1968 (LP: Muza SX 2548) © 1988, (CD: Muza PNCD 354) © 1996

CZY MNIE JESZCZE PAMIETASZ (LP Mono: Muza XL 0516) © 1968 (LP: Muza SX 2549) © 1988, (CD: Muza PNCD 355) © 1996

plus many singles

Czeslaw NIEMEN

Originally a successful 1960s pop singer, and then with Akwarele (see above), Niemen became a leading light in 70s Polish progressive rock and fusion scenes, acting as the inspiration for many talents, including the notorious proto SBB (as noted). His finest era is from 1972-76, with albums of excellent space-fusion, and even more radical, the Mellotron and synthesizer based masterstroke: KATHARSIS. Some of these are with his band Aerolit (aka N.AE = Niemen Aerolit on releases), see entry below. This discography includes original LPs (1969+) and first CD issues.

Audion extract: Niemen's early solo works, and those with his group Aerolit, drew heavily on Polish folk music, blues and jazz. His bands featured many top Polish musicians, including the three people who were to become SBB, and the aforementioned Michal Urbaniak. The best way to discover Niemen's "rock-song" style is on STRANGE IS THIS WORLD, or even better MOURNER'S RHAPSODY (both released in the UK by CBS) where the start of the experimental Niemen is felt, with some startling synth work on the lengthy title track. IDEE FIXE is generally acknowledged as his most successful rock album, much of it being instrumental. It's a double LP, so there's plenty of room for exploration with synth and Mellotron, and lots of Mahavishnu Orchestra type riffing. KATHARSIS finds Niemen on his own with his synths, Mellotron and other keyboards. It must be one of the earliest synth LP's from Eastern Europe, albeit a very unusual one. Niemen's vocals, a bit hard to come to grips with at times, here are more melancholic and accessible.

ENIGMATIC (LP: Muza SXL 0576) © 1969, (CD: Digiton DIG 108) © 1991

> NA SZKLE MALOWANE

NIEMEN ENIGMATIC (2LP: Muza SXL 0710-11) © 1971, aka: CZLOWIEK JAM NIEWDZIECZNY (CD: Nota Aenigma nae 105) © 1995

NIEMEN VOL. 1 (LP: Muza SXL 0895) © 1972, reissued on: MARIONETKI (CD: Digiton DIG 130) © 1994 - feat. SBB musicians

NIEMEN VOL. 2 (LP: Muza SXL 0896) © 1972, reissued on: MARIONETKI (CD: Digiton DIG 130) © 1994 - feat. SBB musicians

STRANGE IS THIS WORLD (LP: CBS 64896) © 1972, (CD: CMP / Green Tree CMP 613 / GTR 119) © 2003 - feat. SBB musicians

ODE TO VENUS (LP: CBS 65606) © 1973, (CD: CMP / Green Tree CMP 614 / GTR 118) © 2003 - feat. SBB musicians

RUSSISCHE LIEDER (LP: CBS 65707) © 1973, (CD: CMP / Green Tree CMP 616 / GTR 121) © 2003

MOURNER'S RHAPSODY (LP: CBS 80557) © 1974, (CD: CMP / Green Tree CMP 615 / GTR 120) © 2003

Mleczna Droga / Dorozka Na Ksiezyc (7": Muza SP-510) © 1975

POSTSCRIPTUM (LP: Muza SX 1876) © 1979, (CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 342) © 2003

PRZEPROWADZKA (MC: Rogot STC 1001) © 1982

> OLD ROCK MEETING

TERRA DEFLORATA (LP: Veriton SXV 1001) © 1989 (CD: Veriton SXV 1001 CD) © 1991

> LOOKING EAST - POLAND

41 POTENCJOMETROW PANA JANA (CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 1012) live 1974 © 2007

KATTORNA / PAMFLET NA LUDZKOSC (2CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 1228-1229) live 1972 & 1975 © 2009

and many singles!

NIEMEN / AEROLIT

Czeslaw Niemen (vocals, synthesizer, Mellotron), Slawomir Piwowar (guitar), Andrzej Nowak (pianos), Jacek Gazda (bass), Piotr Dziemski (drums) #

Often just noted as N.AE, this was Niemen's progressive rock fusion project of the mid 1970s. They recorded some of the finest albums in Polish rock. See above Czeslaw Niemen and Audion extract for more info.

AEROLIT (LP: Muza SXL 1192) © 1974/1975, (CD: Digiton DIG 149) © 1994 #

KATHARSIS (LP: Muza SX 1262) © 1975, (CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 339) © 2003

IDEE FIXE (2LP: Muza SX 1570-1571) + Salomea's Silver Dream (7" EP: Muza SN 0770) © 1976/1978, reissued as...

IDEE FIXE I (CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 340) © 2003 - LP1 + bonus track

IDEE FIXE II (CD: Polskie Radio PRCD 341) © 2003 - LP2 + 7"EP + bonus track

NO TO CO

Piotr Janczerski (vocals), Jerzy Krzeminski (guitar, vocals), Jan Stefanek (organ, piano), Jerzy Rybinski (bass, vocals), Jerzy Grunwald (guitar, vocals),  Aleksander Kawecki (drums), Bogdan Borkowski (guitar, banjo, harmonica, vocals)

Historic 1960s/70s beat/pop/rock band.

NIKIFOR (LP: Pronit XL 0493) © 1968

plus at least 8 more and loads of singles

NURT

Aleksander Mrozek (guitars, vocals), Roman Runowicz (guitars, vocals), Kazimierz Cwynar (bass, vocals), Ryszard Sroka (drums)

Inspired by Cream, Led Zeppelin and Groundhogs.

NURT (LP: Muza SXL 0944) © 1972, (CD: Digiton DIG 161) © 1994 - 5 bonus tracks: a Polish Radio session

MOTYLE I KLOSZARDZI (CD: Digiton DIG 198) © 1995

OBYWATEL G.C.

Grzegorz Ciechowski (vocals, keyboards, flute), Krzysztof Scieranski (bass), Jan Borysewicz (guitar), Jose Torres (congas, percussion), Krzysztof Zawadzki (percussion), Pawel Scieranski (rhythm guitar), Janusz Skowron (clavinet, accordion, keyboards), Janusz Tytman (mandolin), Malgorzata Potocka (vocals)

Varied hard-rock and melodic prog.

OBYWATEL G.C. (LP: Tonpress SX-T 89) © 1986

and at least 5 more

OMNI

Marceli Latoszek (sequencers, synthesizers), Rafat Blazejewski (cello, synthesizers), Gerard Cowicki (noises)

Inventive cosmic and rhythmic synth group, with unusual touches, Klaus Schulze and Tangerine Dream influences.

Audion extract: These are certainly the best synth act I've heard from Poland to date. OMNI displays the music of a unique synth trio, very inventive yet accessible. Undoubtedly influenced by Johannes Schmoelling period Tangerine Dream, they should go down really well with anyone into rhythmic, tuneful synth that doesn't cop-out to commercial mediocrity. The use of cello on certain tracks gives them a further personality, the occasional bit of "weirdness" and some great riffing sequencer/drum machine pieces make for an enjoyable, if not engaging album.

OMNI (LP: Savitor SVT 021) 3/1985 © 1985

Lamia / SIY (7": Tonpress S-612) © 1986

ORKIESTRA OSMEGO DNIA

Jan A.P. Kaczmarek (fidola, recorders, synthesizer, piano, vocals, percussion), Grzegorz Banaszak (guitars) #

[Aka ORCHESTRA OF THE 8TH DAY] Innovative cosmic ethnic music featuring zither player and multi-instrumentalist Jan A.P. Kaczmarek. Unique music beyond the realms of Osjan or Between.

Audion extract: a duo who also produce a brand of new-music by totally acoustic means. Jan Kaczmarek plays fiddle, flute, bowed dulcimer, glasses and percussion instruments, and is accompanied by Grzegorz Banaszak on acoustic guitar. It is strange that MUZYKA NA KONIEC was recorded in the USA for the Flying Fish label (who I know of as being a country cum blue-grass label), and even more surprising - it's quite exceptional! The sound this duo generates easily matches Stephan Micus at his best. Almost electronic sounding backings, created with wine glasses and bowed dulcimer, are present on many tracks. Grzegorz is a most talented guitarist, whereas most guitarists would play single notes, he plays clusters and arpeggios instead - very expressive and emotional. Jan is as adept on flute as he is on all the other instruments he plays, the flute is one of my favourite wind instruments, and for there to be so much exceptional flute playing on one LP is a rare treat.

MUSIC FOR THE END (LP: Flying Fish FF-292) 1982 © 1982, aka MUZYKA NA KONIEC (LP: Savitor SVT 014) © 1984 #

AT THE LAST GATE (LP: Savitor SVT 007) © 1984

CZEKAJAC NA KOMETE HALLEYA / WAITING FOR HALLEY'S COMET (LP: Savitor SVT 025) © 1985, (CD: Digiton DIG 199) © 1995

OSSIAN or OSJAN

Jacek Ostaszewski (flute, percussion), Marek Jackowski (guitar), Tomasz Holuj (percussion) #

An all acoustic ethnic fusion band, Ossian were radical, inventive and often breathtakingly dynamic, almost like a cross between Third Ear Band and early Stephan Micus. They debuted on one side of a Jazz Club album (tracks: Wprowadzenie / Ksiega Deszczu (Fragmenty)) a split bizarrely coupled with Deep Purple on the other side. Ossian often played at jazz festivals despite the fact they were more folk meeting non-genre modern music more related to folk-rock improvisation. Another of their club releases also features Polish jazz legend Tomasz Stanko. Ossian later became Osjan, and in parallel some musicians also worked in the oddball pop band Voo Voo, and they reformed a number of times with one incarnation as the bigger ensemble Ya-Sou.

Audion extract: Formed by Greek ethnic musician Milos Kurtis, along with Jacek Ostaszewski (flute), Tomasz Holuj (percussion) and Zygmunt Kaczmarski (violin, percussion), Ossian set out to produce new-music solely with acoustic instruments - no electronics or electronic effects. Their debut LP is a very low-key and relaxing affair, a lengthy flute solo, some nice ethnic percussion, and a couple of doses of folky raga-rock with sitar to the fore. Comparisons with Between, Popol Vuh and Stephan Micus are inevitable, except it was to be quite a while yet before these Pole's would truly excel themselves. KSIEGA CHMUR also features Radoslaw Nowakowski (percussion, vocal) and a large choir. This is a much more experimental LP, with a slightly jazzy edge encroaching the music. Personally I'm not too keen on the continually gabbling voices on side 2, however it is a most challenging and inventive album. A couple of years later and Ossian changed name to Osjan. A new name (probably to stop confusion with the Irish band Ossian) and a new style. Again a quartet: Kurtis, Ostaszewski and Nowakowski being joined by guitarist Wojtek Waglewski. ROOTS is a most remarkable album, with great fragile beauty. Each side features one lengthy piece of music. On side 1, gentle understated guitar is joined by recorder played in a most fluent, warbly Style), hand percussives and jaw-harp, the music moves in waves as guitar, voice and flute move to the front, gradually gaining intensity until a breathtaking climax, after which we return to the opening theme to recuperate. Side 2 similarly proceeds through quiet and loud phases, however it is much more dynamic. The second section with its trundling percussion and wailing vocals, and the following "folk dance" recall Third Ear Band, whereas the quieter flute and guitar pieces are quite like Stephan Micus at his most emotive. An excellent album that goes to show that real "new age" is actually (in spirit) almost as old as the hills!

as Ossjan: Side 1 of KLUB PLYTOWY NR.1 (LP: PSJ Z-SXL 0545) © 1972

OSSIAN (LP: Muza SX 1279) 1975 © 1975, aka KSIEGA DESZCZU PLUS (CD: Pomaton 7243 5 24316 2 5) © 1999 #

OSSIAN (LP: Poljazz Z-SX-0689) 9+11/1978 © 1979 - Klub Plytowy PSJ live album, with Tomasz Stanko

KSIEGA CHMUR - TOM 1 (LP: Muza SX 1777) 1/1979 © 1979, (CD: Milo Records MR 110) © 2006

OSSIAN (LP: Poljazz PSJ-90) 31/5/1980 © 1980 - Klub Plytowy PSJ live album

as Osjan: ROOTS (LP Germany: Espe Music EM 8310) © 1982, (LP: Pronit M-0017) © 1983, (CD: Milo Records MR 101) © 1997

as Osjan: THE RITE OF SOUND & OF SILENCE (LP: Muza SX 2609) 8/1987 © 1987

as Osjan: GLOWA W DOL (CD: Polton CDPL-033) © 1992

as Osjan: MUZYKA FRUWAJACEJ RYBY (CD: Milo Records MR 102) © 1998

Krzysztof PENDERECKI

Leading Polish avant-garde composer of the 70s. Sometimes like Ligeti meets Xenakis and Henze head-on! He is probably best-known for the 3 pieces by him featured in the soundtrack of Stanley Kubrick's "The Shining" Utrenja (Excerpt) / The Awakening Of Jacob / De Natura Sonoris No. 2. Here are a few of possible interest...

> ELECTRONICKA HUDBA

> ELECTRONIC PANORAMA (4LP: Philips 6740 001) © 1970

JUTRZNIA / UTRENYA (2LP: Muza SX 889-890) © 1972, (CD: Muza PNCD 1354) © 2011

ST. LUKE'S PASSION & THRENODY / POLYMORPHY: STRING QUARTET / PSALMS OF DAVID / DIMENSIONS OF TIME & SPACE (2CD: Muza PNCD 017) © 1989

IONISATION (2CD: Vox Box CDX 5142) © 1996

PERFECT

Zbigniew Holdys (guitar, piano, vocals), Grzegorz Markowski (lead vocals), Ryszard Sygitowicz (guitar), Zdzislaw Zawadzki (bass guitar), Piotr Szkudelski (drums, percussion)

Accessible melodic-rock.

PERFECT (LP: Muza SX 2114) © 1981

at least 20 albums, loads of singles, etc.

John PORTER / PORTER BAND

Leszek Chalimoniuk (drums), Kazimierz Cwynar (bass), Aleksander Mrozek (guitars), John Porter (guitars, vocals) #

Heavy blues and hard-rock, ex-Nurt.

HELICOPTERS (LP: Pronit SLP 4010) © 1980 #

John Porter : CHINA DISCO (LP: Pronit M-0002) © 1982

and loads more

POZNAN PERCUSSION ENSEMBLE

Avant-garde percussion ensemble.

POZNANSKI ZESPOT PERKUSYJNY (LP: Muza SXL 0809) © 1973

QUIDAM

Emila Derkowska (vocals, cello, recorder), Ewa Smarzynska (flute, recorder), Zbyszek Florek (keyboards), Maciek Meller (guitar), Radek Scholl (bass), Rafal Jermakow (percussion) #

Neo-prog.

QUIDAM (CD: Ars Mundi AMS 005R) © 1996 #

SNY ANIOLOW (CD: Rock-Serwis RSCD 050) © 1998

BAJA PROG - LIVE IN MEXICO '99 (CD: Musea / Rock-Serwis FGBG 4321.AR, RSCD 060) © 1999

THE TIME BENEATH THE SKY (CD: Rock-Serwis / Musea RSCD 062, FGBG 4441.AR) © 2002

REPORTAZ

Andrzej Karpinski (percussion, vocals), Arnold Dabrowski (piano, synthesizer, vocals), Pawet Paluch (bassoon, xylophone), Piotr Takomy (bass) #

In the no man's land of adventurous fusion, betwixt Henry Cow and SBB, and somewhere else, constantly surprising and innovative.

Audion review: MUZIKA - As one of the most revolutionary of 1980s Polish bands, Reportaz had certainly proved themselves most innovative on their two LP releases. This cassette dates from 1987 and captures them in spontaneous live performance and improvisation, and thus captures the creative spark within their music without the construction or preconceptions of an LP. It certainly documents far more influence from the RIO school, hints of Henry Cow, The Muffins, Zamla along with jazzy and folky elements...

WITRAZ / STAINED GLASS (MC: A.R.S. 01) © 1983

DOMATOR / STAY AT HOME (MC: A.R.S. 02) © 1984

split with Skeleton Crew: FRONT ROCK 1 (MC: A.R.S. 03) © 1984

PROSIMY NIE POWTARZAC / PLEASE DON'T REPEAT (MC: A.R.S. 03) © 1985, (MC: Anti-Musik Der Landsh AML 023) © 1991

W OCZEKIWANIU NA TO SAMO (MC: A.R.S. 05) © 1986

MUZYKA (MC: A.R.S. 07) © 1984, aka MUZIKA (MC: ADN T25) © 1987

REPORTAZ (LP: Tonpress SX-T 129) 2/1987 © 1987 #

UP THE RIVER (MC: A.R.S. 08) © 1988, (LP: Points East PE-05) © 1990

GULASZ Z SERC / GOULASH OF HEARTS (CD: private) © 2003

BEZSENSORY / NONSENSORS (CD: A.R.S. CD1) © 2006

REZERWAT

Andrzej Adamiak (bass, vocals), Wiktor Daraszkiewicz (guitar), Mariusz Jeremus (guitar), Piotr Mikolajczyk (percussion), Zbigniew Nikodemski (keyboards) #

Unusual new-wave styled rock.

REZERWAT (LP: Savitor SVT 006) © 1983 #

SERCE (LP: Wifon LP-104) © 1987

RSC

Andrzej Wisniowski (acoustic/electric guitars, vocals), Piotr Spychalski (piano, Moog, Farfisa), Zbigniew Dziala (vocals), Wieslaw Bawor (violin, vocals), Andrzej Szczypek (bass guitar), Wiktor Kucaj (Farfisa), Michal Kochmanski (percussion) #

Heavy classical rock. They reformed in 1997.

FLYROCK (LP: Muza SX 2160) © 1984 #

Reklama Mydlia / Targowisko Dusz (7": Tonpress S-502) © 1984

KRZYSZTOF SADOWSKI AND HIS GROUP

Krzysztof Sadowski (organ, ring modulator, electric piano, percussion), Veselin Nikolov (soprano sax), Liliana Urbanska (flute, vocals, percussion), Wojciech Bruslik (bass), Zbigniew Kitlinski (drums), Andrzej Zielinski (congas), Tomasz Szukalski (soprano/tenor saxes), Winicjusz Chrost (guitars), Wojciech Morawski (drums), Bozena Bruszewska (percussion)

Inventive jazz-fusion in the typically Polish vein (cf. Michal Urbaniak), but with hints of Soft Machine or Ben styles, and lots of surprises like Bulgarian saxophonist Veselin Nikolov adding some middle-east folk culture. A great live album and one the finest Polish jazz fusion records. Organist Krzysztof Sadowski also had the Grupa Organowa Krzysztofa Sadowskiego "Krzysztof Sadowski Organ Group" which played funky/soul-spiced jazz with organ lead in the Jimmy Smith and (sometimes) Brian Auger vein.

THREE THOUSAND POINTS (LP: Muza SX 1277) 10/1974+6/1975 © 1975

SBB

Antymos Apostolis (guitar), Jozef Skrzek (bass, piano, synthesizer, vocals), Jerzy Piotrowski (percussion) #

The most revolutionary of Polish bands, SBB (In Polish: "Szukaj, Burz, Buduj", or: "Search, Break-up, and Build" in English) took rock, blues and jazz roots and fused them together in a unique manner that had all the energy of 60s acid rock. Beyond their earlier work together with Niemen, and often like a space-rock twist on the Mahavishnu Orchestra sound combined with the synth fusion of Manfred Mann Earth Band's SOLAR FIRE, SBB were one of the greatest, well 6 out of 10 releases 1974 to 1980 that is, and tons of live stuff from that era released in recent times. The band have reformed on a number of occasions since 1990, issuing 40 more CDs and 2 big box sets of mostly concert material, plus a few new albums.

Audion extract: Their debut LP documents their first gig, and presents SBB in three different ways: 1) A terrible blues song which opens the LP; 2) The style of fusion SBB were to follow, with typically Polish styled estranged songs; and 3) A rip-roaring freak-out of guitar, drums and bass, that is so unbelievably hot - sadly SBB were never able to repeat this. NOWY HORYZONT finds them in the studio, and is arguably their finest album. Lengthy tracks give a good excuse for plenty of expressiveness, with myriad's of guitar and synth solos, and a typically SBB "tunnel-drive" type riffing. Mahavishnu Orchestra got close to this on their BETWEEN NOTHINGNESS & ETERNITY, but never gained the emotional power of SBB at their best, as is demonstrated here. PAMIEC is more relaxed with added emphasis on vocals. One could say it is more cosmic and thoughtful, though there are still quite a few heavy sections here and there. ZE SLOWEM BIEGNE DO CIEBE and SBB (Supraphon) brought the SBB sound to an even more atmospheric level, with more synth and a more flowing song style. This fifth and the subsequent sixth LP, also called SBB (on Amiga), marked the start of their international success being Czechoslovakian and East German releases respectively. The "international" SBB were more accessible, and with the following two LP's, FOLLOW MY DREAM and WELCOME (both on Spiegelei), English vocals were used on both domestic and West German releases. MEMENTO FOR A BANAL TRYPTICH was to be their swan-song, it featured an additional member, Slawomir Piwowar (guitar, bass, keyboards), and was far more enjoyable than the previous three LP's. Quite different for SBB, there's some very prominent Pink Floyd similarity and a return to complex musical interplay of the early albums.

GRUPPA SBB (LP: Muza SX 1142) 1974 © 1974 (CD: Muza PNCD 342) © 1997 - 3 bonus tracks

SBB 2, NOWY HORYZONT (LP: Muza SX 1206) 1975 © 1975, (CD: Muza PNCD 844) © 2004 #

> PREMIERY - OPOLE 75 (LP: Muza SXL 1217) © 1975

SBB 3, PAMIEC (LP: Muza SX 1345) 1975 © 1976, (CD: Muza PNCD 845) © 2004

> ZAPRASZAMY DO TROJKI

SBB 4, ZE SLOWEM BEIGNE DO CIEBE (LP: Muza SX 1434) © 1977 (CD: Muza PNCD 395) © 1997

JERZYK (MC: Wifon) © 1977

Bitwy Na Obrazach / Ucisk V Dolku (7": Supraphon 1 43 2097) © 1977

SBB (LP: Supraphon 1 13 2218) 1977 © 1978, (CD: Supraphon SU 5388-2 311) © 2003 - 2 bonus tracks from above single

aka SLOVENIAN GIRLS (LP Germany: Omnibus BUS 1002) © 1979, (CD: KOCH 33721-2) © 1997

FOLLOW MY DREAM (LP: Spiegelei INT 160.611) 11/1977 © 1978, (CD: Silton & Stapis 005) © 1991, (CD: KOCH 33719-2) © 1997

SBB (LP: Amiga 8 55 631) © 1978, (CD: Metal Mind Productions MMP CD 0327 DG) © 2005

Reko-Reko / Serenada "Gia Sena" (7": Tonpress S-124) © 1978

WELCOME (LP: Spiegelei 145.600) © 1979, different mix: (LP: Wifon LP 004) © 1979, (CD: Lion LRCD 008) © 1991

Na Pierwszy Ogien / Blysk (7": Muza S-589) © 1979

MEMENTO Z BANALNYM TRYPTIKIEM / MEMENTO FOR A BANAL TRYPTICH (LP: Muza SX 1966) 1980 © 1980, (CD: Muza PNCD 407) © 1998

NOWY HORYZONT / PAMIEC (CD: Muza PNCD 371) © 1997 - edited NOWY HORYZONT

KARLSTAD LIVE (CD: KOCH 52293-2)1975 © 2001 - live recording

and many more albums, archive releases, sets and different editions!

KRZYSZTOF SCIERANSKI

Varied jazz-rock, with Jerzy Piotrowski (SBB drummer).

BASS LINE (LP: Poljazz PSJ-119) © 1983

plus at least 7 more albums

Zbigniew SEIFERT

Important jazz-fusion violinist. He died in 1978.

MAN OF THE LIGHT (LP: MPS 15489) 1976 © 1977

ZBIGNIEW SEIFERT (LP: Capitol 11618) © 1977

SOLO VIOLIN (LP: MRC LP 06645088) © 1978

KILIMANJARO (LP: PolJazz PSJ 101) 1978 © 1979

KILIMANJARO (LP: PolJazz PSJ 102) 1978 © 1979 - both KILIMANJARO albums were later issued as a 2CD set

WE'LL REMEMBER ZBIGGY (LP: Mood 24500) 1974-1978 © 1979

PASSION (LP: Capitol 11923) 1978 © 1979

SIEKIERA

In later D-A-F meets Joy Division vein.

NOWA ALEKSANDRIA (LP: Tonpress SX-T 73) © 1986

SKALDOWIE

Jerzy Tarsinski (guitars), Konrad Ratynski (bass, vocals), Jan Budziaszek (drums), Jacek Zielinski (violin, trumpet, percussion, lead vocals), Andrzej Zielinski (organ, piano, vocals), Joseph Gawrych (congas) #

In the 1960s these were borderline progressive rock/pop with a hint of The Moody Blues. During the early to mid 70s they ventured into classical rock realms making two classics amongst other more mainstream releases.

SKALDOWIE (LP: Pronit XL 0393) © 1966 (LP: Muza SX 2324) © 1986

WSZYSTKO MI MOWI, ZE MNIE KTOS POKOCHAL (LP: Pronit XL 0478) © 1968

CALA JESTES W SKOWRONKACH (LP: Muza XL 0528) © 1969 (LP: Muza SX 2325) © 1986

OD WSCHODU DO ZACHODU SLONCA (LP: Muza XL 0597) © 1970 (LP: Muza SX 2326) © 1986

TY (LP: Muza SXL 0634) © 1971

SKALDOWIE, KRAKOW (LP: Amiga 8 55 244) © 1971

WSZYSTKIM ZAKOCHANYM (LP: Muza SXL 0887) © 1972

KRYWAN KRYWAN (LP: Muza SXL 0888) 5/1972 © 1972 #

> HALLO, NR. 9

> HALLO, NR. 10

> HALLO, NR. 12

> HALLO, 1/74

> ZAPRASZAMY DO TROJKI

SZANUJMY WSPOMNIENIA (LP: Muza SX 1411) © 1976

STWORZENIA SWIATA CZESC DRUGA (LP: Muza SX 1412) © 1976

REZERWAT MILOSCI (LP: Muza SX 1763) © 1979

DROGA LUDZI (LP: Pronit SX 1819) © 1979

NIE DOMYKAJMY DRZWI (LP: Muza SXL 2757) © 1989

PODROZ MAGICZNA (LP: Digiton DIG 239) © 1996

KRYWAN KRYWAN / STWORZENIA SWIATA CZESC DRUGA (CD: Yesterday 830988508-2) © 2000

plus loads of singles!

Wojciech SKOWRONSKI / BLUES & ROCK

Blues rock singer/pianist and band.

No Sense In Worrying / Precious, Precious - Paraphrase (7": Muza N 0712) © 1972

BLUES & ROCK (LP: Muza SXL 0799) © 1973, on doubleback BLUES & ROCK...PLUS... (CD: Muza 830988526-2) © 2000

Josef SKRZEK

Ex-Niemen and SBB front man, keyboardist/multi-instrumentalist, mostly making SBB styled albums, with diversions to more commercial realms, and (in contrast) on PODROZ W KRAINE WYOBRAZNI he dabbles with free-form electronics!

PAMIETNIK KAROLINY (LP: Pronit SLP 4003) © 1978

ODJCIEC CHRZESTNY DOMINIKA (LP: Muza SX 1967) 1979 © 1980

JOZEFINA (LP: Wifon LP-037) © 1981

WOJNA SWIATOW - NASTEPNE STU / THE WAR OF THE WORLDS: NEXT CENTURY (LP: Muza SX 2342) © 1982

with Tomasz Szukalski: AMBITUS EXTENDED (LP: Helicon HR 1006) © 1983

PODROZ W KRAINE WYOBRAZNI (LP: Pronit M 0016) 5/1984 © 1984

LIVE (LP: Muza SX 2767) © 1988

KONCERT SWIETOKRZYSKI (CD: Wydawnictwo 21 21.010) 1983 © 2002 - live recording

and many more!

Tomasz STANKO

Pioneering jazz trumpeter and experimentalist. He also worked with Michal Urbaniak and live with Ossian.

Tomasz Stanko Quintet: MUSIC FOR K (LP: Muza XL 0607 / SXL 0607) © 1970

Tomasz Stanko Quintet: JAZZMESSAGE FROM POLAND (LP Germany: JG-Records JG 030) © 1972

Tomasz Stanko Quintet: PURPLE SUN (LP Germany: Calig CAL 30610) 9/3/1973 © 1973

Stanko, Martin, Stefanski: FISH FACE (LP: PSJ Z-SXL 0562) © 1973

Stanko, Szukalski, Vesala, Warren: TWET (LP: Muza SXL 1138) © 1974

TOMASZ STANKO & ADAM MAKOWICZ UNIT (LP: JG-Records JG 034) 1975 © 197?

STANKO - MAKOWICZ UNIT (LP: PolJazz Z-SX 0606) 7/10/1975 © 1976

BALLADYNA (LP: ECM 1071) 12/1975 © 1976, (CD: ECM 519 289-2) © 199?

Tomasz Stanko - Edward Vesala Quartet - LIVE AT REMONT (LP: Helicon HR 1002) 24/10/1976 © 1978

ALMOST GREEN (LP Finland: Leo Records 008) © 1979

MUSIC FROM TAJ MAHAL AND KARLA CAVES (LP Finland: Leo Records 011) © 1980

and many more!

STRING CONNECTION

Krzesimir Debski (violin, keyboards), Andrzej Olejniczak (tenor/soprano saxes, bass clarinet), Janusz Skowron (keyboards), Krzysztof Scieranski (bass), Krzysztof Przybylowicz (drums, percussion) #

Polish jazz fusion combo led by violinist Krzesimir Debski. They've released at least 11, of which we've had these two...

NEW ROMANTIC EXPECTATION (LP: Pronit PSJ-126) © 1983 #

LIVE IN WARSAW (LP: Poljazz PSJ 177) © 1987

SUN SHIP

Wladyslaw Sendecki (piano, electric piano, synthesizers), Zbigniew Jaremko (soprano/tenor saxophones), Henryk Miskiewicz (soprano/alto saxophones), Witold Szczurek (bass, cello), Marek Stach (drums) #

Another jazz fusion group who took their name from a John Coltrane title.

AQUARIUM LIVE NO. 5 (LP: PolJazz Z-SX 0686) © 1978

FOLLOW US (LP: Muza SX 1941) © 1980 #

Ryszard SYGITOWICZ

Guitarist from Perfect. His album BEZ GRAWITACJI is instrumental fusion in the Janne Schaffer vein.

BEZ GRAWITACJI (LP: Wifon LP 083) © 1985

NIKT NIE WOLA (LP: Muza SX 2820) © 1989

Tomasz SZUKALSKI

Much travelled jazz saxophonist. He's best-known for work as co-leader in a few projects and in the bands of Zbigniew Namyslowski, Tomasz Stanko, Edward Vesala, etc. He also featured on a number of Josef Skrzek albums and a co-release with him called AMBITUS EXTENDED.

TINA KAMILA (LP: Muza SX 2250) © 1986

TEST

Wojciech Gassowski (vocals), Dariusz Kozakiewicz (guitars), Tadeusz Kloczewiak (bass), Henryk Tomala (drums)

Early 70s bluesy hard-rock and prog.

TEST (LP: Pronit SXL 1082) © 1970, (CD: Muza PNCD 0184) © 1992 - 5 bonus tracks [1972-1973]

Antonina (7" EP: Pronit N 0679) © 1972

Michal URBANIAK

Urszula Dudziak (vocals, percussion), Michal Urbaniak (violin), Vojciech Karolak (organs), Czeslaw Bartkowski (drums), Adam Makowicz (electric piano, bass) #

Pioneering jazz saxophonist and violinist, whose various fusion bands usually feature the extraordinary vocalist Urszula Dudziak. Since leaving Poland he's lead a double life, making trendy funk-jazz (and worse) in the USA, and more experimental fusion when in Europe.

Audion extract (not quite correct, but left as-is): Michal seems to have started his career as a member of Niemen's backing band, though by the early 1970s he was already fronting his group Constellation. IN CONCERT displayed his most experimental side, kind of avant-jazz- fusion, very inventive. Michal shows himself to be a very talented violinist, and his wife a most inventive free-vocalist. Urszula doesn't sing as such, she moans, makes strange noises, growls along with tape and echo effects. She is reputed to have done a whole LP of this type of thing, though I am yet to experience it. For some reason, Michael and Urszula left Poland in the mid seventies, eventually moving to America via Germany. It was during his stint in Germany that, with his band Fusion, he produced his best albums. HERITAGE is Euro jazz-rock on a high level, with technical advancements: Michal also plays lyricon, Urszula plays electronic percussion and synths. Expression is the key, and Michal and Urszula certainly know how to express themselves musically.

LIVE RECORDING (LP: Muza SXL 0733) 1/1971 © 1971, aka POLISH JAZZ VOL. 9 (CD: Muza PNCD 032) © 1989 - plus 4 tracks from Constellation: IN CONCERT

Constellation: IN CONCERT (LP: Muza SX 1010) 5/1973 © 1973 (CD: Power Bros 00119) © 1993 #

Constellation: SUPER CONSTELLATION (LP: CBS 65744) © 1973, aka FUSION (LP: CBS 65744) © 1974, (LP: Columbia PC 32825) © 1974 - slightly different mix, adds 1 track

Urbaniak-Stanko-Zoller-Dudziak: WE'LL REMEMBER KOMEDA (LP: MPS 21 21657-8) © 1973

Michal Urbaniak's Fusion: ATMA (LP: CBS 33184) © 1974

Fusion: FUSION III (LP: CBS 234691) © 1975 (LP: Columbia PC 33542) © 1975

PARATYPHUS B (LP: Spiegelei 28-771-4U) © 1975

INACTIN' (LP: Spiegelei 28-784-7U) © 1975

TRIBUTE TO KOMEDA (LP: BASF 21657) © 1976

BODY ENGLISH (LP: Arista AL 4086) © 1976

Michal Urbaniak's Fusion: SMILES AHEAD (LP: MPS 68165) 1976-1977 © 1977

URBANIAK (LP: Pronit SX 1837) © 1977 (LP: Inner City IC 1036) © 1977

Michal Urbaniak's Fusion: HERITAGE (LP: MPS 15.512) 7-8/1977 © 1978, (LP USA: Pausa 7047) © 1978

ECSTASY (LP: Marlin 2221) © 1978

SERENADE FOR THE CITY (LP: Motown M 7944) © 1980

and many more!

VOO VOO

Surprising uptempo rock/pop project from Osjan members.

VOO VOO (LP: Pronit PLP 0025) © 1986

plus 35 more!

Various Artists

INPUT - OUTPUT (LP: Coloursound CS 57) © 1986

synth music by: Marek Bilinski, Jean Dowgierd, Adrzej Korzynski, Andre Mikola, Zygmunt Szram.

LOOKING EAST - POLAND (CD: Erdenklang 90341) © 1991

synth selection, with: Marek Bilinski, Przemyslaw Goc, Wladyslaw-Gudonis Komendarek, Grzegorz Strozniak, Upstream (synth duo).

NA SZKLE MALOWANE (LP: Muza XL 0666) © 1970

Halina Frackowiak, Jerzy Grunwald, Edward Hulewicz, Czeslaw Niemen, Maryla Rodowicz, Andrzej Rybinski, Andrzej I Jacek Zielinscy

CZY NAS JESZCZE PAMIETASZ / OLD ROCK MEETING (2LP: Muza SX 2506) © 1986

Boguslaw Wyrobek, Helena Majdaniec, Ada Rusowicz, Wojciech Korda, Katarzyna Sobczyk, Michaj Burano, Halina Frackowiak, Wojciech Gassowski, Wojciech Skowronski, Breakout, Czeslaw Niemen

SOFT MOODS FOR ROMANTIC SEQUENCES (LP: Coloursound CS 53) © 1986

atmospheric synth themes by: Marek Bilinski, Jean Dowgierd, Z. Gorny, Andrzej Korzynski, S. Krajewski, A. Marko.

ZAPRASZAMY DO TROJKI (LP: Muza SX 1379) © 1975

radio sessions, with unique: SBB, Budka Suflera, Skaldowie, Czerwone Gitary, etc.

ROMANIA

Despite the restrictions of just one state record label: Electrecord, and an extremely strict government, Romania has borne much in the way of revolutionary avant-garde music, and produced at least one high calibre progressive band: Phoenix. Nothing is known of the current musical climate in Romania.

Ana-Maria AVRAM

Innovative avant-garde composer. Most of her work has appeared on shared CDs with her husband Iancu Dumitrescu (see below).

split with Irina Hasnas: ANA-MARIA AVRAM / IRINA HASNAS (LP: Electrecord ST-ECE 03584) © 1989

Nicolae BRINDUS

Classical avant-garde and orchestral composer, it seems he normally did that sort of thing, yet he was also the creator of great dissonant sound wedges akin to Dumitrescu on this fascinating LP...

SOLILOQUE 1+4 / MATCH / ANTIFONIA (LP: Electrecord STE-ECE 02947) © 1984

> CAMERATA ORCHESTRA (LP: Electrecord STE-ECE 03516) © 1988

CELELALTE CUVINTE

Radu Manafu (guitar, violin), Marcel Breazu (bass, vocals), Leonte Iovan (drums), Callin Pop (guitar, flute, vocals), Ovidiu Rocu (guitar, vocals)

Folk inspired progressive meets metal in parts. A very odd mixture on their debut. They turned in pretty conventional prog metal by the time of their third album.

> FORMATI ROCK NR. 8

CELELALTE CUVINTE (LP: Electrecord STE-EDE 03137) © 1986

CELELALTE CUVINTE 2 (LP: Electrecord STE-EDE 03712) © 1989

plus 7 more albums, etc.

COMPACT

Constantin Camarasan (guitar), Teofil Peter (bass, vocals), Aurel Vasilescu (drums), Paul Caucsi (guitar, vocals), Mircea Octavian (keyboards)

Hard-rock with prog touches, hints of Omega.

> FORMATI ROCK NR. 6

FATA DIN VIS (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02781) © 1985

CINTEC PENTRU PRIETENI (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 03501) © 1989

CINE ESTI TU OARE? (LP: Migas Real Compact ST-CS 0243) © 1991

plus 6 more albums, singles, etc.

Iancu DUMITRESCU

Radical and innovative avant-gardist who specializes in abusing the tonalities of instruments. In doing so on many of his earlier releases he creates fascinating, yet abrasive and intense, electronic sounding music often created entirely by acoustic means. Later he went back to more conventional contemporary classical music. Most of his later releases are co-releases with his wife Ana-Maria Avram.

Audion review (Edition RZ feature): URSA MARE / AULODIE MIORTICA and MEDIUM II / COGITO - Iancu is Romanian, an extraordinary composer by anyone's standards, he's indeed out on a limb in his homeland. Each LP side features one lengthy work. Ursa Mare is exceptionally stunning and to say the least extraordinary. Performed by a small ensemble (violins, cellos, etc.) and expertly handled magnetic tape. This music oozes and flows, shimmers, glides and cascades in a most fascinating way. I often recall such works as Cluster circa '71, Organum at their most cosmic, yet this is far stranger and surreal. Aulodie Miortica features the same ensemble (this time using more percussion) with fascinating contrabassist Fernando Grub. This is a far more demanding work, weirder and more extreme, with Grillo's odd gratings, whirrs and clunks, and lots of well placed percussive attacks. There's not much music I like in this area of the avant-garde, but this certainly succeeds.

GRANDE OURSE / AULODIE MIORTICA (LP: Electrecord ST-ECE 02720) 1982+1984 © 1985 aka URSA MARE / AULODIE MIORTICA (LP: Edition RZ ED.RZ 2001) © 1987

HARRYPHONIE / MOVEMUR ET SUMUS (LP: Electrecord ST-CS 0190) 1976+1984 © 1986

ALTERNANCES / BAS-RELIEFS / APOGEUM / RELIEFS (LP: Electrecord ST-CS 0191) 1967-1977 © 1986

MEDIUM II / COGITO (LP: Edition RZ ED.RZ 1001 / SLP 015) 1981 © 1987

> NO BORDERS (Generations Unlimited GULP 1) © 1988

NIMBUS / ZENITH (LP: Generations Unlimited GU-LP 1005) © 1988

MONADES: ALPHA+BETA (LP: Generations Unlimited GU-LP 1006) 5/1989 © 1989 - shared release with David Prescott

MEDIUM III / COGITO / AULODIE MIORITICA / PERSPECTIVES AU MOVEMUR / APOGEUM (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN. 1001) 1972-1984 © 1991

PIERRES SACREES / HARRYPHONIES / GRANDE OURSE (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN. 1003) 1983-1991 © 1991

GALAXY (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN. 1005) 1971-1993 © 1993

Avram / Dumitrescu split / hybrid releases

AU DELA DE MOVEMUR / MONADES / EKAGRATA / SIGNUM GEMINI / ZODIAQUE (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1002) 1989-1990 © 1991

MUSIQUE DE PAROLES (CD: Edition Modern EDMN 1004) © 1993 - also featuring: Georges Astalos

A PRIORI / 5 IMPLOSIONS / MYTHOS / DE SACRAE LAMENTATIONEM / ICARUS (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1006) 1993 © 1994

MNEMOSYNE / IMPULSE / CLUSTERUM I / QUATRE ETUDES D'OMBRE / ASONANT III / METABOLES (CD: Artgallery AG 006 CD, Edition Modern ED.MN.1007) 1968-95 © 1995

IKARUS II / ON THE ABOLITION OF THE SOUL / HOLZWEGE KRONOS / FLUXUS / SIRIOUS KRONOS QUARTET (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1008) © 1997

OURANOS / GNOSIS / ORION I / ORION II / SWARMS III / LABYRINTHE I (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1009) 1995-1997 © 1997

METEORS & PULSARS / PROFONDIS / ORIGO / CHAOSMOS / AXE (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1010) © 1998

ETOILES BRISEES / ANAMORPHOSIS / SECONDE AXE (CD: Edition Modern ED.MN.1012) © 1998

> MUSIQUE ACTION '98 (CD: ReR DACH1) © 1999 - also featuring: Chris Cutler, Tim Hodgkinson and The Hyperion Ensemble

plus 20 more!

Adrian ENESCU

Dated instrumental rock with analogue synthesizer lead.

FUNKY SYNTHESIZER 1 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02075) © 1982

FUNKY SYNTHESIZER 2 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02511) © 1984

plus 7 more albums, etc.

FFN

Cristian Mandolciu (vocals, percussion), Gabriel Litvin (guitar, vocals), Silviu Olaru (bass), Doru Donciu (flute, vocals), Florin Dumitru (drums)

Aka: Formatia Fara Nume (Band Without Name), they were formed in Bucharest in 1971. They played a psych spiced beat and hard-rock mixture bridging from pop through to prog.

Chemare / Indemn (7": Electrecord 45-STM-EDC 10.427) © 1975

ZECE PASI (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01184) © 1976

ZI CU ZI (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 10377) © 1978

Noi / Primavara (7": Electrecord 45-EDC 10678) © 1980

UN JOC (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01893) © 1981

HOLOGRAF

Mihai Pocorschi (guitar, vocals), Sorin Ciobanu (guitar), Nikos Temistocle (bass), Edi Petrosel (drums), Gabriel Cotabita (vocals)

Quirky upbeat rock with synths.

HOLOGRAF (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02379) © 1984

2 (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 03080) © 1986

III (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 03442) © 1988

IV (MLP: Electrecord STM-EDE 03730) © 1989

plus at least 10 more and singles!

IRIS

Florin Ochescu & Ion Olteanu (guitars), Mihai Marti Popescu (bass), Ioan Dumitrescu (drums), Cristian Minculescu (vocals) #

Hard-rock band, formed in Bucharest in 1977.

IRIS 1 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02514) © 1984 #

II (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03138) © 1987

plus at least 15 more and singles!

KRIPTON

Eugen Mihaescu (guitar, keyboards, vocals), Dragos Docan (bass, vocals), Nicolae Dinescu (drums), Cristian Sandu (guitar, vocals)

Mainstream prog, probably inspired by Omega, Olympic, etc.

30 MINUTE (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03444) © 1988

plus at least 6 more we don't know!

MAGNETON

Borz Dorel (bass), Barany Sandor (guitar, vocals), Fodor Alexandru (drums), Antal Istvan (vocals, guitar)

In Omega vein with unusual vocalist.

ROCK EXPRESS (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02378) © 1983

2: JO FIU LESZEK (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02860) © 1986

METROCK

Marius Luca (guitars, vocals), Jozsef Balogh (guitars), Gabriel Nagy (bass, vocals), Laszlo Balazs (drums)

Blues and hard-rock with some progressive elements.

CASTELUL DE NISIP (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02077) © 1982

METROPOL

Bela Raduly (drums, vocals), Andras Orban (guitar, vocals), Laszlo Trifan (guitar, vocals), Attila Viranyi (bass, keyboards, vocals)

Hard-rock with progressive elements.

Dal A Lanyrol / Rovid Mondat... / Kocsidefekt (7": Electrecord 45-STM-EDC 10.393) © 1974

EGIG ERHENTNE AZ ENEK (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01401) © 1978

VOUC (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01586) © 1979

METROPOL 3 (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01839) © 1981

DIN NOU IMPROEUNA (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 03004) © 1986

Costin MIEREANU

Contemporary composer and experimental musician, born 1943 in Bucharest. He started in film, and then got his first commission for an album in 1974, recording LUNA CINESE at Studi Ricordi in Milan, Italy. In 1977 Costin moved base to France working as a technician at Studio Ramses, Paris with Jean-Louis Rizet and Studio du Chesnay with Philippe Besombes, recording a number of more synthesizer/computer based albums, as well as works with saxophone player Daniel Kientzy. Later on he moved to more "conventional" contemporary composition.

LUNA CINESE (LP, Italy: Cramps CRSLP 6107) © 1975

LE ROYAUME DE LA REINE PELLAPOUF (MC: Poly-Art PAI 2701) © 1982

FATA MORGANA (MC: Poly-Art PAI 2702) © 1982

PIANOS-MIROIRS (LP: Poly-Art PAR 4301) © 1984

CARROUSEL (LP: Poly-Art PAR 4302) © 1984

JARDINS OUBLIES (LP: Poly-Art PAR 4303) © 1984

DERIVES (LP: Poly-Art PAR 4304) © 1984

MONDIAL

G. Litvin (guitar), G. Dragan (vocals), V. Gabrielescu (vocals), M. Dragan (keyboards), Filip Merca (bass), M. Cernea (drums)

Apparently excellent beat-psychedelia.

Premiera Pe Disc (7" EP: Electrecord EDC 10.109) © 1970

MONDIAL I (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 0544) © 1971

REMEMBER MONDIAL (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 04197) © 1992 - above 2 releases

PHOENIX

Nicolae Covaci (guitars, flute, percussion, vocals), Mircea Baniciu (vocals, 12-string guitar, percussion), Josif Kappl (bass, violin, percussion, vocals), Costin Petrescu (drums), Valeriu Sepi (percussion) #

Romania's finest progressive. Their origins were as a 1960s beat group with folk influences, but in the 70s they'd moved on to creating a unique blend of hard-rock, native folk musics, with psychedelic touches and Omega-like arrangements. Actually the debut LP is often as powerful as High Tide or Elias Hulk, and the epic CANTOFABULE is a concept album full of surprises, and features synths to unique effect. They moved base to Germany in 1980 making albums under the Transsylvania-Phoenix, and there was also the split-off group Madhouse.

Vremuri / Canarul / Lady Madonna / Friday On My Mind (7" EP: Electrecord EDC 10.006) © 1968

Totusi Sunt Ca Voi / Floarea Stancilor / Nebunul Cu Ochii Inchisi / As Vrea Un Eschimos (7" EP: Electrecord EDC 10.081) © 1969

FORMATIA PHOENIX / CEI NE-AU DAT NUME (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 0754) © 1972, (CD: Electrecord EDC 259) © 1999 #

Mama, Mama / Te Intreb Pe Tine, Soare / Mesterul Manole (7" EP: Electrecord 45-STM-EDC 10313) © 1973

MUGUR DE FLUIER (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 0698) © 1974, (CD: Electrecord EDC 258) © 1999

CANTOFABULE (2LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 1115/6) © 1976, (CD: Second Harvest 413) © 2007

REMEMBER PHOENIX (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 04077) © 1991 - sampler

EVERGREENS (CD: Electrecord EDC 167) © 1995 - sampler

plus various reformation releases

PROGRESSIV TM

Harry Coradini (vocals), Ion Cristian (percussion, vocals), Ladislau Herdina (guitars, vocals), Florin Ochescu (guitars), Liviu Tudan (bass, piano, vocals) #

Progressive rock band with an unusual mixture of styles sometimes akin to Phoenix and with some Italian classical rock touches.

Amintiri (7": Electrecord EDC 10.389) © 1974

DREPTUL DE A VISA (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01183) © 1975

PUTEREA MUZICII (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01538) © 1979 #

RIFF

Neo-progressive with Heavy Metal guitar styling.

PRIMII PASI (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03634) © 1989

plus 5 more unknown to us

SAVOY

Marian Nistor (guitar, vocals), George Mitrea (percussion, guitar, vocals), Nicolae Rotarescu (drums), Ionel Samoila (bass guitar), Ionel Orban (organ, piano, recorder, vocals) #

Unusual folky pop/psych/prog with lots of unusual cultural elements. The debut LP, which sounds more late 60s than 1975, has some interesting moments, an oddball quirkiness and notably some nice flute work. LIED CU FLUTURI seems to be their most prog one, as after that they descend to bubblegum pop and Eurovision type drivel!

Ciobanasul / Melodie Din Oas / Mandrulita Mea / Dorul (7": Electrecord 45-EDC 10.161) © 1970

ISCALITURA DE LUMINA (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01265) © 1975 #

LIED CU FLUTURI (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01496) © 1978

and 12 more!

SEMNAL M

Iuliu Merca (guitar, vocals), Stefan Boldijar (bass, vocals), Chita Ciolac (keyboards), Solomon Francisc (drums) #

Folky rock with progressive elements.

TRENUL CURSA DE PERSOANE APAHIDA-CLUJ NAPOCA (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01638) © 1979

CINTECE TRANSILVANENE (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01948) © 1981 #

PLANETA VISURILOR NOASTRE (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02146) © 1982

plus 5 more unknown to us

SFINX

Dan Andrei Aldea (guitar, keyboards, vocals), Cormeliu Bibi Ionescu (bass), Nicolae Enache (keyboards), Mihai Cernea (drums) #

Established as a pop band in 1963, they were still quite poppy on their debut LP, but went more prog/symphonic later.

Sir De Cocori / Languir Me Fais (7": Electrecord EDC 10. 265) © 1972

Coborise Primavara (7" EP: Electrecord 45-STM-EDC 10.362) © 1974

LUME ALBA (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01113) © 1975

ZALMOXE (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 01537) © 1978 (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 04237) © 1992 (CD: Electrecord ELCD 135) © 1993 #

Din Nou Acasa / Zmeul / Fetele Albinele (7" EP: Electrecord 45-ST-EDC 10.680) © 1980

Focuri vii / '49-'50 (7": Electrecord 45-ST-EDC 10.723) © 1981

SFINX (LP: Electrecord STM-EDE 02513) © 1984

Catalin TIRCOLEA

Pan-pipe player, known on the international jazz scene.

ZBOURI (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01951) © 1982

plus many more unknown to us

Various Artists

FORMATII DE MUZICA POP (LP: Electrecord EDE 01071) © 1975

inc. Phoenix, Mondial, Magic, Progresiv TM, Stereo, Experimental Quintet, etc.

FORMATII DE MUZICA POP 2 (LP: Electrecord EDE 01229) © 1976

inc. Depold, Azur, Catena, Amicii and other unknowns

FORMATII DE MUZICA POP III (LP: Electrecord EDE 01637) © 1980

inc. Basorelief, Iris, Constantin Tolea, Holograf and other unknowns

FORMATII ROCK NR. IV (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01723) © 1980

inc. Sfinx, Rosu Si Negru, Seminal M, Savoy, Cristal.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 5 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 01898) © 1981

inc. Metrock, Redivivus, Dan Badulescu, Rodion G. A.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 6 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02145) © 1982

a side each: Compact and 2005.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 7 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02649) © 1985

inc. Barock, Hardton, Krypton, Prefix 990.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 8 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02782) © 1985

a side each: Celelalte Cuvinte (heavy folk rock) and Evolutiv (disco-rock).

FORMATII ROCK NR. 9 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 02918) © 1985

a side each: Accent (instrumental prog) and Pro Musica.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 10 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03003) © 1987

a side each: Modul and Medusa.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 11 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03556) © 1989

a side each: Contrast and Timpuri Noi.

FORMATII ROCK NR. 12 (LP: Electrecord ST-EDE 03766) © 1989

a side each: Autostop and Miorita.

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

This section catalogues music from the former USSR states that have remained part of the current Russian Federation. During the days of the USSR, all records were published by the state run label Melodiya and, due to the questionable politics of much rock and new-music, very little of any interest was released before 1980. Yet, despite that, the wealth of revolutionary music from Russia, etc., is quite astonishing.

Now, with growing market economies, numerous small independent labels are starting to appear, and although much of what is being produced is trying to catch up with the punk era, there's also still an amazing amount of surprising music around!

ALEATORICA ORCHESTRA

Andrej Feofanov (guitar), Sergey Vasiliev (bass), Sergey Sopov (drums, percussion), Igor Sharankov (guitar, bass), Kirill Zinoviev (keyboards) #

From St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Russia. Original and highly inventive progressive fusion with lots of slick moves and surprises.

VAKAVILYA (LP/CD: F Records FR 001) © 1993 #

TISHINA / SILENCE (CD: F Records FRCD 00000) © 1996

ALISA

Konstantin Kinchev (vocals, guitar), Petr Samoilov (guitar, bass, keyboards, percussion, backing vocals), Pavel Kondratenko (keyboards, backing vocals), Vyacheslav Zedery (bass, backing vocals), Mikhail Nedelov (drums), etc.

[Aka ALICE] From St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Russia. Also billed as "Alice" Group (Doctor Kinchev & Co.) on ENERGY. They played hard-rock, with symphonic and new-wave touches, or at least so on the two we had.

ENERGY (LP: Melodiya C90 26733 000) © 1988, (CD: Moroz Records MR 93009 CD) © 1993

SHESMOY LESNICIY / "SIXTH RANGER" (LP: Melodiya C60 28961 008) © 1989, (CD: Moroz Records MR 94037 CD) © 1994

plus 30 more and loads of singles

ALJANS

Sergey Kalachev (bass), Igor Kistenev (drums), Konstantin Baranov (guitar, acoustic guitar), Konstantin Gavrilov (keyboards), Vova Missarzhevskii (percussion), Inna Zhelannaya (vocals), Igor Zhuravlev (vocals, guitar)

[Aka ALLIANCE] From Dolgoprudny, Moscow, Russia. Formed in 1982. Varied rock, new-wave and folk band. Named as their third, this was their only actual album (previous releases were a cassette, a live recording, and assorted various/split/collaborations)...

SDALANO V BELOM / MADE IN WHITE (LP: Kohan R60 01087-8) © 1992 (CD: BSA OM01-009) © 199?

ALLEGRO

Nick Levinovsky (Moog, pianos), Vladimir Konovaltsev (tenor/soprano saxophones), Victor Dvoskin (bass), Victor Epaneshnikov (drums), Yuri Genbachev (drums, percussion) #

Nick Levinovsky's Jazz Ensemble. Acclaimed as the first Russian Jazz-fusion outfit. At the start they were sometimes in the Nucleus vein, with some Arsenal touches, and Nordic jazz flavours, whereas later they added synths as lead, mixing influences from Return To Forever and Weather Report on a cooler more tuneful level.

KONTRASTY / CONTRASTS (LP: Melodiya C60-14003-4) © 1980 #

V ETOM MIRE / IN THIS WORLD (LP: Melodiya C60-17423-4) © 1982

ZOLOTAYA SEREDINA / THE GOLDEN MEAN (LP: Melodiya C60 21795 005) © 1983

SPHINX (LP: Melodiya C60 24695 003) © 1985, (CD: Mobile Fidelity MFCD 898) © 1986

AQUARIUM

From St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Russia. Aka Akvarium. The albums that we encountered are their 7th and 8th out of some 50+ albums. These come across as the Russian Bonzo's on record, but they also did much more interesting stuff. Group leader Boris Grebenshikov has since gone solo. Experimentalist Sergey Kuryokhin was also an occasional member.

AQUARIUM (LP: Melodiya C60 25129 005) © 1986

EQUINOX (LP: Melodiya C60 26903 007) © 1988

ARIEL

Valery Yarushin (bass guitar, harmonica), Sergey Sharikov (organ, clarinet), Rostyslav Hepp (piano, flute), Lev Gurov (rhythm guitar), Boris Kaplun (drums, violin), Sergey Antonov (lead guitar) #

With roots going back to circa 1970, Ariel came from Tchelyabinsk (east of the Ural mountains, so technically in Asia) and existed through to the 90s. The two 1980s albums we had by them were progressive rock with symphonic and light classical stylings, often akin to Stern Combo Meissen. In 1990 former leader of the band: Valery Yarushin left and formed the new group/project Ivanych.

Lubite Struny Gitar / Malen'kaya Istoria (7": Melodiya M62-37359-60) © 1975

Tishina / Lebedushka (7": Melodiya C62-05877-8) © 1975

ARIEL (LP: Melodiya C60-05891-92) © 1975, as "Zolotaya Kollektciya 1" (CD: Uralton URCD 006) © 2002 - plus bonus tracks

Otdavali Molodu / Organ V Nochi (7": Melodiya C62-06211-2) © 1975

> MEZHDU NEBOM I ZEMLEI "BETWEEN THE SKY AND THE EARTH" (LP: Melodiya C60-07086/7) © 1977 - soundtrack

RUSSKIE KARTINKY / RUSSIAN PICTURES (LP: Melodiya C60-08641-42) © 1977, as "Zolotaya Kollektciya 2" (CD: Uralton URCD 007) © 2002 - plus bonus tracks

VIA ARIEL (LP: Melodiya C60-13891-92) © 1980 #, as "Zolotaya Kollektciya 3" (CD: Uralton URCD 008) © 2002 - plus bonus tracks

Priglashenie V Gosti / Kolybel'naya / Vse Ravno Tebya Lublu Ya / Nahlebalasya Presnogo Moloka (7" EP: Melodiya C62-14857-8) © 1980

KAZHDY DEN' TVOI / EVERY DAY IS YOURS (LP: Melodiya C60-16739-40) © 1981, as "Zolotaya Kollektciya 4" (CD: Uralton URCD 009) © 2002 - plus bonus tracks

UTRO PLANETY / THE PLANET'S MORNING (LP: Melodiya C60 20127 008) © 1983

Po Polju, Polju / Rasskazhu Tebe Kuma / Baba-Yaga / Komnata Smeha (7" EP: Melodiya C62-20561-2) © 1983

LUBIMAYA NO CHUZHAYA / LOVED BUT STRANGE (LP: Melodiya C60 31391-2) © 1991

ARKANGELSK

Vladimir Rezitsky (alto sax, percussion, voice), Vladimir Turov (piano, synth, percussion), Oleg Yudanov (drums, percussion), Nikolay Yudanov (percussion), Fyodor Bagretsov (guitar, percussion), Nikolai Klishin (bass, percussion) #

Experimental free-jazz ensemble that are totally crazy.

ARKANGELSK "LIVE IN LENINGRAD" (LP, UK: Leo Records LR135) © 1985 #

PILGRIMS (2LP: Leo Records LR 412/13) © 1989

PRIZRAKI STAROGO GAROKA (LP: Melodiya C60 28963 004) © 1989

LIVE IN JAPAN (CD: Ninety-One CRCJ-9102) © 1992

PORTRAIT (CD: Leo LR 180) 1991 © 1995

ARSENAL

Alexei Kozlov (soprano/alto saxes), Vitaly Rosenberg (guitar), Igor Saulsky (piano, organ), Anatoly Sizonov (trimpet), Vevgeny Pan (trumpet), Vadim Akhmetgareyev (trombone), Alexander Gorobetz (trombone), Valery Taushan (trombone), Victor Zaikin (bass), Vasily Izyumchenko (percussion), Stanislav Korostelev (percussion) #

Long established rock and jazz fusion band (formed circa 1973). In their early days close to Nucleus except for some Russian folk themes, and later with influences ranging from Tangerine Dream through to Mahavishnu Orchestra, The Mothers, Soft Machine, etc. They split in the early 90s with leader Alexei Kozlov going onto other projects, and reformed sometime prior to 2004.

Audion extract: ...heavily inspired by European Jazz-fusion: Michal Urbaniak, Colosseum, Nucleus, Jean-Luc Ponty are some influences I can detect in both these bands. Allegro are more traditional in approach, whereas Arsenal are far more inventive producing lengthy suites that mix in ethnic and spacious elements into the jazz and rock structures. Of the 2 LPs I've heard by them, CREATED WITH THEIR OWN HANDS is by far the best and well worth the attention of jazz-fusion buffs.

> JAZZ 78

ARSENAL (LP: Melodiya C60-12209-10) © 1980 #

> BRATISLAVA JAZZ DAYS 1980 (LP: Opus 9115 1137-38) © 1981

> JAZZ 82

CREATED WITH THEIR OWN HANDS (LP: Melodiya C60-19285-6) © 1983

SECOND WIND (LP: Melodiya C60 23369 002) © 1984

SPORT & MUSIC "PULSE 3" (MLP: Melodiya C60 23883 009) © 1985

ARSENAL 5 (LP: Melodiya C60 31573 000) 1986-1989 © 1991

ARSENAL 6 (LP: Melodiya C60 31575 005) 1986-1989 © 1991

ALEXEY KOZLOV & HIS ARSENAL (CD: Melodiya SUCD 60-00134) 1986-1989 © 199? - ARSENAL 5 + 2 tracks from ARSENAL 6

SCORCHED BY TIME I (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809001) © 1998 - ARSENAL + 4 bonus tracks

SCORCHED BY TIME II (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809002) © 1998 - CREATED WITH THEIR OWN HANDS + 6 bonus tracks (1 from JAZZ 82)

SCORCHED BY TIME III (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809003) 1983-1984 © 1998 - SECOND WIND + SPORT & MUSIC

SCORCHED BY TIME IV (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809004) 1986-1991 © 1998 - rest of ARSENAL 6 + unreleased tracks

Artemiy ARTEMIEV

Son of Eduard Artemiev. Synthesizer musician and avantgardist. Owner of Electroshock label.

THE WARNING (CD: Electroshock ELCD 001) 3-4/1993 © 1997

COLD (CD: Electroshock ELCD 002) 12/1994-1/1995 © 1997

POINT OF INTERSECTION (CD: Electroshock ELCD 003) 9/1996-1/1997 © 1997

FIVE MYSTERY TALES OF ASIA (CD: Electroshock ELCD 007) 9/1997-1/1998 © 1998

MYSTICISM OF SOUND (CD: Electroshock ELCD 009) 8/1998-1/1999 © 1999

with Philip B. Klingler: DREAMS IN MOVING SPACE (CD: Electroshock ELCD 014) 9/1998-2/2000 © 2000

with Peter Frohmader: SPACE ICON (CD: Electroshock ELCD 015) 8/1999-1/2000 © 2000

FORGOTTEN THEMES (CD: Electroshock ELCD 017) © 2000

with Peter Frohmader: TRANSFIGURATION (CD: Electroshock ELCD 021) © 2002

with Philip B. Klingler: A MOMENT OF INFINITY (CD: Electroshock ELCD 022) © 2002

with Christopher de Laurenti: 57 MINUTES TO SILENCE (CD: Electroshock ELCD 029) © 2002

with Karda Estra: EQUILIBRIUM (CD: Electroshock ELCD 031) © 2002

TIME, DESERT AND A SOUND (CD: Electroshock ELCD 038) © 2004

Eduard ARTEMIEV

Long established electronic music pioneer, contemporary composer and front man of his own group Boomerang (not to be confused with the jazz-rock band) he's a radical innovator on all fronts. He's best known internationally however for his soundtracks to Tarkovsky films.

Audion extract: You may be surprised that a synth music scene (if it can be called such) has existed in Russia since the late Seventies. Eduard Artemiev was one of the earliest, however he was also known before that for his unusual electro-acoustic soundtracks to films like Solaris and Stalker... One album, METAMORPHOSES is a collaboration along with V. Martynov and Yu. Bogdanov, circa 1980. This is a most unusual album, in that most of it is arrangements of classical works by Debussy, Monteverdi, etc, but totally unlike Tomita or Synergy, these arrangements (and unique compositions by the musicians) are very imaginative and unique in their approach. Artemiev has collaborated on numerous rock based albums with Bogdanov and his rock group. These albums are some of the most bizarre examples of progressive Soviet rock, mixing spacious synth and dynamic rock, with offbeat elements such as opera, pop ballads, anthems, etc.

> ANS SYNTHESIZER

SOLARIS (LP, Japan: Columbia / Melodiya YX-7212-MK) © 1978, (LP, bootleg: Melodiya YX-7212-MK) © 1989

SIBIRIADA (LP, France: Le Chant Du Monde LDX 74719) © 1979

> METAMORPHOSES

A SLAVE OF LOVE (LP, Japan: Columbia / Melodiya YX-7318-MK) © 1982

MOODS (LP: Melodiya C10 21077 002) 1976-1980 © 1984

ODE TO THE BEARER OF GOOD NEWS (LP: Melodiya C60 21277 005) © 1984

WARMTH OF EARTH (LP: Melodiya C60 23029 000) © 1985

> MUSICAL OFFERING

SOLARIS, THE MIRROR, STALKER (2LP/CD: Torso Kino 5001) © 1990 (CD: Electroshock ELCD 012) © 1999

URGA (CD, France: Philips 510 608-2) © 1991

THE INNER CIRCLE (CD, Switzerland: Milan 262 494) © 1992

> LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA & RUSSIA

THE ODYSSEY (CD: Electroshock ELCD 008) © 1998

A BOOK OF IMPRESSIONS (CD: Electroshock ELCD 018) 1975-1993 © 2001

and at least 18 more, mostly soundtracks, etc.

AUCTION

Leonid Fedorov (vocals, guitar), Oleg Garkusha (vocals), Vladimir Vesolkin (vocals), Victor Bondarik (bass guitar), Dima Ozerskiy (synthesizer, vocals), Nikolai Urbanov (saxophone), Boris Shaveynikov (drums)

[Aka AUKTSION] Satirical rock with an RIO type sound, often comparable to Debile Menthol, yet more schizophrenic.

V BAGDADE VSE SLOKOINO (LP: Melodiya C60 30311 002) © 1989

DUPLO (LP: Aprel CO 603) © 1990

with Khvost: POT OF WINE (CD: BSA OM02-013) © 1992

and at least 12 more, plus singles, etc.

AUTOGRAPH

Alexander Sitkovetsky (guitar, vocals), Leonid Gutkin (bass), Leonid Makarevich (keyboards), Victor Mikhalin (percussion), Arthur Berkut (vocals) #

Progressive rock seemingly inspired by Hungarian bands like Omega or East, as well as Yes and Camel. Mostly instrumental on their debut LP, but best known as the Russian contribution to "Live Aid".

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

AUTOGRAPH (LP: Melodiya C60 24129 000) © 1986 #

KAMENNI KRAI / STONE LAND (LP: Melodiya C60 28741 005) © 1989

and at least 6 more, plus singles, etc.

Yuri BOGDANOV

Leader of Bumerang (studio music group) and collaborator with Eduard Artemiev. Also vocals with Alfred Schnittke and technical/studio work.

> METAMORPHOSES

Oleg BULOSHKIN

Composer/engineer.

> MUSICAL OFFERING

CADENCE

Hermann Lukianov (Flugelhorn, Trumpet), Nikolai Panov (Tenor Saxophone, Soprano Saxophone, Flute), Yuri Yurenkov (Alto Saxophone, Flute), Vadim Ahmetgareyev (Trombone, Tenor Horn, Percussion), Mikhail Okun (Piano), Alexander Veremiev (Double Bass), Stanislav Korostelev (Drums, Percussion) #

[Aka KADANS] "Moscow Chamber Jazz-Ensemble" a jazz "post bop" type fusion group. We had the first two.

IVANUSHKA THE FOOL (LP: Melodiya C60-17435-6) © 1983

THE WAY TO OLYMPUS (LP: Melodiya C60 20875 003) © 1984 #

WHAT A SNOWY SPRING (LP: Melodiya C60 23901 009) © 1986

SIGN OF BLUES (LP: Melodiya C60 28295 008) © 1989

Mikhail CHEKALIN

Radical and innovative synthesist/multi-instrumentalist whose early releases played safe accessible melodic and rhythmic synth music showing Kraftwerk influences, akin to instrumental Yello. Latterly, most notably with the "MARS" Gallery series, he's ventured onto and beyond the realms of recent Klaus Schulze or Peter Frohmader, with a uniquely crafted and fascinating music.

VOCALISE IN RAPIDE (LP: Melodiya C60 27165) © 1988

POST POP - NON POP (LP: Melodiya C60 28737 003) © 1989

RUSSIAN MYSTERY (CD: Melodiya SUCD 60-00295) 1989 © 1991

NIGHT PULSATION (CD: Erdenklang 30632) © 1993

> LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA & RUSSIA

plus many more recent CDs and compilations

"MARS" SERIES... (12 LP archive, all © 1991)

1. MEDITATIVE MUSIC FOR THE DECOMPOSED "ELECTRO-ORGAN" I (LP: Melodiya C90 31373 005) 1981-1982

2. MEDITATIVE MUSIC FOR PREPARED "ELECTRICORGAN" II (LP: Melodiya C90 31671 007) 1982

3. MEDITATIVE MUSIC FOR PREPARED "ELECTRICORGAN" III (LP: Melodiya C90 31673 001) 1981-1983

4. PRACTICAL MUSIC MAKING I (LP: Melodiya C90 31679 005) 1991

5. BETWEEN SPRING & AUTUMN BY STEALTH (LP: Melodiya C90 31675 006) 1986

6. PRACTICAL MUSIC MAKING II (LP: Melodiya C90 31677 000) 1984-1987

7. GREEN SYMPHONY (LP: Melodiya C90 31375 000) 1984-1988

8. BOARDER STATE (LP: Melodiya C90 31377 004) 1988

9. THE SYMPHONY - PHONOGRAM (LP: Melodiya C90 30665 005) 1989

10. INTRODUCTION INTO INTUITION (LP: Melodiya C90 31681 003) 1989

11. CONCERTO GROSSO - I (LP: Melodiya C90 30667 006) 1989

12. CONCERTO GROSSO - II (LP: Melodiya C90 30669 004) 1989

Vladimir CHEKASIN

Experimental jazz, ex-Ganelin Trio.

EXERCISES (LP: Leo LR115) © 1984

NOSTALGIA (LP: Leo LR118) 1983 © 1984

THE MEMOIRS (LP: Melodiya C60 23447 000) © 1984

with K. Petrosyan: CHEKASIN & PETROSYAN (LP: Melodiya C60 24479 009) © 1985

IS THIS POSSIBLE (LP: Melodiya C60 25691 009) © 1986

NEW VITALITY (LP: Leo LR142) © 1986

NOMEN NESCIO (LP: Melodiya C60 26197 006) 1982 © 1987

ANTI-SHOW (LP: Leo LR 165) © 1988

plus many more in various solo and group combinations

CHEKASIN & TARASOV

Radical off-the-wall jazz and noise, more extreme than their solos.

1+1=3 (LP: Leo LR160) © 1989

Igor CZERNIAWSKI

One time member of the Polish band AYA R.L., making unique synth music, inspired by 70s German styles.

ZAVTRA BUDET VCHERA (LP: Melodiya C60 30419 006) © 1990

> LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA AND RUSSIA

Edison DENISOV

Composer/engineer, mostly working in the contemporary classical field.

> MUSICAL OFFERING

DUSTAR

Marat Yuldybaev (tenor/sopranino saxophones), Ramil Medyarov (synthesizers), Alexander Sergeenko (bass guitar), Evgeny Chistyakov (drums), Yuri Shemagonov (piano, synthesizer)

Fusion band from Ufa, Bashkir ASSR fromed in 1978. They sound a bit like Arsenal, but with a Russian traditional/ethnic feel. They also recorded as the studio/backing band of Robert Gazizova and for various folk/tradional singers.

KARUSEL / CAROUSEL (LP: Melodiya C60 19377 008) © 1982

CHERNAYA REKA / BLACK RIVER (LP: Melodiya C60 27509 003) © 1988

EMELYA

Heavy folk-rock, with hints of Jethro Tull and Horslips.

SHIRT AND CROSS (LP: Melodiya C60 31563 004) © 1991

EPOS

Ethnic progressive, and strangely symphonic rock. Nine piece band from St. Petersburg.

ROCK-BALLAD "ILIA" (LP: Melodiya C60 28465 001) © 1989 (CD: Boheme CDBMR 009171) © 2000

GEORGIY POBEDONOSETS "YEGORY (ST. GEORGE), ROCK-EPIC" (LP: Petersburg Recording Studio R60 00643) © 1991

FOLK OPERA

Natalia Silantieva (vocals, ocarina), Irena Brazgovka (vocals, ocarina), Nadejda Bazurov (vocals, ocarina), Irena Savelieva (vocals, ocarina), Elizabeth Korovkina (vocals, ocarina), Gennady Tkachenko (vocals), Vacheslav Fedorov (vocals, bass), Enver Feizullin (bass, vocals), Georgy Osmolovsky (rhythm computer, kosa, vocals, bass), Boris Bazurov (keyboards, vocals, rhythm computer, bass)

Their Cyrillic name transliterates as Narodnaya Opera. "Folk-Rock group under Boris Bazurov" to quote the front cover. These were an almost Celtic sounding folk-rock outfit, with a music fleshed-out by lots of chanting and ethnic instruments, sounding somewhat like a mixture of Gryphon and Alan Stivell. Boris has also fronted numerous other folk outfits and there's a second Folk Opera release called COSSACK STEPAN RAZIN (a 2CD from 1991) of which further info is elusive.

FOLK OPERA (LP: Melodiya C60 30321 009) © 1990

GANELIN TRIO

Vyacheslav Ganelin's celebrated free-jazz trio, with a radical and schizophrenic air. On the borderline of the scope of Audion really. Saxophonist Vladimir Chekasin and drummer Vladimir Tarasov have both also done much of interest elsewhere! Most Ganelin albums have also been issued on Melodiya as limited editions. Here's the first few...

STRICTLY FOR OUR FRIENDS (LP: Leo LR120) © 1978

CON FUOCO (LP: Leo LR106) 1978-1980 © 1980

VIDE (LP: Leo LR117) © 1981

BALTIC TRIANGLE (LP: Leo LR125) © 1981

CATALOGUE / LIVE IN EAST GERMANY (LP: Leo LR102) © 1981

plus at least 20 more!

Vyacheslav GANELIN

Relocating to Israel after defecting from Russia, Ganelin formed a new less-radical jazz group.

JERUSALEM FEBRUARY CANTICLE (LP: Leo LR168) © 1989

OPUSES (CD: Leo LR 171) © 1989

plus at least 15 more!

Alexander GRADSKY & "SKOMOROKHY" GROUP

Alexander Gradsky (vocals, synthesizer, guitar, piano, celeste, bells, percussion), Yuri Ivanov (bass, harmonica), Vladimir Yasilkov (percussion), Sergei Zenko (flute, pipe, sax)

Alexander Gradsky started as singer with the beat group Skomorokhi (The Jesters) in the 1960s, who had advanced to totally different music by the time of their 1980 debut LP, which is a really eccentric mix of folk/opera/classical and electronics. Out of his 20-+ albums to date, this is widely acclaimed as his most progressive and inventive release.

RUSSIAN SONGS (LP: Melodiya C60-14621-22) © 1980

Boris GREBENSHIKOV

Ex-Aquarium guitarist attempted a Western pop career in 1991! None of his discography is really relevant here, except maybe this soundtrack album which is largely composed by him (6 of the tracks are composed by fellow Aquarium members Andrei Romanov and Alexander Titov) and features some of Aquarium's most adventurous works alongside Orchestras and Ancient Music Ensembles.

BLACK ROSE - AN EMBLEM OF SORROW, RED ROSE - EMBLEM OF LOVE. MUSIC OF SERGEI SOLOVYOV FILM (2LP: Melodiya C60 30009 008) © 1990

Sofia GUBAIDULINA

Composer/engineer. She was one of the few leading female pianists in the Soviet contemporary classical world and also worked in tape composition and electronic music, collaborating with Luigi Nono, Valentina Ponomareva, etc.

> MUSICAL OFFERING

> SONIC REBELLION: ALTERNATIVE CLASSICAL COLLECTION (CD: Naxos 8.570760) © 2007

HORIZONT

Sergey Kornilov (keyboards), Vladimir Lutoshkin (guitar, flute), Alexey Eremenko (bass), Valentin Sinitsin (drums), Andrey Krivilev (vocals, keyboards), Igor Pokrovsky (vocals), Yuri Beliakov (vocals), Sergey Alekseev (vocals) #

[Aka: GORIZONT, in English: HORIZON] Amongst the most fascinating of 80s progressives. Based around multi-keyboards and a very big sound, elements of Genesis, Collegium Musicum, Egg, SBB, and much more can be heard in their thoroughly inventive instrumental concoction. Generally melodic and dramatic, but also at times very experimental and even dissonant, Gorizont constantly surprise!

Audion extract (Boheme feature): Talking of instrumental prog, the Russian band Gorizont (aka Horizont, or Horizon) were one of the finest of all East Euro bands. Their influences lay in early Genesis and The Nice, and Czechoslovak bands like Modry Efekt and Collegium Musicum, though they seemed to see themselves as an RIO band! SUMMER IN TOWN is an extraordinary symphonic progressive full of obscure classical references, obscure instrumental concoctions and instrumental progressions that Genesis fans always dreamt of. There are some brilliant wordless vocal sections, complex angular diversions, weird keyboards, and all sorts of unexpected touches. With PORTRAIT OF A BOY they took all this further. This opens with the theme that I compared Gary Parra's Trap (ex-Cartoon) to, and is all the more experimental with lots of brilliant processed synths and keyboards, all in superbly arranged suites. At one point I thought there was something wrong with the turntable when I first played the record, and on the CD this weirdo Marian Varga type keyboard bit is all the more startling.

LETNIY GOROD / SUMMER IN TOWN (LP: Melodiya C60 23911 005) 1985 © 1986, (CD: Boheme CDBMR 008152) © 2000 #

PORTRET MALCHIKA / PORTRAIT BOY (LP: Melodiya C60 28665 002) 1988 © 1989, aka THE PORTRAIT OF A BOY (CD: Boheme CDBMR 008153) © 2000

INTEGRAL

Russian pop-rock band, formed in 1967 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, eventually releasing their debut EP in 1980. The band had some success but broke up in 1989, after which founder/leader Barry Alibasov went on to other projects.

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

A Strange Man / Suliko / Snowdrop (7" EP: Melodiya C62-15283-4) © 1980

JAZZ-QUINTET OF THE SOLOISTS

Viktor "Arzu" Guseinov (trumpet), Alexey Zubov (tenor/soprano saxophones), Vagif Sadikhov (piano, keyboards), Igor Kantyukov (bass guitar), Simonovsky Alexander (drums, percussion)

One would expect the band to be called Barometer based on the cover of their sole LP, however I found the band leader Vagif Sadikhov's web site and it's definitely the album title! These are another of those Russian jazz ensembles inspired by British jazz fusion of the 60s, feeling a little like Nucleus.

BAROMETER (LP: Melodiya C60 19675 001) © 1983

JUNGLE

Igor Tikhomirov (bass guitar, synthesizer, percussion), Andrey Otryaskin (guitar, guitar synthesizer, vocals), Mark Bomshteyn (keyboards, piano), Pavel Litvinov (percussion), Nikolai Urbanov (saxophone)

Jazz fusion band formed in Leningrad in 1981. Very unusual ethnic fusion band, with lots of synthesizers.

SPRING IN SHANGHAI (LP: Melodiya C60 29255 009) © 1989

SPRING IN SHANGHAI / SIX MOROCCAN COACHMEN (2CD: Geometry GEO 008/009 CD) © 2006 - inc. unreleased album and bonus tracks

Alexander KATENIN

Experimental progressive and synth-pop, artist playing the Farfisa Syntaccordion.

MONOLOGUE OF THOUSAND VOICES (LP: Melodiya C60 21945 004) © 1985

ODIN V LABIRINTE RITMOV / ALONE IN THE MAZE OF RHYTHMS (LP: Melodiya C60 24127 006) © 1986

KOMBO

Margarita Timofeeva (guitar), E. Sotnikov (bass), A. Kolesnichenko (drums), A. Medvedev (keyboards)

[Aka COMBO] Slightly funky instrumental fusion (Chronosynclastic Group - to quote the cover) with a dazzling female guitarist.

EMANCIPEE "EMANCIPATED WOMAN" (LP: Melodiya C60 31315 006) © 1991

Stanislav KREITCHI

Composer working at the Moscow Experimental Music Studio, along with Eduard Artemiev, etc.

ANSIANA (CD: Electroshock ELCD 016) © 2000

VOICES AND MOVEMENT (CD: Electroshock ELCD 023) © 2001

Anatoli KULIKOV

Recordings as bassist with Arsenal and Quadro.

PUTESHESTVIYE V PROSHLOYE / JOURNEY INTO THE PAST (LP: Melodiya C60 31387 005) © 1991

Sergey KURYOKHIN

Spearhead of the Russian 80s weird music movement with his ensemble "Pop Mechanics", who are well-known for their largely improvised free-rock and jazz concerts, where almost anything goes! He also works as a jazz pianist and experimental synthesist as well!

THE WAYS OF FREEDOM (LP: Leo LR107) 1981 © 1984

INTRODUCTION IN POP MECHANICS (LP: Leo LR146) 10/1986 © 1988

POPULAR ZOOLOGICAL (LP: Leo LR148) © 1988

POP MECHANICS NO. 17 (LP: Leo LR158) 1985 © 1988

Popular Mechanics: INSECT CULTURE (LP: Ark DOVE 5) © 1987

SUBWAY CULTURE (2LP: Leo 402/403) © 1987

POLYNESIA (LP: Melodiya C60 28241 009) © 1989

with Boris Grebenshikov: MAD NIGHTINGALES IN THE RUSSIAN FOREST (LP: Leo LR167) 1985 © 1986

with Henry Kaiser: POPULAR SCIENCE (CD: RYKO RCD 20118) © 1989

SOME COMBINATIONS OF FINGERS AND PASSION (CD: Leo CDLR179) © 1991

THE RICH'S OPERA (LP: Rysitika R60 00695) © 1991

plus some 25+ other collaborative albums and projects

Z. LIEPINS & M. ZALITE

Very over indulgent, but quite progressive stage production with lots of synths.

LACPLESIS ROKOPERA (3LP: Melodiya C60 29341/3/5 009) © 1990

Igor LEN

Excellent spacious and highly original synth music. Comparable to best early Neuronium or Ildefonso Aguilar. He also made and electro/new-wave album together with one Victor Lukyanov called PO TVOIM SLEDAM / IN YOUR FOOTSTEPS in 1990.

ZDES... / HERE... (LP: Melodiya C60 28663 008) 1989

MAGNET

Vyacheslav Rukhlov (guitar), Alexander Larionov (guitar), German Smirnov (bass), Vladimir Gladkovich (percussion), Alexei Saveliev (keyboards), Karen Melik (keyboards, vocals), Sergei Lugansky (vocals)

Mix of bombastic rock, prog/metal and the unusual!

DIES IRAE (LP: Melodiya C90 28449 003) 1989

Vladimir MARTYNOV

Contemporary composer and electronic musician. Most of his LP/CD output is not relevant here.

> METAMORPHOSES

> LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA AND RUSSIA

MASHINA VREMENI

Andrey Makarevich (guitar), Alexander Zaitsev (keyboards), Alexander Kutikov (bass),  Valeriy Efremov (drums) #

Originally a 60s Beatles clone, they moved towards a light progressive style in the 80s. Their name means Time Machine. According to some sources they are/were the "number one Russian rock band" and still recording today.

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

REKI I MOSTI / RIVERS & BRIDGES (2LP: Melodiya C60 25617 001) © 1987 #

plus at least 20 more albums, singles, etc.

MEDEO

Light symphonic rock and fusion. Band led by one Vladimir Nazarov.

MEDEY (LP: Melodiya C60 22145 005) © 1984

MODUS

Vladimir Ivanov (keyboards), Vladimir Volodin (drums, percussion), Valery Lyustrov (tenor saxophone), Alexander Malahowsky (electric guitar), Vladimir Filyakin (trumpet),  Yury Mamaev (bass guitar)

American inspired jazz-rock, excepting some obvious Baltic/Scandinavian influences, interconnected with Arsenal.

REFLECTION IN TIME (CD: RDM, FM Project CDRDM 709185) © 1997, (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809018) © 1999

LIVE IN TARTU (CD: Boheme CDBMR 812030) 18/7/1998 © 1999

MOZAIKA

Valeri Azhazha (keyboards, vocals), Sergei Vostokov (drums), Yaroslav Kessler (bass guitar, vocals), Yuri Malistov (lead vocals), Valeri Shmorhunov (guitar, vocals)

Progressive fusion turned rock band.

RUBICON (LP: Melodiya C60 25437 003) © 1987

CHUR MENYA! / PEACE MAN! (LP: Melodiya C60 27779 009) © 1989

MOSCOW

David Tukhmanov (piano, synthesizers), Alexei Belov (lead guitar, keyboards, vocals), Nikolai Noskov (guitar, lead vocals), Dmitri Serebryakov (drums)

Curious prog-rock group fronted by special guest David Tukhmanov, with a heavy angular style.

U.F.O. (LP: Melodiya C60 18069 70) © 1982

Boris MURASHKIN

Fascinating and bizarre synths/electroacoustic and ethnic music on his debut. He also did a couple of new age "relaxation" albums.

BIO-ENERGETIC MUSIC (CD: Melodiya SUCD 10-00210) 1990 © 1991

POINTS OF LIGHT (CD: The Relaxation Company 3184) © 1995

ENERGETIC PSYCHOTROPIC MUSIC (2CD: The Relaxation Company 3061/3062) © 1995

MYTHES

Gennady Barihnovsky (vocals guitar), Anatoly Artyukh (guitar), Evgeny Petukhov (bass), Dmitry Makoviz (keyboards), Dmitry Filippov (drums)

Odd mix of boogie, rock 'n' roll, punky, indie, etc.

BELL, RING!!! (LP: Melodiya C60 29327 002) © 1989

HEAD FIRST (LP: Cobweb 0007) © 1993

Sainko NAMTCHYLAK

Bizarre throat singer from Tuva, East Siberia, best-known for working in free jazz. She also tried other styles, later adopting just Sainko on international releases.

LOST RIVERS (CD: FMP CD 42) © 1992

plus 30 more albums, guest appearances, etc.

NEW COLLECTION

Andrei Morgunoff (keyboards, programmer), Igor Kezlya (guitar, keyboards)

Kraftwerkian instrumental synth. They added female singer Lisa Surzhykova on their second.

NOVAYA KOLLEKTSIYA / NEW COLLECTION (LP: Melodiya C60 26709 004) © 1985

KRAY NASHIKH NADEZHD / THE EDGE OF OUR HOPES (LP: Melodiya C60 29393 005) © 1991

ORLAN

Oleg Kireyev (keyboards, saxophone), Rustem Galiullin (trumpet, kubyz), Igor Suchkov (piano), Oleg Yangurov (basses), Rustem Karimov (drums, percussion), Rustem Galiullin (quray)

From Bashkir on the very edge of Eastern Europe and the Urals, Orlan were led by winds player Oleg Kireyev. The LP they issued is an esoteric and mystical fusion with subtle ethnic references and a hint of jazziness. Dreamy and richly arranged it is full of surprises.

BASHKIRSKIYE LEGENDY (LP: Melodiya C60 30443 101) 1989 © 1990

Nikolai PARFENYUK

Singer and instrumentalist. Heavy handed rock.

KOROLEVSKY GAMBIT (LP: Melodiya C60 29555 005) © 1990

POZOVI MENYA DOMOY "CALL ME BACK HOME" (CD: Russian Supply UL 93226) © 1993

Anatoly PERESELEGIN

Religious concept by Russian composer working in Israel.

DOWNLOAD THE GOD (CD: Electroshock ELCD 020) © 2001

PESNYARY

These started in 1969 doing Russian vocal renditions of Beatles hits. The 80s albums we had presented them as a prog-rock opera concept band, with large choirs, blending in folk, orchestrations, synthesizers, pop numbers, etc.

PESNYARY (LP: Melodiya 029279-80) © 1971, (LP: Melodiya CM-02651-52) © 1972

PESNYARY (LP: Melodiya C60-04655-56) © 1974

PESNYARY (LP: Melodiya C60-10271-72) © 1978

GUSLIAR (LP: Melodiya C60-12727-28) © 1980 (CD: Boheme CDBMR 009170) © 2000

THE ENCHANTED ONE (2LP: Melodiya C60-19915-6 & C60-19917-8) © 1984 - reissued as 2 separate LPs in 1992

FOR THE WHOLE OF THE WAR (2LP: Melodiya C60-22471-72 & C60-22473-74) © 1984

plus many singles and EPs

B. PETROV

A symphonic styled rock ballet score in the more esoteric In Spe vein, but more classical.

MEMORY "ROCK BALLET" (LP: Melodiya C10 23679 006) 1984 © 1988

Valentina PONOMAREVA

A female vocalist of many talents. She started as a Gypsy singer, documented on *. Working with jazz and avant-garde musicians she has also created some incredible vocal based music, with a more refined style than Diamanda Galas, and not unlike Urszula Dudziak at her most experimental.

Audion extract: Probably the most revolutionary of all I Russian albums I'll discuss here is ISHUKENIE aka TEMPTATION by Valentina Ponomareva. Other people have hastened to compare her vocalizing with Diamanda Galas or even Urszula Dudziak, of which I'd agree partly with the latter. But Valentina is as individual in her wordless vocalizing as Birgit Grimstad or Tamia. Also, not unlike Tamia, she likes to work together with experimental jazz and folk musicians to create a multifaceted music with great dynamics, space and atmosphere. Excel lent stuff! Apparently, according to the cover notes on her new album TERRA INCOGNITA Valentina rose to popularity originally with her renditions of Russian gypsy music. Certainly, via involvement with experimental jazz musicians (she is featured on a number of Leo Records releases) her current music may well perplex many. TERRA INCOGNITA is film music featuring not only the many fascinating voices of Valentina, but also superb instrumental orchestrations and abstract percussives. With out a doubt, I'm sure that al I who loves Berio and Barberian's pioneering work will fine the side-long The Cat That Walked By Itself a fascinating and endearing experience. The second side is even more fascinating and bizarre!

AT PARTING... (LP: Melodiya C60 27825 003) © 1988 *

FORTUNE TELLER (LP: Leo Records LR136) © 1985

INTRUSION (LP: Leo Records LR156) 1987 © 1988

ISHUKENIE / TEMPTATION (LP: Melodiya C60 28293 005) © 1989

NE PPOBYZHDAY VOCPOMINANIY / STARRINIA... (LP: Melodiya C60 29779 008) © 1990 *

ZEMLYA NEIZVESTNAYA / TERRA INCOGNITA (LP: Melodiya C60 30557 002) © 1991

LIVE IN JAPAN (CD: Leo CDLR175) 4/1989 © 1991

with Ken Hyder & Tim Hodgkinson: THE GOOSE (CD: Megaphone / Woof MEGAPHONE 004, WOOF 014) © 1992

FORTE (CD: Boheme CDBMR 904055) © 2000

and more unheard titles

POPULAR MECHANICS > Sergey KURYOKHIN

QUADRO

Vyacheslav Gorskiy (keyboards), Dmitry Chetvergov (guitar), Sergey Nikolaev (bass guitar), Eugene Maystrovsky (drums)

Jazz-rock band interconnected with Arsenal, and similar in style, although a touch funkier.

NIGHT DREAMS (LP: Melodiya C60 27919 001) 1983 © 1989, (CD, compilation: Boheme CDBMR 809012) © 1998

LAS VEGAS (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809013) © 1998

RATSKEVICH

Vladimir Ratskevich (guitar, voice, computer), Oleg Litvishko (sampler, keyboards, computer)

Avant-rock and electronic soundscapes, blending progressive and new-wave styles.

THE GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM (LP: Melodiya C60 29395 001) © 1990

SALVATION SQUARE (LP: Melodiya C60 32015 004) © 1991

Andrey RODIONOV & Boris TIKHOMIROV

Kraftwerkian synth music.

512 K BYTES - COMPUTER MUSIC (LP: Melodiya C60 26457 000) © 1987

Alexei RYBNIKOV

Strange synthesized rock opera. He has done several other albums unknown to us.

"JUNO" AND "AVOS" (2LP: Melodiya C60 18627 008) © 1982

SAMKHA

Ariadna Koryagina (vocals), Yevgeny Zdanov (recorder, sax, percussion, vocals), Igor Kaim (banjo, guitar), Dmitry Borisov & Andrey Sizintsev (percussion)

Acoustic ethnic ensemble from St. Petersburg, with a style hinting at The Rain Garden, Aquabats, Oregon, etc.

SAMKHA (CD: Boheme CDBMR 810027) 7-11/1993 © 1999

Sergei SAMOILOV

An island unto itself in Russian music, EXTRATERRESTRIALS is a curious album that starts off as a piano solo, which fragments and becomes a most radical and strange synth excursion, beyond the realms of Peter Frohmader or Asmus Tietchens.

ANTIGRAVITATION. MEDITATION AT THE PIANO (LP: Melodiya C60 24537 004) © 1986

PRISHELITZY / EXTRATERRESTRIALS (LP: Melodiya C60 31237 008) 1989 © 1990

Alfred SCHNITTKE

Radical neo-classical composer known for his innumerable works of bleak orchestral music. He has also composed at least one excellent electronic work.

> MUSICAL OFFERING

SEPSIS

Aleksei Romanov (guitar), Alexander Berezkin (bass), Ivan Fedenko (drums)

Radical instrumental rock trio, with Captain Beefheart like rhythmic structures, flashes of RELAYER era Yes and the dynamics of King Crimson, lots of complex time changes and high-powered riffing. Inventive all through and quite unusual!

LITURGIA BEZUMIA (LP: Arfon *91 00087) © 1990, aka A LITURGY OF MADNESS (CD: Boheme CDBMR 011181) © 2000

Alexander SHKURATOV

Messy synth and fusion.

COMPUTERS IN RUSSIAN MUSIC (LP: Melodiya C60 28243 003) © 1989

Vasily SHUMOV

Another Russian attempt at the Kraftwerk style.

TIME THREE (LP: Melodiya C60 31649 000) © 1991

plus many more

Alexander SITKOVETSKY

Ex-Autograph guitarist with an instrumental rock fusion notably inspired by 80s Zappa.

ZELLO (LP: Melodiya A60 00765 004) 1990 © 1991

STRANGE GAMES

Vitia Sologub (vocals, bass), Grysha Sologub (vocals, guitar), Alexander Kondraskin (drums), Nickolai Gusev (keyboards), Alexey Rahov (saxophone), Nickolai Kulikovski (keyboards), Alexander Davydov (guitar), Nickolai Olshavski (trombone) #

Offbeat satirical rock fusion.

KEEP YOUR EYES PEELED (LP: Melodiya C90 26851 004) © 1988, aka STRANGE GAMES (LP: Points East PE-03) © 1989 #

METAMORPHOSIS (MC: Manchester MAN 046) © 1996

Vladimir TARASOV

Experimental percussion (with tapes and electronics) by former Ganelin Trio member that is highly original, sometimes "almost like a hybrid of early Stomu Yamash'ta and Heldon" (referencing ATTO II and III).

ATTO (LP: Melodiya C60 23565 004) © 1984, ATTO I (CD: Sonore SN001 CD) © 1995

ATTO II (LP: Melodiya C60 25693 003) 1986 © 1987, ATTO II "MONOTYPES" (CD: Sonore SN002 CD) © 1994

ATTO III "DRUMTHEATRE" (LP: Melodiya C60 28299 009) 1990 © 1989, (CD: Sonore SN004 CD) © 1994

ATTO IV (LP: Melodiya C60 29615 005) © 1990, (CD: Sonore SN004 CD) © 1994

ATTO V (CD: Sonore SN005 CD) © 1994

ATTO VI (CD: Sonore SN006 CD) © 1994

ATTO VII - WATER MUSIC (CD: Sonore SN007 CD) © 1994

ATTO VIII - SONORE (CD: Sonore SN008 CD) © 1993

plus loads of collaborative free-jazz releases

TRI-O

Alexander Alexandrov (2nd album onwards), Arkady Kirichenko, Arkady Shilkloper, Yuri Parfenov, Sergey Letov

Peculiar jazz trio. Mostly winds, yet often towards the RIO school, kind of like Manfred Schoof meeting with improvised Henry Cow. They feature three musicians also known with Embryo: Sascha Alexander Alexandrov (on NI HAU and many concerts over the years), Yuri Parfenov (on ONE NIGHT IN BARCELONA) and Sergey Letov (on 2000 LIVE VOL 1).

THREE HOLES (LP: Melodiya C60 28461 002) © 1990

TRIALOGUE (CD: SoLyd SLR 0031) 1990-1993 © 1995

with Yuriy Yaremchuk: WAS LENIN IN LVIV? (CDR: Pentagramma 001) © 2001

RADIOACTIVITY (CDR: Pentagramma 008) © 1999

CONCERT IN THE DOM CULTURAL CENTER (CDR: Pentagramma 025) © 2001

with Sainkho: FORGOTTEN STREETS OF ST. PETERSBURG (CD: Leo Records CD LR 439) © 2005

David TUKHMANOV

The state authorised aspect of Russian Soviet era rock music. We had 2 LPs by him that were all quite different. THE CREST... Odd mix of ballads, symphonic progressive and folk music. STEPS: Bizarre/eccentric electro and folk/avant/pop mixture.

PO VOLNE MOYEY DAMYATI / THE CREST OF MY MEMORY (LP: Melodiya C60 07271 72) 1975 © 1978

with Alexander Barykin: STEPS (LP: Melodiya C60 22621 000) © 1985

plus at least 15 more, singles, compilations, etc.

Anatoli VAPIROV

Leningrad jazz saxophonist. His most engaging work (for jazz fusion fans that is) is his earlier albums with The Leningrad Jazz Ensemble and especially MYSTERIA, a very laid back and spacey album long opus of jazz-fusion in the early 70s Soft Machine type vein, with hints of Ben, Michal Urbaniak and Mile Davis. Nothing like Vapirov's later free-jazz experimentation.

LENINGRAD JAZZ ENSEMBLE (LP: Melodiya C60-07915-16) © 1976

MYSTERIA (LP: Melodiya C60-13575-6) © 1981

LINES OF DESTINY (LP: Melodiya C60 25565 003) © 1987

and 30 more, plus bands/collaborations, etc.

VERMICELLI ORCHESTRA

Sergey Schurakov (accordion), Mikhail Ivanov (bass), Vitaly Semenov (drums), Nall Kadyrov (guitar), Oleg Shavunov (jamba, darabuka, tambourine, chimes), Natalia Sechkareva (flute), Nikolay Mokhov (flute), Maria Schurakov (mandolin), Vasily Popov (cello), Vsevolod (cello), Alexey Silutin (bassoon) #

Formed in 1996 by Sergei Schurakov and viriably described as "ethnic neo-baroque" or "ethno-art rock" ensemble. Aside from some obvious Russian cultural elements their music also hints at Alan Stivell, Gwendal, and all sorts of other Celtic folky styles.

BYZANTIUM (CD: Boheme CDBMR 906070) © 1999 #

ANABASIS (CD: Manchester CDMAN 061-01) 1996 © 2001

and a few more recent ones

VEZHLIVYI OTKAZ

Roman Suslov (vocals, guitar), Dmitry Shumilov (bass guitar, accordion, grand piano), plus guests

[Aka POLITE REFUSAL] Very bizarre eccentric blues and jazz-rock.

VEZHLIVYI OTKAZ (LP: Melodiya C60 28791 008) © 1989

I-I-RAZ! (LP: Feelee FL 3012) © 1992

and 8 more unknown to us, etc.

Yevgeni YEVTUSHENKO / Gleb MAY / Gruppa ARAKS

Rather strange kind of rock opera with lots of synths and bombastic rock touches, towards Eduard Artemiev.

CONFESSION (LP: Melodiya C60 18855 003) © 1983

VISIT

Igor Melnik (vocals), Michael Rybnikov (vocals, saxophone), Mikhail Timofeev (guitar), Alexander Sitnikov (bass guitar), Sergei Kiselev (drums), Victor Yanyushkin (leader)

In spite of an interesting cover, this goes to show how Russia came up with the most unlikely and disastrous concoctions. Eurovision type stuff, kinda MOR soul-pop meets Frankie Goes To Hollywood with jazz and metal flashes, mostly female vocals.

NIGHT WITHOUT YOU (LP: Melodiya C60 30975 002) 1989 © 1990

YAT-KHA

Albert Kuvezin (vocals, pecussion, etc,), Ivan Sokolovsky (keyboards, computer, cello, drums, etc.) #

Cross-culture band from Tuva, East Siberia, who blended indigenous folk styles and throat singing with modern western beats. They had some international success in the 1990s.

ANTROPOPHAGY (CD: General Records GR 90-202) © 1993 #

YENISEI-PUNK (CD, Finland: Global Music Centre GMCD 950) © 1995

TUNDRA'S GHOSTS (CD: Random Music RNDCD 002) © 1995

plus 8 more

Alexandra ZHURBIN & Yuriy DIMITRIN

A symphonic rock opera, which although often progressive is pretty heavy going.

ORPHEUS & EURYDICE (2LP: Melodiya C60-13833-36) © 1980

ZVUKI MU

Peter Mamonov (vocals), Sasha Lipnitsky (bass), Lyosha Bortnichuk (guitar), Pasha Hotin (keyboards), Lyova Pavlov (percussion)

Strange experimental new-wave weirdo band.

ZVUKI MU (LP, UK: Land LANDCD 07) © 1989 (CD: Otdeleniye Vykhod B070) © 1998

and 15 more, plus singles, etc.

Various Artists

ANS ELECTRONIC MUSIC (10" LP: Melodiya 25631-2) © 1969

pioneering works with the unique ANS synthesizer: Eduard Artemiev, Stanislav Kreitchi, Alexander Nemtin, Sandor Kallos

DOCUMENT: NEW MUSIC FROM RUSSIA - THE 80'S (8CD: Leo CD LR 801-808) © 1991

jazz and avant-garde music collection, including: Arkangelsk, Vladimir Chekasin, Vyacheslav Ganelin, Valentina Ponomareva (and with Sofia Gubaidulina), Roof, Vladimir Tarasov, etc.

HAPPY NEW YEAR (LP: Melodiya C60 14507 08) © 1980

with rare Gunesh and Autograph tracks.

JAZZ 78 (LP: Melodiya C60-11979-80) © 1979

live material by: Cadence, Igor Yakushenko, Arsenal

JAZZ 82 (LP: Melodiya C60 19123 006) © 1983

live material by: Medeo, Kvarta, Mikhail Alperin, Rein Rannap, Ganelin Trio, Arsenal

80 LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80" (2LP: Melodiya C60 15417-20) © 1980

studio recordings by award winning acts at the first Soviet rock festival, featuring: Mashina Vremeni, Autograph, Labyrinth, Integral (hard-rock), Magnetik Band, 75 (unusual jazzy rock), Gunesh, etc.

LOOKING EAST - ESTONIA AND RUSSIA (CD: Erdenklang 29612) © 1992

good guide to pioneering synthesists: Sven Grunberg, Lepo Sumera (Estonian contemporary composer), Erkki Sven Tuur (former leader of In Spe), Peeter Vahi, Eduard Artemiev, Mikhail Chekalin, Anton Batagov (classical pianist working with synthesizers), Igor Chernjavsky, Vladimir Martynov.

METAMORPHOSES (LP: Melodiya C10 13889 90) © 1980

classical and original music performed on synthesizer by Eduard Artemiev, Yuri Bogdanov, and Vladimir Martynov.

MUSICAL OFFERING (LP: Melodiya C60 30721 000) © 1990

essential album of pioneering electronic music from 1971 with the ANS synthesizer by Eduard Artemiev, Oleg Buloshkin, Edison Denisov, Sofia Gubaidulina, Alfred Schnittke.

SERBIA

Former Yugoslavian state during the Eastern bloc years. May also refer to Montenegro.

BIRDLAND

Predrag Bankovic (guitar), Dragan Marinkovic (bass), Boris Relja (piano), Beat Rauch (drums), Umil Bengi (percussion) #

Jazzy fusion band formed by Serbian students in Bern, Switzerland during the spring of 1978, who later returned to Yugoslavia. Through the course of three albums they moved away from jazz to a much more creative and unique fusion, ending up as a trio on the third album and with a music that bridged Brian Auger, Eberhard Weber and Gunesh.

HISTORY OF LOVE AND BELIEF (LP, Switzerland: Zytglogge ZYT 226) 2/1980 © 1980

DARKNESS OF LIGHT (LP: RTB 2120267) 7/1980 © 1980 #

IN A TEMPLE OF SILENCE (LP, Switzerland: mpz 30-101) © 1983

CVECE

Mijo Babalj (vocals), Srecko Maksimovic (guitar), Kepa Stojanovic (drums, percussion), Chris Nicholls (keyboards ), Stenli Pavlovic (bass)

Varied rock group formed in Kragujevac by drummer Slobodan Stojanovic-Kepa (ex-Smak).

POLENOV PRAH (LP: RTB 2320258) © 1983

CVRCAK I MRAVI

Branko Prazic (vocals, rhythm guitar), Vojin Tisma (guitar), Aleksandar Prazic (bass, vocals), Dragan Davidovic (drums)

Band from Novi Sad formed in 1967. It seems they went along with the popular trends of the time and tried out some prog ideas along the way. The single B-side "Ptica" is one highlight, and on some tracks like "Seda I Stara" (from an online 1973-79 anthology) they come across as very DDR rock sounding with a Pink Floyd touch. Whereas on BOOM '77 they play a heavy rock band with boogie/blues roots reminiscent of bands like Free or Taste.

Pazi Mala / Ptica (7": PGP RTB S 51 598) © 1973

> POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA '74 - BOOM

> BOOM '77

Da Se Nosis (Kupicu Ti Haljinu) / Ako Neces Ti Hoce Druge Tri (7: RTV SD 0223) © 1979

plus more singles

DAG

Dragan Popovic (guitar, vocals), Aleksandar Milovanovic (guitar, vocals), Grujica Milovanovic (vocals, percussion)

Folk-rock a la Nick Drake, Moody Blues, CS&N, etc. Pioneers of the so-called "Belgrade acoustic scene" of the mid-70s. Known under various names like: Trio Dag, Grupa Dag, or simply Dag!

Grupa Dag: Voz / Smiljana (7": RTB S 51 599) © 1973

Trio Dag: Rastanak / Svitanje (7": RTB SF 52 581) © 1973

Trio Dag: SECANJA (LP: RTB LPV 5238) © 1974

Trio Dag: Tragovi U Pesku / I Sad... (7": RTB S 51 638) © 1974

Miki Jevremovic & Trio Dag: Kako Ti Je Ime, Devojcice / Za Decji San (7": RTB S 52 639) © 1974

Dag: Daj Mi Ruku / Jedan Dan U Vojvodini (RTV Ljubljana SP 10049) © 1975

DAH

Zlatko Manojlovic (vocals, guitar, mandolin), Branko Gluscevic (bass), Velibor Bogdanovic (drums)

Hard-rock power trio, formed in Beograd in 1972, pre-Gordi.

> BOOM POP FEST '73

VELIKI CIRKUS (LP: Jugoton LSY 63015) © 1974

POVRATAK (LP: Diskos LPD 712) © 1976

plus 6 singles, etc.

GALIJA

Nenad Milosavljevic (vocals, acoustic guitar, harmonica), Goran Ljubisavljevic (guitar), Ljubodrag Vukadinovic (keyboards), Predrag Brankovic (bass), Boban Pavlovic (drums)

A really strange blending of folk, progressive rock and new-wave elements from Nis (Serbia). They moved to straight pop after these two.

GALIJA (LP: RTB 5322) © 1979

DRUGA PLOVIDBA (LP: RTB 2120089) © 1980

plus at least 12 more, plus singles, etc.

GENERACIJA 5

Dragan Ilic (keyboards, backing vocals), Dragan Jovanovic (guitar, acoustic guitar, backing vocals), Dusan Petrovic (bass), Boban Dordevic (drums), Goran Milosevic (vocals)

Prog/rock band formed July 1977, with similarities to Hungarian bands like Omega or Koral and hard-rock styles.

Novi Zivot / Izgubljeni San (7": RTB S 51 804) © 1978

GENERACIJA 5 (LP: RTB 2120151) © 1980

DUBLER (LP: RTB 2120674) © 1981

plus 6 more albums, singles, etc.

GORDI

Zlatko Manojlovic (vocals, guitar, mandolin), Stevan Milutinovic (drums), Goran Manojlovic (guitars, vocals), Zdenko Pomper (bass)

Prog/hard-rock band formed in 1977. At the start they had an unusual style with jazz and folk touches. After that they dropped prog and fusion elements becoming acclaimed as the first heavy metal band from Yugoslavia.

Duga Noc / Idi Sad (7": RTB S 51 825) © 1978

COVEK (LP: RTV LD 0432) © 1978

GORDI 2 (LP: RTB LP 5359) © 1979

plus 4 more albums,

GRUPA "I"

Dejan Kostic (guitar), Predrag Mijovic (guitar), Branko Kustrin (drums), Branko Kojic (bass), Branko Bogicevic (vocals)

Hard-rock formed January 1979. Their debut LP also had folky, progressive and new-wave touches.

Sestra Vera / Miris Ulice (7": RTB S 51 873) © 1979

NA SVOM TALASU (LP: RTB 2320037) © 1980

I ZVUCI ZA I LJUDE (LP: RTB 2120593) © 1981

Sa Tobom, Bez Tebe / Bekstvo (7": RTB 1120816) © 1981

IGRA STAKLENIH PERLI

Zoran Lakic (keyboards, vocals), Vojkan Rakic (guitar), Boba Trbojevic (bass), Peda Vukovic (percussion), Dragan Soc (drums) #

[In English: GAME OF GLASS PEARLS] Psychedelic space-rock with notable Pink Floyd, Can and Hawkwind influences, and a style all of their own! Igra Staklenih Perli trip to the outer reaches of the cosmos! One of the finest 20 bands in this discography!

Audion extract (Kalemegdan releases feature): Their origins start in 1976, initially a guitar and percussion duo, later augmented by a bassist. Even at their first live appearance in Belgrade (early 1977) psychedelic influences were evident, with use of theatrical costumes and elaborate light shows. An album was recorded but if it was released I'm not sure, the information I have is unclear. Some twenty odd concerts and 2 years later, recordings for the album SOFT EXPLOSION: LIVE were made, just released on cassette to document the concert. On vinyl it is surprising how good these recordings sound being transcribed from a humble cassette tape, and the music is quite extraordinary. Take one part of the very early spaced-out Hawkwind sound, add a touch of Ash Ra Tempel, add complex progressive arrangements, and space it out with an abundance of Irmin Schmidt style organ. And come to think of it, the version of Can's Mushroom sounds more like Pink Floyd. Credited as six tracks, but essentially one lengthy suite per side, acid-heads and space-rock fanatics are sure to go a bundle on this. Whilst the band had split and the music of Igra Staklenih Perli had become almost mythical, they had left many documents of their music, some of the finest of which has been collected on INNER FLOW. Here amidst the Hawkwind-like space-drifts is even more Floydian tripping, along with a concoction of echo guitars, scuttling percussives, rumbling bass, shimmering organ. Amidst many references I could quote are Gila, Virus, UFO (and their classic FLYING), Gong, and even the Ozric Tentacles come to mind at times. Igra Staklenih Perli however did have a unique visionary aura about them, in a mostly instrumental rock music with open ended riffing space drives awash with electric cosmic energy. Despite its variable recording quality, INNER FLOW is also a fine collection of trippy space sounds.

IGRA STAKLENIH PERLI (LP: RTB LP 5339) 8/1978 © 1979, (CD: Hi Fidelity HF 9546) © 1990

VRT SVETLOSI (LP: RTB 2120070) 7/1979-1/1980 © 1980 #

SOFT EXPLOSION LIVE (LP: Kalemegdan KD 001) 1978 © 1991 - exists as two slightly different versions

INNER FLOW (LP: Kalemegdan KD 002) 1976-1979 © 1991

DRIVES (LP: Kalemegdan KD 003) 1978 © 1993

Djordje ILIJIN

Solo from Tako's keyboard player in the symphonic prog vein. The CD version is re-recordings.

ZABRANJENO PRISLUSKIVANJE (LP: Suzy LP 408) © 1983

ZABRANJENO PRISLUSKIVANJE! / EVESDROPPING FORBIDDEN (CD: Mellow MMP 426) © 2002

KORNI GRUPA

Kornelije Kovac (keyboards, vocals), Zlatko Pejakovic (lead vocals), Josip Bocek (guitar, vocals), Bojan Hreljac (bass), Vladimir Furduj (drums), Dado Topic (vocals) #

Pre and post Kornelyans, formed in Beograd September 1968, and led by the keyboardist Kornelije Kovak. A varied heavy progressive who moved with the trends of the time.

KORNI GRUPA (LP: RTB 5222) © 1972 (CD: Raglas CD 411267) © 1997 #

MRTVO MORE (2LP: RTB 5253/4) 1969-74 © 1975 - singles LP + live LP

> RANDEVU S MUZIKOM

1941 (LP: RTB 5374) 1971 © 1979

PRVO SVETLO NEOBICNOG ZIVOTA (CD: Komuna CD 131) © 1995 - collection with unreleased live material

and 20 singles!

KORNELYANS

Kornell Kovach (keyboards), Joseph Bocheck (guitar, vocals), Boyan Hrellac (bass), Vladimir Furduy (drums), Zlatko Peyakovich (vocals)

[Aka KORNI GRUPA] Kornelyans went to Italy to record one album, a complex classical and heavy progressive with strong arrangements and lots of keyboards, with a hint of early Deep Purple, and heavily inspired by the Italian scene, with hints of Osanna, New Trolls, etc.

Audion extract: Kornelyans (formerly Korni Groupa) went to neighbouring Italy to record their NOT AN ORDINARY LIFE which bordered both classical-rock and jazzy styles. I'm sure they tried to pander to Italian audiences (where it was also released) featuring lengthy tracks and complex instrumental passages with vocals in English.

NOT AN ORDINARY LIFE (LP: Ricordi SMRL 6130) © 1974, (LP: RTB LP 5824) © 1974, (CD: Vinyl Magic VM 030) © 1991

Generation 1942 / One Woman (7": Ricordi SRL 10731) © 1974

Boris KOVAC

Medieval and folk musics blended cleverly with rock and jazz aesthetics. A unique meeting of cultures and styles that's fascinating! The early albums, especially the RITUAL NOVA releases are quite extraordinary, however he mellowed out somewhat later.

Audion extract: RITUAL NOVA (Points East) - Experimental music from Yugoslavia is certainly not commonplace, and neither are albums such as this! RITUAL NOVA 2 is in an area of music that has yet to be largely explored, a music that crosses traditional cultural musics with contemporary ones in a most stunning fashion. On the more accessible fringe of this genre are Stephan Micus, Osjan, Kolinda and others (all Central - Eastern European performers), whereas Boris, due to the very nature of his innovation is towards the largely unexplored more experimental end. The instruments themselves say much about the enchanting music of RITUAL NOVA 2: flute, clarinet, zither, percussion, female voice, cello and subtle inventive use of sampling keyboard all combine to create a "New Ritual" music most befitting the title. However, Boris' music stands apart from that of many of his contemporaries, in that his concoction of musics is most fresh and invigorating, and often not what you'd expect from the instruments. Excellent stuff!

RITUAL NOVA (LP: Symposion 03LP01) 1985-1986 © 1986

RITUAL NOVA 2 (LP: Points East PE-01) 1988 © 1989

FROM RITUAL NOVA (CD: ReR BK1) © 1993 - all of RITUAL NOVA 2 plus 3 tracks from RITUAL NOVA

PROFANA LITURGIJA (CD: Alma De Nieto ADN DNN 001 C) 1988 © 1989

ANAMNESIS - ECUMENICAL MYSTERIES (CD: Victo CD 039) © 1996

PLAY ON STRING (CD: More MOMUS 002) © 1996

and at least 9 more

Branislav "Lala" KOVACEV

Jazz drummer who left Serbia in the late 1960s, largely working in Germany for the next decade before returning to his homeland. He played alongside Fred Braceful in the final line-up of Wolfgang Dauner's Et Cetera, and also featured in the Michal Urbaniak Group, and in the Enja super-group project Islands along with Eberhard Weber and Sigi Schwab. Here are some of his most interesting Serbian releases...

Gojkovic-Kovacev: Trumpets & Rhythm Unit (LP: RTB LP 4206) © 1979

Lala Kovacev Group: BALKAN IMPRESSIONS (LP: RTB 2120992) © 1982

Lala Kovacev Group: BALKAN IMPRESSIONS VOL. 2 C(LP: RTB 2121921) © 1985

Kornelije KOVAC

Ex-Kornelyans leader and keyboardist. The IZ DRUGOG FILMA album is film soundtracks.

IZMEDJU SVETLOSI I TAME (LP: RTB LP 55-5305) © 1977

K2 "WHY" (LP: RTB 2320029) © 1980

IZ DRUGOG FILMA (LP: RTB 2120968) © 1982

plus 6 more & singles

Srdjan MARJANOVIC

Progressive rock and blues, featuring Yu Grupa as the backing band.

I PRIJATELJI (LP: RTB LPV 5237) © 1974

Boki MILOSEVIC

Serbian folk-jazz clarinetist and band leader.

SUTON NA JUGU (LP: RTB LP 1433) © 1977

and many more

OPUS

Dusan Prevelic (vocals), Slobodan Orlic (bass), Miodrag Mive Okrugic (organ, piano), etc.

Heavy keyboard oriented progressive rock band, formed in 1973 and featuring singer Dusan Prelevic (ex Korni Grupa).

OPUS 1 (LP: Diskos LPD 708) © 1975

POP MASINA

Zoran Bozinovic (guitars, vocals), Robert Nemecek (bass, vocals), Mihajlo Popovic (drums)

Heavy progressive with psych edges from Belgrade (Serbia).

KISELINA (LP: RTB LPV 5227) © 1973 (CD: ITV Melomarket 3012) © 1997

NA IZVORU SVETLOSI (LP: RTV LP 1077) © 1975

PUT KA SUNCU (LP: RTV LP 1127) © 1976

PORODICNA MANUFAKTURA CRNOG HLEBA

Maja Da Rado (vocals, guitar), Jugoslav Vlahovic (mandolin), Slobodan Kuzmanovic (guitar), Petar Pavisic (bass), Branimir Malkoc (flute)

Belgrade folk-rockers.

PORODICNA MANUFAKTURA CRNOG HLEBA (LP: RTB 5240) © 1974

Laza RISTOVSKI

Organ and synth music, ex-Smak.

with Ipe Ivandic: STIZEMO (LP: RTV Ljubljana LD 0475) © 1978

MERGE (LP: RTB 2121077) © 1982

2 / 3 (LP: RTB 2121352) © 1983

Vojnicki Dani (LP: RTB 2121654) © 1984

ROSES FOR A GENERAL (LP: RTB 2121794) © 1984

and 10 more

Ljubomir SEDLAR

Guitarist backed by "Prijatelji" = friends! including 3 Kornelyans members. A lot of this resembles later SBB, Leb I Sol, etc.

UZ POMOC VELIKIH PRIJATELJA (LP: RTB LP 5334) © 1978

SMAK

Zoran Milanovic (bass), Slobodan Stojanovic (drums, conga, gong), Radomir Mihajlovic-Tocak (guitars, vocals), Lazar Ristovski (organs, electric piano, synthesizers, Mellotron), Boris Arandelovic (vocals) #

Akin to the German band Karthago, but with folk and jazz-rock touches, their 70s albums all contain moments of invention. In fact the debut LP is rather good and acclaimed by many as one of the finest in Yugoslavian rock. After that LPs move to bland straight rock realms.

SMAK (LP: RTV LP 1079) © 1975 #

CRNA DAMA (LP: RTB LP 55-5307) © 1977

BLACK LADY (LP: Bacillus BAC 2051) © 1977 (LP: Fantasy F-9559) © 1978 - English vocal version of CRNA DAMA

STRANICE NASEG VREMENA (LP: RTB LP 55-5336) © 1978

SMAK DAB IN THE MIDDLE (LP: Bacillus BAC 2060) © 1978 - English vocal version of STRANICE NASEG VREMENA

ROCK CIRKUS (LP: RTB 2320010) © 1980

THE BEST OF SMAK (CD: RTV 0234) © 1995 - debut LP plus 3 singles tracks

plus 8 more albums, loads of singles, compilations, etc.

SUNCOKRET

Nenad Bozic (guitars, vocals), Snezana Jandric (vocals), Bora Dordevic (guitars, vocals), Gorica Popovic (vocals), Miodrag-Bata Sokic (bass, piano, organ, vocals) #

Folk band formed in Belgrade circa 1975 by Bora Dordevic and Nenad Bozic along with 3 singers. Their album largely borders on easy listening, sounding almost Greek, and has very little that one could deem prog at all.

> BOOM '77

MOJE BUBE (LP: RTV Ljubljana LD 0363) © 1977 #

plus at least 8 singles

S VREMENA NA VREME

Asim Sarvan (vocals), Ljubomir Nimkovic (vocals, guitars, keyboards), Miomir Djukic (guitar, mandolin), Vojislav Djukic (guitar, mandolin)

Progressive folk-rock band formed 1972 in Beograd.

S VREMENA NA VREME (LP: RTV LP 1083) © 1975

MOJ SVET (LP: RTB LP 55-5328) © 1978

PAVILJON G (LP: RTB LP 5363) © 1979

TAKO

Dusan Cucuz (bass, vocals), Djordje Ilijin (keyboards, flute, harmonica), Miroslav Dukic (guitar, vocals), Slobodan Felekatovic (drums) #

Mostly instrumental, late 70s progressive band with fusion and space-rock flashes, lots of guitars, keyboards and flute. Hints of Solaris, Camel, Pink Floyd and Focus. An amazing band that should have become world famous!

Audion extract: Tako, who existed for several years, from the late-70's through to the early-80's, released two LP's, and I originally discovered them via an original copy of U VRECI ZA SPAVANJE ("In the Sleeping Bags"). Not very well produced and not a great pressing either, but despite this the music came across as nothing less than magical! Just out on Kalemegdan Disk are reissues of both Tako albums, with glossy new gatefold covers and bonus tracks. These releases, I'm sure, are going to be welcomed by all progressive/space-rock/psychedelic fans. TAKO itself, their debut, offers a phenomenal blend of styles, with notable Pink Floyd, Camel and Focus influences, but with that Distinctive East Euro sound. Untypically, the album opens with a song (Tako were predominantly an instrumental band), a spacey progressive number comparable to Czech bands of the era like Modry Efekt or Progres 2. The second track Sinteza is much  more typical of the Tako sound, a high-flying rock fusion with a spacey edge, somewhere beyond instrumental Gong and Focus, like a mixture of early Leb I Sol and Solaris. The albums' finest moment, however, is on the second side, the 16 minute opus Druga Strana Mene ("Second Side of Me"), a powerful space trek that uncannily opens sounding like Ozric Tentacles and then ventures on to an unusual blend of folk melodies, fusion and cosmic space-outs, with a multitude of flute and guitar solos, and ever surprising with lots of dramatic changes. U VRECI ZA SPAVANJE is a totally instrumental album, and offers a much more powerful listening experience. Very close to the style of Solaris' MARTIAN CHRONICLES, but with more guts and energy, and a more original blending of folk and ethnic elements, resulting in a music that twists and turns every which way. Such complexity and power can be quite arresting at times, as solo moves onto fiery riffs, dives this way then that, with guitars, synths and flute delivering spellbinding solo upon solo. Tako proved they were undoubtedly one of the finest bands of the era!

TAKO (LP: RTV LD 0495) 6/1978 © 1978 (LP: Kalemegdan KD 004) © 1993 (CD: Rock Symphony RSLN 009) © 1998 - the LP and CD reissues have 1 bonus track

U VRECI ZA SPAVANJE (LP: RTB 2120305) 4/1980 © 1980 # (LP: Kalemegdan KD 005) © 1993 (CD: Rock Symphony RSLN 010) © 1998 - the LP and CD reissues have 2 bonus tracks

Istvan Kovac TICKMAYER

[aka Stevan TICKMAYER] Avant-Garde composer and sound explorer.

SPES (LP: Muzicka Omladina Vojvodine NL 00098) © 1987

as Tickmayer Formatio: URBAN MUSIC (LP: Muzicka Omladina Vojvodine NL 00099) © 1987

as Tickmayer Formatio: WILHELM DANCES (CD: ReR TFCD) © 1993

and various other guises/projects

VATRA

Zoran Brankovic (vocals), Srecko Maksimovic Ceci (guitar), Ljubinko Milosevic (drums), J. Stojanovic (bass)

Heavy progressive rock. Their enonymous track on Boom 1977 feels like an Italian Deep Purple.

> BOOM '77

Poljubices Me, Zar Ne / Iscupaj Mi Srce (7" EP: RTB S 51857) 1979

YU GRUPA

Dragan Jelic (guitar, vocals, synthesizer), Zika Jelic (bass), Ratislav Delmas (drums)

Heavy rock, acclaimed as the Serbian Groundhogs, with similar blues touches.

YU GRUPA (LP: Jugoton LPYS 61028) © 1973

KAKO TO DA SVAKI DAN? (LP: Jugoton LPY 63010) © 1974

YU GRUPA (LP: Jugoton LSY 63048) © 1975

plus many more and loads of singles

ZEBRA

Rasa Djelmas (drums, percussion, ARP synthesizer), Bata Radovanovic (ARP synthesizer, yamaha CS 60, electric piano), Zoran Bartulovic (bass), Zeljko Nikolic (guitar)

Formed in Belgrade circa 1976, these started as a heavy boogie rock band with female vocals in the Tina Turner vein. By the time of their LP they'd moved on a lot, with a concept album somewhat akin to Buldozer as an odd polit-rock-circus, with prog and new-wave touches.

> BOOM '77

KAZU DA TAKAV JE RED (LP: RTB 55 5347) © 1979

and three singles

SLOVAKIA

Former Czechoslovakian region during the Eastern bloc years.

BEZ LADU A SKLADU

Michal Kascak (vocals, keyboards, percussion), Martin Bed'ats (guitar), Rast'o Kubica (sax, vocals, percussion), Peter Kascak (bass, vocals, cello), Richard Rybnicek (drums, percussion) #

A mix of MCH Band, Debile Menthol, folk and punk

BEZ LADU A SKLADU (LP: Opus 9313 1825) © 1990 #

HORUCE HLAVY (LP: Opus 91 2339-1331) © 1991

IBA RAZ (CD: Ariola 74321 24376 2) © 1994

BLUES FIVE

Peter Lipa (vocals), Jaro Filip (piano), Dusan Hajek (drums), Rastislav Vacho (guitar), Fedor Letnan (bass)

Blues band featuring Collegium Musicum musicians.

> 2. CS. BEAT FESTIVAL (2x7" EP, Czech: Panton 03 0204/5) 22-23/12/1968 © 1969

Martin BURLAS

Contemporary composer working in a variety of fields.

> ReR RECORDS QUARTERLY, VOL. 4 NO. 1 (LP+mag, UK: ReR 0401) © 1994

with Ivan Csudai: 9 EASY PIECES AND OTHER SONGS (2LP: Zoon TLIS 003) 1989+1991 © 1992

COLLEGIUM MUSICUM

Marian Varga (organ, piano, synthesizer), Frantisek Griglak (guitar, mandolin, vocals), Fedor Freso (bass, bass mandolin, vocals), Dusan Hajek (drums) #

Arguably the most radical and innovative of Czechoslovakian bands, a pioneering classical-rock group fronted by the talented organist Marian Varga, breaking ground beyond the realms of The Nice or Egg, often bizarre and challenging, and with exceptional musicianship. One of Slovakia's finest.

Audion extract: Interconnected with M.Efekt at a later date (whose Fedor Freso joined on SVITANIE), Marian Varga's Collegium Musicum played a very different music. Arguably comparable to Egg or The Nice, they played a most innovative form of classical rock. Their debut re]ease, a 7" EP, was entitled Hommage A J.S. Bach - they obviously wanted people to know what they were at! This and their debut LP are very rare nowadays, sought after relics of the genre. Surprisingly the lyrics on their debut a were in English, Freso's voice recalling Tagliapietra of Le Orme, a slightly jazzy touch added too, hinting at Colosseum. For 1970 Czechoslovakia, Collegium Musicum were certainly radical, but no one could have forewarned of one the landmarks in progressive rock history, the second album, a double entitled KONVERGENCIE. In keeping with its title KONVERGENCIE brought a lot of different music together in four side-long (between 17'44" and 22'33") pieces, each a masterwork in its own right. P.F. 1 an unusually structured classical rock suite, dark and moody -with vocals by a female choir. A Thousand And One Night Suite was typical of Collegium Musicum's live sound - a great riffing one with Varga's chunky, often unlikely off-key, bizarre, organ playing. The Spinning Wheel Songs - odd combinations of Czech song, folk and rock; close to the songs on the first album, and by far the most conventional side here - but still not normal by means, especially the church organ hymn like feel. Back towards the Collegium Musicum live sound Euphony may start rocky enough, but disintegrates into a vivid extravaganza of Varga's uniquely bizarre fascinating manipulated organ. I'm sure most of know BLANE from the first Egg album, well this is even more inventive! Indeed a ground breaking internationally acclaimed masterwork. Those who delighted at the Collegium Musicum live sound were in for a treat with the next two releases: LIVE and MARIAN VARGA & COLLEGIUM MUSICUM. Despite the lack of a guitarist on LIVE, both these instrumental albums are superb classical rock combining the styles of sides 2 and 4 from KONVERGENCIE - superb! CONIUCTIO with the addition of two new guitarists (one also a vocalist), was more techno-progressive styled, and marked the first of a series of radical changes in the Collegium Musicum sound...

Hommage A J.S. Bach / Ulica Plna Plast'ov Do Dadz'a (7" EP: Panton 03 0250) 5/9/1970 © 1970

COLLEGIUM MUSICUM (LP: Supraphon 113 1018) 10/1970 © 1971

KONVERGENCIE / CONVERGENCIES (2LP: Opus 9113 0136/7) 9-10/1971 © 1971 #

Joseph Haydn - Concerto In D (7" EP: Opus 91 39 0058) © 1972 - 1st LP tracks

If You Want To Fall (7" EP: Opus 91 39 0060) © 1972 - 1st LP tracks

with Zora Kolinska: Stara Doba (7": Opus 9043 0203) © 1972 - B-side only

with Marie Rottrova: Piesocny Dom (7": Opus 9043 0277) 1973 © 1973 - A-side only

> HALLO, NR. 11

LIVE (LP: Opus 9115 0261) 7/1973 © 1973 (LP: Jupiter 89 374) © 1976 (CD: Pavian PM 0003-2311) © 1992

MARIAN VARGA & COLLEGIUM MUSICUM (LP: Opus 9116 0446) © 1975 (CD: Opus 9356 0446) © 1995

CONTINUO (LP: Opus 9116 0704) 12/1977 © 1978 (CD: Opus 91 2617-2 311) © 1998

ON A ONA (LP: Opus 9116 0727) 1-3/1979 © 1979 (CD: Opus 91 2614-2 311) © 1997

DIVERGENCIE (2LP: Opus 9113 1221/2) 5/1981 © 1981 (CD: Open Music OP 0029 2 311) © 1995 (2CD: Bonton 497636 2) © 2000, aka DIVERGENCES (Opus 9113 1254/5) © 1982

COLLEGIUM MUSICUM / KONVERGENCIE / HOMAGE A J.S. BACH (2CD: Opus 91 2413/4-2) © 1992 - Complete 3LP's+7" EP

COLLEGIUM MUSICUM 97 (CD: CD Tip 0012 0 331) © 1997

plus other more recent reformation releases, and a few compilations!

FERMATA

Frantisek Griglak (guitar), Tomas Berka (electric piano, synthesizer, organ), Anton Jaro (bass, percussion), Peter Szapu (drums, percussion) #

Instrumental progressive band, fronted by ex-Collegium Musicum guitarist Frantisek Griglak, with jazz and folk influences, hints of Mahavishnu Orchestra, SBB, Focus, etc. AD LIBITUM, which added vocals, was an unsuccessful excursion into Genesis realms. The recent incarnation features Griglak with a new young group.

Audion extract: Fermata, formed by ex-Collegium Musicum guitarist Frantisek Griglak, played a music on the crossover point between jazz-rock and progressive, akin to the mid-seventies M. Efekt. No doubt Griglak felt constrained by Varga's classical styling, and he couldn't have created a better music for showcasing his talents. FERMATA is a great instrumental album, full of energy and invention. Two more albums followed in a more symphonic vein: PIEZEN Z HOL / SONG FROM RIDGES was high-tech rock and jazz with traditional folk influence and lots of synths, HUASCARAN featured a plethora of synths in an ambitious rock opus, maybe towards the sound of instrumental Yes. In the following years Fermata split, reformed, split, and reformed again. The second incarnation recorded DUNAJSKA LEGENDA / THE DANUBIAN LEGEND which also featured ex-Collegium Musicum bassist Fedor Freso, surprisingly this was a jazzier, moodier progressive. The later Eighties incarnation were even more jazz-rock based except for the for the surprising vocal progressive Genesis styled AD LIBITUM.

FERMATA (LP: Opus 9115 0374) © 1975 (LP: Jupiter 27 850 OT) © 1976 #

with Miroslav Zbirka: Program Zacina / Tvar (7": Opus 9143 0410) © 1976

PIESEN Z HOL / SONG FROM RIDGES (LP: Opus 9116 0521) © 1976

HUASCARAN (LP: Opus 9116 0604) 6/1977 © 1977, (CD: Bonton 71 0317-2) © 1995 - plus 3 bonus tracks

Socha (7": Opus 9143 0498) © 1979 - A-side only

DUNAJSKA LEGENDA / THE DANUBIAN LEGEND (LP: Opus 9116 0726) 8/1979 © 1980, (CD: Bonton 494064 2) © 1999

BIELA PLANETA / THE WHITE PLANET (LP: Opus 9116 0939) © 1980

GENERATION (LP: Opus 9113 1150) © 1981, (CD: Open Music OP 0072 2 331) © 1998

AD LIBITUM (LP: Opus 9113 1529) © 1984, English vocal version: (LP: Opus 9113 1580) © 1984

SIMILE... (LP/CD: Fermata ME 1333/4) © 1991

REAL TIME (CD: Ena ER 0008 2331) © 1994

plus other more recent reformation releases

GATTCH

L'udovit Ali Beladic (piano), Tomas Redey (guitar), Tony Lancaric (bass), Juraj Stefula (drums) #

Formed in 1969 in Nove Zamky by several students of Bratislava Conservatory. The band name is derived from the initials of the founding members nicknames. They started as beat, but soon developed a wide ranging and largely instrumental jazz-rock with classical elements too comparable to the British band Colosseum in some ways.

Na, Na, Na / Kontrapunkticka Etuda (7" EP: Opus 9033 0022) © 1972

GATTCH (LP: Opus 9113 0125) 6-7/1971 © 1972 #

KOMPLET (2CD: 503161 2) © 2002 - single + LP + early recordings + Live In Ostrava 1972

GRAVIS

Stefan Hegedus (guitar, synthesizer, bass, vocals), Gabriel Dusik (keyboards, vocals), Ladislav Szilvassy (drums, vocals), Jan Szabo (drums) #

Lively rock and prog in later Omega vein.

Elj Oszinten / Talan (7": Opus 9143 0565) © 1982

GRAVIS (LP: Opus 9113 1502) © 1984 #

Nezvestny / V Zelenom (7": Opus 9143 0674) © 1987

Skusky Z Lasky / Lady (7": Opus 9143 0692) © 1988

KOLOTOC MASIEK (LP: Opus 9313 2120) © 1989

Pavol HAMMEL & PRUDY

Pavol Hammel (vocals, guitars), Marian Varga (piano, organ), Peter Saller (guitar), Fedor Freso (bass), Vlado Mally (drums)

Lightweight rock featuring Collegium Musicum members.

ZVONKY ZVONTE (LP: Supraphon 013 0740) 12/1968 © 1969, (CD: Pavian PM 0007-2311) © 1993

PAVOL HAMMEL & PRUDY (LP: Panton 01 0257) 1970 © 1970, (CD: Bonton 71 0318-2) © 1995

SOM ST'ASTNY, KED' STE ST'ASTNI (LP: Panton 11 0293) 11/1971-1/1972 © 1972, (CD: Bonton 71 0621-2) © 1997

> HALLO, NR. 6

> HALLO, NR. 7

SLAHACKOVA PRINCEZNA (LP: Supraphon 113 1284) 24/10-12/1972 © 1973

HRAC (LP: Opus 9113 0339) © 1975

> BRATISLAVSKA LİRA (LP: Opus 9113 0359) © 1975

STRETNUTIE S TICHOM (LP: Opus 9113 0528) 3/1977 © 1978

plus many more, numerous singles, EPs, samplers

Pavol HAMMEL & Marian VARGA

Marian Varga (organ, piano, subharchord), Pavol Hammel (guitar, vocals), Fedor Freso (bass, vocals), Dusan Hajek (drums), Rastislav Vacho (guitar)

Featuring all the original Collegium Musicum, this album presented a more accessible twist on the early Collegium Musicum sound. Very quaint and psychedelic styled.

ZELENA POSTA (LP: Opus 9113 0191) 5/1972 © 1972, (CD: Opus 91 2443-2) © 1994

HAMMEL-VARGA-HLADIK

Pavol Hammel (vocals, Spanish guitar), Marian Varga (organ, piano, synthesizer), Radim Hladik (guitars), Ivan Belak (bass), Dusan Hajek (drums), Pavel Kozma (drums), Peter Szapu (drums)

Prudy, Collegium Musicum and Modry Efekt leaders in collaboration with an off-beat folk-pop that combines many styles.

NA II. PROGRAME SNA (LP: Opus 9116 0493) © 1976 (CD: Opus 91 2444-2) © 1994

LABUTIE PIESNE (LP: Monitor 01 0151-1331) 1-3/1993 © 1993

MODUS

Jan Lehotsky (keyboards, choir), Miroslav Zbirka (vocals, guitars), Marika Gombitova (choir), Ladislav Lucenic (bass, guitars, choir, percussion), Dusan Hajek (drums, percussion), Karel Witz (lead guitar), Martin Karvas (synthesizer), Jozef Hanak (harmonica) #

Mainstream rock band.

MODUS (LP: Opus 9116 0856) 2-3/1979 © 1979, English vocal version (LP: Opus 9116 0974) 2/1979-1/1980 © 1980

BALICEV SNOV (LP: Opus 9116 0999) © 1980

DOKTOR SEN (LP: Opus 9116 1000) © 1980 #, English vocal version: DOCTOR DREAM (LP: Opus 9113 1148) © 1981

99 ZAPALIEK (LP: Opus 9113 1215) 4-6/1981 © 1981

> BEATOVA HORUCKA 1965-70 (LP: Opus 9013 2113) 1970 © 1989

plus many more, numerous singles, etc.

Dezo URSINY

Dezo Ursiny (vocals, guitar), Jaroslav Filip (piano, organ, bells, tympani), Vladimir Kuhlanek (bass, choir), Jaroslav "Erno" Sedivy (drums)

Unique progressive rock and pop singer, often as lead with Provisorium and Burciak.

PEVNINA DETSTVA (LP: Opus 9116 0647) 9/1977 © 1978

with Provisorium:

PROVISORIUM (LP: Supraphon 113 1380) 6/1972 © 1973

BEZ POCASIA (LP: Opus 9113 1528) © 1984, WITHOUT WEATHER (LP: Opus 9113 1579) © 1984 - English vocal version

ZELENA (LP: Opus 9113 1713) © 1986, GREEN (LP: Opus 9113 1775) © 1986 - English vocal version

NO CESTE DOMOV (LP: Opus 9113 1870) © 1987, ON THE WAY HOME (LP: Opus 9113 1912) © 1987 - English vocal version

with Burciak:

NOVE MAPY TICHA (LP: Opus 9116 0817) 4/1979 © 1979

MODRY VRCH (LP: Opus 9113 1016) 4/1980 © 1982, THE BLUE HILL (LP: Opus 9113 1246) 8/1981 © 1983 - English vocal version

POP SCOP (LP: Opus 9113 1076) © 1981

and many more!

Marian VARGA

Collegium Musicum leader.

STALE TIE DNI / THE SAME DAYS AGAIN (LP: Opus 9113 1308) © 1984

with Pavol Hammel & Kamil Peteraj: VSETKO JE INAK (LP: Opus 9313 2031) © 1989

V.V. SYSTEM

70s big-band jazz fusion with obvious Zappa influence.

QUASAR (LP: Opus 9115 0679) © 1979

SYNTAX (LP: Opus 9113 1349) © 1983

Various Artists

BRATISLAVA JAZZ DAYS / BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 1976 (2LP: Opus 9115 0761/62) 12/1976 © 1979

inc. Prazsky Big Band M. Svobodu, Rudolf Dasek, Gyorgy Szabados, etc.

BRATISLAVA JAZZ DAYS / BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 1977 (2LP: Opus 9115 0851/2) 12/1977 © 1979

inc. Zbigniew Namyslowski, Rudolf Dasek, Bohemia, Energit, Impuls, etc.

BRATISLAVA JAZZ DAYS / BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 1978 (2LP: Opus 9115 0871/2) 12/1978 © 1980

inc. Big Band M. Svobodu, Energit, SHQ, Fritz Pauer Trio, Crash, Jazz Cellula, etc.

BRATISLAVA JAZZ DAYS / BRATISLAVSKE DZEZOVE DNI 1980 (2LP: Opus 9115 1137/38) 12/1980 © 1981

inc. Sun Ship, Arsenal, Dusko Gojkovic, Jiri Stivin, Conrad Bauer, etc.

SLOVENIA

Former Yugoslavian state during the Eastern bloc years.

AUTOPSIA

Project formed by Radovan Milinkovic, who as an ex-pat moved based to London. They made industrial sampling music in the spirit of the best Laibach. Autopsia have since moved through many musical genres, and also moved base several times, first returning to Slovenia and then Prague, Czech Republic.

AUTOPSIA (MC: private) © 1985

OSCULARUM INFAME (MC: Produkcija Slovenija K-009) © 1987

INTERNATIONAL AETERNA (MC: Produkcija Slovenija K-019) © 1988

IN VIVO (MC: Korm Plastics kp 988) © 1988

The Knife (12" EP: Staalplaat SP 001) 1985 © 1988 (CD EP: Staalplaat STCD 020) © 1993

DEATH IS THE MOTHER OF BEAUTY (CD: Staalplaat STCD 004) 1984-1989 © 1989

PALLADIUM (CD: Hyperion HYPERCD 1) © 1992

THE BIRTH OF THE CRYSTAL POWER (CD: Hypnobeat AUT 004) © 1995

BEGNAGRAD

Bratko Bibic (accordeon, melodica, keyboards, voice), Bogo Pecnikar (clarinet, ocarina, voice), Nico De Gleria (basses, mandolin), Ales Rendla (drums, violin, congas), Boris Romih (percussion, guitars, voice) #

Radical jazz and folk fusion, with off-the-wall arrangements and great schizophrenic energy. Musicians later became involved in Quatebriga, and the Swiss band Nimal.

BEGNAGRAD (LP: RTL LD 0811) 5/1982 © 1982 #, (CD, Israel: MIO Records MIO-006) © 2003, aka KONZERT FOR A BROKEN DANCE (CD, France: AYAA cdt 1190) © 1990 - bonus tracks on CDs

JODLOVSAURSKA (MC: Nikad Robom 010) 1977 © 1993

BOOMERANG

Zlatko Klun (drums), Danilo Kocijancic (guitar), Petar Veri Gorjup (guitar), Ladi Koradin (bass)

Band formed by former Kameleoni members as Bumerang circa 1971, from Koper, Slovenia. On their debut LP they played jazz-rock, with funky Santana and space-rock twists.

Najdi Si Drugega / Jutri Zjutraj (7": Helidon FSP 5-052) © 1972

BOOMERANG (LP: RTB LP 55 5349) © 1979

Zivjeti Iznad Tebe Barem Dan / Bicikl (7": RTB S 51 862) © 1979

NA ZAPADU NISTA NOVO (LP: Diskoton LP 8041) © 1982

BULDOZER

Boris Bele (guitars, vocals), Uros Lovsin (guitars), Borut Cinc (keyboards), Stefan Jez (drums), Marko Brecelj (lead vocals), Veble Andrej (bass) #

Formed in early 1975 in Ljubljana, Slovenia (ex-Yugoslavia). An uncompromising and satirical rock group with moments of brilliance. Although they have a strong cultural identity, like Grobschnitt their humour is most profound, and they could be classed as the Yugoslav Mothers Of Invention or Floh De Cologne.

Audion extract: Most out-on-a-limb were the long-running political rock/satire/avant-cabaret band Buldozer! For arguments sake these could have been classed as the Yugoslavian Floh De Cologne or Mothers Of Invention: especially-on the bizarre ZIVI BILI PA VIDJELI. Indeed as satirists of great talent their messages get across despite language barriers. All three albums I've heard by them to date are fascinating and unique - probably the best being PLJUNI ISTINI U OCI from 1975.

PLJUNI ISTINI U OCI (LP: Alta ATLP 109) © 1975 (LP: Helidon FLP 05-028) © 1981 (CD: Helidon 6.751028) © 1991 #

ZABRANEJENO PLAKATIRATI (LP: Helidon FLP 05-013) © 1977 (CD: Helidon 6.751013) © 1991

ZIVI BILI PA VIDJELI (LP: Helidon FLP 05-017) © 1979

IZLOG JEFTINIH SLATKISA (MLP: Helidon FLP 05-019) © 1980 (CD: Helidon 6.751069) © 1999

and a few others that we've never encountered!

IZVIR

Marko Bitene (vocals), Frane Opeka (guitars), Davorim Petric (guitars), Andrej Koniajev (keyboards), Marian Lebor (bass), Andrej Petkovic (drums)

Slovenian mix of heavy rock and melodic progressive with hints of ELP and SBB.

Medtem / Pesem Upanja (7": RTV Ljubljana SP 10125) © 1976

IZVIR (LP: RTV LD 0377) © 1977

Ljetna Afera / Mojih Sanj Svet (7": RTV Ljubljana SD 0154) © 1977

JUTRO

Zoran Crnkovic (guitar, vocals), Lado Jaksa (sax), Jordan Gancev (piano, vocals), Miro Tomassini (bass), Pauge Ristic (drums)

Formed in Ljubljana, Slovenia, circa 1970. Jutro went through many style changes: boogie rock, classical rock (compared to Ekseption) and jazz-rock.

> BOOM - FESTIVAL 1973

Prema Suncu / Mozart (7": RTB S 51 745) © 1976

DOBRO JUTRO (LP: RTV LD 0376) © 1980

Miha KRALJ

Unusual synthesist, with a penchant for chunky sounds and sequencers.

ANDROMEDA (LP: RTB 2320045) © 1980

ODYSSEY (LP: RTB 2320215) © 1982

ELECTRIC DREAMS (LP: RTB 2121964) © 1985

Borut KRZISNIK

Guitarist and multi-instrumentalist. He's featured in various bands and collaborated with Laibach. His CURRENTS OF TIME is an avant rock, jazz and folk collage, and loosely improvised sound fabrics. A unique sonic excursion.

CURRENTS OF TIME (LP: Points East PE-06) © 1990, (CD: Tone Casualties TCCD9833) © 1998

LAIBACH

Inventive industrial band, formed early 1980 in Trbovlje, Slovenia. They combined classical and native folk structures into their music, using much percussion and sound sampling, from unlistenable noise through to pop covers, and have made much of interest too. Here are the best from their vast discography.

Boji (12" EP: Laylah LAY 2) 10/1983 © 1983

Panorama / Decree (12": East West 12 EWS 3) © 1984

LAIBACH (LP: Skuc ULP 1600) © 1985 (CD: Ropot CD 13132 26) © 1991

NEU KONSERVATIW (LP: private) © 1985, (CD: Cold Spring CSR38CD) © 2003

NOVA AKROPOLA (LP: Rebel RE 0019) © 1985 (CD: Cherry Red CD MRED 67) © 1988

> VHUTEMAS ARCHETYPI (LP: Side Effects SER 05) © 1986

OPUS DEI (LP: Mute STUMM 44) © 1987 (CD: Mute CDSTUMM44) © 1987

MACBETH (LP/CD: Mute STUMM 70) © 1989

and loads more (inc. quite a few cassettes)

MLADI LEVI

[1969-73] Jernej Podboj (saxophone), Tone Jansa (saxophone), Marko Misjak (trumpet), Petar Ugrin (trumpet, violin), Boris Sinigoj (trombone), Vasko Repinc (organ), Peter Hudobivnik (bass), Matjaz Deu (drums) 

Beat, rock 'n' soul band formed November 1966, in Ljubljana. They'd advanced somewhat, based on the Boom festival to a freaky prog-fusion, in the classic M. Efekt, Jazz Q, Flamengo vein. However they split in 1973.

as The Young Lions: An Echo Of My Dreams / A Man With The Mission (7", Italy: Pioneer Records TYL-107) © 1967

Mila Mala / Poljubi Me In Pojdi (7": RTB EP 50344) © 1969

Odprite Okna Vojna Je Koncana / Ostro Kakor Noz (7": RTB S 51 555) © 1971

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

OKO

Pavle Kavez (vocals, guitars), Franjo Martinac (bass), Tone Dimnik (drums)

Slovenian heavy rockers.

Vse Sem Dal Ti / Spet Nazaj (7": RTV Ljubljana SP-10051) © 1975

RASKORAK (LP: Jugoton LSY 61304) © 1976

PREDMESTJE

Andrej Pompe (electric piano, Mellotron), Janez Hvale (drums), Aleksander Malahovsky (sax), Gabrijel Lah (bass), Peter Gruden (drums)

Ljubljana jazz-rockers formed in 1975. On HAZARD only Andrej Pompe remained as sole founding member joined by four former Izvir members.

BREZ NASLOVA (LP: RTB LP 5304) © 1977

DANES VCERAJIN (LP: RTB LP 55-5337) © 1978

HAZARD (LP: RTB 2120321) © 1980

KAMASUTRA (LP: RTB 2120720) © 1981

QUATEBRIGA

Milko Lazar (soprano sax, synthesizer, percussion, vocals), David Jarh (trumpet, percussion, vocals), Igor Leonardi (guitar, percussion, vocals), Nino de Gleria (bass, percussion, vocals), Ales Rendla (drums, percussion, vocals) #

Ex-Begnagrad. A more trendy outfit, with much more rock energy, and a satirical approach akin to bands like Debile Menthol or Etron Fou.

REVOLUTION IN THE ZOO (LP: Brut 4001) © 1985 #

THE CHOICE OF THE NEW GENERATION (LP: Feniks 001) © 1987

VOL. 1 (CD: Nika Records NIKA CD 009) © 1995

POST MORTEM DUMP (CD: Macji Disk CD 010) © 1997

SEDMINA

Varied folk group formed 1977 in Ljubljana, by singer/songwriter Veno Dolenc and his wife Melita.

as Melita & Veno Dolenc: SEDMINA (LP: Helidon FLP 05-021) © 1980

II. DEJANJE (LP: Helidon FLP 05-034) © 1982

ONKRAJ REKE (CD: Didakta 650030008) 1990-1994 © 1997

Andrej SIFRER

Slovenian folk/jazz mixture.

OD SANKA DO SANKA (LP: RTV LD 0551) © 1980

and 6 more albums, plus singles unknown to us

SONCNA POT

Lado Jaksa (sax, clarinet, keyboards), Jordan Gancev (bass, keyboards), Ratko Divjak (drums)

A super-group trio consisting of the much travelled Lado Jaksa (previously with Predmestje, Sedmina, Buldozer, etc.), Jordan Gancev (of Jutro) and Ratko Divjak (from Time). They made just the one album, a refined and complex jazz-rock concoction similar to the Canterbury sound and some Krautrock fusion.

SONCNA POT (LP: RTV LD 0566) © 1979

SRCE

Janez Boncina Benc (vocals, guitar), Karel Novak (bass), Marjan Malikovic (guitar), Pavle Ristic (drums), Braco Doblekar (congas, saxophone), Franci Celhar (organ)

Funky blues rock band of the early 1970s who recorded just the one single.

Gvendolina, Kdo Je Bil? / Zlata Obala (7": Helidon FSP 5-051) © 1972

SRP

Primoz Simoncic (alto saxophone), Matjaz Sekne (viola), Ales Rendla (drums), Gregor Strnisa (piano, synth), Nino De Gleria (electric bass, contrabass), Gojmir Lesnjak (vocals, trumpet)

Eccentric left-field jazz-folk mixtures, at the more "trad" end of Begnegrad territory.

SRP (LP: RTVL LD 0991) 4-6/1984 © 1984

TURKMENISTAN

East, off the Caspian Sea, Turkmenia has a history that blends European and Oriental cultures (Turks and Mongols) and it is obvious in the music that comes from there. Arguably Asia, not Europe, but included as part of the former USSR.

FIRYUZA

Dimitri Sablin (piano, organ), Igor Gordeev (drums), Eugenyi Nochevnyi (guitar), Mikail Mamedov (guitar), Sabir Rizaev (sax, flute), Alec Nifchenko (bass), Hana Ten (violin)

A cross-culture, prog and jazz fusion band led by keyboard player Dimitri Sablin formed in 1979. Unusually they were soon able to record an album after winning a prize at the All-Union Competition Of Entertainers in Leningrad. Fascinating fusion, with a spacey edged and lots of ethnic elements, akin to Gunesh, with more esoteric Between, Zenklo Grupe or Ossian stylings blending with structures that remind of the Mahavishnu Orchestra. Sadly they never got to make any further records, and Firyuza's sole album is now one of the rarest collectibles of Soviet rock.

FIRYUZA (LP: Melodiya C60-13215-16) © 1979

GUNESH ENSEMBLE

Shamamed Byshimov (keyboards), Mikhail Loguntsov (guitar), Rishad Shafiev (percussion), Vladimir Belousov (bass), Alexander Stasukevich (trumpet), Shamil Kurmanov (trumpet), Stanislav Morosov (sax, flute), Ussif Aliev (trombone), Khajiriza Ezisov (vocals), Ilyaz Redzepov (vocals) #

The most famous band from Turkmenia, Gunesh were led by the highly original and energetic drummer Rafid Shafi (Rishad Shafiev). The group started life back in 1970 when the State TV and Radio Company of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic commissioned an instrumental/vocal ensemble. By 1977 they had become an independent band, developing a fusion style of great originality. At the Festival 'Spring Rhythms' in Tbilisi (1980) Shafi and Stanislav Morozov (saxophone) both won awards, enabling Gunesh to secure a record release. Apart from a hint of SBB, their blend of styles is totally originally, fusing Middle Eastern folk musics with brassy rock, sometimes with thunderous fusion riffing or esoteric space music, all adding up to a challenging and rewarding music. Apparently some 65 musicians have passed through the band.

Audion extract: Of all the rock acts so far uncovered, best and most unique are The Gunesh Ensemble. their LOOKING AT THE EARTH accumulates 14 years of experience, and it shows - a most fertile fusion of rock, jazz, Georgian, Balkan and other ethnic musics combine to make a special and most volatile concoction that is, almost certainly, unlike anything you'll have heard before. As an eleven-piece ensemble, led by a most talented keyboard player, with a thunderous drummer, a brass section, viola, guitar, bass and ethnic instruments, the musical tapestry is rich, dynamic, and very inspired: heavy fusion moves to ethnic mantra to offbeat folk with great ease and precision.

> LAUREATY FESTIVALYA "VESENNIYE RITMY, TBILISI-80"

GUNESH (LP: Melodiya C60-14789-90) 1977 © 1980 #

LOOKING AT THE EARTH (LP: Melodiya C60 21197 007) © 1984

RAFID SHAFI PRESENTS (CD: Boheme CDBMR 911107) © 1999 - partly re-recorded version of LOOKING AT THE EARTH with 6 bonus tracks

45° IN A SHADOW (CD: Boheme CDBMR 004131) 1984-1990 © 2000

UKRAINE

A large country, north of the Black Sea including Crimea. Independent from the USSR since 1991.

Kim BREITBURG & Vladimir LEVI

Varied symphonic prog and new-age.

MLECHNYY SAD "MILKY GARDEN" (LP: RiTonis SP02-0020) © 1993

DIALOGUE

Kim Breitburg (vocal, keyboards), Anatoly Deinega (drums), Victor Radiyevsky (bass, vocals), Victor Litvinenko (guitar, vocals) #

[Aka DAWN DIALOGUE] Rooted in Nikolaev (South-West Ukraine) and the 1969 band Korda who were led by Kim Breitburg, becoming Dialogue in 1978. In the early 80s Dialogue were a pioneering progressive, drawing influences from British and European groups, hints of Genesis, Omega, Yes, etc., but with a unique style of their own. Later they moved to mainstream neo-prog and pop rock.

Margarita / Sverchok / Tol'ko Ty (7" EP: Melodiya C62 19403 005) © 1983

Svet V Okne (7" EP: Melodiya C62 22409 000) © 1985

PROSTO (LP: Melodiya C60 23477 002) © 1985

NOCHNOY DOZHD' "NIGHT RAIN" (LP: Melodiya C60 24869 004) © 1986

DIALOGUE 3 (LP: Melodiya C60 27465 007) © 1988

I PUT THE SPELL ON THE FIRE (CD: Music Is Intelligence WMMS 006) 1982-1984 © 1989 #

POSREDINE MIRA "IN THE MIDDLE OF THE WORLD" (LP: Russian Disc R60 00731) © 1991

CRY OF THE HAWK (CD: Music Is Intelligence WMMS WMMS011) © 1993

Enver IZMAILOV

Jazz guitarist, born in Uzbekistan, but raised and resident of Crimea, Ukraine. Fusion with a Turkish like feel, and on MINARET Okay Temiz Oriental Wind similarities.

THE EASTERN LEGEND (CD: Boheme CDBMR 809017) © 1999

MINARET (CD: Boheme CDBMR 902037) © 2000

plus at least 9 more unknown to us.

Boguslaw SCHAEFFER

Ukrainian born composer who has largely worked in Poland. He has worked in all contemporary classical genres, but is best-known to us as a revolutionary electronics and electroacoustic composer, with a great sense of space and dynamics.

> INVENTIONEN (LP, Germany: Edition RZ ERZ 2) 1980 ©

> INVENTIONEN 2 (LP, Germany: Edition RZ ERZ 3) 1981 © 1985

UZBEKISTAN

Uzbekistan is a Central Asian nation and former Soviet republic, landlocked north of Turkmenistan.

ANOR

Greg Pushen (bass guitar), Semen Mordukhai (alto/tenor/sopranino saxophones), Andrey Pertsev (drums, percussion), Adyur Yakubov (keyboards, synthesizers), Johan Binaminov (guitar, sitar, tabla, doira), Batir Tasxodjaev (gidzhak)

Anor = Pomegranate. The band are also listed as the Greg Pushen Contemporary Music Ensemble. Currently unknown to us apart from one promising track and a reputation as one of the classics of the Melodiya catalogue.

THE TASTE OF POMEGRANATE (LP: Melodiya C60 26549 004) © 1988

SADO

Vladimir Baramykov, Rashid Akuimov

Schizophrenic progressive and pop from Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

TASHKENT LEGEND (LP: Melodiya C60 23243 000) © 1985

SATO

Leonid Atabekov (bass), Enver Izmailov (guitars), Narket Ramazanov (flute, soprano sax), Rizah Bekirov (keyboards), David Matatov (percussion), Andrey Atabekov (drums) #

Unusual fusion group who mixed traditional folk themes and jazz, sometimes akin to Boomerang and introspective ECM styles. The band was led by bassist Leonid Atabekov, and were the first recordings on the now well-known guitarist Enver Izmailov of the Black Sea Trio.

ESFANIE / LEGENDA (LP: Melodiya C60 24399 006) © 1986 #

PEREDAY DOBRO PO KRUGU / PASS THE GOOD AROUND (LP: Melodiya C60 25897 003) © 1987

YALLA

This debut LP by the popular "vocal/instrumental ensemble" Yalla has some nice ethnic pieces with sitar and other traditional instruments, and some symphonic prog touches. It also hints at their later pop material!

TRI KOLODTSA / THREE WATER-SOURCES (LP: Melodiya C60-6641-2) © 1982

YUGOSLAVIA

Culturally and politically fragmented, Yugoslavia's musical heritage was rich and varied, yet most of what has been released on record is very obscure. In Yugoslavia most of the record companies were owned by state Radio and TV stations, with one nation-wide state-run label: Jugoton. Former Yugoslavia is now split into its constituent countries, except those below.

ALARM

Powerdrive heavy Hendrixy progressive. Actual nationality unknown.

> BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72

and many more

Various Artists

BOOM - POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA 72 (2LP: Slovenijakoncert / Helidon UFLP-003/1-2) 4/1972 © 1972

first progressive festival in Yugoslavia, with unique recordings by: Alarm, Grupa 777, Had, Indexi, Mlinarec/Kis/Domicelj, Mladi Levi, Nirvana, Ivica Percl, Grupa M. Skrgatica, Time

BOOM POP FEST '73 (2LP: Jugoton LPYS 61035/36) 1973 © 1973

live festival document, featuring: Ave, Buco I Srdan, Dah, Grupa 220, Grupa 777, Jutro, Drago Mlinarec, Nirvana, Rock Express, Srce, Time, Yu Grupa

POP FESTIVAL LJUBLJANA '74 - BOOM (2LP: Jugoton LSY 65003/04) 1974 © 1974

live festival document with: Bijelo Dugme, Bumerang, Cvrcak I Mravi, Tomaz Domicelj, Grupa 220, Hobo, Jutro, S Vremina Na Vreme, Ivica Percl, Proslo Vrijeme, 7 Svetlobnih Let, Sunce, Zenit, etc.

BOOM '76 (LP: RTB LP 5284) 1976 © 1976

live festival document with: Cvrcak I Mravi, Had, Leb I Sol, Suncockret, Time, R. M. Tocak, Vatra, Yu Grupa, Zdenka Express

BOOM '77 (2LP: Suzy LP 328) 1977 © 1978

live festival document, with: Cvrcak I Mravi, Tomaz Domicelj, Had, Leb I Sol, Parni Valjak, Stakleno Zvono, Suncockret, Vatra, Zebra, Zmajevi Bosne

RANDEVU S MUZIKOM (2LP: Jugoton LSY 65019/20) 1974-1976 © 1977

live recordings by: Korni Grupa, September, Drago

 

Thanks for reading this. Any mistakes? There's always some (like SRP entry previously said "Mainstream progressive rock" which was completely wrong). Let us know! Also, if you know of anything great that we've missed, then please share! utle2uk@btconnect.com